Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 11, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
22 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, January 11, 1975 Ask Andy FIRST TREES Andy sends a complete 20 volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Ken Watson, age 12, of Niagara Falls, Ont., Can., for his question: What were the first trees likeV There were vast forests on the earth long before the first trees arrived. Actually they were crowded with giant ferns, huge scrawny horsetails and other strange vegetation. Some of those huge plants grew as high or higher than 40 feel. But Ihey had no woody trunks, and they produced no real seeds. So they did not qualify as genuine trees. The story of the plant world goes back more than 3 billion years, when single celled algae thrived in the ancient freshwater seas. Simple land dwelling plants arrived perhaps half a billion years ago. There they grew bigger, more elaborate and more varied. Around 400 million years ago, tree size ferns and horsetails grew in vast forests that later formed beds of coal. Some of those giants of the coal forest had hollow trunks, and others had stems like rolls of paper. Most of them produced zillions of dusty spores, and only a few of these tiny seedlets survived Then, perhaps 300 million years ago, the first genuine trees arrived. They had woody trunks and produced well developed seeds. Most of these splendid plants were so successful that no im- provements were needed. Most likely the world's first real trees looked like Christ- mas trees. They were the ancestors of our furry green pines and other cone bearing trees. Their seeds were the first real seeds of the plant world. These trees were patient parents, male and female. The smaller male cones developed clouds of windblown pollen, which fer- tilized the cells in the female cones. There the seeds developed until they were ready to fall to the ground. Many of the first trees were evergreens, able 10 cope with changing seasons. They succeeded and spread to cover much of the earth with evergreen forests. Another early tree was the ginkgo, or the maidenhair fern tree. Its dainty fan shape leaves were shed in the fall, and ages ago there were huge ginkgo forests in North America. Later, most of them died out. The few that surviv- ed were pampered in China, where the ginkgo was regard- ed as a sacred tree. For perhaps 150 million years, (he conifers were the world's most advanced plants. Then a wondrous assortment of flowering plants arrived. A flower may produce both male and female cells. The seeds have superior protec- tion and a better chance to survive. gtked by chil- dren of Herald readers. should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Fun with figures By J. A. H. HUNTER "Here's a combination lock Tor your said Tom. "Be sure to use it." Fred grinned. "Thanks a lot, he -replied. "Just what 1 wanted, but I'll have to remember the combination." "Well, you can always .figure it out Tom told him. "It's exactly 99 times the total of its four digits, and you won't forget 99." What was the number? Thanks for idea to A. G. Bradbury, North Bay, On- tario. (Answer Monday) Yesterday's answer: SAINT was 19867 Flashback By The CANADIAN PRESS Jan. 11, 1975 England's first state lottery was held 406 years ago today in 1569 selling tickets at 10 shillings each. Private lotteries were gradually suppressed over the years and public lotteries also lost favor, the last being held in 18GO. 1693 An earthquake in Catania, "Italy, killed 1865 Slavery was abolish- ed in Missouri. 1909 Canada and the United States signed the Inter- national Waterways Conven- tion. 1946 Albania was proclaimed a republic. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN AND OMAR SHARIF South, vulnerable, you hold: VAKQ106 4Q9832 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 Pass 1 V Pass 2 NT Pass 3 Pass 3 Pass 4 Pass 6 Dble. What do you bid now? Q.S-As South vulnerable, you hold: 41092 The bidding has proceeded: West North East South 1 Dble. Pass What do you bid? Your horoscope By Jeinc Dixon Q.2-As South, vulnerable, you hold: 4A5 4QJ43 4AK1062 The bidding has proceeded: West North East South Pass Pass Pass 1 4 Pass 2 4 Pass What do you bid now? Q.6-Both vulnerable, as South you hold: 4983 KQJ98-12 484 472 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 4 Pass Pass Dble. 2 Pass What action do you take? vulnerable, as South you hold: The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 Pass 1 Pass What do you bid now? vulnerable, as South you hold: 4AQ96 VK9S tKJti Your right-hMd opponent opens the bidding "with one no trump. What action do you take? SUNDAY Your birthday today: Coin- cides with the new moon, and you experience a fresh start. Your work now begins to re- quire more intellectual ability. Self -.improvement programs should be featured in your schedule; on the job training is favored tor the young. Relationships are varied, ranging from strained to stable. Today's natives tend to pursue ideas ahead of their lime, include psychics and philosophers. ARIES (March 21-April You can get more done around your home than usual. Family members are in a better humor, are co operative and contribute to your day's success. Brief travels lead to useful contacts. TAURUS (April 20-Mhy Friends try to talk you info investing in their favorite schemes. See how charming you can be, but put your time, effort and money into promoting your own projects. 21-June It's a long day with several phases of important events. Your older friends are preoc- cupied with decisions, the younger ones are eager to take an excursion. In laws are cool. CANCER Your real friends don't expect you to compete with neighbors, but you owe it to yourself to spruce up and be presentable. Pursue any romantic interest. LEO 23-Aug. Follow intuition now. Do your fair share in community observances and pay leisurely visits to relatives you've neglected. Home life is mellow if you've said the right things. VIHGO (Aug. Put business aside and concentrate on having fun. You can learn a great deal from watching other people and vice versa. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Keep yourself busy with games and pastimes that re- quire physical aclivity. Everybody else is energetic so go along for the ride, SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Do your part in the com- munity's Sunday customs promptly. Travel to local places of interest is favored. Progress in romance is up to you. Speak positively. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. If it's your turn to work this Sunday, a lick and a promise is enough for the moment. Don't conceal gaps that must be tilled in later. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Exert leadership where you know its's needed or back, anybody who's doing a good job already. Don't taken no as the last word; be persistent! AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. During this lively Sunday, ask favors of others and mobilize your skills to their most productive use. Gather Friends for light hearted entertainment late in day. PISCES (Feb. 19-March You must use extra drive now to keep up with the energetic people around you. Social activity is the best way to express yourself today Smile! Lawrence Lamb M.D. vulnerable, as South you hold: 495 4AQ The bidding has proceeded: North East South 1 2 Whul aclion do you Lake'' Q.8-As South, vulnerable, you hold: 4AJ8752 4AQ93 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 Pass 2 34 9 What do you hid now? Look I'nr answers on Monday) Dear Dr. Lamb: When I was a young girl I lived part of my life on a nice farm where we had a hundred scapes of bees. One summer it was my duty to watch where the bees went when they swarmed. I was stung very often. Older people would often see me when wearing a bee sting and would say it was too bad, but now I would not suffer from rheumatism later in life. Well, now 1 am 82, and it seems that the old saying may be true. I am curious to know if it is just a happy accident or if they really knew. Dear Reader That is often said, but there is nothing to it. Fortunately not everyone gets arthritis and you are one of the lucky ones. You wouldn't have had it even if you had never seen a bee in your life. This wives' tale is dangerous since bee stings can be dangerous to some people. They can cause a violent shock-like reaction. These people need to be treated to decrease the danger of a severe reaction to an unexpected sting by a bee or wasp. Dear Dr Lamb I agree thoroughly with keeping one's weight down to normal by watching cholesterol, fats, and sugar, plus proper exer- cise. Two glasses of fortified skim milk per day is a must. Some of my friends tell me they use nonfat dry milk. When mixed and placed in the refrigerator overnight it tastes all right. It is much less expensive than fortified skim milk. We all know the prohibitive rise in food costs daily. Is this dried milk just as good and will it do the same for you as the more costly skim milk? I cannot see where the word skim is used on the box. Dear Reader This dry nonfat milk powder is an ex-, cellent food f recommend Us use in low-cholesterol food preparation because it is a good source of high quality protein and calcium. Yoii can increase the amount you use in recipes lor desserts, sauces and even in making homemade bread. That increases the calcium and protein in the diet without increasing the fat intake Look on the top and bottom on the box. The Carnation brand, for example, says non- fat dry milk on the top and bottom but not the sides. It is as good in every way as the fortified skim milk you buy and is a lot cheaper. There is an improvement by letting it stand mixed over- night in the refrigerator. Don't ask me why. Adding a little bit of salt also helps enormously. (I don't recom- mend this for patients who must watch their salt intake. I have often wondered if, in the processing, some salt was lost that affected the flavor. Still another technique is to add a little bit of honey to the milk and let it stand overnight in the refrigerator. You will notice the honey flavor, but it is an agreeable change. As most cartons of dry milk powder tell you, it can be mix- nil with regular milk to im- prove the flavor. Just mix up a quart of milk with the powder and add it to a quart of regular milk. That will cut down on the fat intake and lower the milk bill. Of course, to keep the fat real low you could use fortified skim milk instead of regular milk for the half and half mixture. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this new- spaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on cholesterol, send 50 cents to the same address and ask for the "Uioicsliiai" booklet. SHORT RIBS Murder trial ordered EDMONTON (CP) Patrick Allen Pierce, 23, of Edmonton, was committed Thursday to stand trial on a charge of murder. He was charged after the death of Alexander Simon, 42, of Edmonton, following an altercation al a service sta- tion in the city. AFRAID IT TURNED IT A BIT TOO MUCt-l WHAT DO YOU THINK OF MY NEW SKIBT.TS CALLED THE SKIMP WELL.., SHOULD REALLY TURN THAT VOJNS PKWCK HEAR RWISH SOME OF THAT UBBED OFF ON HIS SON.' UtiE WORKINS THAT OLD CAR, DON'T RUB TILL IT LIKE A DIAMOND BUGS BUNNY LOOK, KIDS, TH FLAVORS ARE ALL LISTED WE WANNA HEAP YOU RECITE THEM.' VANILLA., CHOCOLATE, RASPBERRY, BLUEBERRY, BLACKBERRY, gUTTEK-SCOTCH, MARSUMALLOW, MAPLE BANANA, ENGLISH TOFFEE, LICORICE, AN' LEMON CUSTARD..- BLONDIE TOP DESSERT I'D LIKE A J CHOCOLATE, STRAWBERRY, PINEAPPLE, DOUBLE BAMAMA. SPLIT ALLYOU'ffEALLOWEDTOMIGHT IS THIS LITTLE WEDSE OF LOW-CAL CAN T YOU PUT A LITTLE ILL LOOK ON YOUR DIET CHART AMD SEE IF YOU CAN HAVE IT WHIPPED CREAM AND ARCHIE WHY DON'T YOU TRY THAT ARCHIE, RIGHT END HAS DROPPED THE BIG GAME IS COMING UP, AND I NEED SOMEONE WHO CAN RUN AND SNAG PASSES HAGAR THE HORRIBLE WOMEN APB THE OF CIVILIZATION. HAVE LooKEP AT CIVILIZATION BEETLE BAILEY THANKS 10 yoiJ, BEETLE, I NOW HAVE THI5 NEW RLi-EP ALL Th'OSE OF STAMPS AT Th'E LI'L ABNER TUMBLEWEEDS SALLAMT LI'L RUNf THOUGH AH IF A A1OMSTER TWICE AS AS MC DECIDED TO LIVE IN POGPATCH- I, CLOPWgLL SAfflEK ME 600S Of MARSHMAJ.LOWS (THE MOTES ON WHAT I TO PLDNSE THEM SPUN6Y YUMS INTO MYTUMSJ.. I STILL SAY HE WANPEREP INTO THE STRIR OF YOU, 0 LITTLE PUFFS OF FLUFF, I SET ENOUGH.'