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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 12, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta JERUSALEM THE GOLDEN TEEMS WITH INTEREST No City Has Been So iBe-"leaguered, So- Devastated, So Utterly Destroyed, BUT RECOVERS AGAIN It Will Now Become a New Jerusalem and Capital of an Ancient People. L!v 1-LOUENCE WITHROW, BJi^ Seen Is t!io lilcallzod naJSie t:lvon Ihi-ousli tho agrcs to this city of vicissitudes. Such wa^ It In the tlnys of Solomon's glory; in Its Hellen-iKcd (lays of Greek beauty with palaces of Antiochiis; in its brief MnccaBeaa (lays; in Its Roman pomp of ttie times of Herod and Hadrkui; and in Its Saracenic splendor of tha Callphato (lays. To the Jew, to the Christian, yea even to. the Mohamwiedan, will it ever remain a gl6riflcd place. No city has been so beleaguered, so devastated, so utterly destroyed, but "Resurjnim" was ever Its watchword, although otttlmes remaining lung years in desolation, and by its] triumphant recovery from tho des- ' polllns band of tho Turk will it now become a New Jerusalem and mayhilp the restored capital of an ancient and honorable people. A city of such checkered history ..naturally has changed since tho days of Dai-fd, Nebuchadnezzar, Cyrus, Ale-xander, Porapey, Titus, Otnar, Saladin, Godfrey .and Selim the Ottoman, yet it still bears tj-plcal fea-' tures of Ma varied antiquity. To the Jew It is still ZIon, the "city of Solemnities." To the Christian it is sacred for Its historic endurance and its association with tlie Divine Christ What matter if the sacred spots can not be located? Somewhere within was tho Via Dolorosa, somewhere without . was Calvary. Thitherward wended tho mournful, mocked procession. Some d by Helena and her son: Con-Et.antino and to t^eir Roman Bo^lUca ' t!n'-Crus�ders added the'dlrnenstohS' ol tl)0 present colossal church. Wo remember entering it wiih caJm m::ul tlctcrmlncd not to be influenced by superstition. However, we were rojn filled with emotion and sjhnpa-iliy at sight of tha devout Pllffrlftis who believed in the holy tojrib. Our imastuatlon ^-aa' awakened by the sh.idowy vaults, tho ^f3Ickering lights and the heavy incense. \ ' This Gothic church is of and, extensive ramification. A central dome rises on lofty arches above the Sepulchre Shrlna/and witli-In Is tho Angels' Chapel richly encrusted, with marble, In the tomb vault "faint lights burn quietly and constantly and to the devout this allent sanctuary is the Holy of IJoIles. ."^e vratchef each pilgrim as he passionately , kissed the cold stone and memories of other scenes enacted in these hallowed precincts filled our mind. jGallant Cnisadera had bowed their mailed knee withtn this narrow chamber; rude Moslem Turks had desecrated it with .phristlans' blood; eyen incredulc^us travellej-o ; had bowed the head In reverence vfie-foro, this symbolic ohrlne. ^ Many Fcud� Th�ce ^ SPUGGING PARtYdN WpTERNPRAIRIE Useless i Clii'istihas Gifts Were Gntlicrcd iuuVSold ho Fi'ox'ide Boxes fo.v Soldiers at tlic Frpnt. Holiest Place in Holiest Oty Wrested From the Turks (CONSIDERED the holiest place in the holiest city, which has just .been re-^ gained by the British from the power ffiid dorainatlony>f the Turks, the Calvary, which Is shown In this photo is one Of tlie wonder spots of the.Holy Land. -It shows the new Calvary outside thu Damascus Gate from'-the Northern wall. Tliere are many reasons' for thinking that the Hills of Calvary was the scene of the Crucifixion rath>;r than tho traditional Cliurch of the \Holy Sepulchre. The resemblance of the elevation with its two caves to\a hvmnn skull, with its two eye sockets, might have, stlggested th? name "CKdgoth.a", "skull-like" From early Jewish writings It is learned that this hill north of the city, was given up to e.xecuti^n. At the estremc left of tbe'photo can be seen at the bottom of the cliff a small dark spot, which is the entrance to a tomb discovered'jby General Gordon. It is hollowed out of the rock and has been named the 'fTomb of the l/ord." footed friars halted at the Stations of the Cross, while ptocesslons of pflgrims and devout tonrlSts performed the same act of prayer. After a tortuous xtrlp through crooWd and crowded  byways we reached the broad expanse of ths Temple area which claims great antiquity, being the site of Mt. Morlah where Abraham offeren up Isaac. Here for a thousand years ascendeff the' smoke of the morning and the .evenlpg sacrifice and here stood the Ark of the 'Covenant*. To the Jews this 'spot is the earthly centre 6f their faith. No wonder for centur-iisa have they poured forth lamentations, and with faces to the wailing wall (have moa,ned their .sorrowful litany of subjugation anM e.vile, and prayed-Jehovah to restore their beloved city. With God's help and Britain's power m.-iy this soon come to pass; o ^ The Final Crusade T6 the Moslem also Is the temple area sacred, for he believes that Mahommed ascended from the dome of the rock and that hero will stand the Judgment throne. Above llie rock stands the so-called Slos'que of Omar, a huge octagonal structure adorned wilhm and without with porcelain tiles "and marble mosaics. Burnished gold friezes on royal blue background bear passages from tho Koran in Jewelled Arabic letters com-t)ined with intricate geometric de*' signs. In nil, this famous mosque is a superb example of the richness and color of Saracenic art. JJowh terraced' enclosures, past fountains and .tall cypress trees, we wandered to the reputed' stables of Solomon, vast vaulted chambers with huge supporting columns in which remain tho Crusaders' iron., horse rings. At .tho end of a wall stands the Golden Gate, presumably, the beautiful gate of the temple, now wall(>d up beca:u^e of a Moslem superstition that a ijhrlstian conqueror NE sad blot upon it la tho'fraudtwould enter liere and' 'retake the olty. Thank God that Gen, Allenby Is that Christian of the "holy fire," perpetrated by the Greek Church. 'On their Easter, day we witnessed a scene of confusion, when a motley, throng tried to receive the fire direct fro)n .the Patriarch, as the flamo issued from the riven tomb. Thousands of candles and torches were upheld by - the Jostling crowd and uncouth Turkish soldiers dealt rougl)ly with the mob. Franciscans chanted solemtily in an adjoining chapel disproving the heresy of holy fire'.but their voices were drowned by the loud Intoning of tho Greek church service. Bitter feuds sttii exist, or ()ld before the war, among the Christian sects of Latins, Greeks, Russians, Copts, Armenians, AbyssinJana, all of which have separate altars. Those of tha Russians are tho richest and most adorned with gem-studded Icons, encrusted chaltcies and nltar books, and Jewelled sanctuary lamps. In tho Calvtti-y Chapel of the Russians wa^ barbaric splendor of,scintillating lights and colors. TJwvaulN-od celling ' was embellished .with mosaics, and sparlsUng altars bore iloove with divan' and ruga where the Moslem custodian of tho chyrch , lounges . and. smokes or sips black , ;oKee. With tho Tijrk turned out 1 >( autbdrtty. Uta unspoaliable insults : rv'iU ceaA ill this Christian fane, ,POi�lo!ivlnB the church wa wuiidor' '��^sfl.througlj,narrow un'd nrcadofl iwitreew," un�lor,!the Ecco' Homo, arnhi i!onqner.-000,000 ,ln street railway, paving plant, electric light system, waterworks,^ power p)ant, and other municipal enterprises.  In^' her tianipaign for office she held the endorsdtion of the B'ed^rated Ratepayers of C'algarj', and of the Local Council of Women. , Tllrs. (j�Ie was born and educated in England but-came. to Canada with her husband five yearw ago. . Mr. Gale is a_,clvll tengineer in Calgary and thereHre two sons, both in their teens, ' Women were also elected'tli)is year to serve on tho school board iind hospital bqard. Mrs./ Frank Ltn^-ford,' a daughter of the lato Cjiah-cellpr Burwasb, of .Toronto, ls\ the se'cbnd wopuani to represent tho citizens, on the school board, Mrs. Arthur Lewis was elected to the hospital board as the representative.'of the Labor Representation League, on a policy, of complete municipalization of ho'splt.ils and the abolition of all fees. , By EDITH O, UAYNE, ' HIS Is a new ono on me!" we hear somebody say. '  "Not ot all. Not. ;nt nil. That fun^ny little word Is merely a conjugation of the verb "to spug," which most ppoplo are familiar - In theory. ~To spug means to bo a bit more original, a bit wiser and a groat deal braver over tho dispensing of one's Christmas gifts than .one has been In.'tho past. It Is just n synonym for pood old-faahlonod com-monschsd. , ' We have all endeavored to practise it, nnd with varying degrees 'of failure. It appears to bo one of those drnstlc measures which aro inoro suecp.i.'fully *\iTicd out In unison than Individually. Misery gloves compnny.^ Vo'j remember with what a valiant show of courage you were wont to.decihre (curly In, October) that you were not going to give Isabel anything but a greetings card this Christmas. And you would have stuck to It, too. had not somcOhe\] napponed to be at Isabel's house and there saw-'what she_wns going to give you and had straightway carried the precious secret back to you, whereupon you immedlntely, weakened and went down-town and bought'lier a perfectly dear-in more senses than ono-satin nnd lace camisole;, Then, when Isabel's gift arrived you were supposed to register rapture, although you already had half- n dozen of those pesky silk work-bags and each more bizarre than the last. Isabel tgushed qwltt fulsorafely over your gift, but she gave it to a cousin for n b'irthday present early in January, for "really, my dear:' you know I seldom wear pink, Uhoiigh it wfts awfully sweet of dear Maiy, to remember m4." � N . ' So It was with a feeling of exhilaration nnd anticipation that wo accepted an invitation to a. spus-glng p.irty the other day, tor we suspected that wo were-about 'to ^witness some Spartan denionstra-tlons, and we were not disappointed. The wording of the cafd was by no moans omblgiious. "The honor of >our,company is icrjucsted at ,tho fione Pine Coulee Spuggin&jriatty to. b^ held JTuesdiiy at three o'clock In Hlllett's Hall. Kindly bring'with .you^ ns dona'tlons for the auction-block all useless Christmas gifts presented to you In the past." .a ^ ^ A Glorified Rummage Sale exiled r^ee, X MRS, W. J. CATtiS, ilrat Ifidy u)dcrman iu Culgary. rT was kind of glo.jfled runynase 1 sale which broke upon . tho view as soon as we had entered the hall. Tables, shelves; chairs 'and benches were piled high with posttively the greatest assortment of ^ refined use-lessness that we bad ever Imagined could be accumulated In one lone town. There were sofa cushions, lamp shades, glass vases, china mangel ornaments, lcath(?r-coverpd "poets" that  had reposed unread upon parlor tables, collars, belts, lie h61dcrs, shaving aets, smokln'g sets, red neckties galore (so few men wish to bo taken .for Socialists evidently), calendar^, blotters, doylies, work-bags, photo frames,^ glovi^ boxes, dresser sets, hair receivers, handkerchief, holders, ant'macassars, la,mp mats, luncheon seta, card receivers, knitting bags,'' travcjllng rolls, ' hat buckles, belt bUckles, shoe buckles, shirtwaist holders, hatpin' holders, talcum holders! sachet holders. 'r built where Jesus was bom In Bethlehem. In the fortground ia-tho market place^that has beeu an open square as far back ns history ant ti-aditlon reach. The church In tho background Is flanked by three monasteries, two of which can be seen, one on the left and the other extending towards-us on tU^ right U Is thought that the centre struoturo is tho ono erected he're in tho year 520 by tho Emperor ConstanWfie. According to Joropie, who live* hero,, ehortly after Its construction, this church waa unddubtedly built upon the slto of tho Bethlehem Kahn or Inn, Where Christ was born. � ' ' " ' _^________^_____ sens'o if humor. From tliree o'clfjck on till live or thereabouts long I'.tles of people, mostly women, converged upon HI iptt's Hall, and the onter-tainmen' to be had wlthirr- that lj^ge' HOME'S THE PUCE TOTRABieHnj) Bad, anjd-^ischievoiis Children, the Results of Negative Methocls. TRAIN &Y SYSTEM Guide a Child or B Do Not Weaken eak Will. His M' By MRS.. ELVIRA HYATT. ODEi^tN Ideas In regard to child training lay stress upon adhering from the beginning to dertain set times tor feeding, sleep-lng,\ bathing and airing, for pefeular habits lay the fftundatlon 'ot moral teaching.' ' Thijy arc also a boop to the mother, resting her nerves nnd giving Jier time tp herself, which In t;irn aigalu acts to tho benefit of the child. ,. , After physical needs have been pro-vided for, ilii the- average normal child needs Is to bb lot alono. Many babies aro abnstantly over-stlinulated by mbthoya who adore them. It Blresa of auctioning oft an as-sopintent ot shaving articles that had been presented to a genlleioun who wore a beard, "Why, a )\isv nle^fnrm woman, Mrs. Davidson by name,," was the roply.'''"Sho twenty miles from a railroad, but Rl,t Is known as a person . with idtu,". of her own, Sho hasn't been able to come In even, to witness the sMccess of this nftor-noon, 1/ut Khe sent In ever so many things. H')W true It Is that.It you want'. ''.'Ol help you |miist look to tho peoi>l6 whi art so busy alrendy that they don't tS>em to have an extra mjment to spare," The simggin)., orgy was prolonged until fa'." Into the evening, and whtsn' tie last spugger had caused from ^Bpu'gglng nnd the weary were hcarjy all, �.i '"tsi, tho treasurer nnd the soorelary opuntcil up tho flnah-clal.^esilts, anf.'foiind-that they to-talIeo\ noa'rly throe hundred dollars, F.iiioy! .Threp hundred dollars garnered from mlRtakon kindnesses, lll-olibsen! iflfla.'. hhd many examples of bad, ta.ste, ,fI'o'm, tho color-olnshlns cushion top t.' the exeorobie Imitation', O) ft crown derby china tea, not. Lone.' Pthe Coulee, a town of less thart  ftur thousand Inhnbl-tatjts;' had expected only a moderate dogroo of suoW'Ss from this enter: prlMO. It exporlohcod aomothlnB In thci'natiirc ofn furorp! The Society for'the Prevention of Useless aivliigi, therefore, under the' spur of . such, "W^ole-hoarted. encoijrngpment, wilt hold another spugnlng party early li)l the New'Year, nnd It Is safe to pie-; diet that rnnijy gifts lust roocnlly iivrappcd In the uhtqul'T's t'HSUo pappr and Btupk with ."stlokf, ors" NViU figure larp,oly thereat. , mmnn(ls. Tl^ro Kliould b'o fow rules, but tl)oso should, bql'irmly adhered'to. It Is (nl'l^itely bettbr.'nqt to, give pomnia tier than to lot a plilldwadi} it. The habit of teasing for (i_tlilnsr will , no^r'deVoiop if this opurao^^tS"'faith,-fully followed, � - ; � Children brought up u;lthout rules lor system aro restless-and unltapps, ^but, o#i the otherhand, q. Wind obe*,' dlonco should not bo inststod upon too long, Tho ,child can Ijogln very early to reason:for himsoll' In'-small, things; later, tho moial tiro must-bo " dovijlopod which win cnablo him to ohooso to do tho right thing hecauso It J� right, and to re'cognlKo and obey ' the BtlU, small.voico within, himself, A' doHlro ipv right. conduct' must be awakened, . ,, '. The. Avill does not ,begin to M'ow until 11 definite oholoo can bo' piiido. -Strong wills nro good,:nnd a parent-has no Ynoro jlglit to broiik a child'fl s will than to bronl? hlsarni or leg, tUe sure that your rccpiest, la just lind,-whoFTover posalblo, avoid a clttah of v/Wfi,'-^ . . � .' m, �� �� ' > li'orcd'd' obertlonoo or (ibodlonc* gained .through , fear weakens ''"Vhd ,' child's Will � power and, losters jcow* ,;'tt�'(Uce ana docely , ... ; \ . ~ ;