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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 13, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Fortcatt high Thursday 10-20 Below The Lethbridge Herald ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIV - No. 27 LETHBR1DGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS FOUR SECTIONS - 50 PAGES Jewish issue brought into open again By ANDREW WALLER MOSCOW (Reuter) - The December trial in Leningrad of 10 men and a woman who plotted to hijack a Soviet plane to Sweden has brought into the open again the recurring "Jewish question" in the Soviet Union. Officially there is no such question. The line is that all so-called nationality problems were solved in . Russia after the 1917 revolution. But many Jews, both there and abroad, have different views. The would-be hijackers-of whom 11 were convicted and sentenced and a 12th faces court martial- were nearly all of Jewish parentage, and most of them had applied in vain for permission to emigrate to Israel. The women, 26-year-old Silva Zalmanson, told the Leningrad city court during their 10-day trial that "if they had let us leave, there would not have been this 'criminal plot'." Probably no one knows just how many of the estimated three million Soviet Jews want to go to Israel. Tens of thousands According to estimates by Jews who have applied to leave, there are tens of thousands, but it is highly doubtful that many have submitted formal applications-a tedious process to say the least. The same figure was repeated by Andrei Sakha-rov, a top nuclear physicist who has turned himself into a kind of unofficial human rights watchdog. No figures are available either from the Soviet authorities or The Netherlands embassy, which handles Israel's affairs here since Moscow broke with Tel Aviv after the Arab-Israeli war in June, 1967. According to the Jewish agency in Tel Aviv 1,000 Soviet Jews immigrated there last year, compared with only 300 w'ho had been allowed to leave in the previous 2% years. As Lt.-Gen. Grigori Plaskov, a retired Jew, put it in an article In the defence ministry daily Red Star last March: "Soviet Jews have but one homeland. They have nothing to look for in distant parts beyond the seas." But for each prominent Soviet Jew who would not contemplate swapping his present citizenship for that of Israel, it seems there is another - less well known perhaps-who wants to leave. They won't talk The vast majority keep their views to themselves and it is virtually impossible for an outsider to assess the real strength of feeling for Israel among Soviet' Jews. But interest in Israel has certainly grown among them since the 1967 six-day war, which has been followed by a sustained propaganda campaign against "Israeli aggressors" and "Zionist extremists." Whether they like it or not, those who want to go to Israel are caught up in the mesh of Soviet foreign policy. Obviously, the Kremlin would not want to risk antagonizing its Arab friends, who hold the key to growing Soviet influence in the Middle East, by making friendly gestures toward Israel-even if the reason for the gesture was purely an internal one. Accusations of anti-Semitism in the Soviet Union, hotly denied by officials and by many Soviet Jews, are often made in Israel and the West. A lack of Jewish schools is perhaps the most often cited complaint. No Yiddish schools Even in the Jewish autonomous region, set up in .1934 on the banks of the Amur River in the Soviet far east to give the widely dispersed Soviet Jews a territorial base, there are no Yiddish-language schools. Jewish schools existed until the 1930s in big traditional Jewish centres, especially in the Ukraine. But they were based on the religious communities- and in the atheist Soviet Union the teaching of any religion to minors is forbidden. As an idea to attract and resettle Soviet Jews, the autonomous region does not seem to have been a great success. In the 1959 census only 14,000 of the region's 163,000 inhabitants said they were Jews. In refuting charges of anti-Semitism, officials can draw on an impressive list of prominent Jews to back their argument that there is equality of opportunity. There is only one Jew in the government, Deputy Premier Veniarriri Dymshits, but this is not dissimilar to the position of other minorities. Have top jobs In science and the arts Jews occupy many top positions, including Ballerina Maya Plisetskaya, musicians David and Igor Oistrakh, the late physicist Lev Landau and the late writer Ilya Ehrenburg, almost certainly out of proportion to their numerical strength among the population. But Russia has a sad history of anti-Semitism and even officials admit' privately when asked about it that there are unfortunate "survivals of the past" The most blatant of these was a book published about six years ago by the Ukrainian academy of sciences, by a man named' Trofim Kichko, entitled, Judaism Uumasked. It caused an outcry abroad and was withdrawn from circulation, but Kichko has re-einerged in print since the 1967 war. Priest named plot mastermind WASHINGTON (AP) - A federal grand jury has named Rev. Philip Berrigan, the imprisoned anti-war Roman Catholic priest, as mastermind of a bizarre plot to blow up heating ducts in government buildings and whisk away presidential adviser Henry Kissinger. The indictment, returned 3-point peace plan Tuesday in Harrisburg, Pa., against Father Berrigan and five others, alleged that Kissinger, President Nixon's adviser on national security affairs, was to be kidnapped last February one day after the conspirators planned to set off explosives in heat tunnels connecting federal buildings in Washington. The plot outlined in the indictment closely resembles a scenario sketched for a Senate subcommittee by FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover last Nov. 27. Father Berrigan and his brother Rev. Daniel Berrigan, Hoover said, were part of a group called the East Coast Conspiracy to Save Lives that planned to blow up underground wires and ducts and kidnap "a By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Egypt is proposing a three-point Middle East peace plan calling for a Big Four peacekeeping force under the United Nations flag, an authoritative Cairo newspaper said today. Foreign Minister Mahmoud Riad had a telephone conversation Tuesday with Mohammed El Zayyat, Egypt's UN ambassador, and' presumably asked bim to pass the plan on to UN mediator Gunnar V. Jarring. Al Gomhouria, organ of the Arab Socialist Union, Egypt's only political party, said the plan also calls for the UN Security Council to meet before the current ceasefire expires Feb. 5 to draw up peace guidelines. These would be based on the council's November, 1967, resolution, which called for Israeli withdrawal from the territory it occupied in the 1967 war and Arab recognition of "secure boundaries" for Israel. The third point in the plan, the newspaper said, is total evacuation by Israel of the territory it occupied. PROPOSALS RELAYED Israel presented its peace proposals to Jarring last weekend when he visited Jerusalem, and he relayed them to the Egyptian and Jordanian UN* ambassadors Monday and Tuesday after he returned to New York. The Israeli proposals have not been made public, but sources in Jerusalem said they covered the Palestine refugee issue, future economic relationships between Israel and the Arabs, the ceasefire along the Suez canal, and the possibility of demilitarized zones and prisoner-of-war exchanges. But before the Israelis discuss any of these issues, the sources said, they want a declaration from Egypt that it is willing to sign a peace treaty setting up permanent boundaries for Israel and ending 22 years of war. The semi-official Cairo newspaper Al Ahram said that the Egyptian ambassador had asked Jarring to make the Israeli proposals public. This was taken in Cairo to mean that Egypt found nothing new in them. Mail service speed-up planned TORONTO (CP) - A system of speeding up mail service to provide next-day delivery anywhere in Canada will be instituted here in the next two weeks, a post office spokesman said here. The system will employ specially-marked mail boxes. Mail picked up from these boxes by 11 a.ra. will be delivered anywhere in Canada by the next morning. The post office spokesman said the system, to apply only to Toronto at first and then spread to the rest of the country within 18 months, will be announced at Ottawa Monday. He said there will also be special boxes in areas where business mailing is heavy, to guarantee delivery the next day of early afternoon mail. highly placed government official." "If successful, the plotters would demand an end to U.S. bombing operations in Southeast Asia and the release of all political prisoners as ransom," Hoo-ver testified. The indictment listed Father Daniel Berrigan, also a Catholic priest, as a co-conspirator but not as a defendant. BOTH IN PRISON Both Father Philip Berrigan, 47, and Father Daniel, 49, are in the Federal Correctional Institute at Danbury, Conn., where they are serving six- and three-year sentences, respectively, for destruction of draft records at Baltimore and Catonsville, Md., in 1967 and 1968. Also named defendants were a Roman Catholic nun, Sister Elizabeth McAllister, .31, of Marymount College in Tarry-town, N.Y.; Rev. Neil Raymond McLaughlin, 30, of Baltimore; Anthony Scoblick, 30, of Baltimore, a former Josephite priest and son of former U.S. Representative James P. Sfcoblick (Rep. Pa.), and Eqbal Ahmad, 40, of Chicago, a native of Pakistan and a fellow of the Adlai Stevenson Institute of Public Affairs on the University of Chicago campus. The indictment named seven other persons, including Father Daniel Berrigan and three other nuns, as co-conspirators but not defendants, meaning they do not face normal charges. rev. Mclaughlin REV. BERRIGAN African walkout threatens on eve of PM conference NEW FLAG? - This poster Issued by Information Canada shows the Canadian flag taking up the cry for peace (the V sign) and love (the heart). The poster is one of three put out by the agency illustrating Contemporary views of the country. This poster bears a quotation by Sir Wilfred Laurien "Remember that faith is better than doubt and love is better than hate." MPs under guard after bombing LONDON (CP) - A massive police operation to protect cabinet ministers and leading MPs swung into operation today after a bombing at the home of Robert Carr, employment minister and sponsor of a controversial industrial relations bill in the Commons. Two time bombs went off outside Carr's $100,000 Hertfordshire home-with nobody hurt -Tuesday night at the end of a day of abortive labor demonstrations against the Conservative government's legislation. One Scotland Yard detective Howard may enter race OTTAWA (CP) - Frank Howard (NDP-Skeena) has called a news conference for Thursday, apparently to, announce that he will be a leadership candidate for the party. Walkout closes water plant DOUGLAS POINT, Ont. (CP) - A wildcat strike by about 250 pipefitters has halted construction at the heavy-water plant at the Douglas Point nuclear-power project. said the bombing was a serious attempt on Carr's life and could be the work of left-wing extremists. Windows were smashed and other damage done to the home of 55-year-old Carr, who later picked up a bottle of milk from his refrigerator and moved into a neighbor's home with his wife and daughter. A third, unex-ploded, bomb was found in his front garden. Carr said: "All I'm concerned about is that no one has been hurt." 'OUT TO KILL' Police said that "it looks as though whoever did this was out to kill." One bomb went off at a side door of the luxurious home. Had the Carr family rushed out the front door after this, an officer said, it would have caught the force of the second one. Carr told reporters: "One thing I am quite sure about is that the great majority of trade unionists, however opposed to my bill, would certainly have no part in anything of this kind." Carr's bill, which among other things would make unions subject to penalties for breaching contracts and put a rein on wildcat strikes, has been attacked strongly by the trade union movement in recent weeks. Will* 4Arm$, arm*, get your arms here!' Twins for Adrienne TORONTO (CP) - Adrienne Clarkson, hostess of CBC's Take 30 show, Tuesday night gave birth to twin daughters. Her husband, Stephen, who ran for mayor of Toronto on the Liberal ticket in the last election, said mother and twins were doing well. The Clarksons have another daughter, SINGAPORE (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau arrived today for the Commonwealth prime ministers c onference amid threats of an African walkout and words from Prime Minister Heath that Britain is in the Commonwealth to stay. Trudeau, looked upon by some as a mediator in the dispute over British proposals to sell arms to South Africa, flew from New Delhi after a four-day visit to India, where he said if enough nations withdraw from the Commonwealth over the arms issue, a chain reaction would start that might force others to quit, including Canada. Heath, the Tory leader who took over the British government last June when Labor was swept from power, told an airport news conference in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, today before arriving in Singapore: "We are a member of the Commonwealth and will remain a member." Hotel blaze out of control ST. ALBERT (CP) - A fire was reported out of control today in a hotel in this town 15 miles north of Edmonton. Police said no injuries were reported and the cause of the fire had not been determined. There apparently was no danger of the fire spreading. Asked if there could be a Commonwealth without Britain, and whether Britain could be expelled from the organization, -he said: "There are no rules whereby they could decide that." TALKS START THURSDAY The summit talks of 31 Commonwealth member countries begins Thursday and are scheduled to end Jan. 22. Trudeau was seen off at the Delhi airport, by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, with whom he discussed Tuesday the threat to the future of the Commonwealth. Trudeau clearly reached a wide measure of agreement with Indian leaders on many topics-including the desire of both countries to prevent a breakup of the Commonwealth on the arms issue. Heath wants to provide the South Africans with naval arms to help counter what be says is growing Soviet naval threat in the Indian Ocean. Trudeau and ers would compa-for fur-ar said that this will have to be decided by an OPEC general meeting already called for next Tuesday. Asked if OPEC planned sanctions, he reiterated that all members are "united" and that they will take "simultaneous action." Seen and heard About town    TXELPFUL Steve Kotch telling travel association director Frank Smith he could help Frank to quit smoking: "I'll just borrow one of your cigarettes" . . . John Kobal wondering if Dorcen Gray didn't need a sling to help support her arm while she showed off her new ring . . , Shawn Rennie complaining it was so cold dut-side it made even the thought of her pending trip to Yellow-knife sound pleasant. Border closed to Yippie abbie hoffman . ,. refuted entry OTTAWA (CP) - Canadian border officials are on the lookout today for any attempt by Yippie Abbie Hoffman to enter Canada in defiance of an immigrant department ban. "If he chooses to flaunt the law, then te will see how well our enforcement of it is," said Immigration Minister Otto Lang in refusing to admit Hoffman to allow him to appear on the television show Under Attack. Hoffman, one of the Chicago Seven, was scheduled to be interviewed tonight at the University of Western Ontario. He was then to go to Halifax to speak to students at Dalhousie University. Immigration laws forbid entry to persons convicted of a criminal offence and those belonging to subversive organizations. Hoffman said Tuesday he would come to Canada regardless of the refusal. ADMITTED IN SEPTEMBER Screen Gems, producers of Under Attack, had requested the permit for Hoffman's entry and bad been refused, deapiW the fact he was admitted to Canada last September, under ministerial order, to speak to students at the University in Calgary. Since Hoffman's last appearance here the policy of allowing revolutionaries to speak in Canada when invited by a reputable group has been under widespread attack. Hoffman was convicted in Chicago for violating the anti-riot section of the 1968 United Stntes civil riot act. The 34-year-old Yippie and six other defendants became known as the Chicago Seven during a tumultuous trial in which all were held in contempt of court. He and four others were convicted of crossing state lines with intent to incite rioting and were sentenced to five years and fined $5,000 each. Hoffman, also sentenced to eight months for contempt of court, has appealed and is out on $25,000 bail. In 1967 he helped organize the Yippies-the Youth Interna-tionaj party. 4i ;