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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 13, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta t Mb o. t- 13, ERTA GOVERNMENTS RAILWAY POLICY DKALT WITH WRITER BOSTON TRAN8CRIPT-A OOV- ERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE Bosion, Jau. W. Thomson, in v the Boston Transcript, says The Government of Alberta is ra.bout to begin u new railway.; policy which will directly affect the C.P.R., and may have important re- system of American roads. .Perhaps it is not necessary to tell Transcript rea'ders that Alberta is' the Canadian province just east- ward of'British Columbia, on which it abuts in often in the Rocky" Moun- tains. It is rich in coal mines, cat- tle-ranching grounds, gas fields, for- ests; it possesses what are declared by American experts 40 be the great- est .petroleum areas .in the world. ;But mostly agricultural. They include "the" vast unoccupied re- gion called the Peace River country. That is in North America. Many set- tlers are finding their way up there, since there .the prairie trends quickly toward the Pacific Ocean, from which it is separated by a of- the "Rockies. The Grand Trunk Pacific and the Canadian Northern are both under construction to within what may be called sight of that enormous fertile area, now .largely retained by fur traders, by Indians, and by half breeds, though it is thirty years since one dis- tricts, seven hundred miles north, of Edmonton (which is nearly 400 miles north of lat. 49, or the United States showed the best -wheat .ex- hibited at a world's fair. To .bring ,that almost virgin north under civilization is part of the task about to be undertaken by Alberta's , Government, arid the people "there are pecu- liarly the Government, as I design to explain They intend, at the. coming session of the Provincial Legislature, to formulate a financial plan by which branches of'the Grand Trunk Pacific and of the Canadian -Northern will be aided to run north- Avar cl from Edmonton to Peace River Crossing, and from Edmonton to Fort 'McMnrray, on the Athabasca. These main branches will be each some four h.undred miles long. Their northern termini will be 'separated by some 350 miles, with Lesser Slave Lake ly- ing between them. Short feeding .branches will necessarily be thrown ,.out as .-the country receives settlers Thus only, an immense farm- ing tract be opened up, but also pe- troleum fields, gaa areas, coal to say nothing of the fur-bearing re- gions that will be brought within easy "reach. The people, had -not then been real- ly divided-into two i hostile and mu- tually cursing cumps. divide failed in the specified year. .They had come, pie of the great races (American Canadian.. British, Irish, Scandina vian, Swedish, i .wegian, from all their various native regions, .quite' recent- ly. They were -required to choose men to manage the public affairs, sud denly given over vlo their' control by the. Ottawa Government. -They M.took the common sense course choosing the best Itihappenec that were called. Liberals and the iLiberal, party therefore on- titled to, claim credit -for .the :.good I results. But, ,in .people-set up uni-party or no-party. Government. .That .is .what it amounts-to. In Southern Alberta. In Southern Alberta, mainly a prairie region "of grazing and fall farming, th'e C.P.R. has long held a monopoly of the railway traf- It is an energetic, public-spirit- ed, 'well managed .monopoly, but that does not imply that it builds branches that the -people nor that they would not be the better of competition all along the line. It is not to be doubted that the peo- ple will gain profits as well as con- tentment, besides the pleasant sense of not being under dictation from any one set of railway magnates, by the new railway promotions which Alberta will undertake in the south. The Grand Trunk Pacific and the C. R. both design early extensions aouthwestward to Calgary, while the C.N.R. will push further south to Lethbridge, the bituminous coal min- ing centre, and to Macleod, the live- ly town of fall wheat and ranching regions. From these extensions, which will be each hundred miles in length, .branches wiii promptly be spread by the promotion policy soon to be detailed by Alber- ta s Government. All these new roads will be -within hailing distance of the Hill, or American main It follows, as a matter of course, that the development of the Canadian country -will bring in branches of the Hill system. Thus a keen competi- tion cannot .but be established where the best of all possible monopolies now holds almost undisputed sway Alberta is in a position to push this active railway policy, because the province has handsome revenues, does not" owe one cent, and will be infallibly, enabled to spend a lot more money through creating new sources of provincial revenue by internal de- velopment. The( new branch Lines, in'so far as aided provincially, will be essentially assets or in- yielding revenues indi- rectly, but none the less surely to the Edmonton treasury. A Wonderful Record. How is it that a province which be- gan political existence less than 40 .months ngo, almoss ferries, felephonefc, and other -large conveniences, now has all these good things in uncommon abund- ance, yet owes nothing, and is able t.p; start a magnificent, yet very sane railway scheme? The answer cannot but be of large interest to all students of politics. They have talk- ed, and have beeen toid over and over ad nauseam, of the advantages that-conId'not but accrue from uni- party orj norparty Government. Well, that is what the sensible people of Alberta- started in September, 1906, when they began political existence practically irnbedevilled by an organ- system. C. P. R.'s Connection. The good men who called them- selves all Canadians, except a few stick-in-the-muds, are Liberals in the right meaning of the elected in 'the proportion jof 24 to 1. put in sole control, and therefore put absolutely on honor. This came about partly because the so-called Conservatives who attempted in. 1005. the largely, damnable two-party sys- tem where there was no sort of real need for were obviously "ma- chine" men, and as obviously inspir- Jed and directed by the C.P.R. inter- iest, which the people jealously re- 'garded as dangerous to their interest. 'The local C.P.R. solicitor was; leader and chief bow-wow of the .so-called .Conservatives. But, no' matter how I the utter defeat of him and his I came about, the result was to estab- lish .uni-party Government, which is I just about the same thing in a new. 'region as no-party Government would j be. Complete power was given to i Ministers obviously devoted tcK, the provincial, interest alone. j It should be noted that these Miri- isters were obviously good men. If I the people had not chosen such the experiment must have .failed, and worse. There is no .use expecting figs from thorn bushes, nor honorable administration from scalliwags. The Ministers were but four, all conspicu- ously well known for straight private and business lives; all fairly wealthy, and all of that fraternal disposition which if so .curiously notable all over "the province ;of. the glad 'hand." They were not one bit demagogish, and yet they were .comrade-like with all decent folk. Church going men, teetotallers. And, what is remark- able, :ancl may .be instructive, .not one eloquential man in the lot. Quiet men. The blatherskite is one of the curse-s of politics evervwhere else. performances cause multitudes of people to mistake gab for. reasoning, and the gift of it for fitness to do public business. The Alberta Min- isters were all very' capable of slow- ly explaining what they thought the right thing to do, and they were duly convincing and persuasive. Hearing them in 1905, and their principal op- ponent, man of .platform fireworks, I concluded that he was beaten every time, just because the audience dis jounted his rhodomentades, and be- lieved every word the slow, conscien- tious-talking fellows uttered. They proved to be as quick in action as they- were steady, if rather awkward, on'the stump. The absence of partisan opposition i in the Assembly had various excel- lent effects._ First, there was no waste of time in vituperation, accusa- tion; suspicion slander, and all the malign bosh that comes from both sides in regular, party-divided Legis- latures. Thus the people were not drawn into a long succession .of imi- tative recriminations. 'Hence they kept on friendly terms with one an- othei all over the place, and Alberta is conspicuously in this agree- able condition. Every visitor uotea it. tics, 6oon showed that that Govern- ment did not ineun to palter with "interests" which conceived thcm> selves powerful to affect votes. He solved the loag-ncglected problem of compelling the C.P.R. Co. to pay tuxes, He smashed a strong "lum- ber th'us freeing the prai- rie settlers from the- heavy incubus pi high prices for monopolized house building material. ,'He -enforced law and order over all the-vast tract so perfectly that Alberta is a'model pro- vince in that most important respect. He abolished saloons, and reduced the number of urban and rural li- censes -that-temptation...'to drink is young or old. He took up the Dominion Government's "Sunday and made it just as perfectly on railways as on .grog-dealing drug stores; arid laundrymen. ;'Ihe" bad- was everywhere defied, jumped on, scrunched, hammered, run out. A huge region of frontier is -there as peaceful as Commonwealth Avenue.; With much ingenuity a smart tax on the unoccupied lands of speculat- ors was so levied that it applies pro- vincially only outside of school dis- tricts, while any such land .in-school districts has to pay to the school. -A novel law compels Alberta the re- gistration of -agreements for -land sales, thus stopping some rogues in the practice of'selling-the samVtract more than several, deeds, and then skipping with the proceeds; Excellent-Meclianics' Lien and Com- pensation-for Jn juries Acts were es- tablished, so'that the unpaid or the injured can speedy reme- dy. New district courts and connect- ed officials bring justice actively to every part.- Industrial schools for the iuvenile .misled or criminal were set up promptly; public "charities creat- ed, though" there -is .small need for them; and every'.appropriate item of advanced civilization brought into effective action. Finally the- young Attorney-Gener- aL.has .taken, up the very important business of compelling'the C.P.R. Co. to pay taxes on its wild lands. Twen- ty-five million, acres -were granted to to them, by the Crown. This tioii held gooil" by the Judicial Committee of the xuJlMi Privy Coun- cil, Canadians' court of final appeal. Mr. Cioss> has since gone into the whole question. He believes that the vs. C.P.R. was not duly pre- sented. 'He a lot of new points, will bring them before the courts. Hence' the importance to Alberta of retaining the services of him and hip colleagues. To enumerate the proceedings of the uni-party Ministry of Alberta could but worry Transcript readers.' Enough, to observe that schools and a provincial university have been set that; every region has been provided, with roads, bridges, ferries, and, rather wonderful 'to relate, a. rapidly: extending -and most efficient about: 1880. taxable These lands were not to Government telephone service, which pays., and is a first-rate as well as a most -popular investment. In this matter: Alberta led in a course that is being followed by all the west Canada provinces. They buy out the Bell Telephone concern, and then pro- ceed, much to. the sellers' amazement, to improve ..the -system and yet makfe it profitable. -So.much for the much- ridiculed idea that some important public facilities can best be supplied by the public. i As Alberta's main industry is farm- ing, its promotion came, in for much attention.. Creameries ;were not merely promoted, but .run by the Government. Poultry, grain, animals, herds, methods of iarming, all were liberally looked to. An Alberta farmer can insure his crops against hail .much more cheaply .the .Government than with pri- vate insurance concerns. It is sim- ply amazing io observe how the "plowmen; choppers and fishers" who the use Emer- son's up to date in the methods. of sane 'collectivism. Most 'Pay Taxes. Finally, money for all these -sound proce'edings was sufficiently -found with out', taxing private Albertans one cent provincially. For schools .and purely local improvements they, .tax themselves a good deal, municipally, Was Troubled With Weak Back For Taarc. AttevM Without Mn. Arch. BUck Point, N.B., For I WM troubled with weak back. OftentinM I Uin in bed for dUyi, being aouoelj to turn my% and I haro alio been a great suflerw wliile trying 'to perform my household du tiM. I had doctors attending me with- out avail-arid tried and but nothing seemed to do me any good. I was about to give up in despair when- my husband induced EG to try Doan'o Kidney Pills, and after using two boxes I am now well and able to do my work. Lam posi- MEDICINE HAT QAI (From Our Own Correspondent.) i Medicine-Hat, Jan. further investigation of the gas, situation here the conclusions reported yesterday were verified. By courtoi-y of the city officials our reporter 'was shown the city gas wi-lL The city engineer even of- fered to cap the well io show that the gus> pressure of the well was good Jio over, thus showing that the slight, shortage of -gas at some points, in the town was. due rather to defects in from the; well to the increased number of .consum- ers. ;A' visit "was also made to the pumping station "of the waterworks. Here _8ome alterations ..and.'-'improve- ments were being made in '.the uysptpuu Is To Be Miserable A, WVUAU 4OTA.V JBV kidney sufferers to give, fair trial." tanks. One of the pumping en- Dooo'9 Kidney Pills are a' .purely vege- 'sines, was running by, gas. Unless in case-of-fire it is only necessary to table medicine, realizing permanent relief, without ill medici no; that ill absolutely cure Back- ache and all forms of Kidney and Bladder Disease. j A medicine that titrengthens the kidneys KG "that they -are enabled to extract the poisonous uric acid from .the blood and pre- vent the chief cause of Bheomatism. I Price 50 cents per box, or 3 for at all dealers or The T. Milburn Co., Limited, Toronto, Ont. In ordering specify erford. is .Treasurer as well as 'Min- mn these engines for about six hours a day. -'But; in case of a fire "alarm they are started so as to safeguard the'pressure'..from." the rstandpipe. We 'also shown around the C. P. B. round House- and Mr, R. Winters, the G. P. R; gas. man. The pressure: on the guage of die C. well -stood higher "than that at the city .well -because :there is less drain on it. In fact the C. P. E. are using their 'gas' for various purposes civiltod life. It is largely doe to errori in diet, overeating, too free indil- genoe in stimuUDts'uHT over-taxing the with indigettible food, eating too rapidly without chewing the food suAci- ently, indulging in hot jaetry, -pickles, confectionery, Constipation, heartboru, sour stomach, vdistreis after eating, belching of uUneee. and "tion of many 'distressing the poor, weary dyspeptic. vBurdockiBloodi lates the Bocretion of the sali to facilitate 'blood, 'and full rigori and thereby cures dyi- all tributary diseases. ;hat company by way of subsidy, but they get provincial "grants in aid." 'Railways, licenses, corpora- locally during twenty tions dealing an public facilities, etc.; rears, from grant. -When the local j supply the of provincial taxa- authorities of the prairies tried to l-tion, and the rest of the Alberta rev- ax the G.P.R. rcompany ehue comes from Dominion subsidies pleaded that such collection svas bar-Jon the peculiar Canadian system, .until 20 years after each separ- is especially remarkable ate section or tract had been patented where ;the Ruth- ister of Education, is that minute en- as usual an'd' ire noi'..suffering persons last Octo-'in lhe :least- Jt was stated ber, when I was there, failed to find arti also Ceding some of' the pipes one allegation that the public, at'-.-other times were fed from honestly and most thriftilyVtlle citv before-it was overload- expended. -Such is an effect of choosing -good men, and putting them' Thc' v-'hole situation seems to be 011 their honor. Thib is the uni-party like a farmer.wno was watering ten system, and mighty good one small pump but- in It has-so established the credit of.time increased-his herd: and so found Alberta that if she should desire had to increase the size of the borrow for or guarantee aid to her other words the "Hat" has newly projected branch railways, she'growri for its gas, pipe but could certainly get money loaned at there is as much gas as ever in the the lowest ruling rate. "basement of the Hat." The city is only suffering a little from gi-owiag pains which will bfi WON'T BUY CIGARS relieved by the -first Chinook. Mr.- Gold sBirerV greatly troubled -wftH 'dyspepsiai -andafter 'trying ;aeveraV doctors to no effect, 1 wmruenced taiang Burdock "medicine i; there is icr: that For Sale aU and Dealejfm. when a man "Has; on the he. is hv; twenty" years .retire two years ,me, in of, -the Apolitical. party in 'power and of I not mention :that I retired somebody would be appointed chief justice, 'and" the that is a. -good the allurement was that 'if T would 'do I should be knighted. My answer was: 'Take your knighthood; 1 'don't "want It. I would sooner be 'Chief Justice' -with- out a knighthood than a "knight, and not Chief Justice. vote on the local option by-laws throughout the j province on-Monday' had a serious EX-JUDGE SAYS HE REFUSED KNIGHTHOOD: effect1 upon the cigar manufacturing-! si. John, K.B., Jan. W. houses here. In Toronto some 300 K. Tuck, ex-Chief Justice of New hands have been laid off, as a result Brunswick, replying to a toast to his of the vote. (health at a social gathering Hotelkeepers decline to piace or- (made a very interesting statement, ders for cigars, as they do not know as may tell you that how long they will be in business.' three mark well that Fresh 6ysters At the AlbErta Restaurant: Sho31 Orders at- all Hours Oliver Block Phone 228 'Again, a great deal of public money was.saved by the shortness of debate in the Assembly. Electors seldom reflect on how expensive is blather- skiting. At Ottawa it costs a minute counting all the. "for and ail the services.. clerical returns, paper, printing, that have to be i tmid for in proportion as Parliament {sits long, ana gives its time mostly 'to angryi futile contentions, the Op- position fishing for and -the Ministry leading them on .into carefully .planned-pitfalls, all to make election capital. Moreover, the hor- rid, practice of blatherskiting uses up Ministers; takes the time they ought to be giving .to public; business, wor- ries and wearies them, puts some of them out of the right temper for deal- ing carefully, and causes many things to be ''rushed" instead, of long meditated.. From all these evils the Alberta people set themselves free i by their uni-party system. They saved, for expenditure on public i works, and on the promotion of agri- i culture, a great deal of money. It cnnnot be too much insisted on that the system leaves good men free to do good work. .Smashing Combines. The work was well done "all round. The one lawyer of the Ministryr> Mr. C. W. Cross, a man in his earljr'thir- The Lethbridge Herald's Special Publicity Number Will Advertise Lethbridge and Southern Alberta Mr. Advertiser, it will advertise your busi- ness amongst thousands. Why not take a space? We must have your order im- mediately in order that your advertisement should appear in this mammoth issue. MMM ;