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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 12, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 44 THI UTHBRIDGE HMALD Wednildoy, January 12, 1971 Africa's black-ruled nations plagued with domestic problems By KENNETH L, WHITING JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) With pressing domestic problems, most of Africa's black-ruled nations can do little but criticize Brit- ain when the white minority of Rhodesia gels the stamp of legitimacy for its independ- ence this year. An official British team is to sample Rhodesian public opinion to ascertain whether a negotiated settlement is suita- ble to the population as a whole. Some militant blacks in (iie country bitterly oppose the deal as a sellout, but most observers believe it will go through. The end of the six-year dis- pute between Britain and Rho- PROTESTS PAY CUT County Court Judge Omer Cbartrand of Hawkeshury, Ont, Is refusing to perform marriages, preside at small claims court sessions or deal with chamber matters in pro- test to a cat in allowances by the Ontario govern m e n t. Judge Chartrand is shown in this 1963 photo. dcsia is symbolic of changing priorities. The heady post-independ- ence era in Africa is p, Boundless optimism is gone; disease, poverty and illiteracy re-main. Military dictatorships are common and many coun- tries have turned inward. The new year finds most leaders in sub Sahara Africa eschewing the grand-scale rhetoric of recent years to concentrate on internal or re- gional matters. President Joseph Mobutu leads the former Congo of Kinshasa into its first full year as the Republic of Zaire. The name change and a new flag reflect Mobutu's continu- ing efforts to create a central identity for 400 tribes. The new flag has much in common with the banner of Zaire's only political party, the People's Revolutionary Movement. In some rural dis- tricts it enjoys more support than emblems of the central government. MARKET CHANCES DIM The East African Commun- ity, a planned common mar- ket that is sitil little more than a collection of joint pub- lic services, seems headed for more trouble. A border feud between the military rulers in Uganda and Socialist Tanzania has been patched up, but the three Community governments still seek their own solutions hi the common afflictions of poverty and illiteracy. The chances of real co-operation h e't w e e n Tanzania and Uganda are djn. Kenya is preoccupied with its faltering economy. Effective Community-wide economic planning has broken down. Few in the former Brit- ish colonies talk much about eventual political federation. Pressures are increasing on the Asian minority that forms a major part of the profes- sional and business groups in East Africa. Asian landlords have been dispossessed in Tanzania. Kenya is forcing ncn citizen Asians to sell shops and busi- nesses to blacks. A recent census in Uganda indicates similar measures arc afoot there. Thousands of Asians are salvaging what they can and leaving East Africa. Prospects for real political stability in the region depend r SI SIMPSONS-SEARS in large measure on the health of two aging loaders President Jomo Kenyatta in Kenya and Emperor Haiie Se- lassie of Ethiopia. The Ethiopian ruler is mak- ing another attempt to achieve land reform which could transform what is still a largely feudal society. Somalia's military rulers are turning to Moscow and Peking to finance develop- ment plans. IMPRESSIVE PROGRESS For the first tuni: since Ni- geria ended a 30 month civil war.with secessionist Biafra, black Africa's most populous state faces a new year exud- ing something close to confi- dence. Impressive progress in re- construction and reconcilia- tion of the war-ravaged Ibo heartland of former Biafra, and revenue from oil expect- ed to exceed .billion in 1972, bolster the promise of Niger- i a's four-year development plan. Gen. Yakubu (Jack) Gowon, the 37-year-old soldier-state- man, has emerged is the fore- front of a new generation of black leaders. He baa me- diated inter-African disputes, Joined an Organization of Afri- can Unity peace mission to the Middle East and stepped into the front ranks of anti-co- lonial and anti-South African militancy. Despite this, Gowon has lin- gering problems at home. Ni- geria's 60-million people face an alarming crime rate, un- employment, widespread cor- ruption and deep-seated tribal animosities. The country's army, largest in the sub-Sahara, is a serious drain. Elsewhere in West Africa, Ghana struggles under the burden of huge foreign debts piled up by deposed dictator Kwame Nkrumah. Inflation, joblessness and unpopular austerity measures put pres- sure on the two-year-old gov- ernment of Prime Minuter Kofi Busia. He heads one of Africa's handful of multi- party, parliamentary democ- The continent's forgotten wars promise to spill blood through 1972. Portugal has been battling guerrillas in An- gola, Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau for most of a decade, with no end in sight. In Chand, Moslem dissidents fight French-backed govern- ment units in wastes of the Sahara. RESHUFFLE EXPECTED Coup-addicted Dahomey, which has had nine changes of government in 11 years of in- dependence, expects a consti- tutional reshuffle. Tin script calls for Hubert Maga to turn over power to Justin Aboraad- egbe, another member of the three-man presidential com- mission win are supposed 'to take turns running things. Togo enters its fifth year of military rule under Gen. Etienne Eyadema. He flirted with the notion of putting gov- ernment back into civilian hands, but demonstrations de- manded he remain in charge. Guinea's president, Sekou Toure, warns his people that another invasion, allegedly backed by Portugal, is immi- nent. Mass purges and show trials of "plotters and fifth columnists" In the Conakry regime go on unabated. Instability is a continuing factor in Sierra Leone. Eco- nomic progress in the Ivory Coast, one of Africa's signifi- cant post-independence sto- ries, should make further gain: in 1972. Less success 'if fonxwt for President Felix Houphouet-Boigny's to open dialogue between Mack- and white-ruled parts of Africa. South Africa's prime minu- ter, John Vorster, wants to mesh dialogue with nil so- called outward-looking foreign policy. This offers economic aid and co-operation for will- ing nations in the black-ruled north. 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