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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 14, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Observers find Qaddafi-Bourgulba 'strange bedfellows' By HENRY GINIOER New York Tlmn Service MADRID - The announcement of a union between Tunisia and Libya has caused general surorise anagng oljsiervers of northern African politics for tRrirnnatural elements in such a marriage would appear to outweidi the advantages that both sides nUght draw from it. --^ The difficulties in News �^ " ion were so for-^~^ f...midable as to create analysis strong doubts about - its durability. In the divided and bickering Arab world, few contrasts are as great as those offered by President Habib Bourguiba of Tunisia and Col. Muam-mar El-Qaddafi of Libya. Bourguiba has earned fame as a proponent of moderation in international dealings as well as in his political and religious attitudes at home. It may be that the young Libyan leader will defer to his elder bilt in this case he will have to abandon a large number of far from moderate attitudes that have marlced his international and domestic policies up to now. Some of the important differences between the two .men include: Bourguiba has stood for patient, step-by-step negot ation tbrou^out his political career and has several times urged such an approach In dealing with Israel. He is willing to recognize her as a legitimate state and has criticized the other Arab leaders for their intransigent refusal to accept the fact of Israel's existence. Intransigence is exactly what Quaddafi has shown up to now in his international attitudes, particularly with regards to Israel which he considers a foreign body that must be removed from the Arab world. - Bourguiba has sought to maintain friendly relations with west and, in particular, with the United States. Quaddafi has taken a belligerent attitude toward American "imperialism^' and has been angered with American policy in the Middle East. - Qaddafi's fundamentalist attitudes on religion has governed his whole approach to political, social aiid cultural life at home. He has imposed on his countty rigid codes of conduct according td the prescriptions of the Koran and Moslem tradition. At the same time he has sought to remove all Western cultural influences. The Tunisian leader, on the other hand, has sought to modernize and westernize Tunisian thinking, discouraging those Moslem practices that he considers inhibiting to Tunisian progress. He considers Tunisia a crossroads of civilization partaking of the best of Western and Eastern cultures. - Bourguiba has been sensitive to questions involving Tunisian independence and his tight control over the country. He has been skeptical about Arab unity and has felt uneasy with Algeria and Libya, two revolutionary military regimes that sandwich him into a tiny corner of North Africa, Qaddafi has constantly sought to promote such unity, and has inveighed against reactionary Arab regimes. Bourguiba, because his country is poor in resources, has sought to promote foreign' investment, siving foreign capital substantial advantages. Quaddafi, with ample oil resources, has shown hostility to involvement in his country by the big industrial nations. The union would provide Tunisia with an advantage - the ready access to Libyan financing. At the same time, Libya has become an outtet for surplus Tunisian labor and the union would widen even further this safety valve for all of Tunisia's thousands of idle hands. This assumes special importance now with the threatened slowdown of Western European economies where the bulk of Tunisian emigrant labor has been working up to now. For Quaddafi, the idea of Arab unity takes a step forward with Tunisia furnishing an alternative to the failure of union with Egypt. So doing, he may be able to replace unpopular Egyptian technicians with Tunisian ones. For Bourguiba, who has always aspired to play a world role greater than that imposed by the modest dimensions and resources of his country, the new union would give him the kind of platform he has not enjoyed up to now. The two countries also see eye to eye on the dangers to them from the Soviet Union. Both Bourguiba and Qaddafi are staunch anti-Communists and while other Arab nations have accepted Soviet aid and influence, both Tunisia and Libya have tried to maintain independence. This is the one common attitude and interest that favors success for a union whose future is otherwise doubtful. The Lethbrldfiie Herald VOL. LXVII - 27 LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA, MONDAY, JANUARY 14, 1974 24 Pages 10 Cents Admiral received Henry ^8 documents By SEYMOUR M. HERSH New York Times Service WASHINGTON - David R. Young Jr., a member of the White House "pluhibers" group, concluded in a special report submitted in early 1972 to President Nixon that Adm. Thomas H. Moorer, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, had received secret national securib^ council documents taken urom the office of Henry Kissinger, well placed sources said today. Young's report; described by some sources! as "book length," was said to have summarized his inyestigation Mo axi alleged.military intelligence operation inside the White House. The sources said that Young had concluded that classified materials were provided both to Moorer's office and to Jack Anderson, the columnist, whose publication in December, 1971, of White House papers on the India-Pakistan war initially prompted the inquiry. The existence of Young's formal report became known as the mystery deepened and questions mountied oVer the military intelligence operation. A New York Times dispatch from Washington yesterday reported thatv-one of the officials who participated in Young's inquiry had later sought to "blackmail" his way into a more important job by threatening to make the secret material public as well as to expose the existence of the militaiy activities inside the White House. No one in the White House would respond to telephone calls today. Last month the New York Times reported that some of Nixon's other "national security" considerations - including the possible exposure of a Soviet spy and a central intelligence agency informant - had left many gpvernment officials unconvinced of the validity of the president's belief. Oil sands research given $ 100 million Sworn into office ... Mr. Justice Ronald Martland administers oath. Leger Canada's fourth native Governor-General OTTAWA (CP) - Tall, august and scholarly, Jules Leger was sworn in Monday as the country's 21st Governor-General, the third French-Canadian to hold the post. Mr. Leger became the Queen's representative officially at 11:25 a.m. EST upon completion of the Governor-General's oath, administered by Mr. Justice Ronald Election talk pressures Heath Martland, senior justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. The ceremony, which lasted about 40 minutes, was held in the red-carpeted, ornate Senate chamt>er, packed with diplomats, senators, MPs, the cabinet and a host of other dignitaries and their wives. Mr. Leger, 60, a career diplomat whose last posting was ambassador to Bielgium aiid Luxemburg, was accompanied into the chamber by his wife. Gaby, and his aides. Two fanfares greeted their arrival-played by eighth Canadian Forces trumpeters in the gallery above the throne. Before the swearing-in, the Legers were seated in red leather chairs^ side-by-side, on the right hand of the throne. Immediately upon completion of the sweanng-in-which included signing the oath together with Prime Minister Trudeau, Mr. Justice Martland and Gordon Robert-~ son, clerk of the Privy Council-he ascended to the throne. The first 21-gun salute, from Major's Hill Park across the Rideau Canal from Parliament Hill, was five shots old when Mr. Trudeau rose to greet the new Governor-General, who succeeds Roland Michener, an English-Canadian appointed in 1967 Mr. Trudeau described the Governor-General, like the Queen, as "the symbol of our unity as well as an agent of its preservation." CALGARY (CP) - Premier Peter Lougheed announced Monday the establishment of an Alberta Oil Sands Technology and Research Authority to investigate the deep-mining potential of Alberta's oil sands. A fund of $100 million will be 'No profit' delays oil prodjiclibn WASHINGTON (AP) -Officials of some of the largest U.S. oil companies acknowledge that their industry could have produced more domestic crude oil in recent years but decided against it because it wouldn't have been profitable. . The officials said their companies were exercising sound business judgment in ignoring such oil and they blamed federal politics and regulations for the situation. The executives from eight of the 10 biggest oil companies made their statements in separate interviews with The Associated Press. Most of the men asked not to be identified either by name or by company. "The oil we're talking about is in fields that are in secondary and tertiary recovery stages," said one of the officials. "It's very expensive to produce that oil and, with the prices we could have gotten for it (under federal price regulation) in past years, we would iiave lost money. Also blamed were the delays in development of the North Slope in Alaska, restrictions on foreign imports and the unavailaoility of new offshore leases. committed to the authority in the next five years for accumulation and co-ordination of knowledge "to harness our full Alberta oil sands potential," he told a news conference. "The Alberta oil sands form the largest known reserves of petroleum compounds in the world. "The deposits are found in four areas of Northern Alberta and together contain 900 billion barrels of crude bitumen. "If even one-third of this crude bitumen could be recovered and processied, it would yielfl approximately 225 to 250 billion barrels of synthetic ciiide oil, which is equal to nearly half of the world's known reserves of convei^: tional crude oil." Mr. Lougheed said current mining technology could only extract a small portion of the reserves near the surface, and Canada's conventional oil resources - per cent of them in Alberta'^'- are unable to nieet Caii�da's requirements in : the next decade. "It is apparent that we must depend on the development of the oil sands, owned by the people of Alberta, to ensure Alberta's and Canada's long-term security of petroleum supply and self-sufficiency as an industrial nation. "It is for this reason the government of Alberta is taking steps to ensure that the development of the Alberta oil sands will be managed in such a way as to provide maximum benefits to Albertans, who own the resources, and all Canadians." Mr. Lougheed said full development of the Alberta oil sands is especially important, in view of the failure-at least so far- by industry to find significant new reserves of conventional crude in the frontier areas of the Arctic and the East Coast. He said the authority will report to the energy committee of the Alberta cabinet but for day-to-day operations will be under the guidance of the department of mines and minerals. The premier said a bill will be introduced in the legislature this year containing the specific terms of reference guiding the operations of uie authority. Steel local waits or ELKFORD (Staff)-Local 7884 of the United SteelWorkers of. America, in its 14th day of a strike here against the Fording Coal Company, will hold out for a better settlement thtin the one that ended the United Mine Workers of ^America strike against Kaiser Resources Friday. Lome Ryder, president of the steelworkers' local here, said today "I would like to get back to the bargaining table and see if we can settle this." A total of 602 steelworkers are on strike. But he says the UMWA at Sparwood voted Friday to accept a contract with Kaiser that is "a lot of words - it is S��n and h�ard About town Paul Ktaig and Bruce Child hiding in a bathroom to plan magic tricks for a party . . . Lome Buchwald depositing funny money (Monopoly $50 bill) in church offering plate. no good, it's stupid really." Mr. Ryder said 'Tony Belcher of Kimberley, staff �m-Tf T T� A ^m/" representative for the Jr ULiijtjAdJ\ steelworkers, is arriving to- IN LIMBO From AP-REUTER The Egyptian foreign minister said today U.S. State Secretary Henry Kissinger's Suez troop pullback plan is unsatisfactory and Egypt is giving him counter-proposals to take back to Israel. "We are giving him our own map and language," Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmy told correspondents. ' He spoke shortly after Kissinger said Egypt and Israel agreed with his efforts to work out a troop-disengagement plan for the Suez front and that negotiations had progressed to the detailed drafting stage. day and will try to get negotiations resumed with the Fording Coal Co. Negotiations broke off Dec. 28. "It is going to be the same or around the same terms or higher than Kaiser gave," said Mr. Ryder. "If the company can't see its way clear to do that we don't figure there is any need for bargaining. We are not going to settle for less." He said the Kaiser-UMWA contract gives its last increase Dec, 1, 1975, "then they go all months with no increase at all." Normal operations have resumed at Kaiser Resources operations following UMWA ratification of a memorandum of agreement Friday that calls for a basic wage increase for laborers to $5.10 from 13.95. 'Get me Pierre Trudeau and if :^ he's not in, David Lewis.' FRONT-MON CC Classified....... 20-23 Comics............ 8 Comment.......... 4 District............15 Family........ 18, 19 Local News____ 13, 14 Markets...........17 Sports.......... 10-12 Theatres........... 7 TV................-6 Weather........... 3 LOW TONIGHT -20. HIGH TUES. -10; SNOW, HIGH WINDS By ALVIN SHUSTER New York Times Service LONDON - As Britain prepares to begin her third three-day work week. Prime Minister Edward Heath is coming under pressure from some of his colleagues to call a general election next month in an effort to win fresh public support in his fight against inflation and the nation's coal miners. While there are no signs that the Conservative leader has reached a decision, election fever was clearly evident this weekend. Political experts were predicting that Heath would decide this week on whether to ask Queen Elizabeth to dissolve parliament as the prelude to a February election. Some of the election talk may well be part of a campaign of psychological war- fare against the miners, who are holding out for wage increases that would breach the government's ahti-flation curbs. But even the most cynical are now beginning to believe the chances pf an early election stand better than 50-50. The Labor party opposition, for example, is preparing for an election as early as Feb. 7, which would be. 17 months before the five-year term of Heath expires. Any decision, however, will await the outcome of the talks scheduled tomorrow between Heath and the leaders of the Trades Union Congress. The union organization, representing some 10 million workers, is saying that any pay award to the miners beyond the limits would not be used by the other unions as leverage for inflationary demands. Clue-sniffing adds to Moses Lake woes By WARREN CARAGATA Herald Staff Writer For a community of less than 500 people, Moses Lake, a settlement on the south end of the Blood Reserve, has more than its share of problems. According to police, all of the glue-sniffing charges brought to court in 1973 by the Cardston RCMP detachment involved young people from Moses Lake. More than half of the assault cases arose in the community, aiid police estimate that most of the break-ins in Cardston are related to giue and solvent sniffing in Moses Lake. Two of the assaults last year almost resulted in deaths. with one man left lying in a field after being beaten with a pitch-fprk. One another occasion, a gang of youths attacked two intoxicated elderly men with wine bottles. Arnold Fox, a social worker with the Blood tribe's social services agency, said in an interview the problems can be traced back to several factors, with one of the most prevalent being parental neglect. Many of the children come from broken homes, many have dropped out of school, the families are on welfare and many parents don't seem to care, Mr. Fox said. In addition, there are no recreational facilities, although a centre is being established. Glue and solvent sniffing is the major problem in the settlement. It first surfaced about three years ago, Mr. Fox said, and the problem has been growing ever since. He suspects there have been several cases where glue-sniffing has resulted in serious brain damage, and says one child's death was partly ascribed to solvent use. Alcoholism is common among adults in Moses Lake, but because Cardston is 'dry', it is easier for young people to obtain solvents, he explained. Statistics released by RCMP in Cardston may indicate a trend developing away from glue-sniffing, and Cpl. Whittaker was quick to give at least partial credit to Const. Dave Collis, another Cardston RCMP officer who has given up much of his spare time to work with young people in Moses Lake. "He's done a tremendous amount of work on his own time," Cpl. Whittaker said, and it has shown some positive results. Since May, 1973, when Const. Collis began working in the community, only four glue-sniffing charges have been laid, compared to 33 charges brought in the first four months of 1973. Cpl. Whittaker said there still is a problem in Moses Lake, but added his opinion that it is hot out of control. Mr. Fox told The Herald that a recreation centre and more social agency involvement in the hamlet may result in a long-term solution to the problems, but said he could forsee no solution in the immediate future. "Kids going to school see all the things available to whites," and that makes them upset, he said. That feeling, when combined with the attitudes of Cardston residents towards Indians, makes it difficult to restore the morale and sense of self-worth of Indian youth in Moses Lake, Mr. Fox said. "If the kids had more help in raising their self-respect, they might have a better chance of going straight, but the people in Cardston have an almost unbelievable attitude to Indians," he charged. If whites in Cardston would try harder to accept the Indians as people, the Indians in Moses Lake, and throughout the reserve, would feel more secure, instead of feeling inferior, Mr. Fox said. "They are willing to take our money, they should at least treat us as human beings." ;