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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 IHI UTHMIDOI HBULD Mwrfay, JinMry II, EDITORIALS Peter Desbarats Neutral India and the ICC In raiting India's diplomatic repre- sentation in Hanoi from consul-gen- eral status to the ambassadorial level, Mrs. Gandhi has given the coup de grace to the International Control Commission of which India is chairman, representing the neutral nations. Canada, representing West- 'ern nations, and Poland, the Com- munist countries, make up the re- mainder of the ICC triumvirate. The commission was formed way back in 1954 following the Geneva conference on Indochina for the purpose of de- tecting violations of the Geneva ac- cord. It had its uses at times but in recent years has tended to become a simple message carrier. Since the outbreak of the Vietnam war it has become moribund and useless as far as its original purpose is concerned. It has been kept alive, though not probably in the belief that some day there might be a need to reactivate it. Now that Mrs. Gandhi has plainly demonstrated that India's interests 1' ose in Saigon, she can hardly in North Vietnam have priority over continue to claim neutral status, and should therefore resign as a member of the commission. It's a requiem time for the ICC which has been withering on the vine anyway. What is important and trag- ic is that the finality of its demise has been caused by a reversal in political affiliation of its once-netural head. The simple life Is It possible for a young man without a fairly large stake to start farming today? The majority opin- ion is that it is not possible. Costs of land and equipment are so high that it is unthinkable for anyone to start from scratch. There are still a few voices being raised in opposition to this view. One of these is Mike Chemecki of Vegre- ville who stated his views in a talk at a Canada Manpower training course. A man can start farming today with few material assets providing he does not insist on starting off at the same level as those who have been at it for 40 or 50 years, stated Mr. Chemecki. He will have to use old equipment and be prepared to keep it in repair himself. He must reconcile himself to doing without some things until he has established his credit. He should plan to.grow his own food. He may have to work as an employee at the beginning. It sounds idealistic, and it is. The key to it is Mr. Chernecki's philoso- phy that one must be satisfied with a simple life. A common mistake, he thinks, is to confuse the high cost of living with the cost of high living. The federal government now has an agricultural policy which many people think is directed toward dis- couraging people from adopting that kind of philosophy and living on the farm. But in actuality the govern- ment is probably only yielding to the fact that few people any longer think like Mr. Chemecki. Farming on a small scale provides only a subsistence living and the govern- ment is trying to open a way for es- cape from it for the many who want to share more equitably in the afflu- ence of this country. Only a person such as Mr. Cher- necki, who lives by his philosophy, is entitled to advocate simple living for others no matter how right he may be. It is scarcely appropriate for the majority in and about the gov- ernment to promote it. Weekend Meditation wishes came true TW3SPITE all that bac been said in criticism of the peace of mind gospel, ft b newrtfaelesi certain that vast num- bers of people would wish first of all for peace of mind, for taanquUfty In this cha- otic and noisy age. Ihere seems to be a plot serenity, a new crisis con- fronting men at every sunrise and tit of the street and shop almost over- powering. Scientists uy that men art losing tbeir hearing because the little hair- like tendrils in their ears which convey beating arc being destroyed by the noise. But even In the security and comparative quiet of borne there an still a thousand anxieties and mental disturbances that fill the heart with- unrest. could wish for 1972 some settle- ment of those great international prob- lems which threaten the peace of the world. What a tragedy it is to see Chris- tian fighting Christian in Ireland, Vietnam m the Civil War, India and Pakistan shed- ding far more blood man was shed dur- ing the entire British occupation by a hun- dred times, and relatives at war In the Middle East for certainly the people of Palestine ore related by descent to the Arabic countries. In prosperous commune UN like Bermuda black fights white and racial war wreaks Its havoc hi me Uni- ted States, while Canada is far from at peace in its tension between English and French, not to mention the tensions with other races. One could wish for much advance of sci- ence In new discoveries such as curing cancer or the common cold, but one could wish far more for the recovery of the spiritual nature of roan and the discovery of a happier and kinder community. Then is a tragic hostility on the city streets and violence has become a way of life for an increasing number of people. One wishes that man could learn to con- trol his own environment. There is no doubt about it at all but the Bible makes the soil sacred, a trust from God to but everywhere we see the destruction of the forests, the pollution of the waters, and the smog In the air. The efforts at environ- mental control an puny indeed and a vast number of people are far too devoted to the dollar to surrender the quick gain for the preservation of their heritage for future generations. There is little sign that man- kind is outgrowing' their ego-centred reli- gion and reaching to a higher humanity of reverence for life. Here again without the public compassion and enlightenment no government and no scientific discovery would be of much use. The four horsemen of the Apocalypse plague, pestilence, famine, and death are riding through the world and threatening mankind's very existence, but great numbers have given way to resignation and despair feeling that Individual efforts arc useless. The greatest wish, however (or should one say is for a return of faith, for a revival of faith, for a new con- fidence in the living God and bis control ultimately of history and of the Individ, ual's destiny. There has never been a strong morality without a deep religious faith. Paganism has no power in it. The dreadful pessimism that set in during the middle of the last century has reached a fearful clinai and this pessimism is par- allel to the decline of faith. "The Death of God theology" has followed the writings of Matthew Arnold and Thomas Hardy, with a whole flood of others in mis century. There is no recovery for man except to turn back to his God, to wait upon God, to love God with all his heart and sout and mind and strength, and then his neigh- bor as himself. Without loving God he ne- ither loves his neighbor nor himself. Bless- ed is me man who realizes that this new year is the time of spiritual opportunity when he need not merely make idle wish- es but when he can reach a new plateau of living, drawing upon hitherto unused re- sources and reaching toward astonishing possibilities. Psychologists say that without conver- sion it is impossible to enter into an adult life and many a man needs conversion upon entering this new year. Perhaps then is no better word than UK advice of St. Paul to be anxious about nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving- let your request be made known unto God, and the peace of God which passes all understanding will keep your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus. Paul had a decidedly chaotic life, but he learned bow to become as he said, "More than conqueror." Priytr: "Eternal God who makes all things new, IranBform a heart that its sorrow may be turned to Joy, it's sadness to singing, and it's glum dullness into radiant hope and expectations." F. S. M. Too late! BARBARA KTMOTO invited our Judl to spend the New Year holiday at her home In Coleman. Barbara's mother who is usually very hospitable, I understand, had given only conditional approval to tho invitation. She said that Judl would be welcome provided her fathtr dM not a flUer about her bottaw. By Doag Walker The Bible contains a statement about sini of thai father being visited upon tha children but I guess thta time tt doesn't apply. Since I haven't had the pleasure of meeting Mrs. Klmoto I can scarcely about her. Bealda, Judl has already old U Mjoytb.) Unoto I The making of a true nationalist rebel (Fourth IB series) QTTAWA For the first time in its history, Can- ada has decided on a com- prehensive policy of control of foreign investment. According to Prime Minister Trudeau, the decision has been taken by the cabinet and will be announced soon: It is haul to remember that only five years ago, the problem was not to find a policy on for- eign ownership in Canada but to find eight Canadian econo- mists who were willing to try. Development of a Canadian response to massive foreign ownership of Canada's eco- nomy has been an unsteady, sporadic process since Walter Gordon raised the alarm in the '50s. By the middle '60s, Gordon himself was a political pariah, an exile from the federal cabi- net who was trying la appeal directly to Canadians in a book called A Choice For Canada. Most Canadians gave the im- pression, it that time, thtt they had alreadv chosen. This majority Included most Canadian economists, many of (hem trained in the United" States and strongly influenced by a Canadian who was then teaching at the University of Chicago. In 1964. in a book called The Canadian Quandary, Harry G. Johnson wrote: "Ca- nadian nationalism as it has de- veloped in recent has been diverting Canada into a narrow and garbage cluttered cul-de-sac." Johnson's book was reviewed te the Canadian Forum that year by a young economist teaching at the University of Toronto. Melville H. Watkdns described it as "a brilliant and sustained attack on Canadian economic policy that ihouW in- form and entertain the opan- minded while Infuriating Om rest." Watkins ended his review by proposing "more empirical work on the nature and causes of Canadian economic national- ism In the hope that we can exorcise this devil from our midst." Little more than two years later, Watkins was sitting In the Toronto parlor of the devil himself, entertaining Walter Gordon's suggestion that he should head a federal task force on foreign ownership. (WaUcins had been brought to Gordon by Abraham Rotstein, another economist at the Uni- versity of Toronto and a Gor- don ally. Rotstein later served on the Waoani task force and last month, aa manafuuj edi- tor of the Canadian Forum, the nun who published a version of the Kill-Herat Gray report on foreign ownenhip. If Gordon is the "godfather" of an intellectual Mafia of eco- nomic nationalists in Canada, KoMeta ii one of Ml principal lieutenants. The genealogy of tills sprung from Gordon and still rooted mainly in Toronto, is an interesting study hi itself.) Watkins was approached by Gordon, in 1966 because, by that time, be had reached an almost neutral stance. He had moved far enough away from the Harry Johnson position to concur In I description of Gor- don's 1966 book as "rather bland and reasonable." "Sjnce reason is a major vir- JL PI "Burntd out of tho Hull Block, forced to flee the wrtekeri at Fleotwood School, now Pott Office coming down Harry, I'm beginning to wonder if we'll EVER have a home of our ownl" letters To The Editor The drug approach of C.P. is not satisfactory I am writing to register my disturbance over a letter by C.P. of January 10 which deals with our continuing approach towards drugs. Let me quote from it: "Latest scientific evidence points the occurrence o! serious brain damage (atro- phy) in kids who are continu- ous users of Marijuana objective evidence from all over the world shows strong indica- tions of damage by 'soft drugs' to the human brain." Those are reasonable state- ments as kng as we carefully note the qualifying words "con- "points and "strong indications" (although "strong" is somewhat contra- dictory to The writer however departs there- after from these qualifications and speaks of mind blast- ed by a 'soft drug' BO as to be- come like a ninety year old dementia a previously healthy kid having his mind so deranged commits violent assault or murder those who are willing to destroy kids' minds for their own vast finan- cial profit That kind of writing is scur- rilous and dishonest and does not lead us towards a reasoned approach to our problems but is designed to elicit emotional responses of the worst order which can only harm society further. Marijuana is damned by implication even though It is a drug of introspection and non violence as opposed to alcohol the drug of our more or less covertly violent society. There was one blatent exam- ple of misrepresentation, laced with the usual distortions of course. C.P. says of "Law-abid- ing Citizen" (January 5) that "He ignores the scientific fact that 'hard drugs' are still trea- sures in the treatment of se- vere pain, that the 'soft drugs' are no such treasures but al- ways potential poisons." The whole statement is ridicu- lous. Firstly, there was a time in the United States (roughly up to 1937) when extracts of can- nabis could be purchased with- out prescription at any drug store and was prescribed by physicians for a large number of conditions ranging from mi- graines to epilepsy. Due to a combination of practical medi- cal reasons and legal restric- tions this drug, still a mild and effective treatment for many ailments, is no longer avail- able. (As an aside, there is some evidence that restrictions The poverty problem Mr. Hurtig says the maverick report describes in detail how Canada's establishment contrib- utes to the poverty problem. It also says that a guaranteed in- come is necessary for over- coming poverty and that it pro- poses a plan Canada needs which will cost about mil- lion. Canada has about 4.5 mil- lion people who are poor and a lot more who will be if some- thing IB not done. My question is, "Is this fair to allow these people to get poorer while the rich in society get richer or should this plan take hold and help them The cost of this plan Is high because a guaranteed Income at any level is highly expensive when the unemployment Is be- coming very high. If other mca- surea were taken I think that tha cost of living would drop good ebao. ces of overcoming poverty. It's not easy to understand why the government isn't doing something, but instead is just wasting time trying to find a way of solving our problem. The rich people are sitting around with all their luxuries and not even giving poverty a thought. They can go out to the race tracks and gambling places and blow a lot of money "when other people could use it." Every little bH helps out in this day and age. Should this problem be dealt with thorough ly and Immediately or should tt just be thrown overboard like a small and unsolved problem? I do not care what other people think but I think that it Is not right to let people who are be- coming unemployed be stricken by poverty. KIM RYDSN. LatfaMdjt, on "soft drugs" is denying treatment to people with some forms of mental disease.) Secondly, the "hard drugs" are even worse "poisons" then the "soft" ones and are dan- gerous to use because of their physical addictiveness. To say that "soft drugs" are no trea- sures for controlling "severe" pain Is as intelligent as saying that Dachshunds are no treas- ures for pulling coal barges. (For those who missed the or- iginal piece, the implication at this point was that "soft drugs" aren't good for anything.) After this I want morphine for all my mild pains. Thirdly the statement Ignores a bask pharmacological axiom that anything from orange juice to cobra venom is a "poison" provided enough of tt is admin- istered. I object to a presentation be- ing laced with words like: "sci- entific; objective; sane; im- partial; evidence; when it is so obviously subjective and believe that it is imprudent for Dr. C. P. to pose as an authority on drugs. The whole letter is deceptive and shouts for disection word by word. The argument is largely aca- demic at this point so what is it that is important for us to know? Many things but let's emphasize four: 1. Illegal drugs are being uwd by millions; 2. Then drugs will continue to be used by mil- lions either legally or illegally until such time as the basic social causes of that use al- ter; 3. We cannot stop this use hi the same way that we cannot stop the use of alcohol and tobacco; 4. There is a price to be paid by Individuals, and by society as a whole for the use of these drugs in the same way that we pay the price of alcohol and tobacco How then do we minimize the costs? Canada has about al- coholics; problem drink- en; traffic deaths a year due to alcohol. The surgeon- general of the United tells us Americans die prematurely every year from smoking. The Royal College of Physicians says the figure Is for Britain making the probable comparable ligurc for Canada deaths. (There are many othtr onto hi addi- tion to The social costs arising from the use of our two commonly sanctioned drugs are very large but they would be vastly lar- ger should we choose to fin- gerprint and bestow criminal records on our possibly smokers and drinkers, thereby barring them from large areas of employment, interrupting their educations by putting a number in jail to be embittered and receive an alternate educa- tion in crime, to be witch-hunt- ed incessantly, to have their minds imprinted with cruelty, filth, and the smells of prison disinfectant. When we do finally make marijuana legal nobody will give reparations for the injury and losses suffered by our peo- ple and our society by the years of legal prohibition. Repeal of unjust laws will not 'right the wrongs. Dr. C. P. believes that he is carrying a burden of the young. That is wrong. Many of our present young will carry the burden of the C. P.s for the rest of their lives. JOHN MacKENZffi. Lethbridge. tue and blandness a wrote Watkins In Ca- nadian Forum of Jury 1M, "the book is praiseworthy." The task force waa an impor- tant project for Gordon and, at it turned out, for the country. Up to that time, Gordon's views bad little academic weight Tha task force transformed UBS in- tuitive accountant's treatment of Canadian-American econom- ic relations into a economic ideology. Before Watkins set to work early In 1967, he and Gordon, who was then back in the cabi- net, had to survive the gauntlet of a divided cabinet commlttea chaired by Gordon and includ- ing Mitchell Sharp Jean Marchand (Manpower and John Turn- er (Consumer and Corporate Affairs) and Roger Teillet (Vet- erans "Basically, as I saw K, it was a conflict between Gordon .and Sharp." said WaUcins. "Sharp was never very keen about the whole tiling but it was something he had to go along with. It was in his in- terest to keep saying Look, it's a huge topic, you people aren't going to be able to do this very quickly, you should have a large group working for you, and so forth. "At some points, his argu- ment was peopla shouldn't worry about policy, you should just analyse tht problem. "Gordon's position was that we already knew a lot the problem, that we bring a small number of pro- fessionally qualified to work on It, that they should work very bard for a short pe- riod of time and come up with concrete proposals that would be the basis of a white paper." "My understanding of what happened after said Wat- kins, "was that the major op- position in the cabinet-., cam from Winters (Robert Winters, minister of trade and com- merce, who died in October, His view was that tta report shouldn't have been jt all and once it got to the cabinet stage, he tried his beat to kill it." The Watkins report lay dor- mant during me Liberal lead- ership campaign and federal election of 1968. But the iasut was far from dead and the re- port represented an important step towards an eventual pol- icy. "The political Impact of our according to "was to give credibility to thosa people, including Gordon, who had been saying for some timt that foreign ownership really was a problem. On Watkins, the 1967 task force acted like a cyclotron. It accelerated this highly charged individual from a neutral posi- tion on economic nationalism to Impassioned advocacy of Gordon's views. Still accelerat- ing, Watkins sped so far beyond Gordon that Gordon was heard to comment recently, a bit rue- fully, that Watkins hid finally succeeded in making Gordon's position appear not only re- spectable but conservative. In 1969, as one of the authon of the Waffle manifesto to the New Democratic Party, Wel- kins reached the position that "economic independence with- out socialism is a sham." He is now critical of his own report and the Gray report be- cause both involve "learning to live with the multi-national cor- poration without facing up to the proposition that you could develop an economy without it being dominated by foreign- based multi-national corpora- tions." (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD lilt The Agricultural schools of Raymond, Clares- hoto, Olds and GUechen are forming an Inter-provincial school debating league. 1132 Lethbridge citizens watched closely thesuccess- ful attempt of pilot Con Far- rell to take off from the Leth- bridge airport in a Boeing mail shop, in spite of adverse weath- er conditions. 1M2 Raymond has been linked with tin Sunshine trail by an all-weather gravelled highway and hopes to benefit in many ways. 1152 A total of 32 rinks will start to play in the fifth annual Lethbridge Ladies' Curl- ing Club Bonspiel Monday morning. 1J62 This years Do-It-Now campaign to promote winter employment in Lethbridge and district was officially opened at the new Exhibition Pavillion with a talent show, dance and exhibits of pertinent materi- als. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD 10. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1906-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member or The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dajly Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau a Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WII-LIAM HAY Managing Editor Aiioclalc Edllor ROY F, MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Mvtrtlilni Menajer Editorial Pago Edllor -Mff HERALD MRVES THE SOUTH" ;