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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 12, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta JERUSALEM THE GOLDEN TEEMS WITH INTEREST No City Has Been So ^Beleaguered, So Devastated, So Utterly Destroyed, BUT RECOVERS AGAIN It Will Now Become a New Jerusalem and Capital of an Ancient People. -1 l-.y FLORENCE WITHROW, 15.A. SITU is the idealized name -iveri i through the agros to this city of! ~~ vicissitudes. Such was it in the J days of Solomon's prior}'; in Its Hollen-j ::rrd days of Greek hoauty with palaces! �f Ar.tio.e-'.his: in its brief MnccaSeanI day:;: in its Roman pomp of the times of Hi-roil aii'i Hadrian: and in i S.iraeente srk>ndor of the Caliphate; days, 'i'o the .Tow. to the Christian, j yea even to the Mohammedan, will )� it tvir remain glorified place. j Xy city has boon so beleaguered, so devastated, so utterly destroyed. I but "F.esurgam" was ever its watch-: word, although ofttimcs remaining; long yrars in desolation, and by its! triumphant recovery from the iles-1 poiling hand of the Turk will it nowj become a New Jerusalem and mayhap' tno restored capital of an ancient and; honorable people. j A city of such checkered history i naturally has changed since the days j of David, Nebuchadnezzar, Cyru Alexander, Porapey, Titus, Ofna Saladin, Godfrey and Selim the Ottoman, yet it still bears typical tea tares of ^j'is varied antiquity. To I SPUGGING PARTY ON WESTERN PRAIRIE Use Lees ( hvishras Gifts AVcro Oi;i Microti and Sold io Pi'Dvi do l^oxos for Soldiers at tlio, Front. Ry Km Til C. RAYNE. 44^j-^llist is a new one on i me: wo hear somebody say. Net at all. Not- at nil. That funnv little word is merely n i � conjugation of the verb to spug." which most people are familiar - in theory. To spa;: means lo bo a bit moro original, a bit wiser and a great deal braver over the dispensing of one's Christmas gifts than one has been In the past. It is just a synonym for e-.-od old-fashioned eom-monsciise. We have nil tiuleavored to practise it, and with varying decrees of failure. It nppea.s to lie one of those drastic measur '011r s^1- 1HU shc not be located? Somewhere within was: o� the IIoI>' Sepulchre. The resemblance of the elevation with its twoj"ave l� t0 � cous,n fop a birthday th� Via Dolorosa somewhere wit!-o"t'' caves IO 11 h,lm'"1 Kkl,:l- wi:il its two e5'c sockets, might have susses tee', the (Present early in January, for "real-i,-. - ,-.,i,-,r,- " Thj.w,-..,,. 7 ,� ,\" i-i � na"'c "Oolgctha". "skull-like" From early Jewish writings it is learned that ly. my dear. >ou know I seldom i a, caliarj. Thu.icn.atd v,ended, :his ,.0,..h of tho clty ,..xmuK. Ieft oI ;,v(?lr ,_b Hh tiie mourntul, mocked procession., the photo can he seen at the bottom of the cliff a small dark spot, which is , JWcet of dear s=o:nc claim, among them General I the entrance to a tomb discovereeljby General Gordon. It is hollowed out of j ,,L Gordon, Dean Stanley and Cannon ; t,le rock and has been named the 'Tomb of the l/jrd.' Farrar, that shadowed Gol-Otha lies Holiest Place in Holiest City Wrested From the Turks tiie Jew it is =-ilI Zion the "city o'' (^JOXSIDERED the holiest place in the holiest city, which has just Solemnities.'" To the Christian it i*\ r ,,f?T? SV** f"'8'- '"T" U'e .power Til domination^ the T _...... . � . calvary, which is shown m this photo is one Of the wonder spots of �ii'-h it was awfully Ma.y to remember without the present walls nigh unto! footed friars halted at the Stations I the Damascus gate, for there was| j of the Cross, while pioctsslons of i found a roekhewn tomb beneath ^hull-shaped hill. Even the time-honored Holy Sepulchre cannot bo positively disproved, for Hie citj' walls were formerly in a r.arrower circuit. The site was ;:r:ed by Helena and her son Con-: -antine and to tj�elr Roman Basilica th � Crusaders added the dimensions th-1 present colossal church. Wo remember entering it with calm �] determined not to be influenc-sap. :-titiir.. However, we were � '. filled with emotion and s^mpa-;e.\ .it sight of the devout Pilgrims pilgrims and devout tourists perform- a , e-d the same act of prayer. j , ATtcr a tortuous trip through; crooked and crowded byways we j reached the broad expanse of tho Temple area which claims great an-1 tiquity, being the site of lit. lloriah j where Abraham offered up Isaac ELECTED IN CALGARY So it was with a feeling of exhilaration and anticipation that we accepted an invitation to a spug-giug party the other day, fur we suspected that we \vere-�about io /s.witness some Spartan demonstrations, and we were not disappointed. jThe wording of the card was by no I means ambiguous. Here for a thousand yea^Lcemieffl Mrs. W. J. GaJcs, Well Known \ "T'ne h�n�r uf t0,,r company is in Toronto, Leads Sex in Civic Representation. the smoke of the morning and thej evenipg sacrifice and here stood the-Ark of the Covenant. To the Jews ] this spot is the earthly centre of; their faith. No wonder for centur-, ies have they poured forth lamenta-tions and with faces to the wailintrl wail have moaned thejr sorrowful; was elected vi'ith a considerable ma-litany of subjugation ana exile, nndij01.jty f0r a two-vear term at. the prn}-ed Jehovah to restore their be-|,r ....... , ... . .loved city. With God's help and IMunicipal ^uws in the Western In Sieved in the holy tomb. Ourj Britain's power may this soon come,icit>' 011 December 11. i For twenty-one years Calgary women have had equal franchise rights in limnicip.-.l affairs, buE this is the first time a. woman has offered lieu' services for The requested at the Cone Pine Coulee iSpugging. Faiy.- to be, held Tuesday jat throe o'clock in Millett's Hall. I Kindly bring with you as donations Canada's first woman alderman is ! for tho auction-block all tireless "IV. J. Gales, of Calgary. Alta-, I Christmas the past." Christmas Thi* Year Saw British in Possession of Christ's Birthplace (CEMENTING their hold in Palestine tho British forces that captured Jerusalem, have established guards at Bethlehem, the hirthplaco of Christ. The British forces Inns taken rtieas'.ires to safeguard all the shrines in lerusalem and all the Holy places nearby. T"iis photo shows the Church of the Nmivityf built where Jesus wan born in Bethlehem. In the foreground is-tho market place that has beer, an open square as far back as history and tradition reach. The church in the background is flanked by three monasteries, two of which can ho seen, one on the left and the other extending towards us on tin right. It Is thought that the centre structure, is the ono erected hero in the year 520 by the Emperor Constantfhe. According to Jeropie, who lived here .shortly after its construction, this church waa undoubtedly built upon the sito of thu bethlehoni or inn, frherc Christ was born. _I_ ~~ v.a'i imagination was awakened by the! to pass si.auowy vaults, the-flickering lights! The Final Crusade p O the Moslem also is the temple gifts presented to you in \ and the heavy incense. This Gothic church is of noble pro- ' i -*- area sacred, for he believes portion and extensive ramification. .hat Mahommed A central dome rises on lofty arches j iJome of ubuve the Sepulchre Shrine'and within is the Angels' Chapel richly en-ciusted. with marble. In the tomb vault faint lights burn quietly and constantly and to the devout this silent sanctuary is" the Holy of Holies. 'We ratchef each pilgrim as hft passionately kissed tho cold stone and memories of other scenes enacted in these hollowed precincts filled our mind. rGallant Crusaders' had bowed their mailed knee within this liarro'-v chamber: rude Moslem Turks ascended, from tiie the rock and that here will stand the judgment throne. Above the rock stands the so-calleei Mosque of Omar, a huge octagonal structure adorned within and without with porcelain tiles "and marale mosaics, furnished gold friezes on royal blue background near passages from the Koran m jewelled Arabic letters combined with intricate geometric designs. In nil, this famous mosque is a superb example of the richness and color of Saracenic art A Glorified Rummage Sr.le IT was a kind of glo.ified sale which broke upon the view as soon *s we had entered the hall. Tables shelves, chairs and benches were piled high with positively the crmanic board, [greatest assortment of refined use-She is the first woman to offer her jlessness that we had ever Imagined services as an alderman and was |could be accumulated in one lone elected from a field of thirteen can- -town. There were sofa cushions, didates. The voting system in op- I tamp shades, glass vases, china era'tion in Calgary is that known asWmantel ornaments, leather-covered proportional representation- Already the new alderman has had considerable experience in public affairs. ,Xhe has served as secretary of the Hi'st Consumers' dengue in Canada, and as president of the first j woman-.ratepayers' organization in fountains and tall cypress trees, ve wandered to the reputed stables of Solomon, vast vaulted chambers with had desecrated it with Christians'j huge supporting columns in which blood: even incredulous travellers | remain the- Crusaders' iron horse-had bowed the head in reverence i..e- !'ins'% A1 th� enr ot a u'a11 solids the Golden Gate, presumably the ! beautiful gate of t'ne temple, now-walled up because of a Moslem superstition that a Christian conqueror 'would enter here and retake the en. Allenliy fore this symbolic shrine. Many Feuds There , -VE sad blot upon it is the fraud" o 'of the "holy fire," perpetrated I p'ty. Thank God that Down terraced enclosures, past i f'algary. Calgary being one of the - � foremost municipal ownership cities in the Dominion, alclermanic duties there are very onerous. The city has a capital investment of over V-K-000,000 in street railway, paving plant, electric light system, waterworks, power plain, and other municipal enterprises. In her campaign for office she held the endorsation of the Federated Ratepayers of Calgary, unci of the Local Council of Women. by the Greek Church. -On their Faster, day we witnessed a scene of confusion, when a motley throng tried to receive the fire direct from the Patriarch, as the flame issued Trom the riven tornb. Thousands of candles and torches were upheld by the jostling crowd and uncouth Turkish soldiers dealt roughly with the mob. Franciscans chanted solemnly in an adjoining chapel disproving the heresy of holy fire but their voices were drowned by the loud intoning of the Greek church service. Bitter feuds still exist, or did before the war. among the Christian sects of Latins, Greeks, Russians, Copts, Armenians, Abyssinians, all of which have separate altars. Those of the Russians are the richest and most adorned with gern-studdetl ieons, encrusted chalices and altar books, and jewelled sanctuary lamps. In the Calvary Chapel of the Russians war; barbaric splendor of scintillating lights and colors. The vault-. �I ceiling was embellished with miMfiicr, and sparkling altars bore ^�ons whose precious stones flashed ore. in tliis roseate chamber with irs priests .in gold and crimson and .-lied mitres we witnessed a pic- ' squo service. Humble .Slavs in i; ilumsy garments knelt in ador-i b..;vi.-e a golden image of the . on. The .shining altars lighted . 'v sodd'-n faces of tho pilgrims I inlii of Russia's peasant piety. � .t they worshipped at tiie Unction -'to-]-; o i which, tradition says, ..'iiiist's bod-.- was anointed unto burial. In the gloom of a shadowed t-ornrr they kissed the damp marble .mil broke: the dismal silence with rnofiiis. Near by is a wholly ii\congruous ilcove with divan and rugs where the Moslem custodian of the church lounges and smokes or sips blaek ;offee. With the 'l\vk turned out >f authority, bis unspeakable insults ivill ceas* in this Christian fane. On leaving the church we wandered through narrow and nrcaded streets, und2r the Eece Homo arch to the Sorrowful Way, where bare-' exiled race, that Christian onqueror , For years this corner of Jerusalem, overlooking the Valley of Jc-hosha-phat and the slop's of TJlivet. has been a remote and nnf.-eqiiented place. We found it melancholy and deserted and saw only an occasional white-robed Oriental moving Quietly over the grassworn pavement, and a call for prayer from a neighboring mina.-rt alone broke the silence. The turmoil of the noisy-city does not reach this solitude. We contrasted the present-day loneliness with the bustle and activity of Christ's time, when as a hoy he was lost in the temple and later when he rebuked the money changers and freed the doves. In general Allen-by's proclamation this area is left to Moslem control. Jerusalem, though bereft of its golden glories, teems with interest, hut we' cannot srive space to tell of the pools of Siloam ftnd Uethe-sda. still supplied from their original sources, and of the tower of David, his tomb, the upper chamber and Piiatc-'s pretorium, each with its re-ptiterl site. Monnatprirq of the different sects abound, Catholic Prussia claiming a rich share, for at the dictate nf the j Kaiser extensive property on Mount j /rhou was bousht. where now slands ; an imposing- German Catholic i church and hospice Immense build- j ings on the Mt. of Olives are "also �' German, showiuir the far-sighted I policy of the world war loi'd. who for his slate entry into Jerusalem, in 1Sm!>. ordered part of the wall removed by the Jaffa gate and in commemoration of this potentate's visit an ugly modern clock-lower was erreted. How different thi* entry to that, of Ihe rrritish conqueror, who entered die Holy City on foot. The momentous meaning to this anrie']f iand of (he R^itrsh tri- . nmnl'i and It-: saving fiom Turk's'i I treachery and Teuton power and i arced cannot lie known in a day. J A Divine plan works ihrr-'in. and I this chr-ste --f cmo'lev t':';V \:: b.-- ! "Mrs. C�Ie was born and educated ]bags, bonbon dishes, nut- server: "poets" that had reposed unread upon parlor tables, collars, belts, tie holders, shaving sets, smoking sets, red neckties galore (so few men wish to be taken for Socialists evidently), calendar^ blotters, doylies, work-bags, photo frames, glove boxes, dresser se's. hair receivers, handkerchief holders, ant'macassars, lamp mats, luncheon sets, card receivers, knittinc bags, traveling rolls, hat buckles, belt buckles, shoe buckles, shirtwaist holders, hatpin holders, talcum holders, sachet holders, curved desk sm.s, umbrella stands, jardiniere stands hairpin holders, collor in England but came to Canada, with her husband five years- ago. , Mr. Gale is a civil engineer in Calgary and there are two sons, both in their teens. Women were also elected th>s year to serve on the school board Jmd hospital board ford, a daughter cellor Uui-wash, of .Toronto, is, the second woman to represent the citi- [Christina? zens on the school board !> nr.! ' ' :r was: of the Great }Ui*'� stiiio.l cultivating 'a health} Hopr I'm not loo late for the grand finah-l" he cried, as along about seve-n r/clriek he erame rushing1 in wilh a birdcage in one hand and a largo bronze picture frame hung over one shoulder, while, upon his oilier arm was draped a pair of mirplccand white silk nyjamas. Reing reasstirpd on this point and '.old, further, that the proceedings would last in all probability til) ten or eleven, he unburdened himself of his impedimenta by the simple expedient of allowing everything to drop to the floor. "There!" he sighed, in evident relief. ''Hurry up rind get 'em sold off before the eight o'clock train1 Marin's coming back.from the 'Peg, and she'll give me bail Columbia 'if she sees those things. The cat killed the enrtrp'y this mnrnlncr. No use for the bird cage any more The pi"t11r(. inm'n K ,,ii Hint's lf(t or o"-of Turner's mastero'eces Couple of j the boys were up Ihe other n'ebt^ and we got  shootlnrr nt a mark- sort of n larr-et pAid'cx you know. Yen can jrness the result! As for the -ahem-other donation. I've been trvieo: for 1h�-ee yc^rs (o rret 'em off mv-ha^ds/ Present fror.-i my dear old mint in Ontario. She only re-mf-m-'nrs me es a slim ymif^ and 'be hlamed M-;n"s stick to me IH-re I'lesl'iincs. Yen they're all Chriffv.Tias gifts of the enst." The Idea's Originator �TIT HO originated thin Ic1f*�> V V v.-e 'askrd the busy dent an prcst.- during a U-mnorury lo^ ^IfeC 4 means'/ noon, lyut she sent In over so many things. How true it is Hint il you want '-.'til help you must look lo i the people: wh> are so busy already ' that they '.Ion'! sr-ein to have extra moment to spare." The siiugglm orgy was prolonged until f.i' I nil Ihe evening, and when too last spugger had caused from spiigging and tiie weary were nearly all i.i -is:, the. treasurer and Ihe secretary counted up the financial remits, an-, found that they to-lallocf nearly throe hundred dollars. Fancy! Three hundred dollars garnered from mistaken kindnesses, ill-chosen ffifls and many examples of bad taste, from the color-elashing cushion top t' the ox"orah!e luil-lat.ioii o. a crown derby china tea set. Lone l'it:� Coulee, a town of less than fiur thousand Inhabitants, bad cxr-''led only a moderate degree of snci-r-ss from this enterprise. It experienced something in the nature of a furor.'! The Society for tho Prevention of I'scless Giving, therefore, under tho spur of such whole-hearted pnrotir.-gcmnn', will hold another splurging parly r-nrly 111 the New Year, and It is safe to predict Hint innnv foolish gifis inst recently wrapped in '.h" ubiqol' os l.'ssne paper and stuck- wilh "slick; crs" will figure hircdy thereat. One would like lo see- I his Idea rurther developed. If an affair of !hl% sort became a regular event In the life of a town, like the annual spring cluun-up. for example, n ,icdl of benefit would result, and not to patei I'limiflns nione. There are those who might argue that it ..seemed hard-hearted to make capital of human foibles in this way; but arc there riny fairer means of getting back let s'mple (" r .^pv^es, and apy-wii.v, docs not the end justify the j palion should be suggeritcd. The positive upbuiieong method Is lo say, "do this," instead of "don't do that"; ami if one foi-iu of employment must bo taken away, something else should ho suggested. A recent Italian educator has do-ilai'pd that unnecessary restriction in ii child's life is a crime. There must bo rules, of course, and children must learn to obey, but much friction can bo eliminated by avoiding unnecessary commands. Tl^'re should bo fow rules, but these .should be firmly adhered to. It is infinitely belter not to give a command than to let a child evade It. The habit ot teasing for it thing will ncO-r'develop if this course is-faithfully followed. Children brought up without rules or system arc restless and unhappy, but, i*i the other hand, a blind obedience should not bo insisted upon too long. The child can begin very early to remain for himself in small things; later, the moral fire must bo developed which will enable him to chunso to do the right thing because! ItJ.s right, and to recognize, and obey ' tlio still, small voice within himself. A desire lor right, conduct must bo awakened. The will docs not begin to grow until a definite choice can bo made. .Strong wills aro good, and a parent has no more right lo break a child's will than to break his arm or leg. He sure that your request la just and, whenever possible, avoid n clash of wills. -' 1 Forced obedience or obedience guirieel through fear weakens tho child's will power and fosters cowardice and deceit, ;