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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta INSTITUTE DIRECTOR- Victor Martens, lecretary of the Cantdlui Grain Commis- Don nil been named director of the HW Canadian Grain! Institute In Winnipeg. The of- fice Is located in the new Ca- nadian wheat board building, tog. Winter is the ideal time to thin farm shelterbelt! -at Winter is n itteil time to thin out overcrowded farm- stead theltettelts. The trees are In a dormant state, and UK absence of foliage makes tree removal than during toe growing season. Herman Oosterhuis, in charge of the Alberta depart- ment of agriculture's tree planting programs, reports that the trees in-many estab- lished farm shelterhelts suffer from overcrowding. Either trees of the same va- riety have been planted too closely together in the same row or fast-graving varieties, such as poplars and willows, are suppressing the growth of adjacent rows of evergreens. To alleviate overcrowding in multiple-row shelterbelts, Mr. 3oEterbuis says it may be ne- :essary to take out one, two or three rows of trees, depending upon the number of rows in the shelterbelt and the degree of overcrowding. When a row of trees are ta- ken cut, they should be cut off W tatam Q LETHBRIDI LETHBRIDCE RESEARCH SHTIDN Oat-pea silage at ground level. If you do not want to remove the trees from the Ehellerbelt, cut the branches and the trunks up and make sure that each piece of wood is lying flat on the ground.'Wood that is In contact with the ground will decay quite rapidly. When trees In the same row have been planted too closely together poplars at six foot spacings or willows and spruce at four foot Mr. Oosterhuis recommends remov- ing every other tree. The empty space that is left will soon be filled in by new branches on the remaining trees. These will grow more vigorously with less competi- tion for plant nutrients and moisture. Mr. Oosterhuis suggests the following as a guide .for deter- mining the minimum space re- quired by mature shelterbelt trees. Poplars, willows and elms need 200 square feet or 10 ft. x 20 ft. spacings. Ever-, greens, ash and maples re- quire 100 square feet or 10 ft. X 10 ft. spacings. If fas t-growing deciduous trees (those which shed then- leaves in the fall) interfere with the growth of adjacent rowi of gradual prune back the branches of tl deciduous trees. Too little space between rows of deciduous trees ai evergreens will result in UK growth of the latter being su pressed. What happens, sa; Mr. OosterhuiE, is that the fa! g r o w Ing varieties gradual crowd out the slower-growin evergreens to the point wher the evergreens will die. Although it is up to the farm er to decide which type of he wants to preserve, it is log cal to promote the growth am survival of the variety whic provides year-round wind pr tection and which will last th longest. This is the evergreen, re- gardless of whether it is spruce or a pine. In sever cases of evergreen growth sup pression, it may even be ne- cessary to completely remov an adjacent row of deciduou trees to create a favorabi growing site. Since evergreens, particular ly spruce, have a tremendous ability to put on new growt when released from overcrowd ed conditions, this procedur will give new life and vigor ti the shelterbelt. DR. D. B. WILSON, Head, Plant Science In Alberta several hundred thousand acres of cereal crops are grown each year for sil- age, oats being the most popu- lar crop. Sometimes peas are (trown with the oats to increase the protein content or the yield of forage, or both. On irrigated land, an oat crop for silage is normally seeded at too high a rate for the peas to compete with it and survive. To determine the precise effects of various seeding rates on for- age yield and protein content of the mixed oat pea silage, we conducted rates of seeding tests on irrigated land at the Lethbridge Research Station in 1870 and 1971. Each crop was seeded at eight rates, the oats ranging from 0 to 150 pounds per acre, and the peas from 0 to 210 pounds per acre. As UK amount of oat seed in the mixture was Increased, the amount of pea seed was decreased. The com- binations thus ranged from 150 pounds of oats with no peas to 210 pounds of peas with no oats. The crops were harvested when the oats were in the early dough stage, the recommended time for ensiling. During the two years the av- erage yeild of peas along was 1.5 tons of dry matter per acre, and of oats alone, 2.9 tons. The highest yield, 3.4 tons per acre, was produced from seeding a mixture of 90 pounds per acre of each. The protein content of peas grown alone was 22.8 per cent; of oats grown alone, 12.4 per cent; and between these two values for the mixtures de- pending on the amount of peas present. For the mixture with 90 pounds of each the protein content was 15.1 per cent. The total yield of protein per acre from peas grown alone was 706 pounds; from oats grown alone, 722 pounds; and from the 90 pound mixture, pounds. If the higher level of protein Is required in the silage, the mixture is a good bargain. On the basis of dry matter yield alone, however, the advantage may be marginal because of the relatively high cost of pea seed compared with that of oats. Always treat pea seed with recommended fungicide as protection against seedling dis- Without this protection, a poor stand may result and thus the peas will contribute lit- tle to the mixture. Peas should not be grown on the same land more often than once every rour years. Coming agricultural events January 13-15 Edmonton Alta Retail Implement Dealers Assoc. Annual Meeting January 16-18 Edmonton Annual Meeting Alta. Seed Cleaning Co-ops January 17 Lethbridge 4-Wk. Farm Business Manage- ment Course commences January 17 Medicine Hat 4-Wk. Farm Business Man- agement Course commences January 17 Rolling Hills 4-Wk. Farm Business Man- agement Course commences January 17 Warner 4-Wk. Farm Business Management Course commences January 18 Foremost Barley, Rapeseed, Flax-Produc- tion Cost Meeting January 18 Foremost Rapeseed Meeting January 19 Pincher Creek Corral Planning Workshop (pre-registration) January 19 Elkwater Beef Cattle Management meeting January 24 Bow Island 4-Wk. Farm Business Man- agement Course Commences January ?4 Claresholin 4-Wk. Farm Business Manage- ment Course commences January 24-28 Pincher Creek Welding School (pre- registration) January 25 Brooks Alfalfa Seed, Hay-Production Costs January 26 Lethbridge Sbuthern Alta. Regional Service Board Conference January 26 Claresholm Practical Approach to Artifi- cial Insemination January 27 Lethbridge Regional Ohemical School on Herbicides and Pesticides January 27 Lethbridge Southern Alberta Poultry Council General Meeting January 28 Edmonton Alta. Rapeseed Association An- nual Meeting January 31 Cardston 4-Wk Farm Business Manage- ment Course commences January 31 Bassano 4-Wk. Farm Business Management Course commences SIMPSONS-SEARS Men's Striped Dress Shirts Create Good Vibrations with Cosmic Colors and Down-to-earth Prices fabulous new tryln to choose from: The Premier Penna-Prest Shirt 7.99 Regular Easy care, easy wear shirt never needs ironirig. tong sleeve, french cuff, tone-on-tone bold stripes. Sizes to 17. Perma-Prest Dress Shirt QQ Regular 65% polyester, 35% cotton. 2 button cuff, wide perma- stay collar, lone-on-lom stripes. Sizes 14V4 to 17, The "Californiaii'" Dress Shirt QQ Regular Perma-presl, plus great soil release. Single needle tailoring, french cuffs. Medium spread collar. Pin strips pattern. Sizes 14S4 (a 17. Quality Costs No More at Simpsons-Sears STORJ HOURS: Open Dally a.m. to p.m. Thurjdoy ond Fridoy 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Ctnire Vlllagi. 328-9231 Palliser- A good bet! By Hie Swlhort The Palliser Wheat Growers' Association put the wraps on its second annual convention Saturday and the consensus was success with capital letters from the word go. Art Thompson, .re-elected to the position of first vice-president, put the purpose and end result of the effort in perspective when he said the speakers of- fered the organization some real infor- mation. "They cast a lot of ligiit in areas which most farmers felt inadequate he said. As one of the organizing officers, Mr. Thompson said he was pleased with the high level of questions offered by the 575 registered delegates. They were all pertinent to the problems in the agricultural in- dustry today. Farming is big business today and there is no luck involved. The smart farmer and the most sue- WEEKEND SPECIALS at CENTRE VILLAGE HOMW: M wrf hkfay to 9 WALTER NELSON ARTHUR THOMPSON cessful farmer will prove to be the most praticial men. The response to this convention verified that. President Walter Nelson kept the convention on its toes with pertinent questions during the two short lags that appeared in the agenda. This man has been the route for many years and he knows the ins and outs, why he wants what he wants for the grain industry and seemingly, how to get there. He knows every person involved in the grain In- dustry personnally it appeared. He was re-elected to his second term and justly so. At coffee one morning, some delegates were dis- cussing their opinions of the convention. It was de- cided the speakers answered the questions better this year. It could be that the questions were better phrased. The answers were short and to the point when possible but where some background would enchance the explanation, the speakers spared no detail. One Palliser official indicated that he felt some of the speakers had given the convention a "snow job" but he could have been over reacting in order to get his point emphasized. The high attendance rate and the lack of hit and miss "bellying up to the bar" by delegates told me this line up of speakers was very good, that the speakers had something to offer. There were no emo- tional outbreaks, crys of communism or threats in- volved. The speakers did their jobs and the conven-. tion found out what it wanted. No questioner was cut off. What impressed me most was the high degree of respect offered a two-year-old organization by govern- ment and industry officials. This commodity group has done more than it's share for the grains indus- try and for agriculture apparently because there was almost constant reference to something Palliser had done or something Palliser had suggested. The city element would have had some eyes opened at this convention had it been able to attend. The time worn impression of the farm community, he "hay-seed" approach to the man of the land was >roken for sure with the big business approach to his very important segment of Canada's economy. Riots have been staged in many sectors of the world, unions have gone on strike in all corners of he free world but if groups like the Palliser Wheat rowers' Association continue to work for betterment, he farmer will gain what he wants through due pro- ess. That is what organizations like this are set up or the betterment of the segment of the popula- lon it was set up for. The farmer is in good hands 'ith this group. AUSTIN FEEDLOTLTD. is offering their Magrath feedlot and farm FOR SALE (25 miles from Urhbrida.) For furthtr Information oil Bill AUSTIN or .M MSSIY 75M5M STR'INGHAM PROPERTY SALES Ith St. S. LETHMINI, A1IHTA MARTENS COALDALE PRICES EFFECTIVE UNTH. CLOSING SATURDAY, JANUARY 15th, 1972 TABLERITE CANADA CHOICE STEER BEEF CHUCK ROASTS Ib. TAIIMITE CANADA CHOKE Round Steak 1-09 TAlLERin LITE NETTED Pork Roasts BBu7lMt Beiton 65e MAPLE LEAF Side 1-89 Flour Peaches. Top Valu 20-lb. bog 'Standard 14-fl. ex. tint Aylmtr 11-fl. oz. borrici 6 for ].00 Catsup Spaghetti APPLE JUICE Orange Crystals2pltk 1-00 Tide'.....- Cream Corn 5 BANANAS CENTRE VILLAGE MARTENS COALDALE Centre Village IGA AMU FeotvrM Mil WE RESERVI THE RIGHT TO LIMIT QUANTITIM ;