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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 13, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 11, THE UTHMICKH HEIAID Churchill wanted to clamp Nazis in chains LONDON (CP) But tor Ci nadlu ind Aiutnltao opposi- tion, the Winston Churchill w-uM htve pressed ahead with hb propOMl to place ill Ger man officers in chains lor lengthy periods after the Second World War. DUST STORM ABATES ON MARS Clearing of a dust slorm on Mars enabled Mariner 9 to take these photos of the surface and send them back to Jet Propulsion Laboratory In Pasadena, Cal. Top photo is a wide angle frame covering 271 by 346 miles, ihowng a complex of craters otop a broad plateau. Lower photo, made five minutes apart with a telephoto lens, covers 17 by 34Vi miles and is of area inside white rectangle on wide angle photo. It shows intricate surface detail not seen previously. Mussolini's aging widow still goes to cemetery PREDAPPIO, Italy (AP) The road to the hill-country farmhouse where Benlto Musso- lini's widow has lived since D Duce's day is pitted with ruts and potholes. "Beriito paved roads alt over complains Donna Rachele, as the widow likes to be called. "But be never thought to fix up the road to our house." Despite her 81 years, Donna Eachale still uses 'he road a lot. The white-haired, wiry little woman of tough peasant stock goes every day to the Predappio cemetery where D Duce is bur- ied. She will sit for an hour or so at the tomb gossiping to her dead of family affairs or the changing times. Until a few months ago she also went each day to Le Cami- nate, a restaurant she has run for 10 years atop the Kocca Delle Caminate, a nearby hill- top where Mussolini had his of- ficial summer villa. DAMAGED IN FIGHT The restaurant is closed now for extensive repairs. The place was wrecked in a fight between Communists afld Neo-Fascist youths last June 29, on Mussoli- ni's birthday. Friends say the place will be reopened perhaps in February. The Mussolini tomb here In the fiomagna Hills between Florence and the Adriatic also has suffered damage from van- dalism. It was partly shattered by a bomb explosion at Christ- mas time. Mrs Mussolini has- hired a guard to Drotect it. Also buried there are Mussolini's son Bruno, who died in a wartime plane crash aid daughter Anna-Maria, who died a few years ago. There is a granite coffin in- side that Donna Hachele had prepared for herself. She is battling with the state now to increase her pension for 30 years of her husband's work as a civil 20 years and eight months as premier, eight years service in the army before that and six months as a grade-school teacher. USE CORN In 1971, Canadian processors used more than 30-mllllon bushels of grain corn. Communists attack U.S. air base From AP-HEUTER SAIGON (CP) Communist forces today nude the third at- tack in less than two weeks on a U.S. air base in the Vietnam war, shot down an American helicopter, killing all four crew members, and intensified at- tacci across South Vietnam to the highest level in three months. The U.S. command also an nounced that an air force F-4 jet bombed and apparently de- stroyed an anti-aircraft missile battery in the Laotian panhan- dle near Sepone shortly after it fired two missiles at another American plane Tuesday. The South Vietnamese mili- tary command reported 34 Com- munist on its military units and Vietnamese civilians during the 24 hours ending at 6 a.m. Wednesday. It was the highest number since the first week of October and included 12 rocket and mortar attacks. The most serious attack was a Viet Gong ambush of a platoon of 30 government militiamen in the Mekong Delta about 90 miles south of Saigon. Field re- ports said three government sol- diers were Wiled, 11 were miss- ing and six were wounded. The Viet Cong also captured one heavy weapon and 17 rifles. There was speculation that the attacks on the U.S. air bases were in retaliation for American air attacks on North Vietnam late last month. The target today was the big Bien Hoa base 15 miles northwest of Saigon, and two Viet Cong sap- pecs slipped past South Viet- namese and American guards to blow up a stockpile of snutll- attris ammunition. In Laos, more than North Vietnamese troops are mustering for a final assault on Long Cheng, the north Laotian headquarters of Gen. Vang Fao's guerrilla army, informed sources said today. Donates BONN (AP) Willy Brandt has donated the in prize money he received with Ins 1971 Note) Peace Prixe to charitable organizations, a spoketnua for his office reported Wednesday. The West German chancellor received the peace prize in Oslo Dec. 10 for promoting the relax- ation of east-west tensions m Europe. Choice. Seagram's; FIVES1AR CANADIAN WONQr- The smooth.taste of quality that is unmistakably Seagram's. Seagram's FIVE STAR Canada's largest-selling rye whisky. Blended and bollled by Joseph E. ft Sons Ltd., Wilertoo, Out. Churchill, seeking revenge for tilt German shackling of Cana- dian and British prisoners, told his war cabinet in August, 1943, that he wanted German officers to spend twice that time in chains when the Nazi armies were smashed. The British war leader said he wanted Prime Minister Mac- k e n z i e King and President Roosevelt to consider his plan but his foreign secretary, An- thony Eden, suggested he de- lay a decision until it could be determined whether the Ger- man manacling was merely symbolic. When S. M. Bruce, Australian representative in the war cabi- net, interjected that the Cana- dian and Australian govern- ments would be strongly op- posed to his suggestion, Church- ill agreed to withdraw his plan "for the present time" because of the doubts expressed. Churchill's proposal shows up In loe 1MM5 British war cabi- net papers recently made pub- lic. They also indicate there was a big struggle between Macken- zie King and Churchill over British manacling policy which had been adopted without con- sulting the Canadian govern- ment. The chaining of prisoners de- veloped into a major Issue in 1942 when Canadians, captured in the Dieppe raid, were found to be carrying orders to tie the hands of German prisoners BO that they could not destroy any documents they may have with them. Earlier, in another incident, a group of German soldiers were found shot, their hands tied, after British commandos had raided Sark, cue of the Channel Islands. The German high command tliereafter announced that Brit- ish prisoners would be placed in chains and proceeded to shackle in estimated officer! tod men. The British war office countered that it would do the same to German prisoners held in Britain and Canada. When Deputy Prime Minister Clemei.t Attlee told dominion representatives in London of this action, he found they were disturbed by this "disingen- uous" war office move which they feared might escalate into competitive reprisals. GERMANS MANACLED In October, 1942, 240 German prisoners were manacled wim handcuffs and a one-foot chain between the hours of 9 a.m. and 9 p.m. daily. The Canadian government re- ported that about a score of prisoners and guards were in- jured when the manacling pol- icy was Imposed on German prisoners in Canada. It ex- pressed fear that further mana- cling might lead to rioting and shooting. The German, hearing of the raprbib, uid they would triple tbe number of prisoner! they held in chains. Mackenzie King tried to get Churchill to modify his policy. Churchill refused. But Mackenzie King would not give up. In secret telegrams to London he urged that through Switzerland attempts be made In get both Germany and Brit- ain to drop the manacling si- multaneously. Germany de- manded that Britain take action iirei. KING THREATENS In December, 1942, Mackenzie King threatened to take inde- pendent action to unshackle German prisoners in Canada. Churchill argued that this action would not help British prisoners held in Germany. His war cabi- net agreed with- him that inde- pendent Canadian action would be unfortunate. Churchill brooded over the policy all through the flnt half of 19U. But report! started to trickle out of Ger- many that in some the shackling was not seriously en- forced. Churchill dlsmlsMd these reports. In .July, 1943, .he prepared a memorandum for the war cabi- net on his proposal to keep a careful count of the number of man-days British and Canadian prisoners spent in chains and to force German officers to spend twice that time in after the war. Churchill said that an esti- mated Canadians and Brit- ons were being shackled by the Germans daily. He called it in- human and barbarous but ap- parently keeping the Canadian opposition in mind, backed away from escalation, saying that Britain had decided "not to inflict similar retaliation" dur- ing the war. After the war things would be different. Your Ski-Dpo dealer is dealing like crazy. Before you buy any snowmobile see your Ski-Doo dealer first. He's dealing on all available models. IfenficW Come in and write your own deal now. The snowmobile season is just starting so get in on all the winter fun. Bert Mac's Cycle Ltd. 913 3rd Avt. S. Phon. 327-3121 IETHIKIDOE, ALTA. Ranchers' Supply Ltd. PINCHER CHEEK, AtTA. PHONE 627-3024 Raymond Motor Co. Ltd. RAYMOND, ALTA. PHONE 753-1214 B R Service (Cardston) Ltd. CAUDSTON, ALTA. PHONE Anderson Supply Ltd. IOX III, WARNER, ALTA. Ranchers' Supply Ltd. ClAKESHOLM, ALTA. PHONE 235-3711 YOU WIU FIND THE BEST BRANDS ADVERTISED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ;