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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 12, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE SIX THE LETHBRIDRK DAILY HERALD SATURDAY, JANUARY 12, 1918 OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER PRESIDENT )0 r " When addressing an itmlience of farmers and townsfolk at Hcvl Deer, Mr. Wood said: "I hnve two sons. Rolli two of military age. Both have boon exempted because they i\r� farmers and their services are needed as producers. Our land is better hiited for cattle raising than to the production of wheat. We purpose continuing in the cattle raising business, hut we also intend to grow as nmcli wiie.it as we can. although wheat is an uncertain crop with us. We also intend to raise as many or more hogs than we have been growing-. \\'e will vio tins because we are told, on what we think is good authority, that our army and our allies are in urgent need of these commodities, namely, bread and bacon. 4 It may be. that- the returns will not prove so certain or so great as they would be from the growing of those things to which our land is best suited, but we believe that we will be able to derive a fair return from them, and we are glad to be permitted to serve in this cause at home on out-own farm. Having been exempted from service because they are farmers, my sons feel there is a special duty rest- The growing of crops under a systematic rotation effects a decided reduction in cost per bushel as compared with the production of grain without such a systematic alteration. That there is a wide difference also between different rotations as to their effectiveness in reducing costs is shown by the results secured during the past few years at the Lacombe station, where a number of rotations are under test. In the beginning, these rotations were selected because they were considered at least somewhat adapted to conditions. The most striking difference in costs is shown in comparing any rotation including pasture and hay, with a straight grain rotation in which no provision is made for cjirry-; ing live stock during the summer ; months. The value of the rotation; which includes grass is shown in the | phvgical effect of the addition of fibre to "the land. The life of the land is' lengthened by such a system, and. the figures showing the cost of a bush-' el of grain as grown in these two main classes of rotation do not express the ! whole difference between them. As the years pass, the cost per bushel will show'a greater spread than at present, for as the fertility of the one area ig maintained or increased, the yield \ of grain will be maintained or in-! creased, while in the other group or , cropping system where no such pro- i vision ia made for adding to soil fibre . and fertility, the reduced strength of the land will m%an reduced yields and usually less bushels per acre means greater cost per bushel. j At Lacombe there is a rotation' known as Rotation "C," which runs two years in grain and one year in! summerfallow. The second year, the! grain is disced in in the stubble. The j cost of a bushel of wheat under this system for the past two years has been TO cents per bushel. On rotation "K" which is three years in grass, two in grain and one in roots, the cost of a bushel of wheat for the same number of years has beea 27% cents. On rotation "L." which is considered quite well adapted to Central Alberta cenditions, wheat has cost 39% cents per bushel to produce. Since no straight grain rotation I carrying oats only is carried on, there is no comparison available between the cost of oats per bushel in this class of rotation as compared with the cost of oats on the ,'mixed jfarni" rotation, but that a similar difference would be shown is scarcely open to dispute. At Lacombe the main farm rotation is operated on six approximately forty-acre fields, and the following arrangement of the crops has been adopted: First year-Hay. An application during the winter) following the taking off of the hay crop of barnyard manure at the rate of 12 tons per acre. Second year-Pasture. Third year-Pasture until July or August," when the sod is plowed six inches deep and worked down as the plowing proceeds. Fourth year-Oats. Fifth year-Oats. Sixth year-Barley seeded down with timothy and alsike. Such a rotation has been found effective in " cleaning the land, since many of the seeds in the manure ger-uinate during the rainy season, but as they lie on the surface they die shortly after. For this class of soil, summer fallowing is pot thought advisable tor the reason that crops growing on well-tilled summerfallow of the previous year always lodge, consequently do not fill properly and are expensive and difficult to harvest. The partial summerfallow provided by the fall cultivation given the soil in the third year of the rotation has been found sufficient to insure an excellent crop of grain the year following. The rotation has the advantage of losing no time, all of the land producing each year. Alsike has never faiied to make a fair stand, end the Combination of clover and timothy gives a hay of a fair to good feeding value. the assets of the Union Bank of Canada in recent years was >tiore than maintained during the fiscal year 1017. which ended November "0. The figures for the year hnve just been madn public. They show assets totalling over $143,400,0(1(1 being an increase of 31 per cent, over those of 13X6. and a total increase ot fSX.600.Ott or 75 per cent. 'While this increase is to some extent the re-sult of a general condition of expansion and activity in the. banking business, the Union Bank has succeeded in obtaining far more than its proportional share of the general growth. The figures for 1P17 are particularly interesting, because they indicate the very satisfactory results of the first year's work ef .Mr. II. B. Shaw as General Manager, and also of the first year's operations of the New York Agency, established under the auspices of an advisory committee including such prominent American financiers as Messrs. Stuyvesnnt Fish, Cornelius Vander-bilt, and Gilbert G. Thome. Of these assets 77 millions are in strictly liquid form-cash. balance due and high grade securit es. forming a liquid reserve of about 57 per cent, against the public liabilities of 135 millions. Current loaiis are increased, though in a slightly smaller proportion than the liquid aslsets. A notable feattire of the balance: sttaet is the volume of the Bank's notes in circulation, which have reached the sum of $12,-779,6ti2, or more than two and a half ADDRESSES 3,000 (Special to the HctixUI) Minnojipolis, .lan. 7.- Some three thousand Minnesota farmers who attended tho convention just closed here of the Minnesota Livestock Breeders' association. learned something else besides new fanning methods, how to pull Btumps, beat the high cost ot living, get more for their wheat und so on. They learned a great big lesson in patriotism, honest-to-God loyalty and co-operation such as Canadian, especially A!bertn.n, farmers-learned months ago. Duncan Marshall, minister of agriculture for the province ot Alberta, was tho tcnehcr and never n teacher or speaker received greater attention or heartier applause than Mr. Marshall. The Alberta minister told how deeply Canadian farmers t.re In sympathy with their government, the allies, the great cause, and how determined they are to do their bit to defeat the common enemy, lie told how firmly ro-solved they are to back up their soldiers at the front with munitions ot the farm. Then Mr. Marshall told his listeners what the entrance of the United States into (he war meant-the saving of the day for the allies. Ho said the allies had done their best and were virtually at a standstill until the 1'ulted States came in. Now ho said ho saw nothing but victory ahead ill which the farmer will play a big part. Hut the war and the closer friendship between the t'uited States and the Dominion which it is creating, formed only a part of Ihe minister's address. His major theme was farming and the farmer. He termed agriculture the greatest'of all industries. He sang ^the praises of the farmers, and the farmer's wife, and their children, and their "home out on the land," and their livestock, and their grain and cabbages. And as he sang, appreciation was generous and frequent, and many a hearer nodded, and nudged his neighbor.and tried not to look too superior at recognizing in himself a king in the ultimate democracy when every man shall till a piece of ground and be monarch within it. Then Mr. Marshall veered slightly. � '"Nothing Is too good for the farmer's wife," 'he declared. "The farm home should be the most comfortable home in the world, a place to live in by choice, a place with all the conveniences the city* affords-and more. When you have a surplus at the end of the year, what do you do with it? Do you pyt It into more land? Don't do it. Put it into improving the home. "Are you the kind t,hat will put $150 into a modern binder to cut your grain, and then kick like a bay-steer if your wife suggests investing ?50 in a motor to run the washing machine? "The automobile is indispenslble to the farmer that can afford it. I see no merit in the criticism of the general buying of motor cars by farmers. There ought to be a law compelling every farmer who line money enough in the bank,'to buy an automobile."' A TERROR TO THE WORLD (From the Springflold Republican) A "German peace" based on Oor-inuny's increased military prestige would so terrorize tho rest of tho world for at least a Kouorntion to como that there would bo a frantic acceding up of the competition in peace time arni \ R. T. RILEY, Well known western financial figure and Vice-President of the Union Bank. SYNOD ADMIT8 WOMEN New York, Jaji. 12.-Admission of women on an equal basis with men in many of its activities was decided upon by the Protestant Episcopal syriod of New York and New jersey, which closed its annual meeting here today. Provision was made for the appointment of women to the commission on missions and they are already eligible to appointment on the social service and educational commissions. times the paid-up capital; the proportion of these notes uncovered by /the capital stock is fully covered by the deposit of gold ami Dominion notes in the central gold reserve. Since this great expansion of business has taken pla'p w.'thout any in-] crease of the capital stock, it is not I surprising to find that' the earnings, while moderate ' for the volume of j business, amounted to $768,463.92 for the year, but from ibis there must be deducted an amount of $225,000.00 for J taxes, donations and the appropriation to contingent account. The dividend and bonus take $4.^0,000.00 and $75,-j 000.00 is written off Bank Premises Account, and the remainder is added to the profit balance carried forward I The Union Bank is continuing its j Important services to the country and the Empire in the financing of government business. Its hold'ngs of Canadian and British Government securities show a further increase since 1916, and i its immense reserve of Dominion notes (lfi l-'l millions, not including those deposited in the Central:. Gold Reserve) is in itself a notable assistance to the Dominion Exchequer. Both the shareholders and the country have occasion to br; grateful to the directors and the general manager for the good work accomplished in 1S17. Robert Gash, a retired contractor, aged (>9, who had lived many years in London, fell from a tree at the rear of his house and was killed. Putting Off Until Tomorrow! DELAY IN THE MAKING OF A WILL HAS CAUSED MANY AN' ESTATE TO PASS TO THOSE FOR WHOM IT WAS NOT INTENDED. DON'T HAVE THIS HAPPEN TO YOURS-PROTECT THOSE DEPENDENT UPON YOU BY HAVING YOUR WILL DRAW,N IN LEGAL FORM TODAY, AND APPOINT THIS COMPANY YOUR EXECUTOR AND TRUSTEE. The Trusts and Guarantee Company, Limited . Calgary, Alberta PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AND OFFICIAL ASSIGNEE FOR THE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF LETHBRIDGE, MACLEOL, MEDICINE HAT, CALGARY, RED DEER, STETTLER. PRES. HAMILTON BOARD Hamilton, Ont.., Jon. 12.--liuasell T. Kelly was yesterday afternoon elected by acclamation, president of the board of trade. FREIGHT MOVING NOW New York, .Ian. t'J.-A general Improvement :n freight, movement on the eastern railroads iv.-is reported yestor-day to Director '.;\ >-kvep c j;ts in Vet inn ecuiumy on the Farm, 11 55 ;