Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 15, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta
VOLUME XI. LRT HBRIDGE, ALBERT A', TUESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1918 NUMBER 29 YARMOUTH BOMBARDED-GERMANY IS TORN BY POLITICAL STRIFE i.1 ii-i- 'J. POLITICAL ST BULLETINS SINN FEIN INTENTIONS London, Jan. 15.-The Sinn Fein executive, says a Dubfln dispatch to the Dally Chron'cle, will shortly demand that Irish Nation-alist members of parliament resign. In the event of non-compliance the Sinn Feiners propose to establish in Dublin what they call a national assembly. I Moderates and Militarists Are Again Battling for Control Militarists May Win � i mm i � p- ��� ' " DEAD SET IS BEING MADE AGAINST FOREIGN SECRETARY Loudon, Jan. H'.-Reading between the UneH in .the.German newspapers, 4t becomes apparent that, the conferences of military and political leadors now taking place at Berlin are regarded as effort to obtain some sort of an agreement among the German parties as to war aims. At present all signs point to the triumph of militarist*; Although it is evident the opposing forces are making a strong fight. Denouncing Von Kuehfmann 'Stockholm, Jan. 15.--The campaign against Dr. Richard Von Kuehlmann, German secretary of foreign affairs, occupies the whole German press. The New Fatherland party, headed by Admiral Von Tirpttz, has assumed leadership in the campaign against the alleged policy of Von KuehWnann-"an understanding with England at any price,"-and appeals to the people to send petitions to the emperor, the crown prince and Field Marshal Von Hindenburg, expressing the national dismay at this policy and to demand that "Ludendorff must stay; Von Kuehlmann must go." > In response to many such appeals, Saxony has publicly declared confidence that the emreror will accept only such a peace as will safeguard the peaceful development of the fatherland against all future attacks. The Boersen Zeitung which is a supporter of Von Kuehlmann, admits that it will not be easy for the chancellor to retain the foreign secretaryship. - An astounding aspect of the whole situation is that neither eido appears to know definitely what the other side wants. The chief point at issue between the .opposing factions ig the.solution of the Polish problem, but neither si�e is inclined to define Its view. Strained Situation Amsterdam, Jan. 15,-Evidonces of the strained situation as regards war aims continue to appear in the German papers. The Liepzig Volks Zei-tung says a meeting of the annexationist. fatherland party at Jena was broken up by the independent Socialists who, after, passing a vote for "a general peace by understanding," threw., out the members of the Fatherland party. While pan-German petitions and resolutions are being rushed lo the emperor by the militarists, other currents are active. This ia instanced by a meeting at Frankfort on Sunday of the free citizens comnrttee which adopted a resolution to the effect that a lasting peace which would really safeguard Germany's vital economic Interests would bo possible only on the basis of a policy of consolidation In the sense of the peace resolution adopted by the reichstag. The committee expressed the hope that from the negotiations wfth Russia might result a j)eace, which by honest ad-~* herence to the principlo of self determination of peoples, might exclude the danger of new conflicts. Germany Can't' Enforce Them At this meeting Dr. Bernhard Dern-burg,' former secretary ot state for the colonies, said that if the Fatherland party won the Avar would be lost. He rejected annexations and cash in- w demnities, and declared Germany was powerless to enforce long term payments by Installments, from America and England, Annexations in the east, ho asserted, would be a source of constant danger as they'"Vould ir-ritalo Russia, Dr. Darn burg also urged disarmament. The Munich Post~nttacks the Fatherland party and supports the attitude taken by President Wilson in respect of recognition of lhe demands for autonomy-on the part of the Slav population of the central empire. "The Russian revolution has stirred the nationalistic feeling among the Slavs of Austria-Hungary to the boiling point," it says. "The whole Slav world will rise up against us if we at� tempt to impose humiliating terms on Russia." Still Have Faith in Subs Accord'ng to the Nachrichten of Dusscldorf, Admiral Von Tirpitz, former minister of marine, and one of the ministers of the Fatherland partjtr-An an address to politicians and journalists expressed confidence that Germany's interests in the case should be safe-guarded. He asserted the submarine warfare already was forcing Great Britain to seek peace and that It was ready to adopt any expedient for this purpose, even being willing to forsake one or the other of lis allies. "Great Britain already has lessened considerably the demands put forward in the interests of its allies in order to realize its own war a'ms in Belgium,/the admiral said. "We place unconditional trust in Hindenburg and Ludendorff not to conclude an unsafe peace. Renunciation of our interests iu tlie west would cripple our political and economic future." HAND HUNS WILSON'S SPEECH X 1 Amsterdam, Jan. 16.-The newspaper Les Nouvelles says that a number of allied airplanes last Thursday dropped a thousand copies of President Wilson's message t� congress on occupied areas in Belgium. BRITISH RAID London, Jan. 15.-"Early yesterday morning, a strong hostile raid northeast of Armentleres was repulsed/' the war office reports. "During list night we raided the enemy's tranches north of Lens, bombing his dugouts and securing some prisoners and a machine gun. "Otherwise there is nothing to report." BIG ITALIAN GAIN Rome, Jan. 15.-By an attack in the Monte Asolone region, on the northern front, the Italians have gained considerable advantages and inflicted very heavy losses on the onemy^ the war office announces. VIOLENT ARTILLERY Paris, Jan. 15.-Violent artillery fighting on the Verdun front Is reported In today's official communication. Huns Bombard Yarmou London, Jan. was bombarded Caillaux, Under Arrest For Treason, Faces Some Sensational Evidence DOCUMENTS FOUNQ 15. - Yarmouth from the sea last night, -it is announced officially. About twenty shells fell in the city. Three persons were killed and ten injured. The following official announcement was given out: "Yarmouth was bombarded from the sea last night. Fire was opened at 10.55 p.m. and lasted about five minutes, some twenty shells falling into the town. "The,latest police reports state that three persons were killed and ten injured. The material damage done was not serious." I IN ROME SHOW A i Attacks by German naval forces on English coast towns, of which there WTHPSPRFAH PI OT were a number early in the war, have yyiUCOl l\L,t\u l U\JL been infrequent ln recent months. The last pluvious occurrence of the kind officially reported was ln September last year. On that date a German submarine bombarded Scarborough, causing the death of three persons and the injury of five. ONT. SOLDIERS TO VOTE Toronto, Jan. 15.--Ontario soldiers and nurses now on active service will vote in the provincial general election, to be held in the course of a few months, probably in June. Will Bring Up All Men in U. S. Who Have Come of Age Washington, Jan. 15.-At the request of the. waA department today Chairman Chamberlain of the senate military committee introduced a bill for the registration for military duty of all men who have become 21, years old since June 15, 1917, when the draft went into effect. Another bill, which Senator Chamberlain introduced at the request of the administration, would provide for furloughlng national army men for harvesting crops and other agricultural duty. Another bill will put the quota of [the states on the basis of available � men in the firBt claBs instead of on population. \ In determining upon the registration of men who have become 21 since the | draft law was enacted, the war department has rejected any plan to raise tho age limits of the draft to take in men more than 31. Paris, Jan. 15.-The arrest yesterday of Former Premier Caillaux was due principally to a cablegram from ! Secretary Lansing at Washington saying that in 1915, M. Caillaux had been in communication with tho Berl n office. Secretary Lansing's cablegram said that America's representative at Buenos Aires had been able to establish that M, Caillaux, during his visit to Argentina in li�t5 bad been *n communication with tlje Berlin forefgii office through Count Von Luxnurg, theiv German minister to Argentina, with the object of concluding peace* j with Germany at any price, so as to permit the resumption of business: It is understood this evidence will be published in America immediately. Important Discoveries Paris, Jan. 15-The investigation of the Italian connections of Former Premier Caillaux1, who was arrested! yesterday, is said by the j\latin to have resulted in tho discovery of important military and political papers in the safe of the Bank of Florence which was rented under the maiden name of Mme. Caillaux- and used by the former premier during his visit to Italy in December, 1916. Among the political papers found in the safe, the newspaper asserts, were a number of notes in wti'ch M. Caillaux. in thj3 expectation of gaining office as premier, drafted a cabinet, designated a generalissimo and sketched various "exception .1" measures. These measures included the arrejit of certain, politicians, and generals, among whom Premier Clemeuceau"'s said to have been one and the dismissal of a number of officials. In addition to these, says the Matin, there were documents of a military character which by thefr ver-nature seem to constitute the strongest evidence against M. Caillaux. Expect Sensations Paris. Jan. 15.-The arrest of former Premier Caillaux is commented on at great length by the newspapers of Pars, which in general take the view that the government would not have decided upon this action if it had not obtained evidence of the gravest character. Most of the newspapers welcome the government's action. | Yarmouth is on the North Sea, 315 mileB northeast of London. It is a city of some 50,000 In habitants, wiih important shipbuilding and fishing industries. Evidently Submarine. Yarmouth, England, Jan. 15.-� The enemy craft which bombarded Yarmouth last night presumably was a submarine or a light cru'ser. The bombardment which was preceded by Illumination of the town hy large start shells continued about e'.ght minutes 1 The Inhabitants were taken completely by surprise. Owing to the blackness of the night the enem}r was not seen. He fired }T twenty to twenty-five shells in rap'd succession. Many windows were shat- "* tcred and a number of roofn and cliim-neys were wrecked. Most of the inhabitants wore in bed at the time of the attack. One of three persons killed was a sailor aboard his ship who had escaped submarines in mid-ocean. The other two killed were in the streets. There were many narrow escapes among the occupants of the damaged houses. O ****** 4 4 FACTORY ACT COMMISSION Judge Carpenter and A. G. Browning, deputy attorney-general, have been appointed the commission to investigate the working of the factory act. * * * > ? > ? Constituent Assembly Will Show a Majority Against The Bolsheviki BUT EXTREMIST GOVT. WOULD BE EVEN WORSE THAN PRESENT NO RELIEF FOR FUEL i BIG U. Ml OF A. t > AMBASSADOR RESIGNS President Wilson Writes Letter Expressing Goodwill Towards Coal Diggers Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 15.- With addresses by officials of the state and city and the reading of a letter from President Wilson expressing his good will toward the coal diggers in the country the biennial convention of the United Mine Workers of America convened here today, the delegates in at- r tendance representing,more than four hundred thousand organized men in the industry. For the first time in many years an increase will not be paramount business although many phases relating to the present standard w'll mme before tho 'Tpipea*ps, The convention, according to its leading officers w 11 rauiy ihe bituminous and anthracite wage scales agreed to in conference in Washington several months ago, despite the fact that there is talk of some action. A large defense fund ia suggested by some of the leaders for use in the event of any attempt being made to adjust wages downward. Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, is expected to address the miners during the convention. ? Washington, Jan. 15. - Ambassador Naon of Argentina, who recently placed his resignation in the hands of the Buenos Aires foreign office, will sail for home this week and whether he returns here as ambassador depends on conferences with President Irrogoyen and Foreign Minister Purreyedon. ***�* ice wat-Dur-with Kill, Are Sydney, N. S., Jan. 15.-At the i Weatherbee inquest yfipterday after-| noon some new facts developed in the j shooting Sunday evening when J. W. Greenwell is alleged to have shot and killed Ransford Weatherbee in Green-well's apartments. Walter Clair, who swore that he was present during the shooting, testified that Weatherbee- made improper advances toward Greenwell's wife Whereupon Greenwell ordered him out. On Weatherbee's refusal to go, Greenwell went out and got a revolver. Pekin, Jan\ 15.--Three doctors, ln-! eluding Drs. Eckfelt and Lewis, Americans, sent to Feng Chen, in Shan Si province, west of Pekin, to investigate a plague, were threatened by a mob which became angered at their efforts to check the spread of the disease. They have sent a telegram to the diplomatic representative hare asking that a special train he sent to the rescue. Appeals to the government -by the diplomats brought assurances of military protection. The plague is pneumonic In type and is most serious in Feng Chon and Ta-tuang Fu and is spreading toward Talyuanfu, the capital of Shan SI province. This is Advocated By Daniel Willard For The United ' States ARE KILLED return Weatherbee grappled with hi It was during the clinch which followed, according to Clair, that the fatal shot was fired. The inquest will be resumed today. Louisville, Ky., Jan. 15.-Two persons were killed and 16 others injured, thirteen of them seriously, last, night when a Louisville and Southern Indi-On his ana traction car bound from Indianapo- lis to Louisville crashed into the rear of a Jeffersonville, Indiana, and Louisville interurban car on the southern approach of the Big Four railway bridge. The Jeffersonville and Louisville car loaded with Louisville residents, employed at tho United States army quartermaster's department at Jeffersonville, was smashed. Washington, Jan. 15.-One-man con; trol of all war supplies in the United States was advocated yesterday before the senate military committee by j Daniel E. Wllard^ chairman of the war ' industries' honrd, and "Bernard M. Baruch, head of the board's raw material division. v Both favored creating what virtually would he a munitions administration with full power, directly responsible to and securing h's authority from the president, but not a mjember of the cabinet, to control procurement and distribution, of war supplies, including those for the army, the navy, shipbuilding and the allies. Neither Mr. Willard nor Mr. Baruch favored a separate department of munitions w!th a cabinet officer at its head, the plan proposed by Senator Chamberlain, chairman of the com mittee, and opposed by both President Wilson and Secretary of War Baker. Mr. Willard endorsed the war department and government supply purchasing re-organization plan submitted last week by Secretary Baker, though | he said it does not go far enough in 1 centralizing authority and is weak 'Threatening General Strike-Labor Men - Denounced London, Jan. 15.-The reference made in the house of commons yesterday by Sir Auckland Gedd^s, minister of national service, to the engineers attempting to force the government to conscript their fathers and returned wounded men to the front has focus-sed attention on the attitude of engineering and shipbuilding employees along the Clyde, where the trouble has been most active. Sir Auckland declared that many young men in essential industries had acted as though they held a privileged pos'tion. He said that they must share the burden with the others. At a meeting in the Clyde district on Sunday the engineers and shipbuilders decided to strike if the government man power bill was not withdrawn before the end of January and a pence conference called. ' The rebuke given these men by Sir Auckland Geddes 's endorsed generally by tlTe press and members of parliament, but in some quarters the minister is condemned for lack of sagacity as the temper of the men is strained and persuasion is more likely to be effective, than a menace. Ramsey MacDonnld, labor leader, who has just "returned from the Clyde, says in an intcrv'ew that the situation needs very careful handling. He thought the reference to fathers was most unjust .-ind feared it would have a very bad effect on the men, already supersensitive owing to the long hours on unbroken work. Seventy tugboatB have been put out of commission, temporarily, by the ice. Favor International Protector ate in Africa, India and Elsewhere Petrograd, Jan. 15.-The Social Revolutionary members of the constituent assembly have issued a manifesto bitterly denouncing the Bolsheviki as "usurpers of power who have preclpi- tated the country into an abyss of civil war and anarchy." While placing the restoration of peace at the heed of their own program, the signers of the manifesto reproach the Bolsheviki for having deluded the worn out soldiers with hopes of Immediate, peace, instead of which "they hare opened the front to the enemy, brought the country to the verge of a new and overwhelming war caused by the rupture* of relations with the entente and left Russia tp her fate." The manifestants emphasized the danger of a general peace at Russia's expense and declare that ouly the members of the constituent assembly are entitled to represent Russia and bring about a universal democratic peace. The program of the Social Revolutionary members is to^remobillze the weary army and recruit a new volunteer army, cease civil war and proclaim federalism on the basis of a Russian republic. The p.rogram includes-also abolition of private ownership of land and, the nationalization ot mine:* and national resources. Opposition Strong , ! London, Jan. 15. - Anti-Bolshevlkl; parties ln Russia, according to a despatch to the Dally News from Petro-| grad, are using the cteaiion of a vol-junteer army by the Bolsheviki as the j basis of an energetic agitation to turn the Petrograd garrison against the Lenine government. Efforts also are being made to start street demonstrations in favor of the constituent assembly. If the efforts are successful, the despatch adds, the results will be anarchy,' than which the Germans could wish nothing better. The constituent assembly Is to meet Friday. It seems probable that it will contain a ,majority against the Bolsheviki and will try to replace them by another .government. Such a government, the Daily News correspond-^ ent says, would be Infinitely less dangerous as an antagonist of Germany than the present one. London, Jan. 15.-The British labor party in a message to the Russian people, made public today, announced that the British people accepted the Russian principle of self-determination of*peoples and no annexations for the British empire, particularly In the middle east, Africa and India. I i FAVOR PROTECTORATES London, Jan. 15.-The British labor party in a message issued today declares in favor of placing tKe whole of tropical Africa under uniform international control. The more rapid development of self-government for India is promised, and a protectorate for the peop)oa of Asia Minor by an international organization to be constituted by the peace conference Is favored. Can't Work Because of Fuel Shortage-Another Storm Reported CHINESE REVOLT � Ottawa, Jan. 16.-B. K. Crowe, Canadian trade commissioner at Yokohama, ________ in a^efort to the department of trade] is separated from the southern forces Pekin, Jan. 15.-The southern leadors Intend to re-convoke at Nanking the parliament dissolved by Presidential mandate in Juno last. Fighting Is expected to break out in that "Vicinity as one divison of the northern army and commerce, states that Japan is launching ttpon a shipbuilding campaign which will involve the construction of 250 ships per annum. He states that at the end of September, there were 113 shipbuilding slips, owned by 42 firms. In eachslijj of 1,000 tons . can bo built. This is mere than three times the number of ships Japan own-l ed before the war. by only ten miles. Acting Premier Wang Chin Chen tendered his resignation verbally yesterday but the presi-jdent refused to^accept it. t WEATHEK High..... Low ..... Forecast- \ 6 �2 Fair and cold. 'n reliance upon voluntary co-operation. Mr. Baruch favored even more highly centralized authority over munitions in an individual1, advocating a plan broader than that employed in England. He frankly disagreed with Secretary \>f War Baker regardlngnhe re-organization proposed by the latter and insisted that individual control is essential. MUNICIPAL FUEL PLANT Ottawa, Jan. 15.-Ottawa city coun-cr� 'Irs* ni�ht adopted the recommendation of the board ot control that appli- be made to the Ontario railway) and municipal board for leave to bor-' row $260,000 for the erection of a necessary fuel plant and ftr the purchase 'of fuel. \ What the Red Cross Means -Until nearly the end of the 18th century practically no provision had been made for the amelioration of the sick and wounded on the field of battle. When a soldier was wound and unable to help himself, he lay out where he fell until after the battle was over and In many cases it was days before he was attended to. His chances for recovery were very slim and when we. consider the number of wars that raged In Europe until the end of the eighteenth century, we can gain some idea ot'The tremendous wastage of human life owing to neglect of humane principals in dealing with the sick and wounded. In 1792 Baron Dominique Jean Larry organized flying Field Hospitals and such magnificent work was done in saving the lives of soldiers that the organization gained the highest commendations ot the great Napoleon. About the same time Baron Pierre Francois Percy, a famous physician of France organized the first stretcher bearer Companies, whose duties were, to loJHc after the wounded even during the time of actual fighting. These companies did such splendid work that their organization is still retained by the Government of France. The Crimean War in 1S54 brought the attention of the British public .and indeed the whole world to the deplorable condition of the sick and Sve4iuded on the fields and even in the hospitals. The British public was so 'horrified that an official investigation was ordered with the result that Florence Nightingale went to the Crimea and took .command of all hospital work. We need not enlarge on the magnitude of her task or the wonderful work done by her except to say that in February 1855 the death rate in the hospital was 42 per cent and within a few months was reduced to two per cent. She had ten thousand soldiers under her charge. ln the American civil war railway hospitals were firBt employed and demonstrated their great usefulness. Representatives of practically all the nations of Europe met at Geneva, Switzerland in 1864 and organized the first Red Cross Society, This became the parent organization and pattern for Red Cross Organizations through; out the world. . Certain regulations were made for the better care of not only the sick and 'Wounded but for the officers and others connected with Red; Cross work. The sign of the Red. Cross was thereafter recognized and Immunity granted to those working under it. Chicago, Jan. 15.-Nearly 150,000 men were idle today in Chicago and nearby districts on account of-a fuel shortngD caused by the heavy snowfall which demoralized railway traffic last Saturday, Sunday and Monday. Among the industries which were practically at a standstill were three of the largest pack'ng plants ln Chicago and many steel mills in the Calumet and Gary, districts, which are working ou government contracts. Railway officials said today that passenger traffic on trunk lines would practically be normal by tomorrow but that it would take several days to clear Sway the accumulation of freight cars. A snow ?torm, which was forecast by.the weather bureau to strike Chicago last night passed some distance south and today appeared to be moving eastward. ^ "The storm is just as severe as the one last week," says the forecast. Seventeen inches ot snow fell in seven hours in Evansville, Indiana. NOT SATISFIED IN SEP. SCHOOL MATTER Toronto, Jan. 16.-Sir William Hearst, premier of Ontario, stated yesterday afternoon that the government would not rest content with the Judgment of Mr. Justice Clute at Oagoode Hall, with reference to the Ottawa Separate achool trouble. Sir William did r not indicate what action the government would take, aa he had not time to peruse the findings of th* court. \ 154045?