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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta li, 1VJ 1M UTHMUDM HMA1A g Margaret Luckhurst People of the goulh-28 The dean of dentists shares reflections WHAT would make young man, born near OK 'sea with a seafaring father, leave this romantic life to set- on tbe prairw? Dr. Leslie T, Allen, long-time resident of Lethbrldge and known for yean u the deaa of dentists of southern did just that. Why? "Seeking adventure, I ex- Dr. Allen suggested in juTWview recently. "I Vwe the sea, and even after all the years I've spent on the prai- I still miss it. Before I was six-years-old I sailed the world with niy fath- er and loved the experience, but really, I never had any urge to go to sea myself.' Leslie Allen's father was Nova Scotia sea captain in the last days of those dignified and graceful Clipper Ships. Young Leslie was born in Brooklyn, York, but the family moved to Nova Scotia while he was still an infant. "My father retired when I was very Dr. Allen ex- plained. "He wanted to raise chickens so he bought a farm to Keotville, a beautiful area of the province. He thought farm We was a good environment for a growing family and it tDdecd was for us." Young Leslie attended a. country school where be re- ceived hli elementary eduoa- 6on. Following this he attended iDng's County Academy Where he graduated from high school. A tPP scholar, for a time after he graduated he debated In the choice of pursuing either den- tistry or medicine, but an uncle who was in the former en- couraged him to enter this also, which be did. It was a ded- Sion he never regretted. Tbe aspirant dentist attended Acadia University for -two yean, then went to the Unlver- fjty of Maryland for four where he graduated sunrnia cum laude in 1912, the winner of the university gold medal. Having been born In the U.S. of Canadian parents Dr. Allen had dual citizenship until he was Zl-years-old. "I could have elected to become an Ameri- can dtiten when I reached ma- jor Dr. Allen explained. "In fact immigration officials told I had to become an American citizen, but I object- ed. I wrote officials in Ottawa and eventually got that straightened out, but not with- out quite some ourieepon- dense." Why did he come west, when doubtless there were more op- portunities in the east? Dr. Allen smiled. "Ai I said before, the spirit of adventure me. I .wanted to try the west and I heard there was an opening with the late Dr. Gibson, in Lethbridge. The city M that time was about eight to the money I earned was considerably more than what I could have earned In Nova Scotia." In 1912 there were only three dentists in tbe city serving a wide area, so all the dentists were kept very busy. "Com- pared with today the technl- ques were pretty primitive in those Dr. Allen chuck- ed. "We did all our own lab work of course, and for a time most of our own clerical Full mouth extractions were sometimes done in the hospi- tal, but tbe majority of them were done In the home with a physician on hand to give the ether or chloroform they were the only choice of an- aesthetics we had at that time. The risks we took give me the shudders Dr. Allen noted that fads In dentistry have come and gone over the years Just as they have in medicine. "There was a time when we used to pull teeth for health reasons but this isn't done now. Actually, after the First World War dentistry made some significant strides. Cocaine used to be the only lo- cal anaesthetic we had prior to 1918 when novocaine WBS de- veloped. But cocaine was only used to a limited extent be- cause, while it Is very efficac- ious, many people reacted ad- versely to it. Following novo- caine we had zytocaine, then bloc anaesthesia by which whole section of the face can be blocked one time." Dr. Allen pointed out that while x-rays go back many years, as a method applicable to dentistry they didn't become popular until about 1920. "I had the first portable x-ray ma- chine, which was built in the west In 1920. Some patients were a little frightened of it at first, but It certainly made my work more efficient and con- siderably easier." Filling material has im- proved considerably over the years Dr. Allen explained. "I was brought up on mallctcd gold it was maUelod Into bj Tbta VM followed by silver amalgam, then the iradern acrylics which are very strong." In the long years of his prac- tice has he noticed any change in the Incidence of'dental carries related to a change In diet or other sociological mani- festations? "In practice when I was treating immigrants from Cen- tra] Europe it seemed to me the teeth of those people wera better because they lived on a simple diet back in their home- land. But in a short time their ohUdren's teeth showed a grad- ual rise in incidence of decay due to the change in diet in Canada. "It's interesting to Dr. Allen went on, "that research by an American dentist who has made a specialty of study- ing teeth of all races, con- cluded that when a race is more or less and their diet simple they had unusually good teeth. But when 'progress' arrived, bringing with it flour and sugar, decay set in." Although Dr. Allen had a large and busy practice, he was sufficiently interested in his profession to support the various dcnUl bodies which strive towards proficiency in dentistry. Always actively in- volved, be served as president of the Lethbridge Dental As- sociation, the Alberta Dental Association, the Western Can- ada Dental Association and the Dominion Dental Council. Be- cause of his dedication to den- tistry is a health service, its continuing service as a health service and education measure, he quite Justly earned the hon- orarium of "dean of dentists." Also recognizing his contribu- tion to his profession he was honored in 1985 with an hon- orary degree of Fellow of the American1 College of Dentists. Following this be received a similar fellowship from the In- ternational College of Dentists in 1951. Both these are award- ed only for significant contri- bution to the dental profession. What are some of the changes he has seen over the years in dental practice itself? "It is a longer course now, for one Dr. Allen said, "rt now takes sit yean to com- plete the required course, and it is costly, I might add. Then, loo, there is a greater need for specialization. Yean ago any- one could fay he was a special- ist, but no more! Of course spe- cializing requires' more train- ingtothstbythetimeadeo- tlst ta in actual practice he has number of years behind him. Also people are demanding the very latest in equipment and a young dentist setting up prac- tice is faced with staggering initial costs for his first equip- ment." In hie long years of practice, 54 in all, did he have to do a lot of studying to keep apace of modem techniques and devel- opment? "There were some dentists in my time who couldn't see tbe value of refresher courses, and frankly I don't know how they survived professionally. Part of my Invovelment in the various dental associations was the duty I felt to give clinics when requested. I wouldn't have dared had I not kept abreast of all the new developments in the profession and they changed so rapidly for a time that I simply had to study to keep up." Dr. Allen can't understand the reluctance of the city of Lethbridge to fluoridate the water. "It's beyond my com- he sighed with a frown, "and perhaps this is an area where the federal govern- ment should step in and de- cide the issue once and for all across Canada, by legislating tor fluoridated drinking water. Af- ter all made it compul- sory to have iodine in our salt, why do they vacillate when it comes to fluoridating water? Some water is nstuarlly fluori- dated of course, in which case people drink it whether they like it or not. The Canadian Dental Association recom- mends fluorldatwn. Studies show that painting teeth with fluoride is a definite deterrent to dental and research has proved that before anyone can suffer from an overdose of fluorine one would have to drink a bathtub full of water at one time to injure health. Now can you tell me why we in Lethbridge should not h a v e fluorinated After his retirement from practice in 1966, Dr. Allen had a somewhat difficult time ad- justing to leisure time. "One should begin preparing for re- tirement about 10 to 16 years before it arrives. All profes- sional people should start de- veloping a 'lobby early on to that they can ease into it when tbe time comes." Dr. Allen has found painting to be a godsend to him during his leisure hours. "I like to do he said, "and of course I only do it for relaxa- tion and the enjoyment I get out of It. I don't know what I would have done if I hadn't developed this interest." Following his first wife's death Dr. Allen married the former Freda Gorard In 1951. One daughter, Dellis, and a grandson live in Winnipeg, while a son Bill, and his wife live in Vancouver. Tbe Aliens break the long winter of the prairie by spending several months visiting their family at the COMt. A rest well earned. DR. LESLIE T, ALLEN -Photo by Ed Book Unbalanced attack on Trudeau "Shrug: Tnidean In Pow- er" by Walter Stewart (New Frees, 240 pages, TX) many Pierre Trudeau fans, and they are legion. "Shrug: Trudeau In Power" will be a dastardly affront. To those who have been sus- picious of the man all along, the book will merely support their views. I suspect I fall somewhere in between these diametrically opposite positions. I have never been a staunch admirer of Mr. Trudeau simply because he did not break suddenly upon my horizon in the role of an Instant messiah as he did with so many other thousands of Ca- nadians particularly those ta the west. This was due to tbe fact that we lived in Mon- treal all during the 90s when Mr. Trudeau was beginning to voice political opinions on fed- eralism, separatism and the Union Nationals party under Maurice Duplesis. At that time I.t- was tolerantly accepted as a not-so-young playboy from Out- remont who was merely get- ting his feet wet In dangerous pools, and people by and large paid him no mind. He was sim- ply another name, mother radi- cal voice in the contentious po- litical milieu which makes up Quebec. I wish now I'd paid more at- tention when I had tbe op- portunity to the early Tru- deau of 20 years ago, but I didn't. Few people did, for a fact, and as the man has been a relatively slow-starter on the Canadian scene, he continues to be an enigma. To everyone that is, except author Walter Stewart who studiously at Trudeau with the fiucina- Uon of a bad little boy pulling wings off a fly. He Insinuates that he alone all about Mr. Trudeau and willingly out to expose the man. He wants lo Tnideau out to be a complete fraud; incom- petent, egotistical and wont of rich. But wo. ceeds In sounding like a frus- trated reporter with a bad case of atidosls. So, in presenting a diatribe instead of a compila- tion of dispassionate facts, the author manages to enlist the reader's sympathy for Tru- deau, a turn of events which must indeed horrify Walter Stewart. Still, Stewart is a good writ- er, one can't deny him that. He does a fine job when he writes about Trudeau's background, his various personal pursuits, his dabbling in writing, teach- ing, and finally his emergence into politics. He also Is on good ground when he discusses Tru- deau's occasionally hostile re- ceptions in the" west, the "why should I sell your wheat" atti- tude and the entire farm pol- icy. He also te particularly as- tute when he writes about cer- tain of the alleged Trudeau "re- forms" such as laws pertaining to abortion, divorce, homo- sexuality and so on which are still not "reform" as people in- volved can testify. But in other areas, particu- larly when he deals with Tru- deau's attempt to down-grade Parliament and his contempt for the humdrum day-to-day sessions, Stewart merely sounds petulant. We can read more significant observations from on-tbe-Job reporters in the press gallery. Statistics indicate that Shrug Is selling well. Undoubtedly any book about our mys- terious prime minister is bound to be popular. But I don't think this particular one will stand out as being an authentic mi-ror of the man. It's too jaundiced and too ob- viously negative In tone. It could have been t fine book, I believe, but Mr. Stewart at- tempted too much psycho- analysis with too few creden- tial to do a good job. So Trudeau from the pages still enigmatic; a rather lonely man, who, one suspects, Is still to find his true niche In life. MARGARET LUCKHURST. Going all the way on control "Beyond Freedom and Dig- nity" by B. F. Skinner (Knopf, 221! pages, S8.25. dis- tributed by Random House of Canada A SSENT is likely to be cx- tensive to the proposition that vast change is needed to make human existence toler- able, perhaps even thinkable, in the future. Most of the tdvo- cates of change have been call- ing for a breaking out of the existing patterns into freedom, characterized as "doing one's rwn thing." But there are oth- ers who believe that what is lequired is more control over human behavior. A spokesman perhaps the chief spokesman for this view is B. F. Skin- ner, America's foremast psy- chologist. Skinner recognizes that some people find the idea of control distasteful, even frightening. The fact is, however, that a con- (Jderablo amount of control lc already exercised in human so- cieties and even an absolute kind of control is apparently nit thought intolerable by hosts ef people who. dabblo in aatrol- PBT, Ot to. sotM form of fatalistic religion. It cannot be control that is objectionable but control by technocrats rath- er than mysterious forces or deity. The degree to which human beings are moulded or condi- tioned by their cultural en- vironment Is EO great, in Skin- ner's view, u to virtually deny individualism. Although he does not point it out, there is Irony in the way "doing one's own thing" has resulted in what is now called "the countercul- ture." And now that culture is shaping people in a somewhat predictable fashion. In calling for a greater de- gree of conscious control over human behavior Skinner is not introducing a, new idea. That this book has caused the stir it tea suggssui to one commen- tator that it is a delayed reac- tion. Skinner himself has taken this general approach to hu- man problems for several dec- ades. Two things may account for the interest taken in his current discussion of the sub- ject. U may presage a revolt against individualism and per- mlHiveneae; more likely, it may tadtctU the sensitivity man life. There can be no doubt about this being the con- cern behind Skinner's enuncia- tion ------or re-enunciation nf his thesis about the need of control. Debate on the thesis of the need for greater control over human behavior will remain academic the stuff of stu- dent bull sessions and sermons, maybe------so long as there is no blueprint for implementa- tion and no designation of who is to be entrusted with Its ad- ministration. Nevertheless it is at least noteworthy that books such as this one and Reich's Greening of America, digging into serious subjects, are being widely read and discussed. No doubt some enterprising publisher has already commis- sioned somebody to gstiiet representative sample of the comments, critical and com- mendatory, on this book. We can took forward to Its publica- tion and in the meantime fa- mlliariie ourselves with Skin- ner's views which an set forth in a more readable fashion than one might expect from a representative of n discipline noted for its jargon. DOUG WALKER, Focus on the University Mike Extensive involvement AND BO begins Die ytar 1J72, the >tc- ond hall of the 1971-72 academic term, and the fifth year in the university's exis- tence. As the most recent in .a continuing series (A persons given the opportunity to make use of tins space to discuss The University of Lethbridge and education, t must acknowledge the contribution of pre- vious authors who have devoted them- selves to this different aspect of univer- sity-community communications. Accord- ing to the Friedenberg book of creative prose, a writer usually becomes identified by some particular style and apparently UK of tte column have followed closely the changing personality of Focus. An editorial column does permit certain flexibility in determination of writing guidelines and I plan to take, advantage of these in attempting to arrive at a suitable format for this column. At the tolerance of the editor my efforts will be experimen- tal, remaining rather unidentifiable by style for the time being at least. Initially I should express some thoughts as to how this space will be used even more effectively as a device to communi- cate certain kinds of comment about as- pects of the university, in response to meaningful suggestions and questions from readers. In other words, I will hope to use Focus to provide fairly well-informed ex- planations if you like, of many aspects of the university's operation. While Focus now represents an "official" comment from the university it will allow certain controlled opinlonaUng not normally suit- ed to the dally information processes with which I am closely associated. At varying lengths, it will be a pleasure to deal with the everyday types of ques- tions which many people have about this institution. It is gratifying that a growing number of people in thii community take time to call in with their questions and concerns much more gratifying than the blatant, misinformed opinionatiag of which some people divulge themselves, sometimes rather publically. It is apparent this university In one of the smallest of sixty university titiei in Canada enjoys a good relationship with its community. In spite of criticism! that any public Institution of this size Is bound to receive, the fact remains that there were full-time students during past fall semester, and MO part-time and more than 500 non-credit for a total of well In eicess of people who chose to become involved in varloui aspects of the U of L academic program. These would seem to be good and although totals are not in for this week's registrations, a positive trend ap- pears likely to continue as nearly per- sona have registered on a full-time up 50 while we await continuing educa- tion totals. When one adds to this the com- plete evening degree programs Introduced last Monday, the three-semester summer session coming up in May, June, July and August, various seminars, sports events, concerto, etc., It become! rather obvious the university ii now In a position to evaluate and adjust In order to provide credit and non-credit programs of interest to a variety of people in satisfac- tion of their academic A supplement which recently appealed in this paper detailed hundreds of activi- ties available to the people of this area as offered by 4 number of community agencies, including the diverse continuing education operation of the university. The regular academic session began last Wed- nesday and off-camnus courses commence next week. It is anticipated the non-credit public service operation will again receive encouraging support as it enters Its sec- ond semester. Phase I ot development of this new campus includes the main academic-resi- dence building now virtually complete and the physical education recreation complex to be ready in May. The splitcampus op- eration we were forced to assume in Sep- tember has been reduced to mininui eon- sequence and (he completion of facflitiM at a faster-than-expected pace has allow- ed nearly all divisions of the university to relocate on the west side. By September the campus will have been through a phase and on the and, Brd and Mth of that month the university will host the people of Lethbrldge an) Albert, at its official opening ceremonies, the plan- ning for which began several months ago. Judging by the thouunds of people who have already visited the campus It teems obvious many people In mis am an aware and interested. The Voice Of One -ly Dl FRANK S. MORLEY The Church's job today WHAT Is the church's chief function In the world a man asked me. It was a good question because many churches are going through the motions without any clear evidence ttut they know just why they exist. The first task of the church Is to help men and women to stand on their feet, to give them strength and courage for life, to supply them with the necessary char- actor to enable them to meet the crises of life, Most people are bewildered, knocked off their feet by the and winds of life, bruised by the world's cruelties, be- wildered by the world's confusion. A min- ister is fairly safe In visiting any home to ask, "What is your It is a rare home that doesn't have trouble today aod everyone thinks his own trouble the worst. You name It unemployment, sick- ness, marriage breakup, youth who walk- out from their home with callous and un- natural contempt for feelings of their par- ents, business or profeseiona] pressures and failures, loss of faith the list Is endless. The primary task of the church U to proclaim its gospel and meet the vacuum that has come through lack of faith. The atheist rot has eaten deeply into people and vast numbers have the pessimism coming from disbelief in a personal God. Unless the church can proclaim with enthusiastic confidence that there is a God, in the Christian sense, who loves everyone as though he had none other to love, who has a concern for every individual so that the very hairs of his head are numbered, the church doesn't have a chance of help- ing anybody. I have had numberless let- ters from people who say that they can- not believe that God takes an interest in them or cares whit happens to them. Jesus said, "When you pray say but this sounds Incredible to modern sci- entific man. There is nothing, absolutely nothing, that is going to put men on their feet except the confidence that the con- trolling power hi the universe, that makes each snowflake different from every other snowflake and a magic pattern of lace, the power that makes the laws of na- ture, is also redemptive, kind, and best described in ttie daring sentence "God is Love" which Whltehewl says is the greit- esl statement of metaphysics. If people are to have such a faith then they have to learn how to pray and to worship. Multitudes today have embraced Zen Buddhism and Yoga, in order to re- cover the art of meditation. Many church- es have substituted for worship i medley of far-out eccentricities. One church last Easter took out It's pews so that people might sit on the floor for some reason known only to the clergyman, but this Is. ttUd compared with tin strange in- ventions in church services themselves, if such mockeries can be called of worship." The art of meditation and pray- is not easily acquired and comes only after gnat discipline and intelligent direc- tion. The sense of worship is also disap- pearing from churches, and both the Profc ettant and Roman Catholic churches an passing through crises of different natures The Homan Catholic change of form and languish has confused and even disheart- ened many people, but at least (hey know what they 'are trying to do, whereas Ihe church is failing to make Iti services meaningful and relevant. It Is un- fortunately true tbat tbe sermon remaini the only important part of the service In- stead of being part and parcel of a total act of worship. The church also to give moral di- rection, to declare a difference between right and wrong. The only place where there is freedom of speech today is in the pulpit, however this may be, but such freedom exists knowhere else at all. Can the blind lead the blind? How can the church lead and give direction when it Is part of the problem rather Han part of the answer? Tbe church and the foorld must have tension and conflict, but unhappily the church tends to accommo- date itself too easily to prevailing culture. What has the church to say about the Western faith that has now been so thoroughly adopted by Eastern nations like China, in an arrogant confidence in ra- tional and scientific faculties? What has the church to say about murder by abor- tion? Has the church done anything effec- tively about nuclear weapons, Vietnam, the slums, .the vacuity and sensuality of TV and movies, educational permissiveness, nationalism, the generation gap, and for- eign aid? It is a matter for dismay Bat Canada contributes a trivia] amount to for- eign aid while United Slates, the richest country in tbe world contributes only ,03 per cent of the GUP, ranking tenth, far behind Russia for example. The church is faced with a confronta- tion of Eastern religions, but most of all with a confrontation of no religion at all This has been described as the first truly scculw age in the world's history. Never- theless the old needs and agonies are sUU there, and man needs a savior as never before and most of all a savior from himself and his own technological suicide. The church has to expose Itself to the dynamic of the Holy Spirit that it may again become prophetic, but the church also must that only as the Holy Spirit touches tbe and of people can they receive any life-giving message. This Is Dm lea Ago In spiritual and moral life, and only when the spring cornea can the flowers bloom. ;