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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 13, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Would join Britain, France under English Channel Paris is pushing hard for tunnel project Wednttday, January 13, 1971 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD - 37 By DAVID LAWDAV PARIS (Reuter) - The concept of a tunnel joining Britain and France under the English Channel is still on the drawing board with Paris pushing hard for the project and London apparently wavering. Although the French are possibly keener than ever, the British are considered to be as hesitant as they were when the first experimental shafts were sunk almost 100 years ago. A formal decision from London is expected soon on whether the British governments wants to go ahead with the formidable $720 million project. Thirty-three miles in length, it would be the world's longest tunnel. Sensing a lack of enthusi- asm in London, the French arc making a display of vocal support for the tunnel with the usually-guarded President Georges Pompidou as cheer leader. "This project will transform Britain's relations with the rest of Europe-and above all with France," Pompidou said recently. Some thought he was hinting that it might help Britain's bid to join the European Common Market. At the same time, the French government went on record as taking a "frankly positive" attitude toward the tunnel. Its private backers SCO the idea as a rail link bored into the channel floor between the ports of Dover, England, and Calais, France. French officials hope for a similarly positive attitude from London when Prime Minister Edward Heath's government-a newcomer to the tunnel wrangle-makes known its decision. This is likely some time this year. It seems clear that France stands to gain more immediate economic benefit from the tunnel than Britain. Many more British tourists go to France than the number of Frenchmen going to Britain. More important, much of France's industry is situated in the north of the country not far from Calais and therefore close to the British market. With a tunnel to speed the transport of goods to England, France could hope to gain over West German, Dutch and other European exporters. But B r i t a i n's industrial heart is in the midlands and the north. The Dover tunnel terminal, although not far from London, would lead into the fields of Kent and Sussex in England's rural south. According to British thinking, the heat is more on France than on Britain to get the tunnel project under wav. ECONOMY A FACTOR Another cause for possible hesitation by London is the Heath government's reluctance to become involved in expensive new projects at a time when the British economy is still in difficulties, The history of the tunnel concept is full of stops and starts. Britain's sense of island security has usually been the barrier. As far back as 1802, one of Napoleon's engineers s u g- Novelist's suicide shocks nation Sober, self-reflection in Japan TOKYO (CP) - One cold but i sunny date in November the bizarre act of a single individual allocked Japan into a mood of startled, sober self-reflection on the direction it is taking. The individual was YuMo Mishima, 45, a novelist of Noble Prize stature, playwright, actor, physical cultist, karate devotee and "general" of a private "army" of ultra-patriotic youths. On Nov. 25, Mishima, Japan's most popular and perhaps its most gifted writer, delivered the last pages of his tetrelogy, The Sea of Fertility, to his publishers. A few hours later he committed ritual hara-kari suicide after unsuccessfully haranguing 2,000 soldiers of the Eastern Army Command - they replied with cries of derision - to rise up and revise Japan's "no war" constitution. The suicide took place before the horrified eyes of the commanding general of the Eastern Command, whom Mishima and tour of his Tate No Kai Shield Society followers had earlier tied up in his office. The first startled Japanese reaction was that Mishima hoped to stage a coup d'etat WISH FULFILLED But the more police and Mishima's admirers delved into it, the more they became convinced the brilliant young novelist's act had been the individual fulfillment of a death wish. Throughout his novels - Confessions of a Mask, The Temple of the Golden Pavilion, Yiikokuran the red stain of suicide, worship for the purity of steel and the hara-kari ritual. Said Donald Richie, the ' United States movie critic who was Mishima's friend: "It was a single, personal, creative act. I It does not mean a resurgence of militarism, a reversion of wartime ideals, or anything of the sort. . . . His suicide was entirely ritual; it has no connection and no meaning for contemporary Japan." Yasuhiro Nakasone, director-general of Japan's defence agency, said the on-the-spot rejection by the soldiers of Mishima's "provocative- appeal" proved that Japan's forces are "entirely different from the pre-war Japanese military," that they are "democratic citizens in uniform." It was this democratizat i o n of the armed forces which Mishima deplored. In a lengthy statement, he lamented that Japan's unprecedented prosperity had led "to the neglect of the very foundation of the state and the people have lost their spirit, being concerned more and more with trifling matters." Japanese, echoing their emperor, decided to reject war as an instrument of foreign policy - the thought incorporated in Article 9 of their new constitution - and concentrate on peaceful ways. This decision has given them a quarter century of peace, chiefly because the constitution forbade the dispatch of Japanese soldiers overseas. Ironically, it is Japan's conqueror which urges the Japanese to reconsider their role. Powerful voices in the United States wart Japan to fill the vacuum created by U.S. withdrawal from strategic areas of Asia. gested a carriage-way under the Dover Straits. The British said they thought a pipe laid on the channel floor would be better, but nothing came of either plan. In the 1870s, shafts were sunk and tunnels started on both sides of the water. Britain stopped the digging amid fears it might be inviting an invasion from the Continent. The same fears were uppermost in 1924, and probably again in 1930, when Britain turned down further proposals to start work on a tunnel. But modern warfare, with its nuclear weaponry, made such fears outmoded and in 1966 France and Britain reached a promising consensus on the need for an under* sea link. CARS ON TRAINS They gave tentative blessing to plans drawn up by private British, French and other financial interests. The pri-v a t e promoters eventually crystallized their dream into a proposed rail tunnel for freight and passenger trains. Trains travelling at 100 miles an hour could carry close to five million tons of merchandise and nine million passengers a year between the two countries. Passengers could drive their cars onto trains at one terminal and drive off at the other in a short time, DIAGRAM OF PROPOSED CONSTRUCTION OP ENGLISH CHANNEL TUNNEL Passengers make beds, MELBOURNE, Australia (AP) - Sixteen hundred passengers from the Italian liner Guglielmo Marconi, forced to make their own beds and find their own food because of a two-day strike of crew members here, were back at sea in temporary comfort Monday. The Guglielmo Marconi sailed Monday, but the passengers are expecting to have another go at "do it yourself" living when the liner docks at Adelaide, where food crew members have threatened to strike again. The crew went on strike Saturday, citing pay and conditions, and hungry passengers were given an allowance of $10 each to make their own arrangements for food. REJECTED WAR Mishima saw the 245,000-man self-defence forces as the last custodian of the simpler virtues of Japan's feudal past: honor, loyalty, unquestioning obedience, in short, "the true samurai spirit" Under the constitution Inspired by Gen. Douglas MacAr-thur during the post-war occupation, the self-defence force was, in fact, illegal, Mishima said. Until it shrugged off the role of .police force, it would never "achieve its true purpose." Thus, he urged that the constitution be revised to permit it to assume the defence of the country alone, rather than relying on the distant United States. With the defeat of 1945, the Foreign control worries Ottawa By IRVING C. WHYNOT Canadian Press Business Editor The $12 million takeover bid for a Toronto manufacturer of brake shoes isn't a big item in the world of high finance. But consider it against this background: "No advanced economy has as high a degree of foreign control of its industry as has Canada." That comes from an Economic Council of Canada report two years ago. Since then, another 350 or so Canadian companies have fallen to non-resident owners. It is an American firm, the giant International Telephone and Telegraph, that is bidding to gain control of Aimco Industries, believed to be the world's largest manufacturer of replacement brake shoes. If Aimco falls to American control it won't be unusual or surprising. An estimated 8,500 Canadian firms already are for-iegn controlled, at least 7,000 of them by Americans. And the list is growing by about 170 companies a year. FEW RESTRICTIONS The best available informa tion is that one-quarter of the total assets of all Canadian corporations are controlled by non-residents, mostly Americans. With few exceptions-such as in banking-there are few re strictions on foreign investment in Canadian industries. But 6ome may be coming. The federal government last year named Herb Gray, minister without portfolio, to look into all aspects of foreign control Fis recommendations could well ' m the basis for some sort of all government policy. c.:a Commons committee al ready has made known its views on the matter. The exter nal affairs committee reported in mid-1970 with a strong rec nmmendation that firms operat ing in Canada eventually have 51 per cent of their shares | owned by Canadians. "The danger which Canada must guard against is that it will drift into such a position of dependency in relation to the United States that it will be unable, in practice, to adopt policies displeasing to the United States because of the fear of American reaction which would involve consequences unacceptable to Canadian*." STILL CONTINUAL But the drift continues. Dominion Bureau of Statistics reports that $110 million in foreign investment in Canadian industry came into the country in the third quarter of 1970, bringing the total for the first nine months of the year to $465 million. Almost half of these funds came from the United States, about 35 per cent from continental Europe and most of the remainder from the United Kingdom. Concern about foreign owner-1 ship is not new. Walter Gordon, the former Liberal cabinet minister, told a group of high school students a few years ago: "If a country allows too high a proportion of its resources and of its business enterprises to be controlled abroad, it will inevitably lose not only a measure of its economic independence, but its political independence as well. "That is what is happening in | Canada." FIND CAVE FOSSIL VERONA, Italy (AP) - A rare fish fossil 60 million years old was found in the famed "fish cave" of Bolca in the mountains north of here. The eoplatax papilio, or angel fish, was found by Massimiliano Cerate hidden between slices of rocks- TO LIMIT QUANTITIES 73 CONVENIENT LOCATIONS ;