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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 14, 1921, Lethbridge, Alberta WU1K TWELVE THE LETMURTOfiK TVATLY HKTlALtl FRIDAY, JANUART 14 IWt Relation of Schools and School Life to Health By L. CEO. DE VEBER, M.H.O. The municipal elections ari> river. Hcvcral IHMV school have hotm elected. Tho winter school term is juet starting. It seems advisable, therefore, to mo that my letter this should bear upon the Relation of Schools and School Life to Health School hygiene is tint branch ot public hygiene dealing with the ef- fects of schools and life upon health, the causes of such effects, aud toe means to preserve and pro- mote the health of the school chil- dren, and hence the public health. There arc in about 000 school of six and to the influences ot nchooli school life dnrlug a period ot life when, by reason of undeveloped physical and mental faculties they are ycciiliarly jnlluenced by any and all environmen- tal conditions in which they are coni- .jjelled to live. The ill effects mani- fest themselves in the' following ways 1. Defective development of the (Child. 1'. Retardation of growth. The influence of tho studios. air In forced by proper motors and funs into thu ducts Icadlni; into ovcry room, whore they i-iui in Inlets in ap- propriate locations. Tim velocity and humidity of air may thiw bo regulated und tho air may ulso filtered and purincd. Water Supply An amnlo supply of wnler is need- ciU The supply fixtures should bn con- veniently situated. Thn water must be pnre, and whore till' system i does not possess u miration plant, it o may be defective sues, soil filtered through and I'oundr.tion: dampness in cellars aud walls; insufficient ventilation; in- adequate- floor and cubic space; over- crowding congestion; defective boat- me, plumbing anil cleaning. All these I will effect the health of tho children. I Other factors adversely influencing school children are as follows mental, and moral defects previous to entering school. ot parents. of parents. Under nourish- ment of children. early school age. Too Actual physical defects caused by school life. 4. Special school diseases. .ri. Defective mental development. There are ample statistics, data, etc.. to prove tho defective physical development of a large percentage of the school children, defects in a great measure. school In- vestigation by Danish, Swedish.and Norwegian authorities show detec- tives running from :U per cent, to 24 per cent, among boys, and from 36 per cent; to t'l per cent, among girls. According to an investigation held of recesses. of sub- jects. Difficult or unnecessary sub- jects study. Improper methods of study. factors, bru- tality, ignorance, aud carelessness, dlcipllne. punishment, -etc. Most' if not all, the harmful effects on health ot school be traced to one or several of the causes mentioned above, causes which tire important as bearing an intimate re- lation to children and public health. School preservation and promotion of the health ot the scholars, and tho prevention of the ill effects of school life upon health may be accomplished (1) By the saniation of tie nuild- ing and By rational methods ot study and cars. The best sites should be selected. It is desirable that the site should occupy a separate whole block near public park, playground, etc. The most modern construction of sanitary properly adjusted and frequently cleaned fitter. Plumbing should bo of the latest. Ample wash moms, basins, shower baths, urinals, water closets, all situ- ated conveniently in well lighted, heated and ventilated apartmeus, fixtures of porcelain or enameled Iran, floors, walls and, ceilings constructed of stone, tile or pressed glass, water closets provided with automatic dust apparatus. Cleaning Daily, weekly and periodical clean- ing should be the rule, and methods should be used, and wherover possible a complete system of vacuum clean- ing installed. Indeed, there should be applied to all parts of school con- struction the latest, the most advanc- ed and modern methods of construc- tion aud equipment, because tho pres- ervation and promotion of the health of the next generation is the corner stone of public health. School Furniture This bears an importaut relation to the health of the pupils. It consists of desks, seats, platforms, be xubsttaiM hy the most import-, of (H-ullsU, dentists, nose and throat ant and ur.oful mitijm-u, und that cdn- ot hyx'enu and cation should fit tho child for tho. visiting nurses. strusKlo of existence in tlm world, In- Soino of llui duties of medical in- stuad of Lid bea'd useless stioctori of schools would bo: (1) knowledge tojw forgotten, that, J'hynlotl examination of puplla enlcr- lunguafw and school; (it Annual thorough phys; should Ixj made elective to older child- desires icul examination; Daily physical n with special abilities or desires inspection; (I) Isolation of Hnspm'ted !or scientific vocations. i-uwss; (5) Ucmoval and quarantine nf That methods ot study l.e made contagious cases; (611 Suniy.'visiun of more inductive, experimental, and ob-! Ireatniont o! jectivu; that less attention Iw paid to definitions, dates, and figures, and that tho etQciency of tlui pupil bo gauged not upon in pA'- iodical tests and examinations, but upon progress during the entire ysar. That Jiorae work, examinations and competlMro trials so injurious to health, be abolished, or, least elim- inated as much as possible. That defectives, physical, menially, morally, should not bo left with other pupils, but should ho and taken care of by special instruct- ors. For the iutiOuiiciion o" an sys- tem of teaching it is no less neces- sary that there be trained a r.cecially fitted corps of tutors, sympathetic, earnest, dexoted to their duty, per- manent, well paid, and secured against changes in complexion educational soards, and that a teaching staff who look upon their wort: as a transitory occupation, or stepping stoue to mar- riage, be iliminated. The overcrowding of pupils in class- es, the placing of fifty or sixty pupils iu oue school room, is a disgrace to the municipality tolerating it. a torture physical ami mental defocitives; bound to tume Ifl tlnic, anil when it rome.' be a treat .uinlUrr advance and a pow- erful uieaus for promotion Of nub- lie' llellllll. Thanking you for such large amount of your valuable space. Faithfully yours, Ii. IJ.KO. DeVKUKK. Medical Officer of .Health. 1 CONTINENTAL MOTO06 REOPENS PLANT TODAY Mich., -Jan. The Continental Motors corporation re- study, care and control ot the health opened- its local planf today with sev- of tho children. oral hundred men. Other Industries hern plan to nsiuw IB a few with Ktus.ll forces, which will end- ually increased. if JLumbagb Hkt rHtMMtiMi h tMMTkr poisoni kf MM? kidney Cwnct tfcb condition by wJur Dr. CkMt'l blackboards, books, slates, paper, pens find pencils. writing teaching staff and a menace to the health of the children. Classes In Washington. D.C.. it was found school buildings should be built, that out of pupils, there were anil there should not be penuriousness lfi.300 defectives, or 35 ner cent. or economy in this regard. 1 An examination of children I -No existing structure built for Jh the city of New York showed that other purposes should be made over sij.ty.5ix per cent, were defectives. I The effects of school life on growth in height and weight are difficult to' eludy. us there .are very few children are out of school iu countries where attendance is compulsory. A however, has -been made of tho difference in the growths during the tirst school year, and also during the periods of the year free from at- tendance. Smith-Monard says there was a dif- ferencs iu the rate of increase during the seventh year of life, according to whether they attended school or not, as follows including weight and height. N'ot 2.2; girls 1.9; fcoys V.4: girls 5.C. 1.5; girls 0.6; boys girls 4.5. Increase of 0.7; fiirls 1.3; boys 3.-; girls 1.1. Or an increase of 3D' to "80 'per cent. u..." sites should be selected. It is desirable that the sites should occupy a separate whole block near a public park, playground, etc. Tog most modern construction of sanitary school buildings should be employed, and there should not be penuriousness or economy in this regard.. No exist- ing structure built for other purposes ;hould be made over for schools. No school house, except in the poor- est community, should be constructed of wood; brick and stone should be the materials, and in large cites they should be of fire-proof reinforced con- crete, or ot steel frames with stone or concrete. The number ol stories should lie limited. Four should be the no elevators. The base- ment should run under the whole building, should be high, dry, well lighted, and ventilated, and may bo used for workshop, bathrooms, ma- chinery, etc., but should not be in weight aiid 30 to 40 per cent. in favor of the I latter should be .either showing .plainly-the effects of school grounds or upon the roof. lire umm the'growtlr of children. There are also certain periods when for playground w'gymnaBium; this upon the Large en- not' traly stop- gaining but actually lose Tfeight. Ignntiefl found- that serenty-ninn per cent, of pupils lost weight during trance and exit doors must be provided !in many places and on every floor. The stairways should he broad, light' and fire-proof. There should be not less than thir- ty smiare feet ot space for each pupil, so that a school constructed for one examinations; There are BO1 specific school "dis- eases" but'a number of. diseases are esneeinlly prevalent during school life; the noteworthy being the eye, tlie mouth, and throat diseases, heart disease, defects in spinal column, in- general, and-skin diseases. inrr-clious cai.arrhal conjunctivities "end iraeliomiL aro very frequent, the latter being chiefly coniiued to the poorer classes: Myopia is one of the diseases directly due to school life. to study, defective light, improper j jior.ition. faulty 'seats, ami desks, An-1 fective methods 01: writing, faulty print, and eye strain generally. Chil- ..Ireii who come to school with some we" olled vaxed- thousand should contain not less than 30.000 square feet of floor space. There should be a limit to the size of buildings, ornamentation is not necessary; interiors should be plain, smooth, junctions of ceilings and iloors with walls be concave, and all projections, mouldings, etc., where dirt and dust may lodge, be eliminat- ed. The walla, floors, ceilings, and parti- tions should be sound proof, should also be damp, fire, vermin and dust proof. Solid floors of reinforced con- crete are best, top of floors may bo of hardwood In narrow strips and Degree of weak vision gradually de- vti'op increased myopia, reaching a ]iigh degree by the- time of graduation. Thus in Xew York the percentage of myopias in lower grade 8 was 8 per while in the higher grade 2 it was 20.2 per cent. Of the mouth, nose and throat trouble we find coryza, ad- molds, bypertrophical tonsils, recur- rent tonsillitis, nose bleed, etc. Among circulatory diseases have anemia, chlorosis, etc. The respiratory diseases most fre- citient are bronchitis, broncho-pneu- monia and pleurisy. The digestive' diseases favored bj life -are anoexia, constipation, onrt gastritis due to hurried meals, too short time for lunches, mental and strain etc. The skin diseases prevalent are ringworm, lice, etc. The nervous troubles are chorea, neurasthenia, eta. Spinal diseases due directly to school conditions are due to faulty seats, position, etc. Among the contnRinus diseases larored by school yegregatiou we find scarlet fever, measles chicken pox, whooping cough, diptheria, mumps. etc. The factors to which the conditions referred to above are due are numer- ous, but may he grouped into two broad influences (1) The school buildings them- selves, and The inner surfaces of .walls and ceilings should be finished smooth and colored in bright tints. The- school room is the unit the school house, it should be oblong in shape, about 30 by 25 feet, and not less than 13 feet high. Ample provis- ion should be made for dressing rooms, library, study rooms, auditor- ium, bathrooms, teacher's rooms, etc. Lighting The window area should not he New York Physician Claims Phosphate Discovered By French Scientist Is God- send to Weak, Nervous Folks. "Let those who are weak, thin, lien'- anaemic or run-down, take a nat- arml, unadulterated substance ouch as Bftro-Phospbate and you will soon ago Mm astonishing results in the in- erausi of nerve energy, strength of body sad mind and power ot cndur- Dr. Joseph Htrrigan. HIcMMhsm Co. or any good drug- fill wfll supply genuine Bitro- at cost. less than one-fourth of the floor space; the top of windows should be square on top, six inches from ceil- iug and reach to about four feet of the floor; the places between windows should be as narrow as possible and bevel edged, .the panes large without intervening bars. The glass should be ribbed, or prism glass. Rooms should be lighted from above, where possible, and from the left on all floors whore light cannot be gotten from above. Window roller shades, properly ad- justed may be necessary, but should be avoided, if possible, because of the dust they gather. For illumination, electric lights are best, giving light through snow-stone shades. Ventilation No school house should rely upon natural ventilation, aa such, even with addition of artificial openings is not sufficient to provide the needed air and to make the exchange of air necessary with large numbers of pu- pils in class rooms; while the open- ing of windows, f3tc.H admits cold, noise, and dust. All buildings should be provided with mechanical ventila- tion, a combined vacuum and 'plenum system, with the supply of air care- fully regulated, as to temperature, quantity, humidity and purity, Heating Local heating is obsolete in all ex- cept small villfTe schools. A central heating and ventilating plant should be provided for all large schools, small buildings may be provided with.a cent- ral hot water heating plant, but in all. large SMOKED By the piece, per Ib ,5Sc Sliced, per CHOICE DAltfY BUTTER, Ib .55c PURE PORK SAUSAGE, Ib.. .3Sc BEEF AND PORK per Ib...................2Sc TOMATO SAUSAGE, per Ib .30c aote That we can't afford to deliver at these prices. For all orders delivered there will be an additional charge of 10 cents on each order, re- gardless of .weight Westminster Meat Market 310 13th St. N. F. Swingler, proprietor. Phone 1055. ion. If the school Is and thorough influence upon the phys- ical, mental, and moral well-being of the next generation, the school child should be the wjird of the state, at! least in so much as the supervisor of; the home influences are concerned. Whether due to alcoholism, brutality.' ignorance, or poverty, subversive; home influences should be counteract- j ed by the school, so that the child does not lose at home what it gains in health and mental and moral de- velopment in school. Whether the school authorities, or a separate j branch of the educational whether througjl lectures and popular i education ot parents, or through the aid of visiting nurses to the homes, j or by some other means not yet do- j vised, the harmful home influences i upon children should be controlled j and counteracted. A vital measure in_ the preservation o[ the health of child- ren is their proper feeding. It Is .a universal dictum that no healthy mind can in an unhealthy body, and that a body, cannot be heal- thy if it is not properly and sufficient- ly fed. Whether it Is due to ignorance of the parents or in some cases to pov- erty, many children come to school hungry, and stay so during the day. No physical or mental development Is possible under such conditions and no rational system of education can afford to neglect this important factor. Whether all school children, or those only who apply should be fed; wheth- er such feeding should be absolutely free, or paid by a nominal sum; I whether it phould bo done by private, public or school authorities; whether, breakfasts and lunches or but one I meal, should be furnished are all ones-1 tlons for the social economists to de- cide. On the part of the dc- maud is only made that the school child should be properly fed and nour- ished. School Age and Hours The regulation of the age of en- trance, the length of the school day, I the recesses, prevention of over fa- i tigue, etc., are matters' of importance. I The points upon which educators and sanitarians seem to Iiavo agreed are as follows: I That no child should be made to at-! tend before the age of sis, or, j better, seven, and it in delicate health, I later. That younger children, from five to j seven, may attend UimlorKaitens, pro- i videil their stay indoors is limited and the close needlework, etc., requiring eye strain are eliminated. That the length of the school day be graded to the BOX. age, grade of study, physical condition, and mental state ot each pupil; that recesses should be had after'every forty-five minutes of study in the higher grades and thirty minutes in the lower grades, with pauses of ten minutes in the; lower and fifteen minutes in Hie hlKhtjr grades. That mid-day recesses, wherever there is an afternoon ses- sion, should be longer than commonly allowed, and that serious studies, or j those requiring mental strain, liu not' pursued afternoons. That 44tssnt Multiplicity of Simply Marvellous Values In This Stupendous Stock-Reducing Sale THIS SALE PROMISES TO BE THE MASTER STROKE of our CAREER; TAKE OUR WORD FOR IT. SAVE RENT-SPACE-FUEL BED DAVENPORTS ARE DOUBLE-DUTY FURNITURE Iii living-room or elsewhere Ihey provide every atl vantage of tho 'They aro equally Immlsome.and stylish. More imiiuTlum now, Bod Davenports can he and ronvurtiid into full size comfortable beds Eor guests, or regularly for members oC tho family. Regular value Stock Reducing Sale Regular Stock Recluc- A A ing Sale 35 IU .UU Hardwood Diners. Sale Price..................... Golden Oak Grain Chif- fonier. Sale Price............ HEAVY QUALITY PRINTED yards wide. Our regular per lineal yard. Stock Reducing Sale three-piece Living- Room Suite. Sale price Good taste nsed not necessarily be expensive. This offering proves .the fact. Here Is a fine living-room suite with comfortable rolled arms; full spring seat and bac'.r, and rich tapestry uphol- stery. Stock Reducing Sale Price, Inlaid Solid Black Walnut BUFFET................... In Chinese! Chippendale design. Top 20 x 46 inches; two small (one lined for cutlery) and one large linen good size double cupboard, mirror bacjc. SATIN FINISH BRASS Two-infill tap rod, ii fillers 94-inch thick. May be hart in :s ami 4 loot width.'also It, 6 in. size, for 4 I? only.......................... MASSIVE BRASS BED %_ 'Serviceability is built right into this sturdy brass bed. Made with 2-inch poatH, 1% inch top rail und IVs inch fillers. Has oval shape caps. Winnipeg Couch. Sale Price A small cash payment will hold any article until wanted. No extra charge. It's simply for your con- venience. L C.TEEPLE DOMINION BLOCK. FREIGHT PREPAID ;