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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-16,Lethbridge, Alberta U.S., Cuba move to bridge 13-year gap WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States and Cuba appear to be making a tentative effort to bridge the broad ideological gap that has separated them for the Last 13 years Although there is little serious talk as yet of a new era oi U S -Cuban friendship, the consensus among diplomats here is that the worst days of bilateral en> mity are over. Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro appears to be no less wedded to his Marxist philosophy but there has been a perceptible lessening in his hostility toward the United States. The last year has been sprinkled with subtle hints that a warming trend is under way. Last week, a Cuban diplomat in Mexico, Fernando Lopez Muino, produced a flurry of speculation about an eventual detente by telling correspondents that Cuba is willing to establish a dialogue with the United States if the U.S.-supported hemispheric embargo of Cuba is liftM. The condition was not new but the tone of the statement struck some diplomats as unusually conciliatory. As though to prove the remark was no slip of the tongue, ihe Cuban foreign ministry issued a statement Thursday reaffirming what the correspondents in Meicico were told Monday. CASTRO RESTRAINED A more restraiited Castro has emerged in the last year. He is still among the foremost critics of the United States but usually his wrath is directed at the policy-makers in Washington, not at the life style of the people. Also missing from Castro's statements are the kind of personal attacks against President Nixon which once were commonplace. Apparently in response to Castro’s more civil attitude, the Nixon administration appears to have retreated somewhat from its earlier positions on Cuba. Less than a year ago, official spokesmen were citing three l»sic reasons for supporting Cuba’s isolation from the hemispheric community: Cuba's close military ties with the Soviet Union, it’s systematic hostility toward the United States and its policy of encouraging subversion elsewhere in Latin America. At his Thursday news conference, U.S. State Secretary Henry Kissinger mentioned only the last of these reasons in discussing U.S objections to Cuban policy The initiative for an eventual relaxation appears, however, to have come from Havana, not Washington. The hijacking treaty signu by the two countries may have improved the environment between the two capitals but other factors appear to have had a greater influence on Castro’s thinking. Admitting their theories are speculative, diplomats say one or more of the following elements may be involved: — Detente: The general improvement in relations between the United States and both China and the Soviet Union made Castro’s virulent anti-Americanism seem out of date. -    Indochina; The withdrawal of American troops from the Indochina conflict defused an issue which had long been a sore point with Castro. —    TTie Kremlin: When a group of 12 Republican members of the U.S. House of Representatives called on the Nixon administration a year ago to move toward normalizing relations with Cuba, Soviet news agencies praised the initiative as “timely and straightforward." The Soviet influence in Havana is con* siderable. FIDEL CASTRO Soviet defence chief skeptical Increased military might urged MOSCOW (AP) - Defence Minister Andrei Grechko, openly skeptical about improving East-West relations, has called for increased Soviet military might, “As a whole, conditions of the intematio&al situation demand that the Soviet people -preserve high vigilance and tirelessly strengthen the defence capacity of the Soviet state," Grechko said in a speech in Kazan, 450 miles east of here. The newspaper that carried the speech arrived here today. Grechko’s address last Tuesday was made against a background of Soviet-American talks in Vienna to limit strategic arms, the Vienna negotiations on force reductions in Europe and the Geneva conference on European security. Grechko did not mention any of the conferences. He said the Communist party “warns against intentional or unintentional attempts to underestimate the military danger proceeding from imperialism. ...’’ He singled out the recent Middle East war as "an obvious index of the shari political struggle in the worl arena." As defence minister, Grechko represents the military on the party’s ruling Iti-man politburo. rp •Id His addr^^s puts him on the side of President Nikolai Pod-gorny and other politburo members cautious about the pace and form of party leader Leonid Brezhnev’s “peace policy.” Citing “the lessons of history,” Grechko said the “imperialists take only force into account and try to carry out their policies from a position of force." "But the Soviet Union can oppose this force with the might of its armed forces, which is no less formidable.” Grechko also indicated some concern about China, which he said ‘‘is shouting that an attack can only take place from the north, from the side of the Soviet Union.” “This crude invention is needed in Peking to camouflage their own aggressive aspirations, to Justify the accumulation of a nuclear rocket potential, to distract the Chinese people from internal difficulties which the country is experiencing and to accelerate their rapprochement with the forces of imperialist reaction,” NEON DISCOVERED The gas ne«i, meaning "the new one,” was discovered in 1098 by British scientists Sir William Ramsay and M. W. Travers. RESS HIRT Save 2*' to 5®' Men's long sleeve dress shirts made of 65% Polyester and 35% cotton. Choose from stripes, plains and checks in a large assortment of colors. Sizes S.M.L. Reg.‘8 lo *11 .11 'iini'Tions Sears you gel the finest guarantee satisfaction or money refunded and tree delivery Simpsons-Sears Ltd. open daily from 9 30 a.m. to S aO p m Ttiursday and Friday 9 30 a.m to 9:00 p.m. Centre Vtllage Mall - Telephone 32S-9231 First inspection Gov.-Gen. Jules Leger inspects his first guard of honor following his installation as Governor-General. Americans love and hate us By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla.—A love-hate relationship irith Canadians Is developing among Americans in this sun-bathed winter resort area irtiere toilet paper is in short supply and Cadillacs queue up for several blocks at the end of the month to get gasoline. A favorite Plordia wintering area for Canadians, Fort Lauderdale has found its usually booming tourist traffic has dropped off sharply because of the gasoline shortage reports in Canadian newspapers. Americans don’t quite know how to treat the northerners who show up for a vacation in the 7S and 65 degree temperatures beside the ocean. They like to see them as it helps the tourist industry. At the same time they have heard that Canadians have “ample supplies” of gasoline and are holding it back from the United States or charging the Americans exorbitant prices for oil and gas shif^ied across the border. “Why are you actir»g like the Arabs?" is a favorite question when they learn you are from Canada. The Canadian embassy's efforts to counteract the growing belief that Canadians are “North American Arabs” has not bad an impact as far south as Florida. Vigorously deny that Canada is withholding gas and oil from the U.S. and our American cousins are inclined to shake their heads dubiously. Then invariably comes the comment: “It’s too bad Canadian - American relations are at such a low level.” Few Canadian cars Many Canadians for years have escaped the winter for a few weeks by jumping in their cars and heading for Florida. In the past a stroU down the five-mile public beach would reveal at last half the cars parked along the highway bordering the sand were from Canadian provinces. This season Canadian licence plates are few and far between. Operators of hotels and motels are feeling the pinch. They are worried. They wonder why the Canadians have failed to appear in the usual numbers. When you explain that Canadian newspapers before Christmas were carrying stories about severe gasoline shortages in the U.S, and warnings that some American service stations were refusing to sell gas to Canadian car-owners the Floridians become aware that rumors of gas shortages have hit them hard In this energy shortage situation Fort Lauderdale provides some surprising contraste. Cadillacs and Lincolns still outnumber the smaller cars by 10 to one. Americans who have driven there for the winter or who reside in Florida vow they will keep their Cadillacs and Lincolns no matter how severe the gas shortage. One man from Ohio who was getting seven miles to a gallon of psoline in his behennoth swore that he’s never give it up. He'd worked hard all his life and hig huge limousine was his symbol of success. Tourists who had driven to Florida said they encountered little difficulty getting filled up with gas enroute to the southern sute. If one station was low on gas they just drove to another until they had filled their tank. They made a point of trying to keep the gauge at the half full mark. Most Canadians took to the air and left their cars at home. It comes as a surprise to watch large gas gulping yachts cruising down the intracoastal waterway that winds through Port Lauderdale. And powerful motor boats that can hit high speeds roar down the waterway with youngsters at the helm out for an afternoon spin.    ’ However the large marinas are packed with luxurious yachts tied up to conserve fuel. Many bum diesel fuel and tbeir owners are worried how much will be available later this winter as Washington keeps making noises about possible rationing. The Florida newspapers carry stories about the energy crisis. Radio and television stations carry reports out of Washington about the energy czar’s latest efforts to conserve fuel. But the boats still roar up and down the intracoastal! Sinclair record big Big on radio too is Toronto’s Gordon Sinclair. A recording of his radio editorial in praise of the United States has hundreds of thousands of Americans dewy eyed as they listen to this millionaire Cattadian broadcaster relate how tired he is of hearing the U.S. kicked around on the newscasts. His strong husky voice comes pounding out of radios over the “Battle Hymn of the Republic" for musical accompaniment. When you hear it once in Florida it is an oddity. M when you hear it booming at you three or four times a day it becontes monotonous and makes you wonder if the AmericMM really have developed that much of an inferiority complex tkat they have to have (his Canadian comtantiy telling them ham great they are. ;