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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 15, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta Jcriuiry 15, 1875 THE I.ETHBRIDGE HERALD 3 Home Economists may act T n Physician faces manslaughter Is Women s Bureau inactive token? charge in legal abortion case -Tine Herald- Family and "token" were two descriptions applied to the Alberta Women's Bureau at a meeting of the Lethbridge Home Economist's Association held Tuesday even- ing at the public library. Established through legislation in 1966 as a branch of the provincial government, dedicated to informing Alberta women of their "cultural, social, legal, public and other rights, respon- sibilities, interests and the bureau was criticized for its lack of involvement with either individual or organized women. Donna Thacker, president jf the home economists' group, said if her association's members show enough interest, several letters of inquiry will be forwarded to Helen Hunley, solicitor general and minister responsible for the women's Bureau; Premier Peter Lougheed and Catherine Arthur, direc- tor of the bureau. She said she would like to see the Women's Bureau become involved with a program of education, geared to increase teen- age girls' awareness of the wide range of careers open to them, broadening their expectations of life to "more than just prince charming and marriage happily ever after." She said response received from other home economists in the immediate future will determine whether the association voices concern as a whole, or forward letters are written by in- dividual members. A panel of women spoke to the home economists meeting which was open to the public and outlined their experiences with the Women's Bureau. Jeanna Baty, executive director of the YWCA, said to her knowledge the Lethbridge YM had never been visited by representatives of the women's bureau. She said her dealings with Director Catherine Arthur had been limited only to correspondence. "I would have to say (based on the tone of a letter) that the women's bureau is probably token and .that the director's at- titudes reflect governmental attitudes towards women's commented Ms. Baty. If women were determined to win legislative changes, they would probably by-pass the women's bureau entirely and go directly to the minister respon- sible for their concern, she suggested. Susan Oughtred, acting co-ordinator of the Women's Place, said her organization had had "very little to do with" the Women's Bureau. She said the centre's only dealings with the bureau had been to voice complaints about the sex-stereotyped attitudes contained in a careers brochure distributed under the auspices of the bureau a complaint never directly acted upon by the bureau and to order pamphlets on laws for Albertans last summer, copies of which had finally been received just last week. "It is true that there has to be some input from the women's commented Ms. Oughtred, "but there cer- tainly should be more direction from the Women's Bureau as well." Ms. Thacker said the Ontario Women's Bureau (a part of the department of labour) had been operating a careers awareness program with Grade 10 girls for the past 10 years and such a project should be initiated in Alberta. "It is often painful for high school girls to be realistic about their futures, but dispelling myths of marriage as their only solution is vitally she commented. Lynne Van Luven, Herald Family Editor, outlined the legislative basis of the Women's Bureau, citing comments made by Miss Arthur in an interview published in The Herald last month (Dec. By ROBERT REINHOLD New York Times Service BOSTON In a high ceilinged courtroom nine stories above down- town Boston, a jury of 13 men and three women this week embarged on a journey through uncharted legal seas that will confront them with profound questions about when human life begins and what duty a doctor owes the un- born. The jury is to judge a young physician, Dr. Kenneth C. Edlin, in- dicted by a grand jury for manslaughter in connection with a legal abortion at Boston City Hospital. The case, which experts say is un- paralleled in the annals of medical law and has attracted national attention, may help clarify difficult questions left by tne U.S. Supreme Court in 1973 when it restricted the authority of states to prohibit abortion to the stage, left ill defined, after which the fetus is or capable of life outside the womb. The prosecution does not contend the abortion, performed on Oct. 3, 1973, when Massachusetts had no abortion law, was illegal. Rather, it claims that Edelin, an obstetrician and gynecologist, killed the fetus, called a "baby boy" in the indictment, after ending the pregnancy by depriving it of life sustaining oxygen while still :n the womb. The implication is that the "well developed, well nourished Black male said to have been 24 weeks in gestational age, was already a person entitled to protection under law and that the doctor was obliged to try to save its life. "After being separated from the mother, this child would have lived but for the actions of this the chief prosecutor, Assistant District At- torney Newman A. Flanagan, said. Edelin's lawyer, William P. Romans Jr., will counter that no person ever ex- isted to be killed and that the law has never given rights to the unborn. He told the jury that the fetus "never drew a single breath outside the mother's and that the doctor's actions were "in accord with accepted medical standards." The trial raises some extremely delicate moral, ethical and legal issues: Can the beginning of life be pin- pointed? Does an unborn fetus have legal rights and if so when? Is a doctor primarily responsible to his patient, or does unborn life make a claim on him How is he to divide these respon- sibilities when they conflict? Are these issues better settled by law than by criminal trial? Many here have criticized the trial as quasi political, an effort to skirt the Supreme Court ruling and to intimidate doctors in this heavily Roman Catholic city, where abortion and research on fetal issues by scientists have been recurrent and sometimes emotional political issues. The indictment came after a city council hearing at which fetal ex- perimentation was denounced by politicians and anti abortion groups. Four other doctors at the hospital have also been indicted, charged under a 19th century law against grave robbing, for doing fetal research. No trial date has been set for them. For Edelin, the issue goes beyond simple medical and legal facts. A tall, strapping man, the son of a post office worker who is known for his concern for indigent patients, he sees legal and safe abortions as a necessary alter- native to the dangerous "coathanger" abortions the poor often resort to. "Nobody likes to do he said the other evening in an interview over drinks after court, "but the least we can do is make it safe and humane." Did he feel any responsibility to the un- born? "I have responsibility to that he replied. "Because if I do not do it, someone else will and not only might the fetus die, but she might too." "I don't think we can deny the issues in this case are very said William J. Curran, professor of legal medicine at the Harvard Medical School. But he added he felt it would be better to settle these matters quietly through legislation rather than through criminal charges. The key issue, Curran said, is that of a doctor's responsibility. "It seems to me you have to give notice of that in he said, adding that in criminal matters the crucial question is intent. He observed that intent to kill would be hard to prove in a legal abortion, in which termination is the object and in which the doctor would hardly be ex- pected to hand the woman a live baby. Landers A bsenteeismpatterns interesting VANCOUVER (CP) Al- though job absenteeism here has not yet become the problem it has in other areas of the country some interesting patterns are present. For example, absenteeism in schools seems to be related to big department store sales. Dr. H. E. McLean of the city health department said many women keep a child out of school to look after the younger children while they go shopping. He said that in senior grades, where attendance is more or less the choice of the student, absenteeism is also increasing and in some cases teachers are joining students. Dr. McLean said absenteeism among teachers occurs most often on Fridays and tends to be more prevalent among younger teachers than older, and among men more than women. He said most of it can be ex- plained by a sense of responsi- bility or a lack of it, although the toll on teachers produced by mental stress seems to be great. It is difficult to determine how much of absenteeism is the result of malingering, Dr. McLean said, but it is probably much less" than 50 per cent. Malingering was only a problem in dull and un- interesting jobs. The doctor said people often appear for work when they are so sick they should really be at home. Some of these might be highly dedicated but others simply preferred to be away from a home situation they found miserable. The problem of absenteeism was raised recently when Vancouver Fire Chief Armand Konig asked the city for an additional 116 men to relieve a shortage. He said sick leaves account for shifts a year, equiva- lent to 47 full-time firefighters on the force of 728. Dear Ann Landers: I'd like to share my solution with those who have problems at the table. My husband had a habit of chewing out the children every time we sat down to eat. Breakfasts at our house were a horror. The day got off to a miserable start everybody mad, the children often in tears. I decided to eliminate the problem by fixing two breakfasts. I insisted that my husband get up a little earlier. I make him bacon and eggs or pancakes, whatever he wants, and scoot him out of the house before the kids get down- stairs. It means making two breakfasts but it's worth it. For dinner I put the kids in another part of the house, usually on the sun porch or in the kitchen. My husband and I have a peaceful dinner in the dining room: Give this solu- tion your endoresement, Ann, and put an end to fights at mealtime. Solved Dear S.: Sorry, but I don't think much of the idea. You didn't solve the problem, you merely removed the children from the battle zone. Parents and children should eat together and enjoy mealtime. I suggest joint family counseling to deter- mine what is wrong in your house. Peace is more than the absence of war. Dear Ann Landers: Because I am among the high percen- tage of wives whose husbands' are fooling around I'm addressing this letter to the men who read your column. Do you husbands realize how you are insulting the women you married? Most of us wives stand around waiting for some sign of affection. Perhaps if you'd give us half the time and attention you give someone else, we might turn out to be pretty interesting bed partners. If a man ignores his wife and gets his emotional release elsewhere, what does he ex- pect his wife to do? Find a lover? Most husbands would be very surprised if they dis- covered that that's exactly what the old girl has decided to do. You fellows with the "tired backs" and "hard days at the office" better wake up and smell the coffee, as Annie says. Man can't live by bread alone. And neither can woman. Better Fed And Not So Lonely Dear Better: There's a message in your letter. I'm printing it for whatever it's worth, and in some instances it could be worth plenty. COURTESY PAYS LONDON (AP) Telephone girls working for the Legal and General iri- surance Co. were checked for courtesy by a retired ex- ecutive who rang all the com- pany's 93 offices and reported" on their politeness, speed and efficiency. He said instances of bad temper were rare and split a prize of among the three girls who ranked highest. More family pages 22, 23 McGUIRE'S MEN'S WEAR Presents Their Annual JANUARY SALE STARTS THURSDAY, JANUARY 16th A.M. Suits VALUES TO '145 Oil Top Coats Car Coats SQR 9U OFF Men's Slacks VALUES TO '185 VALUES TO'200 RAIN COATS MT8 .14 price ALL SALES CASH (NO EXCHANGES OR REFUNDS) Sport Jackets VALUES TO S95 ____ VALUES TO '115 UU Co-Ordinates VALUES TO DRESS SHIRTS SPORTSHIRTS short and long sleeve short and long tleevt Vz PRICE PRICE VALUES TO S170 CASUAL SLACKS ixtn Reg. (no alterations please) SWEATERS ;