Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 14, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Missile firing angers Montanans GREAT FALLS. Mont. gan Pass. (Canada Cuitomi hours moved one hour earlier Jan. 6 when Montana went on daylight time.) occasional light drifting. From Stavely to Calgary, light covering of loose snow. Calgary to Red Deer, slippery sections especially around Red Deer, blowing snow between Red Deer and Edmonton. Jiighway 2, south to Carway is generally bare and dry with some slippery sections. Highway 23, via Vulcan, light covering pf loose snow, some slippery sections. Highway 36, light blowing snow, some drifting, plowing in progress. Highway 1, east, mostly bare with some slippery sections, snow on shoulders. Highway 1, west, Calgary to Banff, two inches of new snow, drifting and poor visibility. Banff to Golden closed until further notice. Banff-Jaspier highway, closed until further notice. Monday, January 14, 1974 ~ THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD ~ 3 Alexander Solzhenitsyn The Gulag Archipelago Dilemma and challenge By LEO ORUUOW Christian Science Monitor MOSCOW - When dissident author Alexander Solzhenitsyn defied new Soviet copyright regulations and released his history of Soviet prison camps for publication abroad, he confronted the authorities here with a challenge and a dilemma. The Soviet news agency Tass has now responded to the challenge by denouncing book and author in blistering terms. But the dilemma - whether to prosecute Mr. Solzhenitsyn and his foreign publishers - remains. To sue the publishers in Western courts, on grounds of violating the Soviet copyright rules, would be to give the book further publicity and to risk a rebuff from the courts': And prosecution of the Nobel Prize-winning author at home could stir up opinion abroad and even undermine detente with the West. The delays in Moscow's response to the publication of the book illustrate the sensitivity of the question. The Soviet Union joined the Geneva Copyright Convention, effective May 27, 1973, and began to set up a new .copyright agency as a monopoly. Mr. Solzhenitsyn had completed "The Gulag Archipelago," his history of the prison camps, but reportedly intended to withhold publication because many of the persons mentioned in the book were living. He entrusted a copy of the manuscript to a Leningrad woman. During the summer, state security officials arrested and interrogated her until she disclosed the manuscript's whereabouts and then committed suicide. The author then decided to release the book abroad in defiance of the copyright monopoly. One week before the book appeared in print, Boris Pankin, head of the copyright agency, told correspondents here that Soviet authors who released their works abroad without his agency's permission would be held legally accountable and so would the foreign companies publishing them. A few days later Tass reported a government decree to the same effect. Even then there was a further delay. The Tass article, by commentator Sergi Kulik, was couched in terms suggestive of a public campaign about to be launched against the author. Tass said Mr. Solzhenitsyn had presented the work as a New Year's gift to his country's enemies, who had seized upon it to sow international distrust, defame the Soviet Union, and fan hysteria. The commentary was transmitted on a Russian-language Tass wire early in the evening, in plenty of time for radio broadcasts and morning newspapers. But morning papers appeared without a word of it. By next afternoon, only Soviet citizens who listened to broadcasts from Western stations had learned of the attack upon Mr. Solzhenitsyn. Was the commentary intended only for the foreign public? Or would it be the signal gun for a barrage soon to be mounted in the press and presaging action against the deflant author? The situation had all the makings of a Greek tragedy in which both sides move toward a showdown that neither wanted. The stakes are high. If Solzhenitsyn is tried on charges of anti-Soviet agitation or violation of contraband regulations, the penalty can be imprisonment up to ten years, exile up to five years, or both. Penalties for violation of the new copyright laws have not yet been spe led out. For the Soviet authorities, the effect may be a shock wave abroad that would set back the East-West detente the Kremlin has worked hard to foster. Both Mr. Solzhenitsyn and the Soviet media remain silent, but few observers here expect the matter to end with the Tass commentary. But when Western newspapers began printing extracts from "The Gulag Archipelago" and a Russian-language publisher in Paris issued the book, the Soviet authorities at first remained silent. Not until a week afterward did Tass transmit the attack on the book. Annexation idea best of century? By STEWART MacLEOD OTTAWA (CP) - Max Saltsman expected favorable public reaction when he introduced a bill in the Commons to make some Caribbean islands part of Canada, but he never expected the cascade of correspondence that followed. "It's just phenomenal," he said. Letters were piled high on his desk, his telephone rang constantly and his secretary was busy in another office trying to straighten out ap-po ntments for radio and television interviews. "Stick with it, and good luck," said one letter. "It's the best idea of the century," said another. "God knows, there is little enough introduced into Parliament by the NDP that I can agree with, but ... " Mr. Saltsman, New Democratic MP for Waterloo - Cambridge in Ontario, seemed awestruck by the response. "Frankly," he said, "I am exhausted." But he was grinning. His bill, introduced Thursday, would establish a committee to study his proposal that the Grand Turk and Caicos Islands become part of Canada, specifically part of Nova Scotia. He is confident their 6,000 residents are anxious to become Canadians and remain part of the Commonwealth. "And Canada would finally have a place in the sun." HOPES FOR ACTION The NDP member has no illusions about his bill being passed by Parliament - private members' bills seldom are - but he hopes the reaction will encourage the government to undertake its own initiatives. "People are calling from all over the country at their own expense to tell me how enthusiastic they are. The intensity of the reaction has really surprised me. I had no idea." He figures it is something that appeals to the emotions of Canadians, just as John Diefenbaker's "northern vision" grabbed the population in ttie elections of 1957 and 1958. "Now its the middle of winter and people are excited about a southern vision." One cabinet minister has given Mr. Saltsman his support and somg sources say Prime Volume down on CSE CALGARY (CP) - Shares traded on the Calgary Stock Exchange declined in volume during 1973, but increased in dollar value. Total share volume was 10,215,318, compared with 12,208,365 in 1972, but dollar value was $7,123,466, up from $6,492,516. The exchange finished the year with a sharp decline in trading during December. December volume was 545,950, down from 1,145,817 during December, 1972. Dollar value in December was $281,862, dovm from $656,-435 the previous year. Oil stock trading contributed most to the 1973 trading volume with 5,277,646 shares changing hands for a value of $4,162,593. Corresponding figures for 1972 show a share volume of 8,027,-633 for a dollar value of $3,683,843. Mining shares increased in .volume and value but industrial shares experienced declines in both categories. Staff shortage in Alberta jails said real problem EDMONTON (CP) -Understanding in Alberta's correctional institutions is getting to be a "real problem" that will be aggravated when Edmonton and Calgary remand centres open, Solicitor-General Helen Hunley says. She said that when the Calgary remand centre goes into operation this spring, the over-ali staff shortage in provincial prisons will be about 100. Recruitment of jjiil guards will become even more difficult after the Edmonton remand centre is completed.. Construction may start this year. The problem of staff recruiting was major concern during a review of the province's correctional system with wardens from the six provincial centres, Miss Hunley said. Staff recruitment problems stem from a number of factors including finding persons with a special aptitude for the job, salary levels and the tendency of the federal government to hire Alberta's trained personnel, she said. One positive aspect is the current drop in prison population, although it was too early to say if this was a major trend or only a short-term lecline ' NOTICE Sanitary Landfill - Scale Operation The City of Lethbridge will commence scale operations at the Sanitary Landfill January 24th, 1974, after which time all refuse received at the Landfill will be weighed and subject to fee as established in By-Law 3188. Domestic Residents will be assessed Ten Cents ($0.10) per Sixty (60) pounds or portion thereof on loads in excess of Two Hundred (200) pounds. Commercial and Contractual Haulers shall register at the City of Lethbridge Engineering Department prior to 4:30 p.m., January 18th, 1974. Commercial and Non-Resident rate schedules are available at the Engineering Department. Minister Trudeau is intrigued. One .letter the MP received carried 32 signatures. Several writers offered to drum up support in their areas. "Please let me know if there is anything I can do," was the final line on a series of letters. Some came from commercial interests - "I am not too fussy about them," Mr. Saltsman says - but the majority are from people who would like to have a comer of Canada in the Caribbean. When he introduced the bill, Mr. Saltsman says he figured it might take 10 years to spur the government into some kind of initiative. "But at the rate things are going anything can happen. "When the hot weather comes, the interest is bound to taper off, but I'll be back with another bill every January if necessary." OUR NEW NUMBER, EFFECTIVE JAN.14TH. REACHES ALL PERSONNEL AND ALL DEPARTMENTS. Sicks' Lethbridge Brewery Ltd.