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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 16, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD - Saturday, January 16, 1971 -__ Carl Rowan Head in the snowbank If the Lethbridge Chamber of Commerce correctly reported the feelings of "many" Westerners toward the French language - or if "many" is anywhere close to a majority-then Canada is doomed The reaction of both English - speaking and French-speaking members of the joint parliamentary constitutional committee to the chamber's statement here this week suggests that the position reported (if not endorsed) by the chamber is singularly bigoted and this part of the country is unaware of the true nature of Canada. Said the chamber: "The opinion of many citizens in the West is that the creating of a second official language is going to do more harm than good to the unity of Canada." But these "many citizens" should know (everyone else does) that Canada has always had two official languages, and the only recent change is that English Canada is belatedly admitting it. The basis of French separatism is the charge that the rest of Canada looks on the French language as a secondary language, on French Ca-nadianism being inferior Canadian-ism. That being the case, say the separatists, French Canadians must set up their own country in which they will have first-class citizenship. Most French Canadians are not separatists, because they love Canada and hope that within Canada they will be able to give complete expression to their French Canadian-ism. They are challenging the rest of Canada to face up to the duality of the nation. And most of English Canada is accepting the challenge, knowing the salvation of Canada depends on it. Those who believe "creation of a second official language" is harrning Canadian unity couldn't be more wrong. What does this mean to the rest of Canada, to southern Alberta? It means that "many citizens" here had better wake up. If they won't accept the French fact they will hasten the destruction of Canada. History is against them. The law is against them. The facts are against them. They must change. The hope is that they will look on the French fact, in the Canadian context, as an opportunity, not a problem, and on bilingualism as a prize to be desired, not an imposition to be loathed. But it is said that the emergence of French into its rightful place is coining on too fast, and the rest of Canada, particularly the ignorant-of-history and slow-to-learn people of southern Alberta, need time to adjust, and should not be expected to surrender their attitude of superiority so readily. The answer is that there is no more time. After a hundred years time has run out. Quebec recently voted itself four more years to consider its course. There is no assurance the period of grace will be extended. It is like the American Negro, finally demanding what is his in law, and much of the white society damning him for wanting it now and not being willing to wait still longer. Why should he wait for what belongs to him? Why should the French Canadians wait until southern Alberta is finally ready to concede them their rightful place in Canada? With that attitude, would southern Albertans ever be ready? The fact, the French fact, is there. Most of English Canada sees it, and welcomes it. If the Lethbridge Chamber of Commerce correctly reports the feeling here (which is in doubt) this part of Canada has its head in the snowbank. Coffee troubles brewing Consumption of coffee appears to be on the decline after having become an institution among a very high proportion of adult society. The younger generation has not been hooked by the habit to nearly the same degree as their parents. According to a survey made by the Pan-American Coffee Bureau only 32 per cent of youths from 15 to 19 years of age now drink coffee, down from 54 per cent in 1950. A study of college and high school students showed a 61 per cent drop since 1950 in the number of cups of coffee consumed by the average student. Naturally people in the business of promoting and providing coffee are disturbed and are concerned to discover the reasons for the decline. The Wall Street Journal reports that no really convincing explanation has yet appeared. One of the theories offered for the decline is that coffee drinking is seen as a symbol of the establishment. Rejecting the beverage is a way of achieving separation from the scorned adult world. But if this is so, then it raises the question of why alcohol and tobacco are not equally rejected. Another possibility is that the taste of coffee turns the young people away from the beverage, and the social rewards attached to its use are not now strong enough to encourage persistency in acquiring a liking. People in the industry do not admit that coffee is repugnant - they do contend, however, that it is too frequently improperly brewed. Executives in the coffee industry may lose some sleep over the decline in the consumption of their product. But it will not be seen as a matter of great importance to most people - not even those most addicted to the drink Weekend Meditation Reality in religion OME people have gone to church all doubt, in death, only the conviction born 1 " ' found of personal experience is any good. To build on hearsay religion Is building on sand. A little rain and it runs and crumbles; touch of strain and it snaps. Secondhand religion is good enough for easy, thoughtless times. The church should remember Ibsen's declaration regarding his duty as a dramatist, "My task is not to make you laugh and it's not to make you cry, but to make you see." To make God real to every generation, that is the task of the church. Peter's reply to Cornelius was that he had witnessed personally God's revelation in Jesus Christ. In Jesus Christ came a new vision of God, a new way of salvation, a new power, and a new fellowship. God had raised Jesus from the dead and Peter and the other disciples had fellowship with him and with one another. In the baptism of the Holy Spirit they had found a new power by which sin and the other anguish of life could be overcome. In fellowship with Christ they had fellowship with one another, a fellowship in which there was no longer any distinction of persons, either tltrough race or class. Peace with God and peace with man, as well as peace in one's own soul - this was the answer to Cornelius' demand for a surer word of God. If a church makes any claim to being a church of Jesus Christ, it must declare these things also. It must know God other than by hearsay, it must open to people a way of salvation, it must give its members power to overcome life's wear and tear, to blot out the black memory of the past, to heal their self-despisings, and to find a brotherhood truer than the secular societies round about them. So the name Peter had for the church - and it was a good one - was "the brotherhood." When a congregation gathers on Sunday morning this is what they are seeking; the minister is challenged to make the same answer that Peter made. PRAYER: Grant, O God, that I may be part of this fellowship, an eternal fellowship, i world-wide fellowship, as wide as the human heart, as deep and high as the love of God. F.S.M. their lives and have never reality in religion. Lord Beaverbrook's father, when he was old, confessed to his son that he had no faith in eternal life. This was shattering to Beaverbrook who never after that shook free of his fear of death. There is a story in the tenth chapter of the book of the Acts of the Apostles of a man called Cornelius who is described as a most devout and reverent man, a most able person who had become an important officer in the Roman army, a man who prayed often and earnestly, and a most generous man who did many charitable deeds. To this man came a vision of God who directed him to Peter. He sent for Peter who came, despite all ritual objections and racial prejudice. To Peter, Cornelius related how he asked for a clearer vision of God and bad been instructed to send for Peter. In answer to Peter's question as to why he had sent for him, Corn-, elius replied, "Now therefore are we all here present before God to hear all things that are commanded thee of God." This is why people go to church. It is not to hear good music - desirable though good music may be - nor to look at lovely windows, however inspiring, but to hear about God, All else is secondary and choirs and preachers should remember it. There are many peripheral things such as social and economic justice, freedom, the place of the state, and the ecumenical movement, but the heart of the whole thing is God and man. Without God there is nothing good, nothing worthwhile, and the whole world falls apart. With God, the Bible says, all tilings are possible. It can be added that without God all things are impossible. The trouble is that all people have heard about God, but few know God personally. Like Job, they have heard of him by the hearing of the ear, but rarely do they come to Job's blessed vision where his eye saw him. Consequently Thoreau's statement that most men live lives of quiet desperation is �rue. What .lames called faith in someone else's faith is not good enough for Die deep places of life. In sorrow, in Indochina will continue to be a headache WASHINGTON - With some justification, the Nixon administration has been taking end-of-the-year bows for scaling down the Vietnam war. Despite a venture into Cambodia that has transformed the war into an all-Indochina conflict, there is no denying that Mr. Nixon has curbed the fighting and the involvement of U.S. troops in it. This has meant fewer American casualties and, perhaps most remarkable of all, a new mood of quiet resignation on the part of Americans who were violently preoccupied with the war a couple of years ago. But just so no one entertains too rosy an outlook, I want to remind you that that terrible war is far from over and will, in fact, be the. source of many new American headaches in 1971. I predict that: 1. White House talk about increased Communist infiltration from North Vietnam into the south, and of a probable offensive by the Communists when the weather dries up, will turn out correct - and not just another of the numerous cries of "wolf" that we have heard over the years. People who have watched this war closely for years still maintain that face-saving requires that the Communists retaliate for the allied Intervention in Cambodia and that they unmask as "foolish, wishful thinking" recent American claims that the Communists have been so weakened that they cannot launch a major offensive. 2. Not only will Hanoi not negotiate meaningfully at Paris, but the Communists will endeavor to make Indochina just as big a political liability for Nixon in 1972 as Vietnam was for Humphrey in 1968. Saigon undermined Humphrey by stalling on going to the peace table. Hanoi will try to undermine Nixon by denying him the opportunity to campaign on the theme, "I got us out of Vietnam-completely." 3. New Year's Day of 1981 will find the U.S. military still involved in Indochina, with same Americans more deeply involved in combat than our forces in South Korea are, where we have had GIs for more than 20 years. 4. Even our reduced involvement in Indochina will remain so costly, and new demands of the military so expensive, that there is no point in even iftiflpst "This is the age of protest, Miss Penny weather, but I insist you leave your room post haste!" must dreaming about a war's end "dividend" of funds which can be applied to the nation's social needs. There was a time when John-s o n administration officials conceded that 28 to 30 billion dollars a year in defence expenditures could be attributed to the Vietnam war. The current figure is about $10 billion, causing some people to ask what happened to the 18 to 20 billion-dollar windfall. Budget officials now claim the-peak cost for Vietnam was only $20 billion, so there should only be a $10 billion saving. Except there isn't any saving. It seems that "inflation," Pentagon pay raises, and increases in retirement funds ate up that $10 billion dividend before anyone could spend a dollar on schools, health care, job training, clean water, or any of the other unmet needs of this society. 5. The next budget will show Pentagon spending edging up again by two or three billion dollars, virtually negating the work of those Congressmen who thought they had begun a meaningful fat-trimming exercise in 1970. This will spark a citizens' revolt by people who are tired of seeing funds for education, hospitals, poverty programs, and doctors' training vetoed while the funds flow freely for supersonic airliners and monster missiles. 6. The upshot is that war In Asia will once again become a political issue. So will the question of national priorities, with Democratic Presidential aspirants in the Senate hammering Mr. Nixon relentlessly on this matter. But both issues will be overshadowed by pocketbook issues - by voters growing more and more restless and irritated by an economy that dosen't right itself in 1971. 7. So this year will be mostly a stage-setter for one of the meanest Presidential election struggles in our history. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Sharing power more widely and more wisely By Maurice Strong, Secretary-General to the United Nations 1972 Conference on Human Environment, in The Ottawa Journal ALTHOUGH the technologi-c a 1 revolution has given the wor.ld the inescapable physical dimensions of a single community and the moon flights have implanted in our consciousness the vivid image of our planet as "spaceship earth," we have not yet developed the attitudes or political and social structures necessary to translate this concept into a working reality. Man's use of the power of science and technology continues to be based largely on the narrow interests and purposes of the relatively small proportion of the world's p o p u 1 a tion which command this power rather than on the broader interests and needs of the entire human community. The whole incentive system on which the market economy is based, attracts scientific and technological resources into the areas which have the most immediate prospects for profit. The relentless application of cost benefit analysis determines the patterns of investment and development. This leads to the establishment of service stations, breweries and cigarette factories in develop- Letters To The Editor ing countries in priority to school and health services. While I have great respect for the dynamism and creative power of our market economy, and the good things that it has made possible for us, it has severely distorted our system of values and created many of the imbalances which now threaten our survival. Therefore, if we are to control the power of science and technology, we must challenge and if necessary change some of the basic concepts on which the power structure of our society is now based. We must change our attitudes towards the management of our environmental resources of air, water, plant and animal life based on the reality that these resources are part of man's common heritage. The interventions of man in the natural environment must be subjected to controls based on the common interests' of all. The experience with DDT and phosphate detergents underscores the dangers that derive from the widespread introduction of new substances without a full understanding Disposal of garbage Apparently industries require the help of the taxpaying home owner. During the past years while industries were polluting our rivers and waters, the taxpayer was paying for the removal of sewage into specially built receptacles, so that the sewage did not pollute anything. We also paid a monthly fee for the removal of garbage. Some of us used burning barrels, and if the lid was replaced by a strong wire netting cover, there was no smoke. We burned grass cuttings, green fence clippings when they had dried out and also tree branches. So They Say I think it is up to the proponents of the SST to prove it will not pollute, rather than the other way around. -Sen.-Elect James L. Buckley of New York. By not using their restraint systems, women are setting a bad example for their children, and they are actually being terribly unfair to their families. -Dr. Patricia F. Waller, staff member of the Highway Safety Research Center of the University of North Carolina, commenting on findings that r>o per cent fewer women motorists use seat belts or shoulder haraesse* than men. If the use of the barrels is condemned, we will have to use several garbage bags. If the yard is fenced the collector won't have much trouble but I don't think there is any law which says the collector shall go all over the yard gathering up the bags. These crescents without back lanes; neither their appearance nor the landscape would be Improved by having a pile of bags all over the lawns. Regarding the Herald survey; what percentage of those canvassed were senior citizens who would be affected by any increase in the cost of collections? DICK FISHER. Lethbridge. Dog bylaw In reference to your article January 11, "Dogs must be controlled", I would like to state my opinion and the opinion of several others. Dogs were not made to be boxed up in a cave. Dogs enjoy fresh air and the outdoor environment. To obey the bylaw passed by the city of Lethbridge, one would have to lock up their animal just as a prisoner. PETER DANIELSON. Lethbridge of their consequences. The laws of most countries to a large extent are based on the premise that new products and new technology are considered innocent until proven guilty; if the common interest is to be protected, it will be necessary to. consider them guilty until proven innocent. We urgently need to agree on a set of principles for the management of the world community of ours and to translate them into systems of laws and institutional mechanisms. But effective action cannot be taken by any one nation or small group of nations -it must be universal. Take for example DDT. We have banned it in Canada. But they are continuing to use it in much of the developing world as an indispensable element in the green revolution which has brought new wealth and new hope to so many of the world's food deficit countries. DDT is a substance which spreads rapidly through the entire global environment whatever may be its source. Accordingly, Canadians are threatened just as much by DDT which is applied in India as that which is applied in Canada. If we are concerned with the effects of DDT on our future it is not enough to ban it ourselves; we must depend on the governments of the other countries including those in the developing world to do the same. How can we expect them to do this when it means the difference between success and failure in their urgent struggle against poverty and hunger? How can we expect the poor countries to join us in actions designed to protect the long-term future of all of us when by those actions tlicy slow down or increase the costs' of industrialization which 'Crazy Capers' they need now to meet the ur-. gent needs of growing unemployment and submarginal living standards? It is perhaps over-simplistic but nevertheless true to say that the development challenge is based on the desire of the poor to overcome the problems of poverty while the environment challenge is based on the desire of the rich to overcome the undesirable byproducts of their affluence. If the world is to function as a community, the developing nations must have a larger share of the world's industrial capability, of its scientific and technological resources and of its economic power. This can only come on the scale and within the period required by a massive reordering of our existing priorities and a radical reordering of the institutions and structures of international life so as to substitute for the present bias in favor of the industrialized nations, a bias that clearly favors and encourages the development ef the less-favored nations. I am deeply persuaded that we must move more rapidly than we now seem to be willing to move in this direction. But this will require an act of enlightened political will on the part of the world's wealthy nations that is without precedent in human history. We must admit that on the present evidence the odds do not look good that this will happen-but we must act on the assumption that it can happen. No group which possesses the monopoly on wealth power and privilege which the nations of the western world and Japan enjoy today can be expected to relinquish it easily. But we are not talking about relinquishing it completely - only sharing it more widely and using it more wisely. This will require that we be prepared to accept a system of power on a global scale which is based more on the distribution of people and their needs than on the distribution of economic and military capacity. Programs of international development as they now exist must be seen as the first primitive steps in the direction of creating an international system which will extend to the entire world community the principles of equity, justice and mutual responsibility which we have come to accept as a basis for our relationships within national societies. Our experience in building our national societies also shows that the wealthy do not have to become poor in order for the poor to improve their lives. A more equitable distribution of the world resources and opportunities is an indispensable prerequisite for workable world community. It is not a question of whether the rich can afford it but whether they will be wise enough to appreciate in time how very much it is in their interest. Looking backward Through the Herald IS21 - Lethbridge citizens were whipped about in a gale that registered 84 miles per hour. Box cars lost roofs and a mile of telephone poles were knocked down to the north of the city. 1931 - The annual Alberta bonspiel has been cancelled for the first time in history due to a lack of ice. Only one of the three rinks in Calgary been able to make ice has ------- this year and there has been little curling in the outlying districts. lWl - British forces are massed before Tobruk for a final assault on the stronghold. It is estimated there arc 30,000 Italians in the bcleagured port. 1951-The number of mumps cases in the city now has passed the 800 mark since the disease struck in October. Many adults are now coming down with the disease. 1901-The Green Acres Lodge is full to capacity and a waiting list is now needed, just four months after the opening. My one big ambition is to have nil the money you seew to think i tow*. The Letltbndge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;