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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-16,Lethbridge, Alberta Tape testimony Inflicta new demag« on Nixon’s eredlbllHy _ ‘    _ _________________ _________B Biáár 0Í TWWÍ.Í. Vic*. By JOHN BERBEM N«; Y«k ttoet S«fv*e* WASHINGTON - rired that Pr«tld«Bt Nixon wu wMtbc^ Watergate crliU, ano^ cloiUK !»■ arottied niipicioos of criminal acU la the Wwra«e^inf^ new damag^i ob the prtaldHit’s cndlblUty. The teitimoBy -r____T^Ksday came from neW$    tedmlcal expert» ^ pearUC ia U S. di- nnalygi» cmuij«««    neariy two moatii’i ................stw^. They said the M^Vminite nv «><« on’« Watergate tape recordiiici    by erasing and re-recording five and pert^ as many as nine times ^ itr^y tugge^otot someone in the White House dejiberateW destroyed evideooe at some time during the summer or fall of last year. This would mean mat the White House coverap (rf the Watergate burglary «mtinued after President Ntaon said be had first becomei>™ ■i“’ îîiiîïL'î.'ïfaiiîiL'siOT^ The White Hwiie sought to public’* Jttdflneot oo tin testlmoiQr, saylnf^ ^ , monies dwwíed with every new dis- “this cerUWy does 1^. And the first reaction from Capitol m from poUtical leaden elsewhere wa^t was another very damaging devdopment for Nison and his presidency.    __ “This create« the moet serious problm to dale,” »aid Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D "The burden has shifted for tiie president and hts White House aides to exntain what w«t mi. jaclMon is a frequent of the    ¿u» the reaction from RepubUcans was little better. Sen. Howard H. Bdkar of---— - chaimiai) of the    Wateifata Coniioitty. called the development “another in an tonato Mxarre set of cireunutancea. Tuesday’s diacloMire came tat as Niwn »into arenad of IntaMepreal^ tthis u«i ur. .1-------hoped would help ____________I away from WaKrgato - of the eiecutive bodfrt year and convening of a wwldwioe energy conference here neit month. Even before the diidosare, new westioos White House credibiOty were r<^ ^ last few days repwti of a mlllta^Worma-tkm ring inside the ^te House io mi. A high official io the White Hom <**^bed as “ludricrous” today the coofldtntlal wport m the activities prepared by    ’* former presidential aide. This seemsto contradict flatty oft-etated asaertions by President Nixon that the issue was far more im^ tant and so highly sensitive that it should not be made [wblic.    , „ . . ... Tuewy’s testimony was believed by both friends and lo*i of the pnsideot to ta partlcHlar- Whiteltouae hJhaedled wldMce sought iqr the courts. The erased portion In wsj^ was a com tion between NÜun and llaldHiian in which the two dlaeusaed the burtlaiy of Democratic headqurtart. that had been discovered three d^rs enrUer. Tertimony befoM Jndge 8i^ bit faU stowed that the taM had been pie In the White House, had be« Aeckedinand out with the transactkni being documented ^yK'ffir«SrSi5.‘".S8!si'^ erased some por^ of the June M tape^w^ ^ answ^ the tctapi^ and prHsed die wrong button. The contention of acddental er«sure was widely disbeUeved. according to publte burden of showing that ttajehad not bMn ‘‘t&^wÍTdo mdlcathiii Ttaüday¡¡rrSÄBTÄSrasS sTÆÂ'ïîaiSJiüsîï persons in addition to himadf had had access to tbe tape in question. ‘eatefoi^y' ianytUngfroa any suggestion that he had ei **Tterehas been speculation oo Capitol elsewhere that BuU must have b« KMnebow In the erasure, since he, Was Woods and tbe president himseU had been frequeotty «nUDedTa* thoae with aeceas to tte Bull took 36 tapes from an    office building safe ihe preceding Ji»e 4, but had never logged tliem back in.The Lethbrtdge Herald VOL. LXVtl — 29 LETHBRIDQE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16. 1974 70 Pages 10 Cents Energy meeting ^cruciaP for firsit ministers Innisfail sheep plant start may be delayed DRUMHELLER (CP) - A SBortage of material could delay construction of the l^sfall sheep prows-ine plant, Philip Rock of Druniheller, one of its planners said today. Mr. Rock, a sbeep producer, ^d TOnstnicUon is scheduled to start. May 1. The pl^ could go into operation as early as October, pro^^ construction materials are received in time, he added. By 1980 oil should flow coast-to-coast OTTAWA (CP) - The federal-provincial energy c<Hifer-ence next week may be the most crudal meeting of its kind ever called. -Seldom, if ever, have the country’s first ministers gathered to deal with an issue so immediate or so far reaching in its implications. Prime Minister Trudeau, Elnergy Minister Donald Macdoodd and Finance Minister Jdm Turner all have termed the meeting vitol to tbe nation’s future. The decisions that are made, or left unmade, could affect every Canadian for years to come. At stake are the country’s vast energy resources and the billiMis of dollars they represent—how best to use Oiem, who pays for them and who takes the profits.    . No one expects a complete blueprint to emerge from the two-day meeting that opens Tuesday morning in the national conference centre. But officials hope some basic policy agreements will be -eached. Tlje first ministers will approach the thorny iwue of resources ciHttrol which, under the constitution, is assigned to tbe provinces. Ottawa argues that petroleum resources fall into a special category and must be used in the natitmal Interest    . . This difference of (^mion pits the oil-producing provinces, primarily Alberta and Saskatchewan, against consuming provinces, and no doubt will be a point of major conflict at the conference. PRICES FROZEN Western oil prices have been frozen since September at about f4 a barrel under a government - industry arrangement. In the meantime, the selling prices on world markets have jumped to almost triple this rate with no sign of stopping. Price increases have been allowed in and east of the Ottawa Valley, areas which rely on expensive imported oil, and there now is a substantial retail price gap between East and West The domestic price freeze is scheduled to last until spring and what happens afterward will be a key subject of discussion among Prime Minister Trudeau and his provincial counterparts. Both Ottawa and the producing provinces agree that prices must rise, but tbe argument centres on how much and how fast. Mr. Trudeau told the Commons last month that the increases must be enough to raise money for development of new energy sources, such as the Alberta oil sands. Beyond that. Canadians should be shielded from price increases. Alberta and Saskatobewan look upon oil as a dnieting resource that must yi«M Ugh enough returns to bui provincial economies OTTAWA (CP) -Minister Donald Mac( announced plans today for an all-Canadian coast-to-coast oil pipeline by 1980 and diose Sarnia, Ont., as the starting point for tbe extension to Montreal. He told a news conference that the existing Edmonton-Samia pipeline, which dips through the northern United States, will be expanded gradually until Western Canadian oil can be delivered to aUparts of the country. The trans-Canada system will include a line between Montreal and an East (^t superport in Quebec, New Brunswick or Nova Scotia. The final choice will depend on n^tiations with the three provinces.    . Tbe system also will Include a Canadian section between Winnipeg and southern Ontario, bussing tbe existing line that now cuts south from Winnipeg and east through the U.S. to Sarnia. Alberta and the West Coast are linked already by the Trans-Mountain piMline that runs through tbe Rockies to Vancouver allowing foreip oil to flow into central Canada if needed. He said the easternmost link will connect with a superport on the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, at Saint John, N.B., or in the Canso Strait area of Nova Scotia. No decision will be made without detailed prowincial talks, and the line will not be built for several years, he said. Mr. Macdonald said construction of the 30-inch Sarnia-Montreal extension win start next fall attd be completed by the government’s previously-announced late-1975 target date. iConservative Leader Robert Stanfield welcomed the government’s decision to extend tbe oil i^peline eastward from Samta. But he said It shouU go all tbe way to tbe AUantic provinces. Taylor bids Making the most of a warm westerly Sudden Chinooks do much to make life In Lethbndfle more enjoyable, as University of Lethbridge student Daniel Hoyt discovered while waiting for a bus to the campus at 4th Avenue and 5th Street S.    rick ERv.r. phoio the only starting for Grit -lint given serious conaidera-in for the Montreal extension, was chosen over Sault Ste. Marie and Winnipeg. It offers a shorter route and lower construcUon cost. The existing line, operated Union chiefs seek peace on Britain’s labor front Tunisia-Libya merger ‘buried’ the wells run dry. Coupled with (his fundamen-Ul question are immediate concerns sudi as Ihe division of revenue raised by the cTvde oil export tax, impOMd by Ottawa in OctcMr \l>o VI TUNIS (AP) - Tunisia’s new foreign minister said today his country will never unite with Libya as long as Morocco or Algeria oppose such a union. But Foreign Minister Habtb Chatti said Tunisia nevertheless will continue consultations with Libya te work out details of tbe merger agreement signed Satorday by President tuibib Eiourguiba and Col. Moammar Khadafy of Libya. He described the Rterger agreement as a declaration of principle rather than a program for concrete action, and said it is part of Tunisia’s traditional policy of seeing the unification of North African countries. Bourguiba, 70, and Khadafy, 31, pieced the Imnwdute union of ttielr neighboring ccwitries. which was to be approved by nationwide referendums in Libya and Tunisia Friday. Two days after signing the document, Bourguiba fired its chief architect, Tunisian Foreign Minister Mohammed Masmoudi, and named Chatti in his place Moreover, the proposed Tunisian referendum has been cancelled and the government said a drawn-out procedure for revising the constitution would have to be necessary before any referendum at an undetermined future date. "You can assume that tbe merger of Tunisia and Libya is burled as far as the foreseeable future is concerned," said a Tunisian official Tuesday. There has been no public reaction to the Tunisian turnaround from Khadafy. Sources in Libya say be plans to go ahead with his part of tbe referendum agreement Friday. LONDON (AP) - More than 200 labor union chiefs met in London today In a bid to arrange a deal with the government to end Britain’s worst industrial crisis since the Second World War. As th^ met, the pound ster-Ung slumped to its lowest value against the United States dollar. On the brighter side, rail services were back to near normal after Tuesday’s 34-hour strike by drivers. Political commentators held little hope that the union chiefs can produce a peace formula to satisfy either Prime Minister Edward Heath or the 280,000 coal miners whose ban on over time working has helped put Britain on a three-day week. There were signs Heath may call a general electiai to seek a fresh mandate for his no-surrender policy in the miners’ dispute. Britain’s 29,000 train engineers ended a one-day strike at midnight Tuesday night. However, the engineers who have been staging a slowdown for five weeks over a pay dispute will continue a ban on overtime and Sunday working. More trouble for strike-weary London commuters loomed Tuesday night when militant leaders of 10,000 workers on the capital's subway system called for a strike Feb 4 over pay demands. Energy Minister Patrick Jenkin warned that compulsory power cuts will be imposed soon if Britons do not drastically cut use of electricity to heat and light their homes. Smh and h««rd About town ★ ★ ★ Delva Roeloffs stranded in her garage because tbe electnmic door wouldn’t work during Tuesday's power outage in North Lethbrtdge. by Interprovinciai Pipe Line Ltd., swings within about 80 miles of ^ult Ste. Marie en route to Sarnia. Mr. Macdonald said the Sar-nia-MoPtreal extension will cost about fl75'million, up from the fUO million to 1150 million estimate made earlier by Interprovinciai officials. It will have an initial capacity of 250,000 barrels a day, just under half of the 550,000 barrels used daiW in the high demand Montreal market area. By adding additional pumping capacity west of Sarnia the extension could deliver 500,000 barrels a day, Mr. Macdonald said. In total, the five eastern provinces use about 900.000 barrels of crude oil daily. The full pipeline system, including the link east from Montreal, will not meet the entire demand, Mr. Macdonald said. The need for some foreign oil will remain. But a reversible link with an East Coast superport would offer flexibility, letting western oil move east when foreign supplies are slack, and leadership CALGARY (CP) - NIck Taylor, 46, of Calgary, preii-dent and founder of Lochid Explorati<Mi Ltd., today announced his candidacy for leadership of the Alberta liberal Party. Bob Russell announced his retirement as party leader last year A leadership ccHivention is scheduled here March 1-3. There are no Liberals in the provincial legislature and Alberta did not elect a Liberal MP during the last federal election, but Mr. Taylor said there is a striMig future for the party. "We have to demonstrate the provinctal party is distinct and separate from the federal one,” said Mr. Taylor, who criticized both the federal and provincial governments for their current energy ctash. The Liberal candidate said an ^rgy-swapping arrangement under which Alberta would loan proven resources to federal authorities in exchange for future receipt of an equivalent amount from federal reserves in the North is a sound solution to the current problem. Tale of KGB man in Edmonton surfaces OTTAWA (CP) - The case of an alleged Soviet spy whose activities closely follow a semi-fictional account in a widely-circulated police document has been resurrected again-this time by an American author. The Anton Sobotka ease, which caused a brief stir in Canada in 1973, has come up in a book written by John Barron, a former U. S. intelligence agent. Barron tells of an afcnt. known only as Anton Sobotka who was recruited by the KGB-the Soviet spy organ-ization-in Csechoslovakia and sent to Edmonton in 1961 to serve as a spy. He said Sobotka is Canadian-born. He went to Ciech-oslovakia In 1946 where he was recruited. He is said to hive agreed to join the KGB only so he could get back to Canada. He to arrested Iv RCMP in 1I7Í after performing ptrfunctory service for the KGB and cooperated with police thereafter. Barron said he was withholding the man’s real name. In March. 19». tbe News of • tbe World of London caused a stir in Canada by publiMng the story of Anton*Sobotka. Police sources said then that a document entitled The Pile on Anton Sobotka, an RCMP trainhig manual, was distributed te fovemment security officers as a profile of a typical kind of spy. Officers who had seen tbe report said they understood it to be a semi-fictional profile drawn from a number of actual cases. In response to quesUcns in the Commons in March 1972, JusUce Minister Otto Lang admitted that the story of Sabotka was partly fiction and partly fact. While the case was interesting it bore little resemblance to the colorful speculation about it. Reporters who were shown ihe Sabotka fite said they were told that a real Anton exists and that he operated in Canada for 10 years before being detected. ^ report at tbe time said SIX Soviet diplomata were asked to leave In 1173 on the basis of the Sobotka caae. Asked about this In tbe Commons, Prime Mlniater Twdew «aid the last expaiskin was In early 1170. oi" ;