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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta o 4 THI LETHBRIDCE HERALD Friday, January 14, 1971 Peter Desbarats No pushover in Rhodesia When the question of continuing UN sanctions against Rhodesia came be- fore the General Assembly recently there were 94 "yes" votes to eight "DOS." Jn the Security Council a res- olution presented by the African states which would have rejected the British proposal to legitimize the Sal- isbury regime, and would have asked that UN observers be allowed to at- tend a test of Rhodesian opinion or. independence by secret ballot, was vetoed by Britain. (This is the fourth time Britain has.exercised the veto on resolutions about Rhodesia.) There were a number of absten- tions in the Security Council because members felt that results of the "test of acceptability" which will be con- ducted by the Pearce Commission sent out from Britain to Rhodesia should be known first. The Pearce Commission will travel through Rhodesia, in urban centres and in the tribal lands, with the pur- pose of finding out what the people feel about the arrangement. There has been widespread criticism that the blacks in the hinterland will do what their tribal leaders suggest, and that the tribal leaders are under the influence of the white government. But a new and somewhat astonish- ing phenomenon has entered into the Rhodesian question. According to some reports, the blacks in the tribal trust lands are by no means as su- pine as the Smith regime believed them to be. The leader of the multi- racial Centrist party which includes seven African members of Parlia- ment says that there is "now a dis- tinct possibility of the Pearce Com- mission going back with a 'no' vote." An organization called the African National Congress appears to be re- sponsible for the reawakening of pol- itical aspirations among the African people, and has replaced the old na- tionalist parties in influence. The climate of opinion has changed a great deal in the past two months, and it is beginning to look as if ratifi- cation of the terms of independence by the people of Africa, white and black, is by no means the pushover it was at first thought to be. Already Mr. Ian Smith is sounding worried about the outcome. He's say- ing that the extent of the opposition to the plan for independence is due to Communist inspired agitation and intimidation. The way things look now, it ap- pears that both Mr. Smith and Sir Alec have underestimated the stir- rings of the "vast underworld" of Rhodesia's Africans. It's bound to be an exciting scenario. Back 'home' By Eva Brewster CAJUD, Israel Because everybody in Canada asked me: "Aren't you afraid to visit Israel? There naght be a war on I thought I would let you know what I found. It was cheering to dis- cover that nobody on the El Al jumbo jet only aircraft leaving London with not a single vacant seat harbored any such fears. After all the reports we had heard, I half expected to descend on Tel Aviv in a black out like Cairo's, yet the city was illuminated like a 'grand collection of fire crackers. During the flight, whilst Otto Preminger, the film director, slept or pretended to sleep, the American leader of a tourist group next to me had no worries other than that he had been unable to secure first rate accommodation, because all ho- tels were fully booked. He and his group had to make do with, what he called, sec- ond rate .tourist facilities in Natania, a sea- side resort north of Tel Aviv. "I am going to stay at the best I said. "In a Kibbutz. Sarid, to be precise, south east of Haifa, in the Jezreel valley." "How did you manage to get in To explain that my mother happened to live there would have disap- pointed a man who was looking for mi- racles to solve his housing problems. "Con- nections and influence" was much more satisfactory to the executive mind. The long queues emerging from the jum- bo jet, congregating for passport control in Tel Aviv, seemed endless. Still dressed for a Canadian winter, I began to feel the mildness of what the natives called cold: 54 degrees outside and 85 in the airport buildings. Gradually, I peeled off layers of superfluous clothes like the skins off an onion, to the amusement of some and the consternation of orthodox passengers who would not show a bare arm even in the heat of mid-summer. The wailing here, after a flight which started a mere 12ft hours late from Calgary, consequently missing my original connection in London, seemed very frustrating. The more so when I heard of the strike of Israeli tele- graph office workers which meant that all those waiting for me had not been inform- ed of the delay. "Eva "Eva the loudspeaker suddenly boomed across the huge reception hall. Somebody must have confirmed my presence for the loudspeak- er continued to hail: "So glad you have arrived. We thought you had gone to Cuba perhaps." End of message. Over and out. Everybody I know denies any knowledge of this cryptic message although they had been meeting every likely and unlikely plane arriving for the past 24 hours. They had even been part of a reception com- mittee for a large number of new Russian immigrants although there was little hope of me turning up in an Cyushin aircraft from Moscow. They all said it was a worth- while experience to sec the joy of these new arrivals. Their Russian dances held up controls and customs until the dancers dropped with exhaustion, to kiss the con- crete covering the holy soil. "Anything to A customs offi- cial asked me. he said, not giving me time to reply, loaded my luggage on a trolley and I was through the barriers. After the tight security precautions in Lon- don, prior to boarding the El Al jet, this was a surprise. There, every piece of lug- gage even purses had been thoroughly checked for bombs and explosives. Consid- ering that both the official and the passen- ger would have been blown sky high had there been any. it was a sobering thought. Hopefully, the saboteur would confess in this chamber before that happened. To complete, the procedure, everybody was searched for weapons and, although there were hundreds of passengers, it was all done within minutes and the plane took off exactly on schedule.. It made me wonder wtfy, in Canada, where no such precau- tions are taken, we had to wait 12V4 hours in perfect weather conditions, for an inter- national airline to take off the ground. Still, in Israel, I tried to phone my moth- er who had not been able to meet me, and I did not get a telephone connection. I then placed a call to my home in Canada, to stop my family from worrying as there were no cables because of the strike, and got through, loud and clear, within two minutes. Then, having been treated to the best coffee and ice cream I have had in a long time, we drove in a jeep through a slightly misty but not at all wintry looking Is- raeli landscape to Sarid. Everything is lush and green although they did have snow recently in Jerusalem and in the north and you see the occasional car with skis tied to the roof, bound for Mount Hermon which I always thought was in Lebanon and I believe it still is. There have been so many questions that I have not yet got around to finding out how Israelis have such easy and official access to those skiing grounds. It will keep. I am now in Sarid where everybody wel- comes me "home." The trees are taller and more beautiful than ever; the gar- dens still full of roses and chrysanthe- mums, mixed with anemonies and flower- ing bougainvillea. The houses are a little older and some a little newer and every- body has a new room built on to their original two room house. The tall, young pilot v.'hs threw his around.me yes- terday, said when I did not recognize him: "Don't you remember? I am little Gideon and I used to play with your baby and her chameleon." My baby is now 19 years old, but I then remembered the chameleon that dropped into her play pen every day from the tree above, allowed her to touch him and only changed color when an adult came too close. And I also remembered the small, apple cheeked boy with violet blue eyes and red hair who used to spend hours watching them. Soon, I am meeting with some members of Parliament and Nathan Pellet minister of immigration, who are coming home then. I have been invited to visit the Knesset and have lunch there during Mr. Pcpin's visit. IVot intimidated? By Dong TTHE Rev. Florence Wilkinson began an interim ministry at McKillop United Church at the New Year. Prior to starting her ministry she received several bits of gratuitous advice about keeping her ser- mons short. That eminent choir boy, Phil Blakcley, even threatened Florence with a promise that after tho elapse of a certain stated timo he would rise from his place at the front of the church nnd walk out. Now that's something to i preacher I Walker Just imagine how much attention the ser- mon would get if Phil rose, crawled over four fellows, opened the squeaky stall door, and stalked down the long aisle with blue gown aflapping! Florence doesn't seem to intimidate eas- ily. On tho first Sunday the sermon wi.i an acceptable 1C minutes in length but the next Sunday she stepped that up by another 10 minutes. I'll be watching with Interest next Sun- day to sec if she'll raise the ante and call Phil'i bluff. 'Father' rejects screening agency idea (Third in i series) QTTAVVA On Ihc eve of a government announcement of a policy on foreign owner- ship and some form of "screen- ing agency" to implement it, it is pailful to have to report that: A Ihe "father" of the screening agency concept is alive and well and working in New York, and B he doesn't like the idea any longer. Stephen Hymer is a bearded 37-year-old economist, a pro- fessor at the new school for so- cial research in New York and a member of the 1967 Watkins Task Force on Foreign Owner- ship in Canada. He has also become, since then, one of Am- erica's leading Marxian econo- mists. "I'll go on the record he said in an interview at the new school1 recently, "as pre- dicting that within five or ten years, any screening agency that Ottawa creates will be the agen- cy that spends a lot of its energy trying to get foreign in- vestors to come into Canada." Like Watkins, Hymer has be- come skeptical about Canada's ability to detach itself from United States investment While remaining a beneficiary of the American system. He is also extremely bitter about his in- volvement in the 1967 task force which he now describes as a "smokescreen" for the continu- ing takeover of the Canadian economy by large U.S. corpor- ations. "We made it seem as if the government was doing some- thing about the problem when, in fact, it he said, "and I think that the Gray re- port, is doing the same thing." Despite hit own disillusion- ment at this stage, Hymer's role in the evolution of a Cana- dian policy on foreign invest- ment has been fundamental. It has also been overshadowed up to now by the political activ- ities in Canada of economic na- tionalists sunn as Walter Gor- don and Mel Watkins. In a recent interview, Wat- kins credited Hymer as the "in- ventor" of the "special agency" concept was one of the 'keystones of Watkins' 1968 re- port. As it turned out, Hymer's work on the Watkins task force was the genesis of the screen- ing agency" proposal which dominates the recent Gray re- port. If and when such a screen- ing agency becomes operation- al in Canada, much of the cred- it for pushing forward the idea over the years will belong to Stephen Hymer. Hymer'i interest In the ques- tion of foreign ownership ante- data Watkins1 own. It started when he was a graduate etu- dcnt, along with Watkins and a number of other Canadians, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the late fifties. Even as an undergraduate at McGill University In Montreal Hymer bad been interested in tiie operatioos of multi na- tional corporations. At MIT, he elaborated this into a study of the power of the multi na- tional corporation in relation to the nation state. This led Mm to consider foreign Investment not primarily as a transaction between two nation states but as an aspect of the develop- ment of multi national enter- prises. It was in 1965 that Hymer met a friend of Mel Watkins, Abraham Rotstein, at an Afri- ANPIPttPfc 1UATAU, AMWGM WWP ftftCe Letters To The Editor Do not vote silently to drop worthwhile projects Lethbridge is a great place to live but let's not get lulled to sleep by our complacency. In the past year the city sup- ported these Joint municipal- provincial preventive social ser- vice programs: locally initiated projects of the Family Service Bureau, Homemaker Service, Head Start Kindergarten, Meals-on-WJieels and the Gol- den Mite Centre. A few weeks ago city man- ager Mr. Tom Nutting announc- ed be would recommend to council a cut-back in PSS (preventive social service) funds, which if enacted would likely mean cutting the Head Start program completely, and drastically reducing the Family Service Bureau budget. I sus- pect Afr. Nutting anticipated a wave of protest from the gener- al public but it seems the reac- tion has not reached even a whisper. While the boards of the or- ganizations have voiced con- cern, it is Mr. and Mrs. Leth- bridge Taxpayer who must speak to council, and rightly so. If citizens do not support, desire or demand PSS pro- grams, council will bow to other forces, who, uninformed, are urging that the programs go, in the hope it will keep the tax dollar down or to those who promote a float to pub- licize the glories of a city that Kill have taken a step back- ward by its lack concern. FSS programs are designed to prevent problems before they occur. Programs initiated on local need receive 80 per cent of their budget from provincial grant, leaving only 20 per cent of the cost to the city. Leth- Blackmail tactics used 'Gossip1 I have always regarded the Lethbridge Herald as a fairly reliable source of information but alter reading the article on some city businessmen smok- wg pot, I am seriously begin- ning to doubt the intelligence of The Herald management. It seena to me that reporters who nave to manufacture this kind of slander could be put to bet- ter use on a community better- ment program, or an article on "What's the funny odor In the council room." Who's next? Clergymen? This report is not news, It's plain and simple gos- KEN MORRISON. Lethbridge. Edilor'i Note: The Herald reporter did pot story he got hh Inrnrnn- llon from a local 11CM1' of- ficer, lUled, The stamps used on this let- ter indicate the amount that has been stolen out of our sav- ings. (This is not a reflection on the postal employees but on the gangster tactics of all un- ions. Pay the blackmail or we will smash your industry, your communication system or any other thing they have the pow- er to The six cent stamp was useful a year ago. The two one cent stamps are two price increases to appease the gangsters so that they will not destroy our communica- tions system. Like all black- mail it is not a settlement but just a breathing spell before the next bile into our savings. By itself the increase of pos- tal rates is not a disaster but when all that the gangsters have cost us is added together it makes each saved dollar worth far less than a year ago. When the unions succeed they lose because when they have to livb on savings, the ten cent dollar (or. less) they have cre- ated will put them in the same position as the folks whom they rob today. So They Say In France, want reforms on the strict condition that no- thing Is changed. newspaper France- Sou-, on controversy over a pro- posed expressway through Uw city'i Ustorio Urt Itapk. Robin Hood took from the rich and gave to the poor. The modern Hoods take from the poor and give to the rich. The fact that somebody com- mits a crime and gels rich is no justification for others to follow their example. The only argument that I have ever heard in favor of the blackmail tactics is that others are mak- ing more so they must demand more. Perhaps some union leaders and members will write a let- ter and explain how the coun- try benefits by the smashing tactics. What is Ihc difference be- tween paying blackmail so that we wiU not have our schools, communications systems, fac- tories, rendered useless by strikes in which the workers refuse to work and keep otlrers from working; and the store keeper who pays the gangster so much so that his store will not be smashed. We should insist that sucli matters be settled in court ac- cording to tho laws by the rep- resentatives of tho people. No- body is allowed to point a gun at the judge to get a proper decision. They may as well In union negotiations. The side that can do the most damage to the other wins. The public watches the show and gels Uwir pockets picked. M. E. SPENCER. Oirdstott. bridge will be supporting PSS programs in other Alberta cen- tres if it does not put the avail- able provincial tax dollar to work right here. I understand that council is abort to make its decision. Readers, your silence could be your vote to drop worthwhile projects which have been cup- ported by the countless volun- teer hours of competent peo- ple. If you cannot support exist- ing programs, pass on your in- terest and ideas for innova- tions. PSS is a positive ap- proach to community living. Sit down now, voice your concern in a letter addressed to The Mayor and Council, City Hall, Lethbridge, and mail it today. ANNE McCRACKEN. Lethbridge. Looking THROUGH THE HERALD 1922 Joe Lee and Davie Hume have opened an indoor golf course in Sample Room 5, on second Ave. S., opposite the Lethbridge Hotel. H32 Teachers In the em- ploy of the Lethbridge public school board will in the fulure receive 12 cheques a year ra- ther than 10 as in the past. Completed only last month, a number of new steel coal cars have been rushed into service on the Lethbridge sub- can studies conference In Phil- adelphia. Rotstein, an econo- mist at the University of Tor-, onto, persuaded Hymer to re- turn to the "Canadian prob- lem" and contribute to a col- lection of essays called "na- tionalism in Canada" published in Toronto in 1966. In mis book, Hymer express- ed a point of view that was to become .more and more domin- ant in later studies of foreign ownership in Canada. "Foreign firms do bring m capital and he said, "but In some cases they may charge too high a price. "By judicious regulation and restriction, we might be able to lower the price and obtain the happy combination of greater political Independence and high- er national income." The following year, Ilymer was invited to join uhe Watkins task force. The question of a "special agency" to regulate multi national enterprises in Canada became his particular domain and his researches in 1967 took him to England, France, Belgium, Japan and the United States. "Two things struck he recalled. "The first was that Canada was unique in not having any kind of screening device at all. "In Canada, it was possible for a large multi national cor- poration to establish a subsi- diary without going to Ottawa for anything, unless it wanted a tariff change. It could incor- porate in any province, set up business and that was it. "The second thing fliet struck me was that, with the exception of Japan, most of the countries didn't use these devices to be very selective about foreign in- vestment. As he worked on Hie prob- lem, Hymer decided that the "simplest'way to look at the multi national corporation was as a way of centralizing infor- mation." "It draws information from all over the world into its bead he explained, "so it has a tremendous advantage over any particular country that deals with it which has only partial information of its own activities, at best, and of- ten doesn't even have that be- cause some of the activities of its own country are in the pri- vale books of the multi na- tional corporation." Hymer's "special as presented in the Watkins re- port, was basically a means to provide the government with in- formation and skills compar- able to those possessed by the multi national corporations. Ottawa's failure to take ac- tion on the Watfcins report, and his continuing study of foreign investment in other countries, led Hymer to the conclusion that in Canada and most other developed nations "nobody in power really wants to do any- thing about foreign investment because they get their bread and butter from it directly or indirectly." Hymer now regards the cur- rent wave of Canadian econo- mic nationalism as a scared response to evident problems, social as well as economic, in the American system. "The Canadian people per- ceive that the system can no longer deliver the goods for he said, "but the Cana- dian government, in fact, can't do anything about it." "And it's going to get he predicted. "There are some very hard choices facing Can- ada. "And that's why I think that tile Gray report (Joesn't match the problems of today. It might have been a sensible declara- tion for Canada in the fifties." (Toronto Star Syndicate) backward division of the Canadian Pacif- ic Railway to cope with the increased rush of coal orders. 1952 Warm clothing was rushed to Korea by air Monday following the disclosure that an estimated 10 per cent of Ihe front-line British troops are without their full issue of win- ter clothes. 1962 Proposals for a na- tional hockey college and a hockey magazine highlighted tho semi-annual meeting of the Canadian Hockey Association. The Lethbridge Herald 5M 7th St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD 10. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 -19H, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN T MU Cinidlin Prm ind Canadian Dally Allocution ana in. Audit a li THOMAS H. DON PILLINO Managing Editor ROY F. MILES and Publlsner General Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advtrtlilng Manager Edllorlal Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;