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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-12,Lethbridge, Alberta 4 — THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD - S«lurd«)r, January 12, 1974 HOi Back on the rails 'I'rains are the most efficient means of moving people, in terms of number of passengers and amounts of fuel. A train's use of fuel per mile per passenger is less than hah the fuel consumption of a small car. These facts, in the current attention to energy allocation, are enough to warm the hearts of railroad buffs who have had nothing but nostalgia to sustain them in the recent years of declining passenger service on the railroads. Amtrak. the American National Railroad Passenger Corporation, is presently overwhelmed with passengers. Officials are desperately trying to add more runs and get more mileage out of pi esent equipment. Since its creation in 1970, tollowing years in which the railroads showed no willingness to use Ireight-carrying profits to subsidize passenger services, it has had a modestly positive career. Now, thanks to the energy crisis, it is a “whizbang success,” in the words of an American expert. This phenomenon of declining railroad passenger service is the same in Canada, but the energy crisis does not have the same acuteness here. Nor have air and landscape pollution problems surrounding the extravagant use of the automobile, and the extractive industries which provide its fuel, been strong enough to catalyze pressure for efficient mass transportation or to overcome the momentary economic euphoria which pi evails at the seller's end of the energy chain. It is nice to dream, however, of restored interest in passenger service here in Canada. It would be nice to have passenger service again from Lethbridge to Calgary, where the CP station is part ol one of that city's loveliest architectural schemes. WEEKEND MEDITATION In looking over the Palliser Square Mall, with its many lovely shops, cinemas and stores. Ihe Calgary Tower, the new Glenbow Foundation building, all within easy walking distance of the Bay. the city library, the city hall, the federal building and the entire downtown shopping area, one is struck with a sense of loss that the railroad station on the lower level of the mall is so little used. One can also wax sentimental over the lack ol transcontinental travel by train, a trip that ties Canada together in a way that air travel never will. People fly because it wastes time to go by slower means ot transportation. On short trips, this may be only an illusory saving, since airports are on the outskirts of town and railroad stations are usually at city centre. It would be difficult to sell a businessman on longdistance travel by train or to convince a college student on short holidays that half of them should be spent travelling. íiüt to other journeyers, train travel has much to offer besides transportation. Long trips by train are mentally relaxing. The accountability of time disappears, A sense of being replaces a sense of doing. Alt ol this is therapeutic to a traveller through today’s world where time is measured in terms of production and production is measured in terms of what can be seen and therefore counted. On a more prosaic level, one is much less cramped for space on a train; there are no long waits tor baggage and less chance of loss or damaged luggage; and, thus far, no worries about hijacking or fuss about security checks — no silent goodbyes to friends and relatives through the glass window of the security lobby. Altogether, it seems a civilized way to travel. It happens in Europe. It can happen here.    _ How to pray First of all, one must realize the necessity of prayer for the life of the spirit Prayer is absolutely essential to the soul as oxy^n is to the lungs. As Tennysffli says man is little better than an animal if he does not pray. If you experience spiritual slackness, took to your prayer life. Spiritual fatigue hits everyone and nothing will recharge the batteries and restore vitality except prayer. Moreover prayer is necessary to know God, You certainly cannot know anyone if you never speak. This world is separated from God, unaware of God, hostile to God. Only prayer can bridge that fearful chasm of unbelief. Only prayer can lead through the awful darkness of shame, loneliness, and death to light and the peace that passes understanding. In the third place, to realize the urgency of prayer think of the fact that oijly prayer can save the world. Only prayer can integrate your personality, unite your family, cleanse and direct your natim in righteousness, and save your world from utter disaster. Prayer is desperately needed as never before in the world’s history. Multitudes of lost and anxious people are turning to prayer because, as Lincoln said, “Often I have gone to my knees in prayer because I had no other place to go. ” Now if the first requirement is to realize the absolute importance of prayer, the second is to make it a regular habit. The person who does not pray at regular, stated times does not pray at any time. You may not feel like it, but that may be a sign that you need prayer more right now. Don’t let your prayers be at ihe mercy of your moods. It is the dryness and deadness of your soul that makes you averse to prayer. If prayer is a disagreeable duty, it is because the world and the devil are getting control of your life. Further, if prayer is to be real and effective, you must not run into it with some hurried requests, a few thoughtless bits of chatter. Before you pray pause and think of what you are doing, to Whom you are speaking. Make an act of recollection and let your whole being concentrate, since you have come to Heaven’s King. For example, how are you to begin? Surely with the adoration of God. Praise and worship Him. Think of God's goodness, power, and righteousness. John Casteel says that the adoration of God is the beginning and the end of all our prayer. Where do you go next? Why naturally to confession. If you have a sense of the majesty and glory of God you will do as Isaiah did, cry out, “Woe is me! I am undone; because I am a man of unclean Ups and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips. “Peter did the same thing when he realized the moral beauty of Jesus. So must you. In that way you die to yourself and come alive to God. If yog have confessed your sins and found forgiveness, then a prayer of thanksgiving comes naturally. Next will come a selflessness and a desire to pray for others. No man ever experienced the goodness of God without feeling an utter necessity to pass it on. One is astonished that all the world does not want to praise and thank Him. And only as the world confesses its sins can there be peace. Arab and Jew, Irish Protestant and Irish Catholic must confess that they are sinners who are guilty before God’s righteousness and love. Moreover if you have truly prayed your heart will be filled with love and the needy world will break your heart. Though you must discipline yourself in forms of prayer, you should beware lest prayer become too formal. Prayer should be conversational. Keep it simple, because without simpUcity there cannot be sincerity. Remember also that prayer is a dialogue, not a monologue. As Dr. Temple used to say, if he had five minutes to pray, he spent four of them in listening to God. God is trying to get through to you. He has a message for you. But too often our busy, fussy chatter and activity prevent Him from getting our attention. What God has to say is more important than what you have to say. Finally short prayers are better than long prayers. Concentration and frequency are most important in prayer. Frank Laubach had a wonderful idea in his "sentence prayer.” Pray when walking along the street, when shaving, when in a committee meeting, when travelling in a plane. Pray with a pencil and paper in hand. God will say something to you and it would be well to write it down. Pray often, pray always. Prayer is a way of life. PRAYER: O Thou by whom we come to God, The Life, the Truth, the Way. The path of prayer Thysetf hath trod, Lord, teach us how to pray. F. S. M. Kissinger^s gambk By Frank Huiler, Herald Washinglvn commentalor WASHINGTON-n» United States is gambling on its status for world leadership in calling for a series of energy summit meetings starting Feb. 11. But the Americans may have a hard time convincing the rest of the world, including Canada, that it has real solutions to the energy problem and that its intentions are entirely honorable. Canada, while immediately responsive to the U.S. invitation, will be on guard against being cast as “a milch cow” in any pressed energy-sharing agreements. Other countries, such as Japan and members of the European Community, will be leery of arrangements based on pooling oil imports, rather than re-organizing consumption. Some of them, such as France and Britain, have already launched campaigns to set up oil supplies through bilateral agreements, rather than the sort of global cooperation now being sotight by the U.f tliH nuuii “You’ll have to scrub harder, mate, if you want to get anything cleaned up.” Hush branch confirmed By Jeff Carruthers, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA — The communications branch of the National Research Council here is really a separate, multi-million dollar intelligence analysis operation that was created in secret during the Second World War to break German naval codes, highly-placed and reliable government sources confirmed Thursday. Today, the intelligence operation uses modern mathematical and statistical techniques, sophisticated electronics, and huge computers operated by scientists posing as NRC staff to analyze Intercepted foreign radio and cable communications and to break military, diplomatic and commercial codes, the informed sources revealed. The intelligence analysis agency is so “hush hush” that only a limited number of senior government officials have been aware of its existence, let alone its full mission, since 1940. In fact, at least two prime ministers—Pierre Trudeau and John Diefenbaker—may not have really known about the agency and its strange link with the NRC until Wednesday evening, when a CBC television documentary uncovered the tip of the iceberg of Canada’s intelligence operations and relations with military allies such as the United States. One federal source Thursday said that the governing council of the NRC was not informed about the true nature of the communications branch when it was created in 1940. And the council and recent presidents were likely still in the dark about it. In the Commons and outside the House, Mr. Trudeau would only admit that Canada does carry out espionage activities, that Canada to his knowledge had not engaged in espionage abroad, and that the subject was much too sensitive to be discussed any further. The following are details about the activities and history of the communications branch, as obtained from reliaule sources; The communications brandi was first organized in 1940, at the request of some senior members of the federal cabinet, with the purpose of developing scientific techniques for breaking German codes for military purposes during the war. The government turned to the NRC becatKe it thon^t the council had the scientific expertise needed for such a job. In addition, as an agency of government already working on such secret military projects as the A-Bomb and radar, NRC was perhaps best suited from a security ^int of view. From a handful of scientists in 1940 and a very small budget, the communications branch has since grown to a sizeable operation with a staff estimated at from 290 to 300 persons and with a budget estimated at more than $5-million a year. During the war, the enemy messages were usually supplied by the allies. Canada had few, if any, electronic “listening posts” for intercepting such messages. Today, the intelligence analysis group analyses and attempts to decode radio messages originating in the Soviet Union and other countries that are routinely intercepted by American and Canadian mili-ing on such secret military them in the North. For example, military and civilian personnel in Alaska and those manning the DEW and BMEWS early warning radar lines in Northern Canada reportedly expend as much effort intercepting and relaying foreign radio'traffic South for analysis as they do watching for invading missiles and aircraft. The communicatiiMis branch also analyzes and attempts to decode electronic and ^tten messages and signals gathered by the RCMP and military intelligence agents here and abroad, including any messages intercepted between Canadian embassies and their home governments. The results of such s<q>his-ticated analyses are then passed on by tiie agency to the RCMP, the defence department, or the external affairs department. The information is often shared with military aUies such as the U.S. Since its inception, the communications branch has operated in physical, budgetary and administrative separation from the NRC, its cover. The NRC officials who have known about the agency had tried several times, unsuccessfully it turned out each time, to have the intelligence analysis operation transferred from the NRC to some other department, such as national defence or the RCMP. Each time, the other departments balked, in part because they didn’t possess the background needed for such sophisticated operations and prt^ably in part because each did not want the operation to go to a rival department. Since the 1950s, the agency has reportedly tended to run itself, with less direct control from user and supplier agencies and with some sporadic supervision from the Prime Minister’s office in times of crisis. But today, the operation is considered major. The communications branch at NRC performs most of the intelligence and decoding analysis for the military, civilian and diplomatic agencies in Canada. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger outlined U.S. policy at a new conference here Thursday, following the invitations from President Richard Nixon to eight countries for the first energy summit meeting. The first meeting, Feb. 11 in Washin^on, will consist of the foreign ministers of Canada, Japan, Britain, West Germany, France, Italy, Norway and The Netherlands—assuming they all acc^t as Canada has done. ^ , In Canada s case, preliminary talks will be held probably Jan. 31 when Enerw Minister Donald Macdonald visits Washington. Macdonald icted to see U.S. is expectec “eneiw czar” William Simon as weu as state dq>artment officials. Kissinger described the Feb. 11 meeting as the prelude to further discussions with other oil consuming countries, especially the less-developed countries. A third meeting would subsequently be held involving both consuming and producing countries. Kissinger outlined these topics as an agenda for Feb. 11: First, agreement on the nature of the problem and its impact on the economies of the'participants; Second, discussion of alternate sources of energy; Third, pooling of research and development in the energy field; Fourth, sharing the resources available as a result. This prompted one diplomatic observer to remark, “surely these points are in ascending order of priority.” This is a fear common to all participants in the energy summit. They are all anxious to hold onto whatever they’ve got. But Kissinger, putting on his most effective voice of doom, was suggesting that the world faced.a terrible fate if it failed to take a co-operative afmroach. He foresees not only economic havoc as a result of unrestrained enerçr demands and prices, but also drastic shortages of other raw materials “in the foreseeable future” — including food. Kissinger stressed that he BERRY’S WORLD sees a world energy problem extending far beyond the Arab embargoes and that lifting the embargoes would not solve U. "No single country Is capable of solving it by itself,’’ he declared. However, Kissinger did concede that “it would be” that the U.S. would “be driven” to make bilateral arrangements to look after its own energy requirements, through the leverage of its political and economic strength. But he envisioned instead a situation where the U.S. might be able to achieve self suffi* ciency within the decade and reach a surplus situation. The U.S. would be prepared to discuss sharing its energy sources as they develop over the long term, he said. Of course this can work both ways. It is to be assumed that the U.S. would expect other countries, especially Canada, to do the same. Kissinger had previously mentioned development of oil . sands as one potential source of new energy supplies. And Canada has the huge Athabasca oil sands for such potential. It is not unlikely that the sort of pooling of research and development being proposed by the U.S. would include an international project on the oil sands and that, in return for financial and technical aid i» expected to make the resulting oil available to other countries. This is part of the "milch cow syndrome.” There is more to ener than oil, however, and i also has some of '.tbose “alternate sources” that Kissinger was talking about, especially natural gas and coal. Unlike Canada and the U.S. some of the developed countries are almost entirely dependent on importéd oil. For them a crucial question will be whether supplies are to be pooled through import restrictions or limits on consumption which is quite another matter. Furthermore It is one thing for a self-confessed country of “energy wastrels”—Simon’s favorite expression—to curb consumption and quite another for Europeans and. Japanese, whose per capita consumption and limits of, tolerance are both much' lower. It might be tempting for those that have—such as Canada—to make only minimal contributions. ' It will be tempting for coun-' tries'such as France, which has just made a new oil deal with Saudi Arabia, to hold back as well. The American initiative is thus to try to convince everyone of the catastrophic long-term consequences of independence. Kissinger’s gloomy warnings of ‘‘economic revolution” and bis hints of other shortages to come are part of that attempt. It will be interesting to see what the U.S. is prepared to offer in more tangible terms at the forthcoming conference— terms which might include specific technology (such as the suggestion from Ottawa that Canada could contribute advanced nuclear power technology) as well as economic resources and a sharing of the benefits of new sources of energy. Canada must develop industry By Üian Cohen, syndicated commentator it came jaat after Ihe opening klckoff... a fake to the bathroom and a flat toss frotn the kitchen with the receiver wM* Through the 60s Canadians compared their economy to the economies of other countries and usually came out on the short end. We did better than the countries which were clearly underdeveloped and worse than the industrialized giants. In ten years, the Canadian economy achieved its potential rate of growth only twice. This seemed incredible to many Canadians nurtured on the belief that Canada is one of the richest nations in the world. We rank first in world production of nickel, zinc, asbestos and platinum. We rank second in the production of gold, uranium, sulphur, cobalt, titanium, gypsum and cadmium. We are among the world's top ten producers of iron ore, natural gas, copper, crude petroleum, wheat, rapeseed and hydro-electric energy. Growing numbers of economic national lists explained to us the disadvantages of a resource bated economy. We dug things out of the ground and sold them (cheaply) to countries which manufactured end products. The raw materials were cheap and provided little employment of real benefit here, but when the copper, iron and petroleum came back as television sets, steel, or cars, the price tags were high enough to compensate the millions of people in other countries who had added most of the value that comes in the manufacturing process. Their countries had the jobs and economic growth: WE had unemployment and high prices. But times change. The price of wheat has tripled to an unheard of tS Of) a bushel. Rapeseed prices have gene up 25 per cent in the last two years, cobalt is up 40 per cent, copper 15 per cent, gold 2S0 per cent, iron ore and nickel at least ten per cent; the price of silver has almost doubled, zinc is up 40 per cent. Defpite this, the real money is still in manufacturing. Canada has entrepreneurs eager to expand our share of this process and the prosperity that goes with it. Capital is needed of course. Many people think it can be mobilized within the country. Energy is no real problem. Canada is the only industrialized country in the Western world which is selfsufficient in energy. This is an obvious edge. Yet the outlook for 1974 is four per cent real growth and eight per cent inflation. A satisfactory performance would exactly reverse those figures. In all of this, one thing it abundantly clear: our resource-linked liability of the 60s is rapidly becoming our greatest asset. It will be interesting to note whether this advanuge is aeited and used to permanent good effect, or allowed to slip away to the benefit of the U.S. baaed nwlUnational compaMet. 'e 197J by NEA, I "Our engineers have coma up with a new comfortable economy car that has tour cylinders, gets fantastic gas mileage — and HERE IT IS!" The Lethbridge Herald S04 7th St. S. LMnbrKla*. AIMrta LETHaniOOE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprl«ior( and Publlshars ^    $«C0fi4 Cl*** M«l n*gi*1r«1IOn NO 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor *nd Publisher DON M PILL!!«S    DONALD R. DORAM M*nR«4n« Editor    M*n*o*r ROY F. MILES AdvMtlflfl Mmtgtr DOUGLAS K. WALKER EdilerW Pigt Edflor ROBERT M. fENTON Clrcul*ti<»n Mima0|tr^ KENNETH E. »ARNeiiT. Bu*4n«M Mina^ ,i ^ THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH' ;