Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 14, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
EDITORIALS Anthony Westell Libya's golden gusher One of the few countries in the world to reap enormous financial benefit from the Middle - East crisis is Libya, now the biggest supplier of oil to Europe. Positioned astride the Mediterranean, it has actually bene-fitted from the closure of the Suez canal. Lesser transportation costs due to the shorter route has created an eager market for its enormous oil supplies and changed Libya from a have - not nation a decade ago, to one where the per capita income is now one of the highest in the world. In 1961 the per capita income was a paltry $40 a year; now it has reached $1,700 for each citizen. A new, intensely nationalistic government took over from King Idris in 1969 and has made operations difficult for foreign oil companies, predominantly American, which provide a whopping 99 per cent of Libya's foreign exchange. The government sought-and got-a large increase in the profit sharing formula, a further increase in royalties, plus a much larger share of Libyan control. This includes a conservation program reducing production from 3.7 million barrels a day to three million. There is unremitting pressure on the oil companies to replace foreign em- ployees with Libyans. The government insists that the oil companies must spend more money in exploration which has declined drastically in recent years. Reluctance to do so could very well result in stripping of concessions from unco-operative industries, as the Libyan petroleum minister made plain recently. His statement sounded like a polite form of blackmail. The squeeze is on and the oil companies are left to fume and speculate. When will nationalization take place? Not until the Libyans are confident that they have the technologists and other highly - trained personnel to operate the foreign owned installations which are the life blood of this once poverty stricken land. That may be a long time yet. Libya has come a very long way since it threw out Italy, its last occupying power, a little over 19 years ago. Exulting in its newly - realized national potential, nursing a fierce hatred for Israel, it is squeezing the United States and other European oil companies to the limit. At least for the present King Idris' successors are well aware that it has what it calls its exploiters, over the gushing oil barrel. No need to fear The Canadian Medical Association recently decided that doctors run no greater risk of legal action for performing sexual sterilizations than in the case of any other surgical procedure. It is amazing that it has taken this long for such a conclusion to be reached. Fortunately many doctors have ignored the fear of legal repercussions and have performed sterilizations out of the conviction that it was right. They recognized that there are legitimate reasons for people requesting that they be sterilized. Health considerations are obvious in justifying sterilization. But also the removal of unnecessary strain on marriages lias come to be a reason with force behind it. Most of all there is the growing conviction that popu- lation growth must be controlled and that it is a mature decision to seek to guarantee a limit on a family by undergoing sterilization. One of the things that has been most difficult to understand about the medical profession's stance with regard to sterilization has been the greater reluctance to perform the operation on men than on women. The operation on women is a more hazardous procedure than that required by men which would seem to suggest that some sort of prejudice has prevailed. Yet it might only have been that it seemed easier to defend the operation on women from the limited view of protecting physical health. Now there is no need for wavering on the question. All the doctor needs is an indication that the request for sterilization be a responsible one. Tuna fish scare The great scare over mercury poisoned tuna fish which last fall prompted the wholesale destruction of tinned tuna in the United States, has been given some second thoughts by scientists. This was the observation made recently by Gerald Leach, science writer for the London Observer. Marine biologists are becoming increasingly convinced that man had little or nothing to do with the mercury found in the fish. Instead, it now seems likely that the contaminated fish contained perfectly normal levels of mercury compounds which they had picked up from natural levels of mercury in sea water. If such is the case, tuna fish eaters have always been living dangerously for researchers have discovered in their analysis of fish preserved in a museum since the 1920s, that the mer� Lower university enrolment Government's magazine empire ignored r\TTAWA sions and The commis-committees and task forces which have been agonizing in recent years about the sickly state of Canada's magazine industry have overlooked an extraordinary situation right under their noses. The federal government has quietly become a major magazine publisher and now operates a flourishing industry right here in the capital. Combing through the 1,000-page catalogue of government publications, which lists every- thing from Hansard to hints to pilots, one can identify at least 27 non-teaching periodicals enjoying national circulation. They are so little noticed that they amount almost to an underground press, although some are glossy magazines, expensively designed, lavishly illustrated and printed on high-quality paper. Take a look, for example, at a few of the biggest and lushest of the federal slicks. The Labour Gazette was founded and edited by William Lyon Mackenzie King in 1900, long before he became prime minister. After years as n tame house organ for the federal labor department, the magazine has perked up and begun to carry controversial material, along with reports on industrial relations, labor organizations and unemployment. An article on the plight of Canadian Indians, called Death at an Early Age, outraged the Indian affairs minister, another article (bought for $300) attacked federal inflation and employ- ment policies. The cover of the current issue shows a Canadian flag planted firmly on the Can-ada-U.S. border and features an article headed The Struggle for Canadian Labor Autonomy. - that is, against the international unions. The sprightly gazette costs $100,000 a year to operate, plus salaries for the staff of six, but distributes only about 16,500 copies a month. When the armed services were unified, their separate p u b 1 i c a tions were combined cury levels then were almost twice as high as is felt permissible now. This convinces biologists that sea water everywhere contains traces of mercury built up naturally by the erosion of mercury - bearing rocks. They have also discovered that the level does not increase alarmingly except in highly polluted coastal areas rarely visited by tuna. Such a discovery leads one to ask about our own "mercury contaminated" waters. Last year, fishing was prohibited in some of our major lakes, causing hardship for fishermen who depend on fishing as their livelihood. As some of these regions which fell under the ban were remotely located, miles from villainous industrial waste, it would seem possible that fresh water fish too could carry natural amounts of mercury without endangering life. I SEE that the universities in are becoming a little concerned over the lower - than - expected enrolment of students this year. Enrolment which had been increasing steadily by some twelve per cent a year had suddenly dropped off to about half that. And, apparently, the situation is not unique to universities in Alberta. Universities in British Columbia, I understand, also have considerably fewer students this year. Meanwhile, enrolment at universities in Saskatchewan has increased by about 100 students. And, a number of universities in Ontario, notably York University, are experiencing decreased enrolments as well. Not only are fewer students choosing to go on to university, but (and this is noteworthy) fewer students are undertaking and completing the matriculation course of studies which is required to gain admission to university. For example, in 1968-69 there were approximately 7,900 students in Alberta who had met the requirements for entrance to university. Last year with a much higher total Grade 12 enrolment, the number of matriculant students in Grade 12 had actually decreased by about 200 to some 7,700 students. It appears that at least some of today's high school graduates are having second thoughts about undertaking the gruelling matriculation obstacle course and the current must-go-to-university obsession. The pressures of education beginning as early as the elementary grades and increasing sharply through secondary school are taking their toll. The additional strains and frustrations involved in meeting the demands for entrance to university have con- By Ed Ryan Alberta vinced many that four more years of the same is ridiculous. University is no longer the only "acceptable" alternative for the student seeking further education and training. Students are discovering other more attractive, appropriate and suitable alternatives. Community and junior colleges, schools of technology and agricultural colleges, among others, are offering courses and programs more in line with the interests, abilities and goals of many students. There's growing evidence that with a reasonably good high school record a student has many choices other than university. Students are also coming to realize that a degree no longer automatically guarantees a job. And, let's face it, that's the primary reason why the vast majority of students go to university or any other post-secondary institution. It may be nice, mind you, to have "horizons broadened and mental perceptions sharpened" and all that jazz. But if it fails to open doors to employment opportunities, then it's really of little import. And, I'm afraid there's considerable evidence today to indicate that many university graduates just aren't finding work. Since many of today's young people are uncertain of their future goals they refuse to be stampeded headlong into university. A substantial number are devoting a year or two to work or travel before committing themselves to further education. Many, I'm sure, will eventually return to the classrooms of post - secondary schools and some to universities. But they will do so with a good deal more maturity and direction than is the case among many disillusioned students today. In wliich case the students and the universities will be the major beneficiaries. "Okay, okay - WHO was the smart alec who stuck a January clearance sale sign in the window?" letters To The Editor Two replies to complaint about ski stacking Thank goodness most skiers show more intelligence than the president and only member (one hopes) of the "Stamp Out the Stacker Club". If the truth be known he or she got off easily- At ski resorts in Montana, Banff, Fernie and Europe skiers who either ignore or cannot read the "please use ski Warning UNESCO Features A SLOWING of the earth's rotation and an increase in the degree to which it wobbles on its axis could well be among the results of proposed projects to reverse the flow of great river systems. This warning was voiced recently by Dr. Raymond L. N a c e, research hydrologist with the United States Geological Survey. Dr. Nace referred specifically to proposals in North America and in the Soviet Union to send great river systems flowing south to supply thirsty populous areas instead of allowing them to follow their natural course northward through empty wastes. Such plans, if put into practice, could brake the spin of the earth by moving weight from the pole out to the equator. "Look at a whirling ballet dancer," Dr. Nace remarked, "when she wishes to slow down, she stretches out her arms." He then explained how such a shifting of mass could effect the earth's wobble as well: "Here, the principle is the same as that of a car wheel. If one moves a small weight around the rim, it will throw the wheel out of balance." Dr. Nace saw another effect: a change in the heat balance of the regions affected. At present, he said, these rivers move heat northward and warm cold regions. "If their flow is reversed, they will move cold southward and cool warm re-regions. This will change systems of evaporation. Large-scale changes of the amount of moisture in the soil over the seasons can also affect the wobble of the earth." So They Say This idea that it's only the young who are not sure what to do with their lives is an illusion of youth. -Vermont C. Roystcr, retiring editor of the Wall Street Journal. rack" signs are liable to find them run over by a snowmobile or bulldozed into the nearby bushes. Ski racks are there for a reason, not the least of which is safety. Any knowledgeable skier concerned about expensive equipment knows it is safer in the racks provided. As well the paying customers who use the racks and have to thread their way through � mess of skis lying on the ground have also had some dark thoughts about the illiterates who have not the common courtesy and sense to use the provided facilities. As one who has "stacked" at many ski areas I say perhaps that will teach those skiers to use the ski racks . . . please. W. D. BUCKLER- Lethbridge. I would like to offer a few words of explanation to the person who signed his letter "A member of the stamp out the stacker club" and who complained about having his skis put in a stack at the West Castle Ski Chalet. First, there is a very good reason for placing one's skis in the rack. As a member of the Canadian Ski Patrol System, my job at the ski hill is to bring injured skiers down the hill, and after bringing three Associate of Arts degree Concerning the transfer of credits from Lethbridge Community College to Alberta's universities (Herald, Jan. 7) may I bring it to your readers' attention the Associate of Arts (AA) degree which is gaining considerable popularity in the United States? The Associate of Arts degree is granted by many junior colleges to students who have completed two years beyond high school graduation. This is nothing new. But what is happening in many places in the United States that may solve some problems is the acceptance by universities and liberal art colleges of the AA degree in lieu of the first two years of the BA (BSc.). This happens, of course, in a situation in which the normal time period for the BA is four years, not three. I understand (though I have not yet read the commission's report) that this is in accord with the Carnegie Commission Report on Higher Education. I understand that the Carnegie Commission advises the division of all higher education into smaller packages, two years to the AA, two more years to the BA, two more (or one) to the MA, and a complete re-working of the whole PhD scene. American colleges which will not accept a "D" transfer credit, will accept a "D" which comes as a part of an AA degree. That unsnarls some problems for students and admissions officers. Whether or not it is done by all U.S. liberal arts colleges and universities, I do not know. JOHN DAELEY. Pinchcr Creek. hundred pounds of sled and injured skier down the hill, it is extremely annoying, to say the least, to have to drag that toboggan around skis that are scattered all around the front of the lodge in order to get the casualty to the warmth and comfort of the patrol hut. The ski racks are put there for a purpose, a polite sign has been erected asking skiers to use them, and I see no reason why the skiers should not use them. I would suggest to the person who wrote the letter that if he (or she) is really concerned about his investment in ski equipment that he use the racks where they are far less likely to be damaged than if left lying around the front of the lodge where all and sundry can walk and ski over them. I would also suggest that he not attempt to ski at several of the better known resorts in Europe, since there they often do not place skis in a stack; they use the snowplow to pile them in the nearest clump of trees if they are left lying around in front of the lodge. DICK BURGMAN, Hill Captain, Canadian Ski Patrol System. Pincher Creek. into the Sentinel, published 10 times a year by the defence department. It's � striking 48-page magazine, with a budget which permits a staff of eight for English and French editions, two color covers a year, and lots of pictures. About 55,000 copies of each issue go free to servicemen and another 2,300 are sold on subscription. Total cost: about $200,000 a year. Tawow (Cree for Welcome) Is a newcomer now producing its third quarterly edition, is certainly one of the handsomest magazines in Canada, designed by a Montreal graphic art company. Written by Indians, about Indians for Indians, it is published by the Cultural Development Section of the Indian affairs department. Production cost is about $6,850 for 10,500 copies, which are distributed free to Indians and sold at $1 a copy to meet a brisk demand from schools, universities and others. The same federal department puts out a magazine in Eskimo syllabics, as well as North, published six times a year on a budget of about $25,000 to ". . . keep the ordinary citizen abreast of amazing developments now being experienced in the North." It's a first rate bulletin, but not too many citizens buy it because the total print is about 5.000 copies an issue and there is a big free list, as for all government publications. Foreign Trade has been published since 1904 primarily to encourage and assist Canadian exporters. The four editors plus staff put out 23 issues a year, with much of the material sun-plied from abroad by trade commissioners, wrapped in full-color covers and two-tone printing. Productions runs around 85,000 and a much smaller French edition. The federal trade department also puts out a second magazine, Canadian Courier, for circulation abroad. Federal agencies and corporations also publich magazines, and one example is Science Dimension, a new bimonthly distributed (about 12,-000 copies) by the National Research Council. Attractively designed and written in non-technical language, it reports on the activities of the council in its own laboratories and in sponsoring research in industry and the universities. Printing cost is about $20,000 a year, and the magazine is popular as a teaching aid in high schools and with trade journals which reproduce articles. Oddly, not even the Trudeau task force on federal information services seems to have made a detailed study of the . government magazines. But some unofficial guesstimates are available. The 27 periodicals have a budget of about $1,500,000 a year. Combined staffs add up to over 100, and the total circulation per issue must be around a quarter-million. That's quite a magazine empire. But it is not a very efficient operation. Most of the circulation is free and much of it must be unread because there is a lot of dull filler material between the good articles. There is little if any advertising, and costs vary widely. National Health and Welfare puts out a bulletin called Canada's Mental Health for 40 cents a copy, according to one government source, while Sentinel costs 25 cents, Labour Gazette $1, and Foreign Trade $1.50. Now, here's a suggestion. Information Canada has a mandate to co-ordinate departmental information services. So why doesn't it take the best from ail the government periodicals and package it into one magazine? It could probably save money while producing a Canadian weekly which would go a little way to meet the need for a national press. Looking backward Through the Herald Unwarranted remarks May I be allowed immediately, to deplore the unwarranted and ignorant remarks made about our MPs by "An objector to free loaders". I would particularly mention our MP for Lethbridge, Mr. Deane Gundlock. Is there a Member of Parliament in Canada more approachable and more helpful in personal and business problems, or more cooperative and progressive at the federal level, in support of his constituents, western Canada and agriculture? There are those in every walk of life who like the limelight; occasionally they do some good. There are others, who rather dislike it; they often do far better. In my profession, Jenner, Pasteur, the Curies, Osier and many more have shunned publicity -- except when really necessary - much to the benefit of their work. I must be.one of many, who admire Deane Gundlock for aiming at solid work, rather than babbling for personal publicity. If we had all talkers in our House of Commons, we would have already built that sort of futile Tower of Babel, exemplified by the present UN Organization. May I also mention that our parliamentary system of government may be bad, but is there a better, this or the other side of the Bamboo or Iron Curtain? C. P. Lethbridge. 1921-Tentative plans for the opening of new coal fields on the west side of the Oldman River threaten to take the laurels from the east side for coal production. 1931-For the first time in recent years, no amendments will be sought to the city charter. This will save taxpayers between $400 and $500 incurred for bringing matters before the legislature. 1941-You can take the word of some Alberta farmers that it is too warm to thresh. They say if the temperature would drop below freezing, Alberta's oft-delayed harvest could be completed. 1951-The CPR is busy storing ice for summer use. The ice is cut from the Bow River near Calgary and 20 carloads have been shipped to Lethbridge. The ice house here has a capacity of 2,500 tons. 1961 - "Child City", which is operated by the Loyal Order ot Moose, will be the future home of a Lethbridge widow, Mrs. Fred Z e 1 i n s k y and her four children. The city, also known as Mooseheart, is located in northern Illinois, about 40 miles from Chicago. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Cltu Mall Registration No. 0011 Member of The Canadian Prau and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"