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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 15, 1921, Lethbridge, Alberta SATURDAY. JANUAHY PAOBKMI OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER THE PROPOSED SOIL SURVEY OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA The proptted toil survey of Southern Alberta's semi-arid which the Dominion and provincial departmentt of to make during the i jmlno summer Is traufht Mtk Mny aveslbllltlw of the grcvest Importance for thli section of the tirovlnot. Much is Southern Alkerta wants Irrigation, tfct of Irri- gation to the acr. fee which there la water will net Hive all Cuuthern Alberta'e agricultural problems. The problems of the try lend farmer, ind they will always be In the majority, Is most Im- tportant of all matters confronting us at the pretjnt time. The irrlia- tloitltte will win out yet, but when they do win will only be sores- additional Irrigated land. When It It cbniMend In the Uethbrldge railway division aloone there were thle yeir almost acres in crop, It will be seen that the satisfactory 'soiutlsn of dry Und p.robleme will be a great benefit to the community. The chief problem which the sell survey should Is the question of soil drifting. That difficulty Is to grow (raster each year as more and more fibre le worked -out of the sail. Mechanics! and other means of combatting the evil will have to be considered. The Ideal way is to seed lind from which the fibre has been worked by toe Steady cflop- ping and summer-fallowing back to grass. Can this be done? Will littering of the Und aj tried suecessfuMy In Kansas be the solution? Will corn and sunflower crops instead of summer-falbwlhg so often solve the problem? There Is some solution. Those who throw up their hands In despair and urge that the government should move the paieple off ta tome other section so troubled are very wide of the mark. Land which will produce at Southern Alberta aoil will produce In favorable yean was meant by to bjrmtde for the" lisnetlt of mankind. But whatever the soil survey It must; be fMloWed by a cajnpalgn which will flnd'every farmer Interested 'enough to adopt methods necessary to overcome the problems the dry land farmer is now facing. DURUM WHEAT MEETS FAVOR AS A RESSTtR OF DROUGHT The North Dakota Experiments Seem to Point to it as .Safe Crop The word "Durum" means hard. All .varieties of Durum wheat are hard, in 'fact the hardest known variety of rlculturc that In 1919 the value of Knbaulu frolrn on too dry to produce other wheats reached the total of CharKtei-lttfci The enaracturtiticB which hare fir- ed Durum wheat its outstanding val- ue for agriculture In (ha temi-arlrt In 1898 the United States Depart- ment of Agriculture realizing that it was aeceasary to procure wheat thatycould. be depended upon to produce-; yearly a crop of frtin on the plains of wepterh eJttl Mon- tana, then being rtftiily as plains regionl. are resistance to and evasion of drouth and rust, its persis- tance in producing, a crop where other spring fallj totally or are un- .homeatmdi; sent .to all partiljt the world in a for hardf, rffculh of the riia attains, of hj- stnillM ao'l vari- eties 'obtained all were discarded ex- cepting the wheat known as "Durum" which they found in the Kirghiz Steppe district of Western Siberia. district Is a rtgitin of light rain- fall, hot aummers and burning w tart 3, the annual rainfall is twelve inchoo. In has become the moat fjpjpilar wheat grown on the aaanl-arul Durum' from other 'la itwl ciaracter both In fhc.fietnt U tailor' v Jhlin cooiBian. Plant and'gwta.- and more vigor hut broader 4iavw turoa a ewiler 'Own oommon Fife wheat. The heads an wider and more compact than ordinary wheats, having. from three to four rows on either side, and are bearded, The grains are large and clear amber in color. Durum wheat less subject to drouth and less susceptible to rust drouth rutnrtant anil, of the highest VSlltf. Uurtwi are mure widely iron In Kirti Dakota iVd Montana aw oshsr naton. ot of llw testl iwedtd to wheat at North BeJkcta Durum of the Ku variety; la (set the North Da Atricsltpral College In strongly advised the of that uin snch ojsaalble to this wheat and. lens tp tha other spring varieties, and tho reiults obtained have jiutilled their judgment and predictions, Kor Instance the county agest of Cats County, North Dakota, says "Eleven Mapleton farm- ers are 147.500 better off through seed- ing Kuhitoka wheat. They seeded aso acres and the resultant yield and realised them more than they would have realized had they Marquis or other spring varie- ties under the conditions." Marketing For pa number ot there were difficulties in the way ot- marketing this variety of wheat, as the milling companies claimed that the wheat was too hard to mill with the ordinary ma- chinery. These difficultly have been entirely overcome, for daring the past seven years Durum always cutnniitncled as'high a price the hard spring whetti, and much of the time sold at this premium wai 15c a bushel over No. 1 dark North- ern. wheat flour when baked produces bread equal to winter wheat and slightly inferior to. spring; it U'olso largely-used In the manufac- ture ot breakfast macaroni and other edible pastes. vs. Kubsnka Profeuor Waliter of North Dakota Agricultural college In circular No. 34, "Marquis Durum says, "Seven four fat and three lean have passed, since Marquis has' been introduced into the long list of hard wheats grown nnjsr North Dakota Many ot these wheats have been found wai, tins. Is Marquis also to listed aihong the fallen? Seven years of trial have demonstrated beyond a doubt that Marquis is the best of the commer- cially available hard red spring wheats. Fifes and bluestems have failed to .measure up to the yielding power possessed by Marquis. In spite ot the fact that Marquis regularly outyieldeu the Fifes and Blueitems U bar Jailed to BO ta the bet- ter Durum wtteats. Ai an average of from NorthiDakota .since ISIS Kiibankn Outyloldwi by at iuo a.umni irtiiiLuu is IWUIVB llluuuu. i Durum wheat had been grown there !and "mut- Having been .tor centuries, had been living and producing, crops annually on limited ttfVte notbljg to wftuld i? its produce a crop likewise yearly, _an the semi-arid plains of tn.e west where the rainfall Instead ot being twelve inches has for 20 years or more been fifteen inches. This Kuhanka wheat- was then introduced into the United States in 1000. The judgment of the experts who .procured it has been amply justified. It has become of outstanding agricultural s Value on all semi-arid lands, in fact the. (Inlted atatea Department of Ag- grown for where every year it had to struggle against drouth, horning wiodi and adverse to on the aemi-arid .of the In fact found more tdvantageoul for Its growth than la Iti natural babl- tat.: It owes value then for low rainfall areas, to its rapid vigorous growth, early maturity, resistance to drouth and dlaeue, and.'reaultant pro- ductiveness. Most Suitably, Variety The United States Department of Agriculture recommend the Kubanka aa being the heaviest yielder, most a premium, In fact in 1920 as high as at Langfaj, ail 21.1% at Dickinson." Durum In Durum wheat Is now being oittm- sively gr6wa in the drior ppitiunB of Manitoba aod Saskatchewan, and is meeting with unformally good results, in fact the prize bushel of Durum wheat at last year's com ahow at Chicagp waa grown at Oak Lake, Man- itoba. The eastern are grind- ing this, wheat, and the market is aa- P. 11. CROPS Any Pain or Swelling will (eel better after being rubbed with Absorb ineJ' Varicose an stubborn to reduce. Yet "ABSORBINE JR." IMS bew used with wQnderful success in allaying the taking out (he soreness and inflammation, and reducing the swollen, congested veins. For Rheumatism and Gouty Swellings Stiff Neck, Tonsilinaarid for strained or twn Lame. ness and Soreness from overwork or of "ABSORBINE JR." nukes the pain a lot easier. Try it every few hoars and see how you get relief. When an accident cut born, bruise, dislocation apply "ABSORBINE JR." to heal the injury and prevent infection. "ABSORBINE JR." b a win to ndnr fimlalm and does not stein, mm orMI pMtpM If w. r. TOVKC, BniMlavat, ifvotiwl. carried by rail trom vli (he oar ferry, folluwlnr, Submitted by wipurintoudont ot the P. E. Hallway for and November when sronter inirt o( the volum will aoaw uf the .'IL'.OOO; hay, tons. There weri> also on4 huoxl- rad Hinl slitr of livestock anil seveutr-Mveo car londs ot ilklry The revenue from the freight trade for the eight mouths showd an increase of over Unit of lOlil for the ume The tte whole gave an yield. bbeter caws, valued at at; Increase ot over 1919. There is still a conildc-rallc imrtlon of this year's pack to ot, however. Fex -Blnchlng The fox industry continues on good footlof. The organization of tho Silver Foi PUTi Selling Association with a view to centrolling the out-put of the Island, developed a better sys- tem of advertised Island fox- es and was ot the most Import- ant moves during the year. Tho value of live foxes an4 pftlts sold is estimat- ed at about this being a little beloiv last year's total, owing to a slight decline in prices. Other industries carried on about uiual. Merchants reiwrt business generally fairly ..satisfactory, although uncertainty as f to {prices curtailed atiour troubles, dis- trade somawhat. .Practically fo turbed the ye lug the year. unique strike of teachers at Prince of Wales College, which matter was anally {living' the after the colleU a week. The year politically was marked by the holding :of the n'rst session W iftciElaturc elected in July, i of the Province dur- was, however, tho by the government .increase in salary been closed for 1919, .with !r.iBeiy in (ho majority. The Taxation Act providing for a considerable increase in revenue, and the Highways' Bill in which the forty-shtty offer of the' Federal gov- ernment was Accepted, ware among tku principal measures pafsed. The Island's record for good behavior was well maintained. There was only, blie murder trial dur- ing 'the year, th6 Ellis case, 'in which the prisoner acquitted. The establishment of a Provincial agricultural and- technical school, the visit of the governor-general and -the National Editorial .Association, were among tHc events of the Island's year, i TREES AHD SOIL DRIFTING I1- The effect the prevention of soil a subjept.that ia.fre- Quehtiy among farmers. It is orte of the niifeiHlii 'by 'which soil drifting be; prevented, tho other being the return'to tho soil of veget- able, fibre by.meqns ot'.grass crops, the planting of: trees to Whole Island' in Prosperoiu Year Produced Nearly Half as Much as Lethbridge Division CHARLOTTETOWN, P. B. I., Jan. year 1920 was a prosperous one for the people of Prince Edward Island. Agriculture, the great basic in- dustry, fully held Its own. The value of the field crops fell below that ot 1S19. but exceeded xthat of 191S. Sta- tUtlcs compiled by the Department of Agriculture, include the following flgures for 1920: Bushels. Wheat...... Buckwheat Barley...... Mixed Grains Turnips...... Mangolds Hay Toa MILLED FOR THE PEOPLE FIT FOR THE KING ROYAL HOUSEHOLD CANADA'S BEST FLOUR YOUR DEALIR CAN GET IT FOR YOU Total The value of the' above crops-for U19 was und for 1918, Approximate production of live- stock in the Island last year wae as follows: Horses Cattle Sheen Lambs Hogs Hens value.. value. 55.JI77; value. value. value. Other Poultry......value. The above, values the -whole, slightly higher than those of 1919. It ivas a good year for dairying, the value of the cheese and butter pro- duced being about one million dollars, a hotter showing even than that of 1918 which was one ot the best ?ears in the history of the Industry. The co-operativo movement among the farmerd, according to W. ,1. Ken, Manager of Canadian Farm Products, did double the business ot 1919 in handling feeds fertilizers, and other agricultural necessities and products. There were sold co-operatively through the egg-circlet aljout nine hundred thousand doxrna -'of tegs rained at about the same as last year. About two million one hundred thous- and dozens were handled through oth- er channels and this quantity indicat- ed Increased production. It Is ilimr.ult to get accurate .retarding export but prevent aoil drifting, W. C. McKilllcau, superintendent.of Brandon Experi-, mental "Trees are plentiful country has HitK trtSSSle-Wth it out on the fcpen that It la bad. The clumps around the farm homes landscfipe and pro- vide some but bad wind storm they nnljf' help tQ pile the dirt around the buildings. More extensive tree planting Is Tiereisury, and 'it will have to be on-continuous bands, not la isolated islands. The wind blows around the island and proceeds as be- fore, but continuous bands, not too far apart, will lift the whale wind aweep up' from the surface-of -the ground. Such planting would have to be done in a co-overativ'e way with the government, the' municipality and private farmeralworklng; together. It would be a big undertaking, but if carried through would make south- western Manitoba into one of tho fin- est farming districts in Canada in- stead of the desert of drifting sand which it is now threatening to be come." KERNELS Cutworms are the larvae of moths and millers. A method of control is somewhat similar to that of grafts- hoppers. The poison bait, with the ex- ception of the fruit, is used. Wheat does .so wall after sun- flowers, as after corn, which indicates that sunflowers should be grown as n succulent winter feed only where corn does not do More timothy is grown on the North American continent than any oth'er single crop, the chjef reason for this haing its free seeding hahtt. It is also a good feed for horraa and cattle, and yields fairly well. Tho chief disadvant- ages of this crop are that it produces very little second growth, and .does not stand nroughtfery well. Any permanent treatment of the soil for the prevention of soil drifting must be one orjother of two things: First, increase the natural resistance of the soil to .wind; second, lessen the force of the wind on the soil. Thero are two natural agencies that will do these things. They are: First, grass; second, C. McKilli- Penlitont use of the fanning mill lpB to keep disease under control. Quite a number of diseases, wheat certain bacterial flax wilt, produce as the grail uf the traffic 14 scab, Elume spot, .roubles, an well ai light seed, generally It Is tho Imper- lectly developed scod that bnarB the ierm of disease, and it is those which ,he use of the fanning mill will re- roovo, Incidentally; increasing the welglit und njntflnj. way for a, lirst MM lit the 'fklr. The use of is urn: ol' fTie principal factors In producing; unlfunu utands nf israin, owing to more uni- fornjt. lermlniiMpo.'3iad rapid urowth. anil these are the .factors of nee toward protecting crops IHECOSTOF auMHLiir-fullow plots yielded Iju'ilwls at oaU per crop In the district. In other Wdi'll font tWO and illtloi 1-1! fivil high uuil 76 purl, nuulu all tho tltfffll'onco he- u croft uf -ifl biiL'heln rx.'r complete failure, all other cun- qucitlmi IK of lav liorUiir.i to the Prairie some cooperative o! should be whereby could rii> sat nisi, nthtrwUt Mcb ciamase may to protected luinis by .blowing toll from propertied. BUSHEL WHEAT Varied From Per Bushel to Per Bushel Atuonx the farmers of Alberta there U at present much diHcusfiion con- cerning wheat prices and the cost of producing wheat. A bulletin has re- cently been issued by the North Da- kota Agricultural College which con- tains material of great interest. It I shows the results of a co-operative experiment covering two groups of farms for the State of North Dakota; one group of 113 farms and another group of 350. The object of the work was to obtain reasonably accurate in- j formation as to the cost of producing' wheat and aome conclusions were; drawn, which, while not final, are mostj instructive. One item which seems to have underestimated was the charge for tho use of land. This was pnt at per acre, disregarding en- tirely the loss of fertility resulting from production of the crop. Other items ot cost considered were seed, man labor, horse labor, machinery, twine, fertilizer, crop insurance, threshing iiml management. The record covers the year 1913, which it is conceded was an able year for crop production. The cost per bushel, would therefore be high but the relative figures woald hi about average. The first conclnsion is that the yield per acre is the. largest factor In- fluencing the cost of production. On 113 farms the cost per bushel varied from to per bsshel, de- pending upon the yield per acre, which varied from 1 17.5 bushels per acre. Fifty per cent, of the wheat produced on this group of farms was' raised at an average cost of about per bushel, while the other fifty per cent, cost over per bushel. Of the 350 farm group, the average cost was per acre and per bushel. Tho cost ranged from. to per acre, and from per bushel. The nverage wag 7.2 bushels, tho range in yield WM' front, one to 17.5 per acre.) The w'ide .range in yield cost directly to the. valuejif means wheat-growrig. Teach Your Children The Value of Money Open Savings Accounts for each one of your child- ren. Insist upon regular deposits from pocket money. Thrift will gradually become a strong trait in each child's character. Thtrt It a branch of this Bank you and a Savings Department in tvtry branch. Iftejtoyal Bank of Canada Total RMOUI-CM Letnbrldae E. MacKay, Manager. Branches also at Magrath, Canlston, and Taber. VALUABLE DOCUMENTS Bonds, iusnrance policies and other val- uable documents should not be kept at home wbfere they are likely to be lost or mislaid. The Safety Deposit Boxes of this Bank provide at a moderate cost an excellent means of keeping valuable papers. m THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE PAID-UP CAPITAL RESERVE FUND 'LETHBIUDGE BRANOH-K. W. Hcikie, Manager. Protected Fallow Fields in Sas- katchewan Had Best Yield in Area Mr. Xorman Ross, chief of the tree planting division, Dominion forestry branch, ut Indian Head, Sask., in speaking of the effectiveness oi' trees as windbreaks on field crops at the conference on soil fibre and soil fer- tility at Winnipeg, under the auspices of the Commission of Conservation, gave illustrations of tho results act- ually obtained. Of special importance was that secured nt the now nursery near which Mr. Ross de- scribed, where tho main outside sh.eltf er belts had not yet reached morn than- six to eight feel in height. The nursery is divided into one-acre each about 25 yards wide with cara- gana hedges about 2 feet high di- viding; the plots. Of thase plots 35 were sown to oats, after summer-fal- low. Almost adjoining and on exactly the same class of Boil and similarly cultivated a ten-acre field was sown, also til tee n acres on stubble either spring or fall plowed. The ton-aero summer-fallow flelrl was completely blown out, while the stubble field yielded but 10 bushels per acre. Tho EIANKING BY MAIL HIS Majesty's Mail will carry your deposit' safely to the Bank' o'r your money back to you with the minimum of just as if you came to the Bank, and you have) no trouble. Special departments, to deal with savings accounts coming from-dwtricts with- out a local bank, have been established at the branches mentioned Jwlow. Efficient service guaranteed. 1M for our boohltt "Banking by IMC BANK Mead Office: MontnuL OF CANADA lUtaWiahed 1 864. Central Offic EDMONTON BRANCH, CALGARY BRANCH LETHBRIDGK BRANCH, FRANK PUCE. Manager, H. W. NESBITT, R. D1NNINC, Maolf er. ABOLISH FINANCIAL WORRY PROLONG YOUR LIFE A CANADIAN GOVERNMENT ANNUITY WB1 DO IT Gives a larger return for life than is obtainable .from any other foron of investment with absolute Keurity. Free from Dominion Income Tax. Any person resident or domiciled in Canada over the age of 5 may purchase, to begin at once, or at any later date desired.en Annuity of from to to be paid in monthly or quarterly Any two persons may purchase jointly. Employers may purchase for their Apply to your postmaster, or write, postage free, to 3. T. Bastedc, Superintendent of Annuities, Ottawa, for new booklet and other information required. Mention age last birthday. Taking Stock IT is just as important to take an inventory of one's self as it ;s o! one's business. Ask yourself this question "If during tho next five years 1 save tho same amount I already hare put by, how much will I be wortn in 1925 f" Then let our Savings Department aid you in accomplishing the task., THE STANDARD BANK OF CANADA tm Knrtli. i BRITISH CANADIAN TRUST CO'Y HEAD OFFICE, fcONYBEARE BLOCK' LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA AUTHORIZED TO AS EXECUTOR, ADMlNlSTllATOR, ASSIGNEE, GUARDIAN, TRUSTEE GENERAL FINANCIAL AGENTS AUTHORIZED TRUSTEE UNDER BANK- RUPTCY ACT T. K. UOCltWOOD 4 MAHMEB 137. 1 STRCer'NOHTH O. E. BLCTCH6R MAHAOER 4TK AVCNur SOUTH P. 0ILUNCTON MANAOEH HEW OAYTOrJ AW 9TEMLINO BLANCHES U. C. THOMAS MANAacn COALKUnST BRANCH W. B. PERCURON MANAGER COALDALE BRANCH C. T. MeKINNOM MiMAc.cn A BURDETT BRANCH It Costs Nothing to obtain our advice, based on twenty-five years of experience, in the distribution of your estate under your will. We invite confldanliul inquiries in any mattur pertaining to the adniiniHtmtion or Estates. TRUSTS and GUARANTEE Company. Limited I XO STH AVE. W., CALGARY ALBERTA. LETHBRIDGE OFFICE, BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDING, J. W. McNIcol, Inspector. ;