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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 16, 1913, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, January 1013 THE LETHB-RIDGE DAILY HERALD Lecturer Points out That the Milch Cow Brings in the Dollars Edmonton, Jan. 1.5.-"Dairy rarming offers so many ad vantages, the profits to be derived from the industry nre so great and the future of this branch of agriculture in so full of promise that the young people contemplating farming cannot do better than 10 engage in the business, while older people, who are struggling to mnke both ends meet, should turn to tile dairy cow as ;i. means of making a competence on the farm." Dr. V. K. Jindra, municipal milk inspector for Edmonton, said this in the course of an address al a gathering of dairymen and dealers. The address Was one of a, series in Hie campaign of education which the department is conducting for the benefit of the producers and consumers of dairy products. , .. "One of too. first advantages of dairying," Dr. .Tindra continued, "is the fact that it?; brings a constant income every day or every week in the year and the. farmer can depend upon it. He decs not hare to wait for a harvest that comes only once a year, Jieitber does he have, to wait until he can market his crop. He has a certain income every week. It is purely a. business proposition in the best sense of the term. "Second, dairying offers a source of constant employment in contrast to other branches of farming wherein a man has certain busy seasons and certain times of enforced idleness. The dairyman has his certain work to do each day. The employment is not only constant, but it is remunerative. "Third, dairying also offers unexcelled, opportunities lor the exercise of skill and brain. The building up of profitable dairy herds, ihe scientific feeding to obtain the greatest quantities of milk or btttterfat, the �most profitable handling of the product;, all of these tax a man's ingenuity and afford him ample opportunity to display his business ability. -Fourth, "dairy farming takes less fertility from the soil than any other kind of farming. In selling $1000 worth of vheat, there will go with it $240 1 worth'"; ot fertility; in $1000 worth of beef, $85; 'in $1,000 worth of pork, ?60; in ?1000 worth of horses, ?35; and in ?1000 worth of butter, only ?1.2G worth of fertility. It will be seen that bulcer carries away practically no fertility. Separating the milk on the. farm gives the skim milk directly back to the live stock, and through that back to the soil, thus increasing the fertility and multiplying the salable products of the farm. Cows on the farm mean a better farm. "Fifth, dairy products are easily marketed, because they are in reality-condensed products, ililk, cream and butter bring more per pound than any other farm products, yet there is hardly any other product �w'hich.-ca'n be so.easily, taken to town. The dairyman actually condenses the tons of farm crops produced on the farm into compact products, millc, cream, and butter, which are easily portable. ~ "Sixth, no kind of farm work is better,, suited,.to. women and children than dairying^ They can take an active part and-it'is not the old-time back-breaking, discouraging drudgery which.;we have always-associated with I'armjjlg;*''''. :.'..' "^jiS5^>8�to:)iugvf is i,one . of ttbe. inos'tv.prbgreBsive 'branches of, farming. Tt is only within recent years that-the cream separator, the Bab-cock leBt and other, improvements have been given to the dairyman. We might.say that dairying is still in its infancy.' If this Industry gave us last year products to the value of nearly $800,000,000, it is reasonable to assume that the future will witness a development which should practically double the value of dairy products. Improvements' and advancements .are sure to come. "Ejghth;* dairying pays us good profits, and in most instances even better profits than any other branch of farming; This in itself should Induce farmers to take It .up more extensive-ly." . , � : " ' :\ Di;. -Jindra- said , thatVvolumes could bo written upon the subject of cleanliness and its; relation to the model dairy. There'are, he added, thousands of arguments fn Its favor, and the statistics covering the point cannot well be ignored .by the farmer or the dairyman. Cle-in ,cows. clean udders, clean hands, clean"'pails, sterilized" tifetislls and. separators, clean and thoroughly ventilated, swoet-amellin^,/dairies-^-thes^e are some; qf the conditions ..under'' which milk, M-catu and butter can be best pre-lerved n'nd utilized for home use arid 'or the market. . ' "The stable,"-Dr. Jindra continued,; 'should - be provided with brushes j ren-dlly^attached to. the milking stools Di' accompanying them. The- milker �bould be encouraged to use these brushes 'before milkiiifc, and if such milkers are naturally cleanly, they \ should also be encouraged ,to dampen thc udders before beginning to'milk. If the milkers are not naturally orderly, systematic and cleanly, discharge them and either g>et clean milk ers or quit the business. It is impossible to make a filthy man clean by any act of rules or by any amount of possible supervision. "Do not stir up unnecessary dust before milking. Kach minute particle of dust settling on the milk means that much taint and consentient, germination of bacteria. Ml strainers should be kept scrupulously clean. Sanitary wire gauze are greatly to be preferred to t.ho common cloth strainers so much In vogue. All foreign odors should be. abolished from the promises, as milk, cream and butter have a natural tendency to absorb them. "The milk is received in pailt;. washed in Ibis way: They are firs! wtinsed in tepid water, then washed in water loo hot for the hands containing sum? cleansing powder or sal soda, the hashing toeing done with brushes rather than cloths. They are wrinsed with boiling water and: steamed if possible; otherwise they are taken from the wi'insing wtvfer, and loose drops shaken off and allowed to dry without, wiping. The milk is then strained .through wire strainer:' or two or three thicknesses of cheese cloth, which pieces are washed and scalded or boiled between successive house of milking. After:8"tT�lntog�the milk is either aerated, cooled and sent to the. factory, or it is run through t!:e separator at. home." At. the close of the address Dr. Jindra conducted a crdestipn.'box .discussion, and explained various qt'ies-ilous of Interest to ^'e local dairy fanners. He said that he and those among whom he Is working are on the most amicable, terms, the dairymen and dealers cheerfully responding to any suggestions for amelioration that the inspector may see fit to make in giving the people of . Kdmonlcu a clean milk supply, t COUNTRY PAYS FOR BUILDING ROADS AND COMPANIES SCOOP IN SURPLUSES Ottawa, JtiU. 13.-A, summary ol railway statistics for the yeaT ending June 20, 19.12, compiled by- .1. JU Payne, comptroller of statistics for the Railways and Canal a department', tabled In the Common^,.today, many illuminating facts as'to'the recent remarkable transportation developments of the Dominion,,, , During the twelve month's''covered by the .report, 2,953 additional; utiles of railway were put in operation, with 1,7X8 iniles more reported.ready,..fov operation, and ten thousand miles uiJ-der construction. Ail told, the railway mileage of Canada'Is now over 00,000 miles, exclusive of sidings, double track, etc. Eliminating government lines, the total capital liabilities of Canadian railways on June 30, last, "was $1,-538,937,526,/or '$50,'8#2; per ajUel. -On this capital/ investment' dividends were paid last year totaling $31,164,-791, equalling' 4.04' per cent, on the total stock issue. The rapid gro'wth in-'-net eaTnhig^ may be guaged from the fact that in 1007 dividends totalled $12,700,435. The generous measure Of public aid to railway construction, in, Canada is shewn by the fact that the total Federal, provincial .and munici; pal cash aid now totals over $208,-000,000, while""--the land grants total over 56,000,000V acres. Federal and provincial bond guarantees aggregate* $245,070,0.45,. of which the .Dominion's share is $91,083,553.:'- ' Alberta^has pledged its credit to the extent of *! 5,380,000: British- Columbia, $98,-40(1,932; Saskatchewan, $32,500,000; Manitoba, $20,899,660 and Ontario, $7.860,000.' ' ' Railway accidents also show a considerable increase during the year. The fatalities totalled. 568, an increase of 73, and the nuniber injured totalled 3,780,-an increase of 451 \ One passenger in every S72.855 was killed, and one in every 84,792 injured. '  ,;-. The number of railway employees grew' during the year from 141,224 to 155,901, while the increment'in wages was $12,685,901. Electric railways in Canada carried last year'88,865s682 passengers, an Jncrease of over e'S,-000,000. There were 110 persons .killed 011 the street cars, and 2,231 injured. ':,.:, STEAMSHIP ARRIVALS,,/'^' Winnipeg- .Jan. lS.^The'Ca'hft&lan Pacific S. S. Mount Tempie^re^'dlrted by wireless one si^ty, niil,ea.rcast .j^ape Race, one thirty five' j>,iff;" 'fi.Mjt&j; due-St. John .Sunday night;;, paseeij'gers due Winnipeg Thursday; .Letfibijliilge on Saturday next .week, 3.50.a.m. S. .1. Parker of 'Debtor* ^ie4/Wednesday last after a long .tHnegB.XjMrs. Parker, who had niufoed-. ber thusb'and took jH.w^/pacumoaia't'nei^irie'faa.y' and 'died 24 honrs later. *; "The Family Fri chief speakers' at* today's meeting. t ' ' ', . Chas. Ilahalo of Hamilton was killed by a street car in Detroit - '; Montreal's street cleaners refused, to work In the rain. .> > ' *~-'-~-----"-TT' Can You Beat This? ' Ve uave for quick sale two. . lots, just north o� Fleetwood. school, which vve are, instructed': to bcU for  ' r"f $800 Pair L \ ON,GOOD ;TERM3 � The ' 1 -f Dowsley - Mulhern Land Co,, V Sherlock Bldg. 7th ,Phon�, B'M 84 ?963 ;