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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 12, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta EDITORIALS Carl Ron cm Poor people hold a first9 From all reports, Canada's first Poor People's Conference which was held last week in Toronto, was not a resounding success. After six months of careful planning by various committees across the nation, reports indicate that the 400 delegates were divided among themselves on their future objectives and immediate plans. The conference, while run by the poor people themselves was initiated by the government which paid $68,500 to finance it, including most of the delegates' travel expenses. Nearly 300 organizations representing the unemployed, the handicapped, welfare recipients, marginal income workers, the seasonally employed and other groups who live at the poverty level ($3,500) sent representatives to plead their cause. Included in the positive resolutions passed was the decision to set up a national committee to co-ordinate the work of poor people's groups, with a national newspaper to serve as a communications link between groups. A resolution from Quebec delegates proposed that the government provide guaranteed work instead of guaranteed income. The women's workshop reiterated demands by liberationist groups for more day-care centres, free abortion and maternity leave with pay. But according to some of their own organizers, the delegates talked about a great many things they knew nothing about, such as: redistribution of wealth and power in-order to return it to the people and the emergence of a power base among the low-income people of the country. The conference, from the outset, was disenchanted at the presence of the media, and a vote to oust them or let them stay divided the meeting down the middle. The Globe and Mail did nothing to heal the breach with a headline which read, "bar business brisk as the Poor check into Simcoe hotel for convention." But in spite of the many ups and downs which accompany a "first" of any kind, the conference organizers should not feel discouraged. Their unity in purpose, although somewhat vaguely spelled out, will keep before governments the plight of people who get a slim share of Canada's benefits. As their organization settles into its task of improving this condition, their whole movement will catch the sympathy of people more fortunate, and their goals may be more readily achieved. France's folly France expects to have an H-bomb system within five years. The reasoning behind the decision to develop such a system is that the prospect of war has become more distinct, with the result that France needs to have the system to defend itself. Such, at least, is the explanation offered the world. Everyone knows that France has been infected with the late General Charles de Gaulle's delusions of that country's grandeur. He thought France was still one of the great powers or could regain that status. The prospect of war is very likely only an excuse to push on with a program that has clearly been under way for some time. In defiance of world opinion, France has been stubbornly persisting in carrying out nuclear tests in the atmosphere with the obvious intention of developing a nuclear weapons system of sorts Although hopelessly behind the two giants, the U.S.S.R. and the U.S., France hopes to get into the big league by having a system. The only kind of defence that nuclear weapons provide is in the deterrence they impose. If a nuclear war broke out between the super powers, there is nothing the French could do to defend themselves from the holocaust. They could blow off their bombs and add their bit to the general destruction but that is about all here would be to it. When it comes to nclear war, the only defence is prevention. Concern over deterioration in world conditions might better be expressed by the French through efforts to reduce the tensions than by getting into the bomb business. A good start toward a better situation would be for France to sign the test ban treaty and eschew the dubious honor of being the world's major supplier of arms. It is sheer folly for France to be setting the example among the lesser nations of acquiring a nuclear arsenal. Just because people are religious it does not make them any more saintly - Sister Josephine of the Convent of St. Lucy, Medstead, England. Editorial page report 1970 By Dong Walker A SIGNIFICANT change in the person-nel working on the editorial pages of The Herald took place in mid-October when Mrs. M. A. Hornsby, editorial assistant, left the employ of the paper. Mrs. Margaret Luckhurst moved from reporting to become an editorial associate to do feature writing and be a backup in the preparation of the pages. In 1970 there were 812 locally written editorials - as compared to 864 in the previous year. My production dropped to 439 (from 515) and Mr. Cleo Mower's output also dropped (from 102) to 77 while Mrs. Jane Huckvale increased her contributions to 269 (from 229) and Mrs. Luckhurst entered the scene with 15. Staff members from the news room contributed the other 12 (compared to 18 in 1969). The number of letters to the editor increased by 150 over the 416 published in 1969. This kind of increase is a phenomenon experienced by most newspapers. Anonymous writers (they are of course known to us) accounted for 99 of the letters (compared to 89 in 1969). Only six persons wrote more than six times (Mr. .J A. Spencer of Magrath was the top writer again) which indicates wide participation in the sharing of opinions. Our commentators fell into the same three 'groups as the previous year: writers from the FP Publications' corps; those of the London Observer Foreign News Service; and the individual syndicated columnists. There is space for only about a dozen of these articles each week and in 1970 there was not room for even that number because of the increased flow of letters. We published material from 13 of our FP writers using a total of 216 of their columns (compared to 198 in 1969). Once again, Maurice Western of the Ottawa Bureau was published most frequently, followed by Bruce Hutchison who is the dean of Canadian columnists. Columns from 52 of The Observer writers were published for a total of 156 (compared to 108 in 1969). Columnists whose work was selected most frequently were: Colin Legum, Dr. Arnold Toynbee, Boris Kidel, Joyce p;gginton, Charles Foley and Dev Murarka. From the syndicated columnists we chose 63 articles by Joseph Kraft (57 in 1969); 60 by Anthony Westell (30 in 1969); 49 by Carl Rowan (77 in 1969i: ami 5 by Peter Newman (U in 1969). Also Art Buchwald's sa- Trade policies are inviting calamity "WASHINGTON - Thanks to a few gutsy members of the 91st Congress, this country has been spared the burden of a restrictive trade bill that would have caused us years of grief. Before the high tariff crowd jumps on the 92nd Congress, trying to exact lucrative favors for the textile industry and others who want to get rich off the misery of the poor consumer, someone had better take a look at what bad trade policies already have done to this country. There is no clearer or more disturbing example than Latin America and the Caribbean area. Everyone knows about Castro and Cuba and millions of Americans have expressed alarm that the voters of Chile put an avowed Marxist in the presidency - or that anti - Americanism has erupted in Peru and several other countries. If you look at the poverty of Latin America against the wealth of the United States and then ponder trade patterns of the last 20 years, you will have a pretty good idea why we are in trouble. And we will be in bigger trouble unless President Nixon comes up with something remarkable in the way of his promised new plan for economic dealings with small, poor nations - especially Latin America. Do not be frightened away by the fact that the next few paragraphs contain statistics. For these figures go to the heart of this nation's security and the likelihood that it will be gravely endangered by political upheavals right in our own backyard. In 1950 the United States implied $8.8 billion worth of items from other countries. Latin Americans sold us $2.9 billion, or about 30 per cent, of that. By 1960 United States imports had climbed to $15 billion, but we were taking only $3.1 billion worth - just over 20 per cent - from Latin America. In 1969 U.S. imports had soared to $36 billion, but purchases from Latin countries had dropped back to $2.9 billion, or roughly 8 per cent. It must be counted an economic calamity for Latin Americans that they could not participate in this more-than-400-per cent growth in U.S. imports. Add the element of infla- tirical column was used 107 times (115 in 1969). The work of 10 cartoonists appeared 295 times. Yardley Jones of the Toronto Telegram, whom we did not use in 1969, with 75, was the leader. He was followed by Ed Uluschak of the Edmonton Journal with 52 (he was third in 1969 with 61). Our own D'Arc Rickard doubled his appearances over 1969 with 23. Most of our photographs used on Saturday's page five were taken by the staff photographers, with Walter Kerber again contributing most, closely followed by Bryan Wilson. Our regular feature writers were: university writer Jim Fishbourne with 47 columns (two more than the previous year); religious writer Dr. Frank Morley with 52 (48) meditations and 51 (49) Voice of One Columns. Miss Joyce Sasse continued to write from Korea with 24 (8) articles used. Local teachers once again made use of a weekly education slot 39 times with Louis Burke, Ed Ryan, Terence Morris and Peter Hunt contributing most frequently. A very welcome addition was the work of Margaret Luckhurst who contributed 41 features including the series on people of the south. Other staff members fell off in their offerings with only 17 compared to 30 in 1969. Special contributions from people locally totalled 15 (13). Mrs. Beth Gillis continued to prepare the Looking Backward feature with Judi Walker filling in during holiday absence. Much short material was reproduced from other newspapers and periodicals. There were 248 such pieces (253 in 1969.) from 48 (43) newspapers and uncounted other publications. The number of books reviewed increased from 126 to 169 with almost all of the reviewing being done by members of the Herald staff. I reviewed 89 ( 66); Mrs. Huckvale 23 (12); Mrs. Luckhurst 19(0); Jim Wilson 10 (3). For fillers we once again relied on four main sources: informative items supplied by Newspaper Enterprise Association 30 (101); mini-cartoons called Crazy Capers 75 (75); So They Say 108 (68); and my fun fillers 127 ( 60). It is hoped that among all this diverse offering of material there has been something for all tastes. We hope it has been noted that the Canadian content runs fairly high and U � the voice of women is not unheard. 'Well I say we tackle the floors first - and then the unemployment thing . . ." tion and the deterioration of the Latin position is even more disastrous. Former President Carlos Lleras Restrepo of Colombia put the problem succinctly in 1969 when he said that "in 1954 the price of coffee was 80 cents a pound. In that same year a jeep was worth $1,367. In other words, 14 bags of coffee bought one jeep . . . Today the price of coffee is 40 cents a pound and the price of a jeep is $2,264. Now it takes 43 bags of coffee to buy a jeep." Small wonder that Latin American countries do not have the dollars needed to buy the machinery, tools, materials, and food essential to economic and social development. Small wonder that the Soviet Union has a major drive on to increase commercial ties with Latin America. Small wonder that Lleras warned President Nixon of a coming crisis in relations in the hemisphere and former Chilean foreign minister Gabriel Valdes warned Nixon well before the. Communist electoral victory of "frustration expanding in Latin America and a growing and harmful resentment expressed in large sectors." It seems incredible that against this background the Congress - with White House acquiescence - almost saddled this nation with trade policies that would have increased the inequities and, consequently, the danger to democracy. During two decades of economic and trade policies that have made us thousands of enemies in Latin America, many Americans have tried to protect "freedom," meaning U.S. interests, by pouring arms into the hands of Latin Americans they deemed to be safe. If it meant supporting a military dictatorship or an oppressive oligarchy, we did it. We have paid a staggering price in Cuba and Chile, and unless we wise up we will pay bigger prices elsewhere. A good place to start wising up will be the 92nd Congress .where we can turn our backs on more trade restrictions and adopt trading policies that will enable our neighbors to know some prosperity - with dignity. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Shaun Herron Life eventually comes to be seen as comedy T AST year was the best of f years; it was the worst of years; like every other year. Like 1912, I have no doubt, though I have no clear recollection of that. So far as I can recall out of a long life, the two things I wanted most frantically - though not necessarily most deeply - I didn't get, and have spent the years since then thanking God and the navy or whatever other determining power controls our little destinies. On the other hand, I have learned also that when the tide is running high, gird your loins and put on the armor of God, for suddenly, when you are four feet off the ground, drought dries up the tide and you find yourself on your back on the wet sand. There is therefore no point in writing something about what a great year 1971 will be. It will be like every other year, full of pleasures and pains some of which you hoped for, some of which you would like to have done without. Letter to the editor But could you have done without them? The pains, I mean. I find those people to be very ignorant of life who talk so much about and yearn so sloppily for something called happiness. Perhaps the philosophers - acting heads especially - can define this state. But as one grows older - that is, when one approaches, enters into and passes middle age-it becomes not only less definable but less important, and less on the mind. The pursuit of happiness, which is only one of the gross errors in a famous American document, is surely a sign of some deep psychosis? Only those who have no real interest in life have time to pursue what their pursuit denies them: this thing they call happiness. People who pursue happiness are really running from pain, and since there is more pain in being young than in being middle-aged or old, I suppose that's why we hear so much from the unfortunate young who are desperate to es- cape from their growth yearnings and strivings and the fearful anguish of knowing almost nothing while they pretend to us and to themselves that they have little left to learn. The pain known by us old people is not nearly so rending as that known by the young; we have seen it all, felt it all, laughed at that proportion of it-a large proportion of it-that we have contributed ourselves and have come to be able to see it as part of the taste of life itself. This is why life for the most part comes to be seen by many of us as comedy. There is something sublime about the strivings of the race, and something ridiculous. It is almost impossible, for example, to have an adult mind and to look back on one's own life without seeing it as comedy, and therefore, of course, to see the posturing of some of the relatively young as comedy because it was also part of the comedy of one's own younger years. But not only the personal comedy of one's life; "ones noblest endeavors in behalf of Man" come quite frequently to a comic conclusion. One of the grimmest fights of my life was with respect to Africa. Most of the first leaders of an Africa in process of peaceful liberation were my friends. I remember how important it was to a group of us, like Trevor Huddleston, Michael Scott and myself, that the churches should fight the Bantu Education Act when it was first proposed in South Africa (it was the Act under which the Bantu were to be educated for Bantu life, not for so-called white life; it was systematized doctrine that in its effects was the same as that unsystematized view of Indian education now beloved of progressive educationists in Canada). We debated the issue ardently with the leaders of the churches, with the World Council of Churches; we said now is the time to fight. They said: not yet. There will be another day. It never came. And today? The World Council of Churches finds itself so without credit that it thinks it desirable, or expedient, or necessary, to declare that it will provide funds for African guerrilla forces fighting Africa's whites. That is comedy. It is, I admit, grim comedy, but then the story of mankind is rather grim comedy; often givtesque, occasionally marvellous, even, as I said, sublime; but still comedy. There is grim comedy, as well as a curious paradox, in General Motors resisting French as the working language of their plant in Quebec and the province trying to attract new industries. And war, and peace, and life, are like that. Let me say, then, that 1971 will be delightfully mixed with some joy, some pain, the taste of life, for all those who have any capacity for tasting life. One says, simply, when it hurts: All, here it comes again. And when it pleases: Enjoy it like a starving man, for four feet down the sand is wet Life is sweet, brother, who would wish to miss it? (Herald Special Service) It is only taxpayers9 money Looking backward The taxpayer will be the next one of our natural resources to be completely exhausted. Two headlines in Jan. Eth's Herald were: "Lack of funds may spoil our West Side Story" and "$100,000 needed for Pool Repairs". Some years ago city dignitaries gathered for the official opening of the Lions Pool. The appointed official turned the valve to fill the pool, but alas, nothing happened. Several weeks and several thousands of dollars later, the grand opening was on again. The water flowed in and the bottom of the pool fell out. A money bylaw to build a curling rink was defeated, so in order to build it, the council used a sum of money that had been set side for library extension, knowing that the taxpayer would approve money for the library when needed. With the limited funds available, there-foie, council approved the cheapest roof for the curling rink. Council knew and the ar- chitect knew, that the roof was not adequate, but they also knew that once a great deal of money had been invested in a fine building, a satisfactory roof would bo supplied later, and it was. At a subsequent council meeting called to enquire into the fiasco of the roof, Alderman Virtue attempted to establish whether the architect or the contractor was responsible, but neither one was, and both were commended for an excellent job. Perhaps it was the stenographer who should have been fired? I could mention the original LCI, the window wall of Gilbert Paterson School, etc, tlie list of $10,000 and $100,000 mistakes is endless, so what's the use? ft is only taxpayers' money, and no one seems to be responsible. Now we need a $100,000 repair job to our Henderson Pool, that was built only seven years ago, and which has already cost far more than it should have. I don't suppose that anyone is responsible for that cither, and I don't know which stenographer should be fired this time. And while all this is going on, and the sewage treatment plant is still in the news, there is talk about building a new one and a one half million dollar auditorium and ice centre in the Exhibition Grounds, which we need as much as we need another Park-ade- I am not very good at arithmetic, and I would like someone to explain the mechanics of borrowing ourselves out of debt; or perhaps I should accept the new concept that modern society is one where the present generation pays the debts of the past generation by issuing debentures for the future generation to take care of. Where are we heading? Is anyone responsible for anything when dealing with tax-pavers money? N. E. KLOPPENBORG. Lethbridge. Through the Herald 1921 - Term enrolment at city schools is the largest, in the history of the city and numbers 2,292. It has been found necessary to use tlie gymnasium in Westminster to accommodate the overflow in that school. 1931 - Air mail letters for the first flights through Lethbridge have been piling up at the local post office. Some 10,000 have been received to date. 1911-Four types of U.S. war planes are being flown to Britain. They are the Lockheed- Hudson long range bomber; the Beoing B-17; the Consolidated flying boat and the Lockheed-Ventura bomber. 1951-Ski train service for tlie Lethbridge ski club has been arranged with the CPR, which will make it convenient for skiers to travel to Blairmore. Tlie ski run is now equipped with a tow and night lighting. 1961 - Premier Manning, as Alberta's attorney-general, has named Roy M. Edmanson to conduct the inquiry into the administration of the City of Lethbridge. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mai) Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulation* CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;