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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Army officers put heat on black Africa By CY FOX Canadian Pren Stiff Writer The latest coup in Ghana reflects a deepening eco- nomic crisis in that Commonwealth country and ex- tends still further the power exercises by army officers fci the states of black Africa which achieved Indepen- dence in a flush of civilian enthusiasm more than a decade ago. An army backed takeover in Uganda was the last previous military coup in Africa, The pattern oa that occasion was similar to the Ghana revolt Uganda's Milton Obote was out of Ms country for the 1971 conference of Commonwealth leaders in Singa- pore when officers at home unleashed their successful rebellion. In Ghana, Prime Minister Kofi1 Busia was absent in London when the army seized power in the name of economic solvency and anti-corruption. It was the West African nation's most recent political convulsion. Six years ago, Kwame Nkrumah also was out of Ghana when the army struck, ending his period of authoritarian control as president Familiar script The fact of army supremacy has been repeatedly demonstrated throughout former colonial Africa, from the equatorial areas of which Ghana forms a part to the Arab nations of the north. Probably Busia's sole claim to African fame lies in the contention that tnc 1969 election which returned him to office was an almost unique example of demo- cratic polling so far as the black states of UK contin- ent are concerned. Nkrumah, still in exile, may be savoring the news of Busia's overthrow, especially since the ex-president was reviled as an arch-enemy of the now-deposed prime minister. The fact is that Busia's government survived only through army acquiescence, despite its claims to be- ing democratically elected Nkrumah, pioneer symbol of African independence In the 1950s, had accumulated vast debts for Ghana through his giant public works program, which includ- ed such projects as a palatial assembly building in Accra and a big highway traversing the largely un- developed country. Debt onerous Busia found himself saddled with the immense for- eign financial obligations incurred by Nkrumah's ex- travagance. These debts be tried to honor. But in doing to he apparently neglected inflation, which has ravaged the Ghanaian domestic economy Moreover his detractors insist that he showed little sympathy for demands that the nation-wide wage rates should be raised as a means of enabling hard-pressed Ghanaian workers to cope with the steep increases in their cost of living. Adding If Busia's troubles was the sharp drops in the world market for Ghana's chief product, cocoa. And as part of the same general crisis, the Ghanaian currency has suffered a stiff devaluation. The military rebels maintain that civilians as well as soldiers are involved in fee revolt against Busia. But the army is certain to retain supreme control, even if this is exercised in the name of proletarian rights or other radical sounding causes Doctor's cutting remark may paiii his patient VANCOUVER (CP) A Vancouver psychiatrist says a cutting remark by a doctor during surgery could be more painful to the patient than his opera- lion. "There is evidence that while a patient Is unam- under the influence of an anesthetic, his sub- conscious picks up, records and sometimes distorts re- marks made by doctors in the operating cays Dr. Frederick Hanley. "Under hypnosis, patients have been able to re- call a particular comment made in surgery which caused them some distress later on." Dr. Hanley, who uses hypnotherapy in almost 90 per cent of his cases, says it shortens therapy and "open avenues to treatment which couldn't be reached by other more conventional methods." In an interview, he recalled the case of a patient who became disturbed following an operation. CAUSE ELUDED HER "Several sessions of hypnosis failed to settle her. She insisted that something more than pain and dis- tress troubling her but she didn't know what it was." She was taken back in the hypnotic state to the actual operation and it was suggested she recall any- thing significant that had happened. "An unfortunate, rather derogatory remark of the surgeon came to her consciousness it was later confirmed that the remark had been made and fol- lowing the release of some anger associated with it, the patient became quite settled again." Another case involved a psychiatric student who had an appendectomy and later under hypnosis waj able to recall some remarks made by a doctor during his operation. "While I was attending some courses in hypnotics in San Dr. Hanley "several of the class members who had undergone surgery at one time were hypnotized and asked to remember their experiences in the operating room. "Later, contact was made with the doctors and it was learned that these comments had indeed bean made." CALM ADI HELPS Dr. Hnnlcy said remarks need not necessarily be of harmful nature and if favorable might even benefit the patient in the future.. "This sort of evidence Is an Indication of how Im- portant It is for nil persons who have to do with sick people, even thoso unconscious from an anesthetic, to maintain a calm, reassuring manner. In fact, It may be that hopeful, reassuring comments made by the surgeon during an operation will materially lid conval- escence." He snys studies in this area are still "unscientific" nnd much more cxncrimcnlnllon will have to be car- ried out before definite conclusion! drawn. HIGH FOMCAST SUNDAY 35 The Letttkidae Herald 'Serving South Alberta and Southeastern Prici 15 Ctntj VOL. LXV No. 29 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 1972 FOUR SECTIONS 62 PAGES Air firms prepare to shut down OTTAWA (CP) Commercial airlines are prepar- Jig to ground or divert Canadian flights with a strike of air traffic controllers set for 4 a.m. EST Monday. Major domestic airlines, including Air Canada and CP Air, said the strike would ground their flights within the country. An attempt by CP Air to use Seattle rather than Vancouver for some overseas flights failed to win U.S. appeal BANANA BELT? Southern Alberta was once the envy of the rest of the province became of its mild winters. However this year mow removal crews have been busily dispelling any myth that this area is prone to year-round heat waves. The only waves here are cold waves accampaned by blowing and drifting snow. Chinook piles up drifts and traffic problems The Chinook which popped Into southern Alberta yester- ta yesterday .changing tem- peratures from 30 below zero to 30 above also brought with it a magnitude of new prob- lems. Accompanied by winds of 40 to 60 miles per hour, dropping visibility to nil, resulted in a virtual standstill of all rural traffic. The high winds and warm temperatures took nearly five inches of snow that had'fallen in as many days and piled it Into hard-packed drifts. DRIFTS PILE UP Left in the trail of the Chi- nook are abandoned cars and hrtehhiking passengers, down- ed rural telephone lines, grounded aircraft and drifts more than four feet high in places. Traffic arteries leading north, west and south of the city were, for all intents and purposes, closed to traffic late yesterday and early this mor- ning, an RCMP spokesman said. Winds gusting more than 80 miles per hour around Pinchar Creek brought all transporta- tion to a complete standstill. City towing services were pushed to the limit and were hours behind in answering calls from stuck motorists. PATROL CAR LOST Towing and pick-up priority was given to stranded mo- torists with children. Pindwr Creek RCMP lost for nearly three twais a patrol ve- hicle and officer driving from LeUibridge. Municipal, county and de- partment of highways ploughs worked in extended working shifts in an effort to make clear the main highways. "Terrible, just terrible" com- mented a Lethbridge RCMP spokesman about highway con- ditions. Alberta Government Tele- phones report many broken lines in rural areas and house lines down in the city. Calgary Power Ltd. also reported some minor lines down. Winds in the city reached a peak of 66 mph at midnight and 8 a.m. The weatherman predicted the worst' was over because most of the snow that had fall- en is already compressed in crusted over drifts. High winds of 30 to 40 miles an hour were forecast for the balance of the weekend and temperatures were expected to remain moderate and in the highs 20s and mid 30s. Government resignation handed in ROME (Reutert Premier Emilio Colombo handed in his government's resignation t o President Giovanni Leone today after 17 months in office. The premier met the presi- dent at the Quirinale Palace alter a government commu- nique said that UK government has decided to resign. Colombo had been Italy's pre- mier since August, 1970, and headed Italy's 32nd post-war government. His departure is expected to bring long and difficult negotia- tions for the formation of a new government from the wai'iUiK parties in the four-party centre- left coalition. The four coalition partners were Colombo's Christian Dem- ocrats, the Socialists, the Social Democrats and the Republi- cans. 'We interrupt this program to bring you t bulletin.'' CBC radio and TV shows be knocked off air Malta lifts order and heard About town pOWER surging on end A off at the travel office from Frank Smith and Kltly Duntop plugging in their car heaters Margaret Suther- laod continuing a steady stream of thank-you notes John Thorlncius ex- plaining that his last name Is Icelandic and his first name is really spelled Jon Rick Parkyn silling in the park singing "I don't know how lo love you." 48 below zero in Ontario TORONTO (CP) A howling blizzard with winds up lo 30 miles an hour lefl the Sault Ste. Marie area with 14 to 15 inches of snow and huge drifts that clogged side roads after the coldest weather of the mnlcr moved in on Ontario. Coldest spot was at Whits River in northwestern Ontario where It registered 48 below zero overnight. Its record for the date is 49 below. ROME (Renter) Prime Minister Dom Mintoff of Malta today lifted the Jan. 15 ultima- tum for the evacuation of Brit- ish troops from the Mediterra- nean island off Malta and said that a new defence agreement with Britain now seemed possi- ble. Mintoff made the announce- ment in a brief statement: read to reporters after almost seven hours of talks here with British Defence Secretary Lord Car- rington and NATO Secretary- General Joseph Luns. Mintoff said his government had decided to withdraw today's deadline after "having received the assurances of the British government of non-interference in the internal affairs of Malta and having seen evidence of the possibility of a new agreement on defence facilities." Both Lord Carrington and Luns said after the talks that "some progress" had been made and that another meeting was expected next week. The date of the next meeting has not been set, but Mintoff said the future of the talks de- pended on "certain develop- ments" before next Wednesday. may TORONTO (CP) Most live radio and television shows on the CBC may be knocked off the air next week by a strike of more than employees of the public network, officials of the employees' union say. Kenneth Steel, Canadian director of the National Associa- tion of Broadcast Employees, lays that the union's mem- bers will vote next Friday on a conciliation board report. Mr. Steel described the report as "the most ridiculous I've ever seen." "I don't know how we'll keep the men on the job until the vote is he said. "It cer. tainly doesn't bode well for the future." Mr. Steel said union members sound techni- cians, radio technicians and an- in "a foul mood" over the report re- leased Friday in Ottawa. The report recommends a wage increase of six per cent for the period July 1, 1971 to July 1, 1972, and an increase of 4.25 per cent effective on July 1 of this year to the end of the 21-month contract. The union has asked for a two-year agreement with raises of 12.2 per cent, 8.5 per cent and 7.8 per cent. This would raise wages to a week In key categories. The present starting rate in the key group is for a 40- hour week, increasing to a max- imum of 579 after seven years. ADJUST ROUTES Foreign airlines were prepar- ing to adjust routes that use Canadian air space. Transatlan- tic flights that normally use air lanes near Gander, NM., would instead fly over the Azores. U.S. airlines with flights to Canada were preparing to land instead at border points such as Buffalo, N.Y., taking passen- gers by bus to the Canadian landing point. Mediation be- tween the contrtlers and the federal government, their employer, began Friday and was to continue during the weekend. Sources close to the dispute said a settlement before the strike deadline doesn't appear likely. FACE MORE PROBLEMS Settlement of the air control- lers dispute would not mean an end to airport labor problems. A 24-hour walkout by techni- cians who service radar and other electronic equipment for several federal departments Is scheduled for Tuesday. The controllers have hardened ttreir position in the three-month dispute, reverting to an originsl demand for a 50-per-eent waga Increase, in a two-year contract, to a year. Transport Minister Don Jameson said that In the event of a strike "I must take into account the safety of the travel- Hug public and insure that virtually all flying of passengers in Canada would come to a bait." His department has Issued regulations that would limit air operations to emergency and northern supply flights. Visual flights by small planes at speeds of less than 160 knots would be allowed. Some controllers will remain on duty even during a strike to deal with possible emergencies. The number was in dispute as the parties sat down Friday night for a first meeting with mediator Noel Hall, a professor of Industrial relations from the University of British Columbia. The meeting was adjourned until today, when bargaining on the main points in dispute is expected to begin. Controllers now earn up to a year with a minimum rate of Supervisory con- trollers earn up to They monitor almost all air traffic over Canada and an area extending 500 miles into the North Atlantic. seeks new term MEDICINE HAT H. A. "Bud" Olson was unopposed Friday as the Medicine Hat Federal Liberal1 Association candidate to contest the next federal election. Mr. Olson, awoinled minis- ter of agriculture in the Tru- deau cabinet in 1968, called for national unity in a speech fol- lowing his nomination. He charged that the Opposi- tion In Ottawa will attempt to make cultural and linguistic differences among Canadians the major Issue in the next gen- eral election. He said it Is still uncertain, although likely, that Prime Minister Trudeau will call an ejection in 1872. The 46-year-old farmer and merchant was elected to the House o' Commons first in I9S7, but defeated in 1953. Mr. Olson was re-elected la 1962 for four terms. BAD EFFECT In accepting the nomination, Mr. Olson said he predicts the election campaign will centre on "emntiODally charged is- sues" brought up to discredit the prime minister "because ne comes a different background." The division between cultur- al and linguistic groups in Can- ada will have bad effect on the campaign and "plant the seeds of hate when reason has got out of be said. The .minister said Western Canada's opposition to flie gov- ernment's policies is lessening as measures that result from some of the government's "dif- ficult policy decisions" coma into effect. Mayor's son killed H1NTON (CP) Thomas Sayne Sawyer, IB-year-old son of Mayor Wayne Sawyer, was killed when he was thrown out of the gravel truck in which he was riding near this commun- ity, 160 miles west of Edmon- ton. Pretty new Queen takes over reins U.S. mooiiwalkcr to Find two dead PEACE RIVER (CP) Emily June Elter, 17, and her s 1 x-wcek-okl daughter, Dcnlso Lynn, were found dead in their boniA WASHINGTON (AP) Col. Edwin (Buzz) Aktrin, second man Co set foot on trie moon, announced "with regret" Fri- day plans to retire from the United Slates Air Force this summer. Aklrin snld he Is consi- dering several scientific posts, but dedtoed to fire any details. COPENHAGEN (AP) Den- mark's pretty new Queen Mar- grethe caj-ried out the first offi- cial duties of her reign today as the country mounted her popu- lar father, King Frederik IX. Flags on public buildings and private homes flew at half-staff. Church bells tolled. At noon naval batteries fired 81-gun sa- lutes in honor of the dead king. Court mourning was decreed for two months. Movie houses and theatres will be close! to- night and restaurants have been ordered not to play dance music. The king's body was quietly moved from the Municipal Hos- pital, where he died Friday nighl, to Amalienborg Palce, his home during his reign of nearly 25 years. WANT NO FLOWERS Widowed Queen Ingrid ap- ponlcd to people not to send flowers as tokens of sorrow but to contribute instead to a char- ity named for her late husband. The new queen, 31, had her first meeting with her govern- ment today. Later she presided over a Council of Stale. Premier Jens Olio Krng, as Is customary on Uic dcntli of lire monarch, offered his government's rosig- formilljr asked Hie government to stay la office. NO CORONATION PLANNED There will be no coronation ceremonies for Margrethe, just a simple proclamation in mid- afternoon by Premier Jens Otto Krag from the balcony of Chris- tiansborg Castle, the Parlia- ment. No Danish monarch has been crowned since the last cen- tury. Frederik held many HUes, but It has become known that Mar- grethe wants to sweep them away. Desiring to be known offi- cially just as Margretiie II of Denmark, she is expanding upon her father's informal ap- proach lo monarchy in a demo- cratic welfare stale. Margrelhe moved Into her f a t h e r 's job with her husband, French-born Prince Henrik, 37, at her side. Their elder son, three-year-old Prince Frcderik, now is heir to the throne. The royal couple's younger child, Prince Joachim, Is two. With Mm job, which involves signing about documents And bills a year and receiving several Unusnnd people In audi- ence, goes four casllcj across DoBDVk. QUUN MARMITHI WIAU HACK MOURNINO ATTIM ;