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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 12, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 42 TNI UTHBRIDCE HEKAID Wedniiday, January 12, 1972 New radar eyes on the Russians By VIVIAN WILLIAMS London Observer Service LONDON Two mountain radar sites in East Turkey are the last to be completed in the mile long NATO radar screen stretcliing from Norway to Turkey's frontier with Iran. The million installation has been contracted out since 1966 to an international consor- tium of electronics companies, which operates under the title of NADGECO. This stands for NATO Air Defence Ground En- vironment, and it has its head- quarters in London. The Turkish section of the defence arc has been the most difficult to complete because of the rugged country and lack of prepared access, and control of it is not expected to be handed over to lie NATO host country until the end of 1972. The NADGECO radar sites are designed to be effect i v e against conventional air attack, and cannot give early warn- ing of attack by missiles. When they were conceived in the early 1960s, the supposed threat was expected to come solely from the east. In the northern sectors of the screen, this ori- entation of likely attack is still valid, but in the East Mediter- ranean a possible thrr.t emer- ges from the Soviet bases in Egypt. Talks are under way to gear the radar equipment of the U.S. Sixth Fleet, which is based in the Mediterranean, to a role which is complementary to the NADGECO radar cover- age. The most strategically vital point at which Soviet military might faces West Europe and Israel is through Turkey. Air access to the East Mediterran- ean is most direct via Turkish air space, and in the Bosphor- us the Russians have sea ac- cess to Mediterranean waters from their naval bases at Od- essa and Kherson on the Black Sea, and Taranrog on the Sea of Azov. It is a common sight from the terraces of Tcpkapi Palace in Istanbul at the southern end of the straits to see Russian warships moving to the Medit- erranean, passage to which is guaranteed them in peacelime and while they are non belli- gerent in wartime, by the terms of the Montreux Convention of 1936. At times of heightened ten- sion, Russian warships can make the passage to East Med- iterranean destinations in 72 hours. Limits are set by the Conven- tion on tire total tonnage of alien shipping allowed in the Bosph- orus at any one time and notifi- cations of intention to sail war- ships through the passage have to be lodged with the Turkish authorities eight days prior to sailing. The Russians have been punc- tilious apparently in meeting the letter of international agreement but are not restrict- ed in the destructive power of the armament they can bring through. They have evolved a tech- nique of keeping their options open on transit through the Bos- phorus by lodging hypothetical advance declarations ft the warships to be Bent through for every day of the year, so thai in time of need they can put maximum to n n a g a through without delay. In practice fewer than 10 per cent of their declarations are exercised, but when Middle East tension grows the Soviet fleet could be doubled within two days. Currently, the U.S-S.R. is sailing 45 to 51 war- ships in the Mediterranean and most of them are said by NATO sources to be concentrating now in eastern waters. Aircraft carriers and subma- rines being of special destruc- tive potency have to be spe- cially cleared by the Turkish Government and both the heli- copter carriers LENINGRAD and MOSCOW gained access to the Mediterranean and Atlan- tic via the Bosphorus. As a naval reserve "surge tank" the Baltic is too far from the Mediterranean to be as valu- able to the Russians as the Black Sea, and it is cut off by polar ice for too much of the year. In the time of the Ottoman Empire, enemy shipping was prevented from breaching the Bosphorus at Istanbul by a chain boom across the straits from a point just below the Seraglio in Topkapi to Lean- der's Tower on the Asian side. The Byzantine chain Is pre- served in Topkapi Museum ant its place has been taken by some highly sophisticated un der water electronic surveil- lance equipment. The equipment can delect submerged vessels, but the Russians are thought to have found a way.to smuggle sub- marines through In the shadow of surface warships, cleared in the ordinary way. Up to 20 Soviet submarines are thought to be operational in the Mediterranean, based on Durazzio in Albania, including one Polaris type submarine equipped with 16 missiles of a range of 1500 miles. The bulk of the fleet is sta- tioned in Soviet waters in the Black Sea and its arrival at the mouth waters of the Bosph- orus is detectable on the radar the Turks have at their dispo- sal at a range of 50 miles. This is far too late a warning should counter action of any kind be required. Attempts to re-equip the Turks with radar of higher capacity for the Black Sea's coast have been largely un- availing. The U.S. Sixth Fleet periodically sails a cruiser or frigate in the Black Sea to ex- ercise its right to utilize inter- national waters, but has had no permanent surveillance role in the area. The Turks effectively control passage in the straits, but while Turkey remains neutral in any war situation, the Bosphorus has to remain open to Soviet naval power. Any new war In the Middle East might be influ- enced one way or the other by the naval power the U.S.S.R. can channel through the Bos- phorus. It is to meet this con- tingency that the electronifica- tion of the early warning sys- tem is under way. NOTICE THE SENATE THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA The expression "communication gap" has become quite popular in the last few years. The main pgrpose of the Senate of The University of Alberta is to see that no such gap is permitted to exist or to develop between the people of Alberta and their university'. A substantial majority of the members of the Senate are persons in various walks of life, drawn from widely separated parts of the Province. They were elected to the Senate to represent the public's interests, and to help break down the all too popular "ivory tower" concept of the University. The Senate, which will hold its next regular meeting on February 25.1972, would therefore welcome submissions from any person or group of persons having suggestions to offer of ways in which the University's effectiveness, as a publicly supported institution of higher learning, might be improved. Persons or groups wishing to make submissions lo the Senate for consideration at its February meeting are requested to make them in writing to Mr. A. D. Cairns, Secretary of the Senate, The University of Alberta. Edmonton, not later than January Submissions received by this date will then be referred to appropriate Senate Committees for preliminary study prior to the meeting of the Senate. Persons wishing to appear before the Senate In support of their submissions should advise Mr. Cairns to this effect. Any other persons wishing to attend the meeting should also contact the Secretary. MR. A. D. CAIRNS. Registrar The University of Alberta Edmonton 7, Alberta by January JANUARY CLEARANCE SAVINGS UP TO 50% SUITS Great value in suits. At their regular prices these suits are Canada's best value in clothing today. Wider lapels, nicely shaped waist beautifully tailored. All wool cloths. All sizes. Beg. SPORT COATS A huge selection of fine sport coats and blazers. saxonies, worsteds many with very current details (patch pockets, pleated backs, etc.) All sizes. Reg. to SLACKS Fine wool, wool-blend and knit slacks in fancy and plain pat- terns.- Tweeds, herringbones, stripes and solids in all shades. Executive, flared and belled bottoms. All sizes. Reg. to JACKETS CAR COATS Handsomely tailored fine leath- er jackets with very current de- tails in several styles and shades. Warm car coats of the finest cloths. And year-round winabreakers. Most sizes. Reg. to AND UP DRESS SHIRTS This season we've had a bigger and better selection of dress shirts than ever. Fancy patterns and plains in all the most popular colours. All by famous makers. All sizes. Reg. to TIES Not the usual 'gaudy'' sale-ties you find at other stores. These are designer ties in the most fashionable colours and patterns. Match one with one of our dress shirts, Reg. to WANT SUITS For the man who cares less for the fashion details but wants a suit to wear well for a long time. Huge selection of colours, pat- terns and Sizes. Alterations extri Reg. Jeans, knit suits, hosiery, and more. OFF SOCKS A fantastic selection of fine, imported English socks. Big choice of col- ours (mostly dark Top quality stretch socks. I t Of course you can charge it. Centre Village Mall TIP TOP Alterations extra on all clothing reduced by 54 or greater. Phone 328-8255 ;