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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-16,Lethbridge, Alberta 8-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - W«ditMday, January 1«, 1*74 W Ottawa conference prelude Battle lines on many fronts as debate on energy escalates Investigator Nixon, center, with Chambers, left, and Hiss I Nixon’s twelve crises . . . Hiss’ story crumbled as Nixon picked away : I iil After losing the 19M presidential election to Jobn Kennedy, Richard NUon wrote a political autobiography called “Six Crises.” Since that book was published, the Nixon public life has contlnned to involve a series of crises. This is the first in a IS-part series on the political history of Richard Nixon. After his election to the United States Congress from California in 1946. Richard Nixon gained national prominence as a member of the House Un-Americati Affairs Committee in 1M8. The committee was investigating the infiltration of Com> naunists and Communist-sympathizers into the U.S. government. On Aug. 3. 1948, Whit taker Chambers, a senior editor of Time Magazine who had been a Communist functionary in the 1930s, told the committee that Alger Hiss, a former bright star in the state department, had been active in underground organizations promoting Communist infiltration into various government agencies. Two days later. Hiss took the stand. His credentials were impeccable. From a law clerk for Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Hiss had risen through a series of government posts to the state department where he helped develop U.S. policy toward the new United Nations. He then left the department for the presidency of the Carnegie stigious John Foster Dulles. While most committee members were prone to accept Hiss’ claim that he had never been a Communist, Nixon was struck by the fact that Hiss never flatly denied knowing Chambers but only "any man by the name of Whittaker Chambers.” From that point on. Hiss began to lose credibility. Despite thè opposition of most committee members, and most of the press and public, and despite bitter denunciations by President Truman, Nixon persisted in picking away at Hiss’ story. Eventually, at Nixon’s instigation, a meeting between Hiss and Chambers was arranged in a New York hotel room before a number of committee members. Hiss finally admitted knowing Chambers — but under the name of “George Crosley.” Defending the work of the committee, and Of congressional investigatory committees generally. Nixon later wrote in “Six Crises:” “I strongly believed that the committee served several and necessary and vital purposes . . . first,' to investigate for the purpose of determining what laws should be enacted; second, to serve as a watchdog on the actions of the executive branch, exposing inefficiency and corruption; third ... to inform the public on great national and international issues.” Next: Checkers,. There’s no USSR energy shortage but Ivan’s reminded to dim lights New York Times Service , . MOSCOW - While the ■ ‘ '^viet press savors each new , woe in the West’s energy B.C.sets 1 DST deadline VICTORIA (CP) - The ' provincial cabinet, in an order - in ' council, has announced f that daylight time in British 'i Columbia will begin officially ? at 2 a m. Feb. 3 > The cabinet had earlier set ^ Jan. 6 as the date for setting t clocks ahead an hour, but delayed implementation of the ~ time change after public protest. crisis, Russians themselves are being advised to turn off that extra light bulb to save electricity. The Soviet Union takes pride in having enough energy for its domestic needs, but it is being pressed to meet its export commitments to Eastern and Western Europe, particularly in oil and natural gas. Now, as the fourth year of the ninth five-year plan gets under way, the stress is on using fewer resources, including energy, to achieve greater production and higher quality. A prominent headline in the city newspaper Moskovskaya Pravda Sunday said, “The economy of energy reserves is everyone’s business.” In the article, the head of Moscow’s electric - power system, 1. Yershov, complained that too many local factories and shops were squandering electricity. He cited the most flagrant offenders by name. The Communist Party newspaper Pravda Sunday elaborated on a new theme taken up last week by charging that multi-national corporations in the West had mani^lated the energy cnsis to drive up the value of the American dollar at the expense of other western currencies. In the energy - conservation appeal, Yershov boasted that Moscow power stations had saved 440,000 tons of fuel last year while producing the same amount of energy as previously. But he complained that such savings were largely being dissipated by Moscow industries and businesses that “don’t pay enough attention to the rational use of electricity.” - Yershov also accused stores and shops in Moscow of wasting electricity through such practices as leaving lights on while they closed for lunch. SAVINGS YOU WON’T BELIEVE Sale continues while quantities last 3 RACKS OF WINTER COATS 50 IN ALL 795 • ■ m each CORDUROYS MOUTON COLLARS Sizes 36-46, R«g. $19.50 to $29.50. YOUR CHOICE MEN’S NYLON COATS with Mouton collar«, a*aort«d colors. Largs alzs« 42-46. Rsg. $24.95 ............................. sale |iric<‘il SUITS Tails, Shorts, Reg. All English Wool. Reg. $105.00 Reg. $89.50 SPORT COATS Tails, Shorts, Regulars To «izo 52. Reg. Price $59.50 to $69.50 .....39*« CO-ORDINATES SPORT JACKET WITH Rig. 89.50 « 95.50 59 50 DRESS SHIRTS by Van Hu«Mn Long SiMv« M, L, XL. R«g. to 10.00 095 LARGE MEN’S WINTER JACKETS ALL FORTREL SUCKS 31S-M»rNiy lllEnlMWII irililM „ MmMmi 201«) OFF on almost aNoltMK narchandtaw iM»t on salat To 811*54 Special "^TERS Wi bfClMHH M. t, XI. BUY-RITE MEN’S WEAR r. 1295 12“ Ml By JOHN DODD CsMdlan Pretf Staff Writer EDMONTON (CP) - In the beginning of the energy crisis were the words. They came in Canada from both East and West, from Parliament, legislatures, news conferences, television appearances, speeches and prepared statements. Alberta and Saslcatchewan asserted that the federal government was trying to steal provincial control over natural resource^ in their respective provinces, In violation of the constituticHi. Ottawa asserted that Alberta and Saskatchewan themselves were violating the constitution by trying to control energy prices and energy exports. But the fight was bloodless. Legislatiwi was passed in the two provinces giving the governments power to do this or do that but it was not immediately used. There were mostly only words uttered amidst the more immediate struggle to secure enough energy to keep Canadians warm and mobile this winter. LEGAL FIGHT LOOMS But, on one little-publicized front, there was more than words. It was Saskatchewan, where a legal struggle is about to start in Court of Queen’s Bench which the provincial iovernment believes could ive significant bearing on the whole issue of provincial sovereignty over production and sale of natural resources. A legal case between a company and the province became on Dec. 3 what Premier Allan Blakeney now calls a federal-provincial case. On Dec. 3, the federal government formally joined Central Canada Potash Ltd. in a court action to have the Saskatchewan government’s k system of potash prorationing and regulation declared beyond the powers of a province under the British North America (ENA) Act. The case deals exclusively with potash but both the governments of Saskatchewan and Alberta have passed legislation giving them even greater control over oil and natural gas produced within their boundaries. Governments and leaders of the oil and gas industries are ■ reported to be watching the potash case with great interest. They believe that if Saskatchewan loses some of Its control over potash, Ottawa will have an easier time making a case for more federal control over Westa’n oil and gas. Premier Blakeney called federal participation in the case “a cynical and partisan act.” He accused Justice Minister Otto Lang, the only Saskatchewan Liberal in the House of Commons, of "misuse of the powers of a federal minister of Justice.” “The federal government has chosen the almost unprecedented move of challenging this in court, and it is a clear challenge to the right of our province to control our natural resources.” An amendineot to the ENA Act—Canada’s constitution— gives the provinces exclusive control over the natural resources within their boundaries. But the act also gives the federal government exclusive control over interprovincial trade. SQUABBLES FORESEEN Predictions abound^ of both legal battles over the BNA Act in the Supreme Court of Canada and of political battles in another forum—the national energy conference in Ottawa, Jan. 22-23, to be attended by all provincial premiers. Justice Minister Otto Lang says Alberta and Saskatchewan are going beyond their constitutional power in tiying to control petroleum prices and exports. He says Ottawa may consider challenging these provincial moves, unless an agreement can be reached at the energy conference. Premier Peter Lougheed argues that Alberta legislation giving the cabinet the exclusive right' to buy and sell most of the province’s oil production and set prices for it is constitutional. First, he says, the province Is the owner of the oil and therefore has the right to control the price of its product and second, all sales will be made within the province. But he adds: “We are into a confronta* tion whether we want it or not. We recognize that we may be mavericks, but we intend to be st:ong mavericks.” PREPARED TO FIGHT Premier Blakeney says Saskatchewan “will use all the weapons at Its disposal” to defend its control over provincial resources. The conflict has even produced an accusation that the federal government may be trying to control the Supreme Court of Canada, to strengthen the federal position in a constitutional test. H. G. Field of Calgary, president of the Alberta Law Society says he believes the appointment of Bora Laskin recently as chief justice oí the Supreme Court over a field of more senior men was “politically oriented.” Mr. Field said Justice Laskin has shown a tendency to favor centralized power over the claims of provinces. He emphasized that his remarks were not intended to reflect the views of the law society. Snowed in Someone will have a hard time digging his car out to the snow in Pemberton, B.C., about 80 miles northeast of Vancouver. Most of British Columbia is staggering under heavy snowfall. Canada warned of risk of economic isolation MONCTON, N.B, (CP) -Canada risks economic and political isolation unless clear policies are enunciated on the export of raw materials and foreign investment, says Robert Houston, president of the Canada-Japan Trade Council. In a speech Tuesday to a symposium sponsored by the Wardair increasing charter rate EDMONTON (CP) - Wardair Canada Ltd. has increased its overseas charter prices by almost seven per cent because of fast-rising fuel prices, Tom Spalding, Wardair vice-president, says. Mr. Spalding said in an interview that Wardair, and Edmonton - based charter airline, is not suffering a supply problem at present but fuel prices have jumped 70 to 90 per cent overseas and about 25 per cent in Canada. But acute shortages predicted in recent weeks, especially in North America, were not as severe as originally anticipated. Mr. Spalding said predictions of severe fuel shorta^ had caused panic buying but the situation now is sorting itself out and studies are being conducted by governments and companies to establish a feasible long - range fuel allocation program. largely Japanese-backed council, Mr. Houston said Canada already is suffering for its indifference. “The result of our national uncertainty has been a noticeable slackening of the enthusiasm in Japanese business circles for Canada as a site for capital investment.” The Japanese, Canada’s second-largest trading partner behind the United States, are turning to other “have nations” as targets for investment, he said. Mr. Houston said Canada must share his wealth of resources with trading partners. Other countries can not be expected to trim their policies to suit Canada without some reciprocal action by Canadians. He said "immutable factors” of geography, economics and politics point to a “natural alliance” of Canada, Japan and the U.S. in the field of trade. Such an alliance would not necessarily mean the setting up of a formal organization or the signing of binding treaties or agreements, he said, but instead it would recognize the need for “three mutually dependent and mutually contributing nations” to be better prepared to meet common problems. New Brunswick Premier Richard Hatfield, also addressing the symposium, said the current world energy crisis may ultimately lead to greater co-operation and prosperity among trading countries. i ; j'l, RSC'iiV L-Í■■ Ô11 ;