Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 11, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, January 11, 1975 Snow job The city's policy and performance on ice and snow on the streets is one of the most vigorous controversies of the moment. A thorough program of snow removal would cost more than the citizens can af- ford, so there must be a compromise. At what point that compromise should be made will always be arguable. Trucking snow through the city streets is one of the more disconcerting sights to a money conscious public, especially if there is a chance of an early chinook. So it would be good policy to keep the loading and trucking of snow to a minimum. On the other hand traffic must move with reasonable ease and safety. That means the sanding salting) of the intersections and approaches. Since snow storms usually arrive after a few hours' notice, the city's emergency sanding equipment ought to be ready to move as soon as needed. There have WEEKEND MEDITATION been some unfortunate and unexplained delays. If the snow is not to be trucked away, at least it need not be left to build up ice ridges on the main streets. Cannot there be a consistent and substantial program of blading the streets right after storms, piling the snow either on the boulevards or down the center line? One of the problems is the hundreds of cars at the city curbs, but perhaps it is time to en- force parking prohibitions at least long enough to get the snow.shoved to the side. There is no easy answer. Public safety, up to a point, is the prime consideration, but how much safety the people can af- ford is another matter. Much of the onus must remain with the motorist. The city may have failed, but any such judgment must be weighed against costs. The critics must say how much effort they want to pay for. ressive "Just in case somebody should IS our national energy justice By Tom Wicker, New York Times commentator The loss of reverence A sports' writer comments that in the dressing room of a certain hockey team every second word is you know what. .But where is this not the case? A woman in her 70s fills her telephone conversations liberally with four-letter words. Movies and the theatre damage the attractiveness of their plays with dirty words. A columnist gloats that "Pornography is here to stay." Reverence for words is gone, and a tragic loss it is. Man's greatest achievement has been the word, an achievement greater than science or law. The man who debases the word fouls the stream of civilization, destroys light and fills the world with darkness. The word means communion, friendship, understanding, and the long heritage of the race. With the ancient Hebrews words were things, were sacred. They express man's values and experience. All relationship depends on words. "In the beginning was The Word." Jesus urged that speech be simple: "Let your speech be, Yea, yea; Nay, Nay." Of course reverence has vanished in every department of human life. Reverence for the environment, for this good earth, for its wildlife, for its forests and waters and flowers, has all gone. It is a pity to see species of birds and arnimals becoming ex- tinct because of the depredations of man the destroyer. Reverence for sex has gone as men and women talk glibly of scoff at marriage, and consign fornication to the sins of the Middle Ages of history. Reverence for personality is gone as computers take over and the age of the masses and the privacy invaders is upon man. Reverence for Sunday has been destroyed almost complete- ly as sports have become professional and youth is compelled, if they desire to compete, to practice Sundays. Reverence for parents is another casualty. Why did the fifth com- mandment state, "Honor thy father and thy mother that thy days may be long in the land which the Lord thy .God giveth Because certain traditions and wisdom are necessary to keep the possessions of your lathers. Without definite loyalties you cannot keep your liberties. Certain disciplines are imperative. Without this you cannot have that. If children are to honor their parents, parents must also have a reverence for their children. Thus a schoolteacher used to raise his hat to every child he met for who knew the divine potential of that child? Indulgent parents and repressive, permissive parents cannot be said to honor their children. In- dulgence of children is usually self- indulgence. The family pew is the best way to inculcate reverence. The breakdown in fami- ly life is one of the consequences of the loss of family worship and family rituals. Somerset Maugham in "The Summing Up" scoffs at reverence. "I have little sense of he says. "There is a great deal too much of it in the world." But he goes on to make clear that he means undue homage paid to great figures of the past so that one gets confined by their techniques and opinions. Without reverence a man cannot be con- sidered human. The scientist must reverence truth, the artist must reverence beauty, the sociologist and teacher must reverence per- sonality, the legislator must reverence law, and for all men there must be certain things that are sacred. It is frightening to see a generation without holy days, holy rituals, a holy book, a holy way of life. They do not regard their body as holy. St. Paul warned that the body is the temple of the living God and if any man defiled it he would be destroyed. Reverence sums up the Ten Com- mandments reverence for God, for the Sabbath, for your parents, for human life, for sex and marriage, for your word, lor the possessions of others and for your own possessions (since, if you covet, you are un- grateful for the things you this is the divine law. Do this and live, said Jesus. PRAYER: 0 God keep me from polluting the stream of human life. F.S.M. WASHINGTON Herbert Kalmbach, natty in a three piece suit, told a news conference he had "renewed appreciation and confidence in the essential fairness of America's justice" and even hoped that his "actions have served to strengthen the pillars of justice." Jeb Magruder was welcom- ed home with yellow ribbons round the old oak tree ac- tually a cherry in his sub- urban yard. Neighbors gathered to greet him with a friendly banner. Mrs. John Dean said it was a great way to start the new year and that her husband had been "sufficiently punished." How easily is the world turned upside down! With an unexpected stroke of his pen, John Sirica the old "hang- ing judge" himself, the scourge of Watergate turn- ed loose three of the major participants in the biggest political scandal in American history, one being seen by more and more people as hav- ing threatened the very foun- dations of Democratic government. Kalmbach's response was worthy of a Kafka story. He got off with six months, most- ly in quarters for government witnesses, and as a result his confidence in the "fairness of American justice" is renewed. Some people spend more time in jail, merely awaiting trial on minor larceny charges. Kalmbach, who sold an ambassadorship, fancies that his having pled guilty to a felony and a mis- demeanor, as well as testify- ing against former colleagues, actually "strengthened the pillars of justice." But first, he and the Watergate gang came as close as anyone has to pulling down those pillars. As for Magruder's neighbors, their generosity toward a good family and community man does them credit. Such generosity is vir- tually nonexistent, however, when the ordinary convict shuffles out of the prison gate in a state suit with a few grudging state dollars in his pocket and no job, little ability to get one, and no yellow ribbon round the stunted splinter that may pass lor a tree in his ghetto neighborhood. And if four months of minimum security confine- ment for John Dean is suf- ficient punishment, for a man prosecutors say was the key man in the Watergate cover up before he became the key man in the prosecution, what is it for possessing more than an ounce of marijuana? What is it when black radicals like Jim Grant and T. J. Reddy get 25 and 20 years in North Carolina on arson charges by witnesses paid thousands of dollars by the federal government? What is it when Martin Sostre spends five of his seven years in four New York prisons in solitary con- finement for refusing to knuckle under to prison rites like mail seizures and rectal searches? It is being suggested, of course, that as in the case of Richard Nixon, who goes free on a year, the loss of high office and political power, as well as public humiliation makes up for soft prison terms (seven months for Aside from the fact that anyone who goes to prison, whether for four months at Fort Holabird or 10 years at San Quentin, suffers humiliation and the loss of his job and family associations, the outlook for clever, educated, well groomed and facile men like these three is quite good in a celebrity con- scious and success oriented society. Yesterday's scandal is tomorrow's lecture tour or best seller; old felonies can found new careers, as witness that busy entrepreneur, Spiro Agnew. It is true enough that all these men ultimately helped the government crack the Watergate case and convict the other culprits; but it also is true that they could have blown the whistle at any time, but never did until faced with the necessity to save their skins as best they could. In the cases of Dean and Kalmbach, bar associations could levy harsher penalties than the law has by barring them from legal practice. But to the millions of low in- come, disadvantaged, unskill- ed and uneducated Americans, so many of whom have good reason to view the law with fear and distrust, the whole episode is likely to be another demonstration that there is one kind of justice for them, and another for affluent, educated persons with good lawyers and "stan- ding" in their communities. The rest of us, without further recriminations on Dean, Magruder or Kalm- bach, might take time to ask ourselves what a serious crime really is. A street mugging is abhorrent, a break in demands severe punishment; but are betrayals of public trust and subversion of the laws by officials sworn to uphold them really to be considered lesser crimes, on the practical scale of the penalties that result? If people once believed that it would be better to go along with a permissive attitude towards public immorality, they are now seeing the conse- quences of this thinking. From current developments in the insidious progression of evil it is obvious that im- morality must be controlled if riot wiped out; otherwise it worsens and its ultimate and final goals are not beyond the conception of thinking per- sons. Though it's now obvious that what is harmful to society and individuals is worsening, 1 wish to dwell on one facet in particular the progressive debasement of womanhood. Violent rape is now per- mitted on all public screens and we see as a consequence an increasing number of peo- ple who claim to enjoy watching this, which could be one reason why such material is so recurrent. This should be an example of how people's minds can, through repetitious exposure to sucli material, be rendered sick or evil. Recent innovations being introduced into prostitution make the traditional practice appear wholesome and inno- cent by comparison. Whether she realized it or not, the out- spoken prostitute from the U.S. recently was speak- ing in the interests of progressive evil when she ad- vocated that the altered forms of prostitution be legalized and endowed with social acceptance and respect. Rather than give in to these outrageous demands, it would be better to legalize normal prostitution under supervision and then render illegal, relentlessly pursue and eliminate, perverted forms of prostitution which debases womanhood to an intolerable and unacceptable degree. When we see this behavior in just one aspect of the progressive, immorality it should be obvious to all that it is certainly time to pay atten- tion and act before the moral state of our culture gets beyond immediate control. LLOYD WEIGHTMAN Lethbridge Student prices unfair We, the grade three students of Fleetwood Bawden School, have just finished a very detailed unit on the Jeux Canada Games. We were looking forward to attending some of the events. However, we think the ad- mission rates are too high. We feel that some aims of the winter games (e.g. to stimulate interest in amateur sport) are not going to be met. Our class decided that a fair price for those under 12 years would be 25 cents per event and 50-75 cents for the finals. We hope the winter games committee will consider our request. 56 STUDENTS Lelhbridee In response to Paul Hellyer's column in The Herald (Jan. regarding a proposed Canadian Inter- national Development Agency loan to Cuba. I wish to state that discussions have been held with the Cuban govern- ment in connection with the purchase in Canada of equip- ment in a number of sectors of high priority under the Cuban development program, natably in public health, the pharmaceutical industry and animal health. Under no cir- cumstances would we provide "lie detector equipment." The sole aim of the Cana- dian aid program is to assist Third World countries in im- proving the quality of life of their people. BRUCE WILLIAMS Executive vice president CIDA Ottawa Hoods and gangsters in the Quebec construction industry By Rob Hull, Herald Quebec commentator MONTREAL-The real shock for most people here, as the impact of evidence presented to the Quebec Royal Commission on the construc- tion industry under Judge Robert Cliche penetrates, is the way so many normal in- dividuals allowed the chaos to occur. The Quebec Federation of Labor, for example, felt they could do a better job of repre- senting construction workers than the rival Confederation of National Trade Unions. They already controlled about three-quarters of the work force. To gain control of the other 25 per cent and bring their own members into line they were offered the help of hoods and gangsters, the same hoods and gangsters who were willing to help management fight discontent on the work site. One of them was Rene Man- illa, who became co-ordinator of local 791 of the Inter- national Union of Operating Engineers. A telephone tap recorded him offering to beat up another union official. He worked for provincial Liberals during the 1973 elec- tion campaign and when police arrested him on voting day after a beating he was carrying brass knuckles. He authorized the destruction at the James Bay site last spring. William St. Onge, a QFL steward on a union training course showed his colleagues how to break legs. In a dispute with a CNTU worker he broke the man's jaw! Andre Desjardins took over the QFL's organization direct1 ing all construction work, the provincial council of building trades. He organized work slowdowns to pressure the government to stop the in- quiry and found jobs for at least one self-admitted Mafia member in construction. He is charged with extortion. Robert Meloche who now works as a company superintendant became presi- dent of Local 791, of the Inter- national Union of Operating Engineers in questionable cir- cumstances and in other similar circumstances built up its Quebec membership to and exerted control over other unions. He negotiated kickbacks with major companies and threatened witnesses to the in- quiry to make them perjure themselves. At one point during the in- quiry, Judge Cliche thundered: "There is some hand or spirit in the night systematically carrying out operations parallel to ours. There is a brain behind this. I am shocked." The president of the govern- ment's construction industry commission neglected to in- form the minister even though he knew that Andrew Desjar- dins was organizing a series of illegal work stoppages and slowdowns across the province. A former QFL official now serving two concurrent three- year sentences, one for beating up a CNTU member and the other for armed robbery said; "In two years as a business agent for my local I never filed a in return for bribes of up to a week from contractors. In a joint brief, the James Bay Development Corpora- tion and the James Bay Energy Corporation said contractors paid union stewards on the site up to 000 a week to keep the peace. Ironically, despite the money they did not deliver. One QFL local paid a week in protection money to another local's business agent in order to get its union dues handed over. There were tales of business agents running loan-shark operations. When one union member failed to pay up, the usurer collected money from the man's 71-year-old mother after threatening her son's safety. Other slow-paying deb- tors who had difficulty mak- ing payments of up to per cent interest were shot and, in one case, killed. An Ontario contractor doing work on the new international Mirabel airport testified that he paid off stewards for two QFL unions, a CNTU local, and the teamsters, more than to keep the peace. The money was listed as car allowances and in the long run the cost will be borne by the Canadian taxpayer. Union members who dis- agreed with strong arm lac- tics were repeatedly beaten. Some dissidents have been banned from working in their trade anywhere on the conti- nent according to one brief. A plumbers union forced contractors to pay over 000 into a sports fund in return for handling non-union-made material. About is unaccounted for and for some reason a bank branch manager cashed cheques made out to the sports com- mittee totalling to three different men. There was an alleged meeting between Premier Bourassa's personal polilical advisor Paul Desrochers and Louis Laberge, presidenl of the QFL, offering the Quebec federation sole access to James Bay workers in return for a 10-year strike-ban guarantee. Mr. Laberge refused. One former union local president described how mobsters came into his organization, local 791 of the International Union of Operating Engineers when Robert Meloche moved in with his goons. The man lost his position after he and his family were threatened and a meeting was held attended by musciemen from across the province who kicked and punched several Union officers, one of whom lost the use of his right arm. During the 1973 provincial election, Meloche led a team of union goons including Yvon Duhamel, the man later jailed for 10 years for his role in causing the James Bay debacle, on a lour of Iwo soulh-shpre ridings which were narrowly won by Ihe Liberals. The hoods were picked up by police after a I'arti Qnobccois worker was beaten and they were released at the request of election of- ficials. One witness described a bi- zarre plan by unions to bring the government to its knees by gaining control of construc- tion, energy and transpor- tation. Commissioner Guy Chevrette asked, "In the construction industry, is there intermanagement violence like the inter-union Company representatives ex- plained that the industry is highly competitive and said "very catholic" means are used to get contracts. One talked about "gifts" to civil servants, politicians and other businessmen. A con- tractor said "In this case all methods are good methods." Some companies were created just to funnel payments by contractors through to union officers. Fernand Daoust, secretary- general-of the QFL told the in- quiry .that if union officers who accepted bribes were guilty of wrong behavior, so were the people who paid the money. Ironically the payments to union officers seem not to have settled any problems at all. The work force remained dissatisfied, produclivity dropped and demands increased. Because there are no min- imum standards of com- petence and solvency for contractors there are constanl bankruptcies resulting in lost salaries for working men and unpaid hills for suppliers. In the: long-run, the cost of all this is passed on lo the con- sumer and the tax-payer. The commission has already created a reaction, one of them being a number of threats on prospective witnesses as well as on the commissioners and even on Premier Bourassa. Files have been stolen from the home of the chairman of the construction industry commission, from union of- fices and from a Le Devoir reporter's apartment. But many workers have come to hard hat in hand. So have housewives and officials and contractors. Other witnesses however have skipped off to Ontario to avoid testifying. One man organized a job for himself in Africa but came back to give evidence. Another dis- appeared to Haiti for a while. Some unco-operative witnesses have been jailed. Meanwhile the QFL has put its construction unions in trusteeship and is starting to clean its own house. Some officials have been fired. Others have resigned. The Quebec justice department is taking copious notes. At. the present time hearings are being conducted behind closed doors. When public hearings re- open January 20, some politicians will be asked to testily including Labor Minister Jean Cournoyer, Mr. Bourassa's advisor Paul Desrochers and a member of the national assembly. The commission will hand in its report when its mandate ends in March. Part two of three part scries. A long time ago, (it seems a long time ago) 1 attended one of Saskatchewan's good collegiate institutes. I recall the perplexity I felt as a stu- dent of history when I dis- covered in my school that the Catholic Church to which I belonged harbored such a bunch of scalawags throughout its long history. Always in the wrong, it oppressed people in France, put thumbscrews on folk in Spain, and peddled in- dulgences in Germany. It seemed never to do anything right; so I learned in my collegiate institute, and so I believed with much discom- fort until I found points of view and facts expressed by people who knew of the church from other perspectives. A recent editorial in The Herald (Time for tough talk, Nov. 25, 1974) struck me with a sense of deja vu. This editorial scored Pope Paul VI for making a "mischievous utterance" at the Rome Food Conference. According to the editorial, he reprimanded "those who have control of the wealth and resources'of mankind for trying to resolve the problems of hunger by for- bidding the poor to be born." He said that and many more things as I have just found out, because a fuller, text of his speech (fuller than thr t printed in The Herald) has just come into my hands. Indeed, he said other mis- chievous things: he called for reforms which would eliminate obstacles to an ade- quate circulation of goods necessary for life a remark sure to make mischief in a world which chooses instead lo send people to the moon or which seeks to place two cars in every garage in North America. And the editorial went on to argue that the Pope's "utterance" revealed a lack of compassion, "the very thing that ought to take precedence over dogma." In the same address, the dogmatic Pope Paul, lacking in compassion said, "What is in question is to provide each man with enough to live to live a truly human life, to be capable by his own work of guaranteeing the upkeep of his family and to be able through the exercise of his intelligence to share in the common goods of society by a commitment freely agreed to and by an ac- tivity voluntarily assumed." At the time I read The Herald editorial I thought, "It hurts to see Pope Paul making Iiis mischievous utterances, to see his lack of compassion and his preference for dogma; it hurts to realize that he belongs with that bunch of scalawags I learned about in my high school." And I sighed. Well, further study taught that the church of my collegiate institute was not the church of history; and the text of Pope Paul's Rome speech teaches that the Pope of The Herald editorial is not the Pope of the church. RALPH HIMSL l.ethbridge 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO Proprietors and publisher Secor.d Class Mai) Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS, Editor and Publisher DON. H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page'Editor ROBERT M, FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"