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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 14, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE TEN THK LETHBRnXiE WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 14, 1920 PRESIDENT MARNOCH'S ANNUAL BOARD OF TRADE REPORT FOR 1919 (CONTINUED FROM FRONT PACK) LETJJKKWGK HOARD OF TRADK 'Annual Stpvrl for 1319. ty ihr I'nsidcnt. 0. 11. Mornoch. THE COMMON (icon notking mart to man lhan man; men can tJefirf nothing mort helpful fur for the pmrrcatwii of Hi fir own srirrs 'An" thai Hie minds ant! ladies of all should romfofc, as i( were, one single mind OIK' body, tacit tlriring to srrve his OUTI bring, am! all of Ihttu fttkimj logdlier {ha common food of a'l." Part I.--Retrospect and Prospect Tar Ou) VKAKS ANU nu: XEW YEARS Locking Ku'kward tin- paj! ten wars, Lethbridgc and the great distru-ts surrounding the rity have passed tlinmgli all the- phases 'from to from lively to severe.' The con- ditions during Inn1? certainly leaned u> tlio severe side in all that concerned dry fanning operation-. On the other hand, our daily increafinj: iuiml.u'r? of farmer? on irrigated lands have hail A very nnd their ,-p'endid crops have honi-liicd not onlv thcmselu's. but have helped ninny of their neighbors over the stile: Our other great industry, coal mining, with the exception of :iu unforinnatu spell of idleness-during the summer! months, has fully employed. The year's ai the excellent domestic coal trom the mines close to and sur- rounding I-ethbridge will be between cipht nud nine hundred thousand tons; while the neighboring mining centres up the Crows Nest Pas? in Alberta, with which our merchants and min- ing supply houses, iron works and machine shops do a daily busi- ness will liuve turned ihr- scaje? at considerably over a million tons of steaming and coking coal. We started the year's dry farming operations with maybe as thort a supply (if rnuiHure- in the soil as we hnd ever had: it will be remembered that the ground froze up in 1918, with little fall rain stored up: that the shows were late in coming, and did not do much good when they melted. Later 011, iu the Spring, iioffevc-r. there were enough light rains to give the crops a good start, and to keep them going in promising shape till June; but after that the showers were very few and far be- tween; so Unit in tiie cud the crop was very light, many fanners getting but little more than (heir seed bnckv Conditions were madi still further trying by the shortage of pasture, although this was relieved a little by the Fall rains. Our fanners hud been almost unconsciously building up their herds of cattie during the years from 191-i onwards, when they first started iu this profit- abb business; the previous year's supply of straw stacks had all been eaten up, there has been considerable diflicnlty in getting feed in from other quarters for the cattle. Practically the same conditions have prevailed in Alberta north of the city of Calgary to Didsbhry ;uid eastwards in -'a'line'frmrl there, only one or two small epoi." having been favored witii light rains dur- ing the growing season: nnd the same conditions again were featured in the whole of southern Saskatchewan. The Leihbridgc district., however, had made a most marked advance in stability after the phenomenal crop that was reaped in and it is only the number of farmers who had not much acreage in in that year nud the intervening years of good crops who arc no'iV in diflicnlty and in need of afsistance lo set them on their feet by the provision of. seed grain for 1920. This matter. it is understood, is well in hand, and will be settled in detail at the sessions of the Alberta Legislature iu ITebruary. Working arrangements for getting supplics.'of hay in were made by the Agricultural of the Alberta government, by the Canadian Pacific and "other railroads, and these are now be- ginning lo work smoothly, although they were at first consider- ably hampered by the exceptional and very severe winter condit- ions that cnme yn in October. The spell of mild and spring-like weather that we have had during the last half .of December has cased this situation' very much. Tire OurrjOOK.Ton 1020, There is B different feeling in the air altogether as to the out- look for the next season's crop, compared with what we fell during the winter of ]I) 18-19. There were good rainfalls during Sop- tcinber, the precipitation at Lethbridge for that month being 2.0! inches. Then there were snows in October and November which lay very evenly, and all of which, owing io the favorable chinook winds that followed them, melted and found their wnj info the soil. Another snow storm early in December did noi leave so much in the way of stored moisture, because i'nc snow drifted quite a bit before the wind came warm enough to melt it every to look for acttw'. construction to go ahead during Thc-n when further survey work has bc-cu co-related, tho districts west of Cardston and between there nnd Jlacleod will Iv able io iniike progress towards construction. Iteides-ihose there are ureas around Magratli, Itaymoiul, and Xew Dayton upon which progress may be made. Beyond thc-W again are the large areas close to further areas around Taber and Grassy Lake, VY tinier and Ken-most that will sooner 01- later have supplies of irrigation water, as as other- dis- tricts north-east uf in the Sundial country. It will necessarily lake time for tbe development of all areas io be accomplished: sooner, we hope, rather than later: for we have now fairly to the studied conclusion that our ultimate destiny us R farming, grain growing, and live- stock raising territory will not be in sight until nil those parts f our district that can get irrigation water have got these sup- plies and arc making use of them to the fulle.-t advantage. Then luck of bidam-o between one year and another as we have it now will disappear; the progress of all our agricultural operat- ion? will I'.ovr forward eienly: ami every year will be full of prosperity i'or the grain fa'rmer. tho irrigation farmer, and for Lethbridgo is the wholesale distributing for the extensile, shown on the map that accompanies this'Report. Freight) rates from the manufacturing cities in the East, mid South, based as.they arc upon the milenge, are all such thit the most economical distribution throughout this territory is mode from-the wholesale houses in Lethbridga; and a very large and increasing businew it done in agricultural implements, machinery, coal mine supplies, groceries, fruits, automobiles and supplies, etc., etc.'. Visitors to Leihbridge comment.npon the excellence of tha stocks carried by thcjctajl stores, and upon the facilities they make use of for of fadiw' wear, clothing, furniture, boots and .slioes, hardware, etc. MILLINO area to the south and east of Lethbridge been programing during tho there are now about forty flowing wells in the territory marked out br the officeri o( tho Geological Survey. It will be remembered that thii vrti taker, up on the initiation of this Board of Trade iu 1915, and that (he Dominion Government proved put the presence of the water by Ust vails. There itill available a few copies of the proceedings of the Conference on More and Better Water held under our auspices at Ltthbridge iu June 1917, and we con- tinue to get requests for the valuable information that is con- tained iu this booklet which we were enabled to publish with the of the Commission of Coiwrvation, the r-ll tlic prople who do business with them. Part H.-General Business KINK CLEARIXOS The Jiank Clearings a? registered week by week by the .eight .'ii.'rtered bunks doing business in Lethbridge give a good gen- n.tie.v to ibe slate of business generally. The figures for past six years nre as follows: 191? 1915 191S Co.u. MIXING K.vcept for an unfortunate interval of about three months during the Summer tiie coal mine? in the great producing field clo.-e lo Letlibridge and within a few miles of the City have been fully employed. This excellent household coal now. has a steady and increasing market all across the prairies ss'far oast as the cily of Winnipeg. Production during 1919 ran over .-even hundred and fifty thousand tons. Tho miners' payroll con- tributes heavily to the business prosperity of Lethbridge. 41.901.1 H qu sh BUSINESS ix The year's business among the wholesale and retail houses n Lcthbridge has bjon brisk, as is clearly indicated by the Bank clearings which will total but little short- of forty million dojlars against about forty-two millions in 1918. Contributory to thi: total were the excellent return; from Hie heavy shipments o wool irom the district, which amounted to over a million and a pounds. There have nlso been Eome very conaidernbli shipments of cattle and sheep to the livestock markets. So much then for the Old Years. i THE NEW COMING YEAHS Moim JnmoATios' Xow as (o the Xcw Years. The greatest feature, having regart lo the future development of tlic districts surrounding I.clhhridg that moans nnd includes. Lethbridge itself, Maclcod, Tnber and nil the other lowns within a radius of Mvcnty or eighty ruilc greatest feature within the last year has been the rise of universal demand (hat we should come lo our femes in regard t the riches that have been flowing past our doors in the unused waters from our mountain stream-. This ft-eling had it? first great nnd general recognition from the whole of that wide Icrri- tory in tbe big and meeting at Lcllibridge in March 1039. Every man nt that meeting c-nnic to express bis own nnd his neighbors' de-sire that all that was possible to be (ionc (o harness these wnlors to n-t on otli' fnrrp'! should lie dono just, ns (riiickly ns possible. And from that lime onwards nothing that could be done to overcome tho obstacles in the way hns been left undone. The first thing thai had lo be done was, to cdncntn our governments to the facts of the situation, nnd tlmt we really incnnl business; and this has now been fully recognized. The Alberta government was represented nt Iho Mnrch meet i rig, and several of tho members of that Legislature accepted our invitation lo be present. Further connections with the Premier and the members of his Executive Council were made by men appointed by the meeting to do so. Following upon that nnd upon the rcpnwenla of the Irrigation Development Association to thu Uominion Government, mutual understandings between Ihe governments v.'we ronclic-il as to their various responsibilities. .Knrilicr Miruy work which was necessary in some areas wns continued. In August flic Minister of the Interior for Ihc Dominion, and the Minister of Immigration nnd Colonization made n personal visit to and (hey were greatly impressed with the enormous production of ulfalfn and hoy in the Coaldale (iwl Raymond districts. In the meantime in the comparatively small Tnhcr Irrigation District for irrigating some seventeen thousand MTC.S actual progress has miide with construction. The next in point of progression is, the Lethbridge Northern District, with regard to which all the nfcciinry proceedings prior to actual (immdiig and construction art- now practically completed; and there is Lethbridge also does a big business with the coal-mining centres in (he Crow's Nest Pass, and this field also has had a large production ef the sieaming and'cokicg coal that comes from {heir mines. To STABILIZE COAL PRODUCTION Efforts continus to be made to educate the coal consum- ing public to tbe economic, advantage that would accrue to themselves if their demands for coal weie spread more evenly through the year, instead of all being concentrated in the winter time1. Here is wlml the Fuel Controller for Canada, Mr. C. A. Mngralh, has to say on this subject in his Deport issued in March, 1919: "The key to Ihc whole situation lies in the questioi of the proper time for the consumer to plaeo his order for supply of coal. The only individual who can safely wait until fall to do this is the-one who lives in n mining district, and even in his case he is taking cha'nces of running short H cannot be impressed upon the Can- adian public too. strongly that the coal'supplv to the''cbn: sumers of this country is primarily n'question of transpor- tation. All winters cannot be depended upon lo be as mild as the last one; any winter may be a severe one, with Iho consequent demoralization, for short periods of railway operation. The coal dealer is unable.to forecast the.wealh- cr conditions-of the coming winter, and cvcn.if-he could; in most eases his physical facilities .for storing coal are not sufficient for the entire winter requirement of all his customers. "By ordering early the consumer not only assists the dealer in keeping down Ihc overhead charges by furnishing steady employment for his dtlivery machinery during the summer, but in this way the mines may be kept in opera1 tion the year round. This is a very important aspect of the fuel supply problem which the public does not appear io understand. The nearer the operator gels to a uniform demand for the product of his mine throughout the year, the nearer bo approaches the lowest possible cost in produc- tion. So long as mines arc forced to close down from time to time, through lack of orders, it means considerable..adder cost to each ton of coal extracted, nnd it is useless to discuss mining costs under such conditions. It is wcl known that many of the less fortunate in this world's goods are only able to purchase their fuel at the time they need it in the winter season. All the more reason why those who The Sour, mills at' Lethbridgo steady and well- sustained business. v.. MACCAROXI jrAXDPAcruKG The Columbia Maccaroni Factory hns been busy right throughout the year, and very large 'quantities of Ilieir excellent product have been sold. AUTOMOBILE BCSIMKS Ixrthbridge is now well equipped with several large-und well designed garage establishments which cater for the increasing number of automobiles used in this district. The roads arc gradually being improved, and the main roads are usable prac- ticiiclly all the year round. The All-Red Transcontinental lioarl passes through Lethbridge east and west; the. Black route runs through Lethbridgti north and south. All of'the auto roads, arc well marked by indicators. The automobile traffic through Lcthbridgc to snd from (he Crow's Nest Pass, the Waterton (Canadian) National 1'ark-, and the Olacier Park in Montana is in- creasing every year, as the public become.? m6re familiar with these approaches; and there is a steady through traffic during the Summer months between Winnipeg, Regina, Moose Jaw, etc., from the East; and from the West and South there arc visitors from-Spoknne, Portland, San Francisco, Nelson, Vancouver and Great Falls atid Helena. Hoi'Eixo AND HOTEL ACCOMMODATION is There have been a few additions to the residence accommo- Jan. Keb. Mar. May June July" Aut. Sept, Oct. Nov. Part V.-Precipitation Records x RECORD AT LETHBHIDOE, JX 1902 1903 19M 1905 1906 1907 1908 1W> 0.60 MS1 0.22 1.52 0 J7 (MO 0.24 1.03 0.79 O.SO 0.05 0.20 040 0.75 0.33 O.SS O.S9 1.03 0.7 LANDS The nlffllfa and hay crops grown on the irrigated lands iu IftlD were very lihny. and all were harvested in first class Timothy luiy rim one to one-and-a-half fons to tile acre; there were two heavy cuttings of alfalfa, and in some light'tlurd tho crops running from threu and-a- hjtlf 16ns tip to nearly live tons per acre. TIic acreages that were under grain nnd thnt had wider Applied fo them opportune limes produced very good crops. Tlio U'lhbrifljie irrigation belt, contains Hie Magralh, Itny- furthcr Hint the Hoard "will continue to'urge upon the Hail- Welling.- Stirling, Knst Lcthbridgc and Coaldnle s- ndvisabiliiv. in its own interest, us well as J lic nrca water was supplied this year wns acres, divided approximately as acres acres way Company flic in thnt of Hid public, or relieving at the, earliest possible moment Ihe disability fit present iinpoaw! upon Hie residents of the affected arm." in sloriig" cither in the I dealer's fhod or in the cellar, Government oi'i average shnu- tiiat the cdjil contain it vr-ry' much smaller amount rjf moisture than the Drninhdh-r ori Kdmonton coals; and also Hint the hcnt- prodnein" qiifiliiin? Lethbridge. coals arc considerably the highest. RETAII, HUSISESR Wholesale nnd retail mi.Hiie'J in all line.' Ivjcn n'-'ive during the yc-.ir. Whilfi Ibo volume of grain crops