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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 16, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 18 - THE LETHBRIDGI NERA1D - Saturday, January 16, 1971 Your horoscope By Jeane Dixon SUNDAY, JAN. 17 Your birthday today: Development of psychological and intuitive powers may be a part of your goal this year. Search for peace and order in your surroundings. Meditation and prayer may become a regular part of your daily life. Whatever encumbrances you retain through the end of the year will become much greater hindrances in the following year. Today's natives are impatient of spirit, often of uneven temper, fond of sports ABIES (March 21-Aprll 19): Share in the community expression of faith, dress well and with dignity. Find out what is going on, organize get-togethers with younger people. Sports, pastimes are favored. TAURUS (April 20 - May 20): You can be of great help just by being there, standing to be counted. Rummage through closets, cabinets; there's some treasure to rescue, and a lot of things to discard. GEMINI (May 21  June 20): Project what you actually are today. No amount of light talk will quite substitute. Make it a day full of sociable visits, reunions. Avoid excess. CANCER (June 21 - July 22): The experience of this Sunday should be memorable Pursue romantic and sentimental interests. Offer respect and good manners to all; notice the response. LEO (July 23 - Aug. 22): It is useful to you and your group that you be about and visible at the community's services. Much is to be learned visiting among friends. Fresh contacts are promising. VIRGO (Aug. 23 - Sept. 22): Practically everything you had planned works out fairly well Andy sends a complete 20-volume set of the World Book Encyclopedia to Gary Step-ien, age 15, of St. Catharines, Ontario, for his question: How are drnmlins formed? Drumlins are related to kames and eskers, moraines and fiords. All of these features are earthworks molded by mighty glaciers. The strange bumps and gouges were given their names centuries ago, when people supposed t h at they had been modeled by Noah's flood. In the mid-1800s, a college teacher named Louis Agassiz challenged the world of science with a startling new theory. He suggested that drumlins and their relatives are the work of enormous glaciers that once covered vast areas of the temperate zone.   * We now know that four great Ice ages have come and gone during the past million years. But these actual events are hard to imagine - until we behold the mighty remodeling they did to the surface of the earth. Imagine the weight of a glacier, two miles thick and hundreds of miles wide. It crushes and depresses the earth beneath it. What's more, any glacier thicker than 300 feet moves under its own weight, creeping in slow motion like a frozen flood. Its motions reshape the surface like monster bulldozers and plows, sleds and scrapers. The ice age glaciers sheared hilltops and gouged valleys, dislodged and shifted mountainous tons of rocks and soil. This debris became embedded all through the ice. As the glaciers advanced, they scraped and gouged the hard bedrock below and these scars reveal the direction of the advancing ice. Drumlins are rounded hills, usually scored with such parallel lines. They were molded when glaciers were in their hey-day. Some were formed by trimming down ancient hills. Others were mounds of glacial drift - mounds of debris that sank down through the ice. In either case, drumlins were compressed under weighty glaciers. Their gently streamlined slopes were molded to reduce friction and allow the massive ice to flow smoothly. When at last the glaciers began to melt, their embedded debris was dumped and many of these deposits were molded by gushing water and braided streams. Sometimes the melting water chiseled a channel below a waning glacier and rocky debris sank through the mushy ice and filled the tunnel. Later this formed a long snaky ridge on the ground. Other glacial rift was dumped in long and short ridges, mounds and other characteristic ice age formations. � � * Moraines ade gravelly glacial deposits, carried from afar. Some are ridges, bulldozed by the advancing ice. When the ice melted, ground moraines were strewn on the surfce or piled on mounds called kames. Fiords are steep-sided gorges carved along shorelines where the glaciers met the sea. The long snaky ridges that formed in glacial tunnels are called eskers. *   Andy sends a World Book Globe to Bill Sites, age 10, of Visalia, California, for his question: Who drilled the first oil well? Numerous wells were dug for petroleum products in ancient times. Archaeologists have found the ruins of wells dug centuries ago by Indians of North America. In many regions, wells drilled for salt often yielded petroleum by accident. Through the 1800s, Romanian oil wells were dug by hand. The product was refined and sold as fuel oil for lamps. In 1857, James Miller Williams dug a successful oil well in Ontario, Canada. Appr-ently George Bissel of Connecticut was the first to think of petroleum as a more useful fuel and as a lubricant to oil machinery. Around 1850, he organized a company to dig for oil on a farm at Titusville, Pennsylvnia. The project failed. Later it was tried again and Edwin L. Drake was hired to do the job. He decided to try the same method used to drill for salt. The work crew included Uncle Billy Smith, the blacksmith, and his two sons. Drilling began in June, 1859. Af floodings and cave-ins, they struck oil on August 27, at a depth of 69% feet. You might say that Edwin Drake drilled the first modern-type oil well. Questions asfced by children of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box 765, Huntington Beacii, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1971) GOREN ON BRIDGE BY CHARLES H. GOREN t� twit e� Tin atom wttmi WEEKLY BRIDGE QUIZ Q. 1-As South, vulnerable, you hold: *AQ QJ OK8S43 4AtS The bidding has proceeded: Sooth West North East Paw Pais 1V DWe. T What do yon bid now?' O. S-As South, vulnerable, you hold: 4K864 <3K�4 OAKQ8 *1�4 The bidding has proceeded: North Eiit Soath West Pass Pin 10 Pass 1* Pass 2 4 Pass 3 * Pass ? What do yon bid now? Q. 4-As South, vulnerable, you hold: 42