Internet Payments

Secure & Reliable

Your data is encrypted and secure with us.
Godaddyseal image
VeraSafe Security Seal

Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

- Page 4

Join us for 7 days to view your results

Enter your details to get started

or Login

What will you discover?

  • 108,666,265 Obituaries
  • 86,129,063 Archives
  • Birth & Marriages
  • Arrests & legal notices
  • And so much more
Issue Date:
Pages Available: 26

Search All United States newspapers

Research your ancestors and family tree, historical events, famous people and so much more!

Browse U.S. Newspaper Archives

googlemap

Select the state you are looking for from the map or the list below

OCR Text

Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-11,Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD •> FrMay, JanuanrVM^ KT« TÏ Alcohol and the Indians Alcohol is one of the worst of the Indian problems, from the standpoint of both the Indian and the white communities It is at the bottom of most of the Indian crime (the Lethbridge jai! usually has a majority ol Indian priKcners. for instance, (most of them there because of alcohol). Traffic accidents involving Indians are unduly high, and alcohol is usually involved. It is a factor in Indian employment, a major lactor in Indian wellare and in social and l^mily disorganization. Those most concerned about this are not the police, who have to cope with the accidents and the crime, or the social as.sistance people who have to keep some kind ol order and meaning in the lives oí the affected children, or the governments and departments and politicians and taxpayers, but the Indians themselves. It is a grievous problem to the I aim lies, to their responsible friends, and to the band councils. They suffer most Until not too long ago Indians couldn't legally touch alcohol. That prohibition was discriminatory and contributed to the intenonty complex that still plagues the Indian race, and besides it didn’t work, So quite properly it had to end. Now Indians are free to buy, to be served, and to drink the same as anyone else. That onlv a minority abuse this h eedom doesn t remove the problem, for they abu.se it grossly and (for their numbers > disproportionately The concern ot the responsible Indian leadership has led to some paradoxes. By decKsion ot the Indians themselves, for instanc e, liquor is not permitted on the large Hloifd reserve mear Lethbridge. So those Indians tjcnt on a binge drive to 1‘ ort Macleod or Lelhbridge, buy all they wish, drink it m part because they can't take it home, and add to the hazards on the highways. The same issue has come up again on the Blackioot reserve near Gleichen There is no liquor store at Gleichen but the Indians can and do drive to the outlets at Bassano and Strathmore, and apparently the accident rate is higher on that account. Some Gleichen people think their town should have a liquor store but the Indian leadership is opposed to it Making it easier to get would mean more Indians would get it. they say, and a shorter time between drunken sprees. One Indian official said “Our people are just learning how to handle their beer. With hard liquor available they will have to start over again." There is no easy answer to this. White soc ietv. .so devoted to liquor, cannot deny it to the Indians. If the problem is ever to be worked out, it will have to be by the Indians themselves. They have among them large numbers of alert, wise and very concerned people, and whatever the Indians wish should be respected and enacted Kmancipation ot the affected Indians Irom the slavery oi alcohol will be slow and painlul at best The slavery was imposed by the whites. Only the Indians themselves can end it. They need from the whites plenty ot sympathy and support. not too much advice, and no compulsion whatever A new image for Ripoff Oil WASHINGTON - The Ripoff Oil Co. was worried. A meeting of the executive committee was called at a Duck Shoot Club in South Carolina to discuss ways and means of combating the bad publicity petroleum companies were getting over the energy crisis. Harlan Mudbank, president of Ripoff, presented the problem. “Gentlemen, 1 am sorry to say that the oil companies have a very bad image because of the fuel shortage that unfortunately/ lias gripped the country in the last six months. The purpose of this meeting is to find a way to tell our story to the American people. Are there any suggestions?” Wilton Willbank, the advertising vice -president, said, “Why don't we launch a national advertising campaign to show that in spite of the crisis, Ripoff is keeping its prices down?” “Excellent,” said Mudbank, "but where do we get the money to pay for the campaign?” Willbank replied, “By raising the price of OUT gasoline a penny a gallon.” Mudbank smiled. “Good thinking. If there are no objections the proposal is accepted. Are there any other ideas?” Marvin Snowtuink, vice - president in charge of public affairs, said, “It seems to me the key to a good image is Congress. We must persuade our lawmakers that we are doing the best we can to provide the necessary fuel at reasonable cost to the consumer." “How do we do this?” Snowbank opened his folder. “By contributing to the political campaigns of everyone running for office in 1974,” “But,” said Mudbank, “that would cost us a fortune.” Snowbank read from a paper. “Our Washington lobbyists believe we can do it by addmg only two cents to what we are now charging for a gallon of gas." “It doesn’t seem to be out of line,” the comptroller said. “It cost us a cent a gallon just to elect Nixon. For two cents a gallon we’re getting an entire Congress.” “Good,” said Mudbank. “We seem to be making progress. What else can we do to win the hearts and minds of the American people?" Rineholt Sandbank, the vice - president for financial affairs, said, “One of the things that seems to be bugging the American people is our profit picture. 1 estimate we stairi to make 160 per cent profit after taxes this year. We must persuade the country that these profits are withih the cost-of-living guidelines.”    ' “How?” Mudbank asked. ‘By distributing American Flag pins for every customer’s lapel. I can’t conceive of anyone questioning our profits if we give them a free American flag.” “Those lapel flags aren’t cheap,” the comptroller protested. “Well pass on the cost of them to the customer. Three cents a gallon is a small price to pay for the privilege of wearing Old Glory,” said Sandbank. No objection was raised and Mudbank continued. “While we’re at it, I’d like to bring up another problem. No one is certain how long this energy crisis will last. There may come a day when new sources of energy will be found. It is even possible that someone will develop an automobile that doesn't use gasoline. In 20 years this could put us in a terrible profit squeeze. We can’t wait until it happens. We must prepare for it now. What do we do?” The vice • president for financial affairs said, “It’s obvious. We charge an extra nickel a gallon which we’ll invest in tax-free bonds. No one can object to our ensuring ourselves against future unfair competition.” Mudbank seemed very pleased. “This has been a most successful meeting. Now let’s all go out and shoot some ducks. Over-imbibing By Doug Walker Phil, Isabel and Judy Blakeley, along with Nana Sinclair came over to our house after the CGIT vesper service    . Mrs Sinclair declined tea or coffee and had instead, a cup of hot water “Of course you understand we need your sympathy! ’’ First stir of mutiny By Carl Rowan, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON -Something infinitely more important than what meets the eye may be involved in the Arab oil boycott and those stupendous increases in oil prices announced recently by the petroleum-producing countries. At first there seemed to be nothing more at stake than the Arabs’ desire to force the U.S., Japan and Western Europe to tilt their Middle East policies away from Israel. But the evidence mounts that the oil-producing countries have tasted enough power to believe that they are able to end the centuries-old system under which tbe rich niitions grow richer by using and exploiting the cheap oil and other natural resources of poorer nations. Almost no one has characterized the Shah of Iran as a wild-eyed radical. But take note of what he said after OPEC (O^anization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) recently announced a 128 per cent hike in the price of oil, meaning that during 1973 alone they boosted prices 470 per cent: “The industrial world will have to realize," said the Shah, “that the era of their terrific progress and even more terrific income and wealth based on cheap oil is finished.” But are Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia really strong enough to make that kind of declaration stick? Or are they just buying eventual trouble for their own countries, and possibly doubling the miseries of the poorest nations for which they profess to strike a blow of decency? When I first saw the Shah’s remark, I could not help but recall a book, “Image of America ” written 14 years ago by a French priest. Father R, L. Bruckberger. “Nothing can halt the industrialization of the world,” he wrote. “First Russia and now China have shown us that the most backward peoples can achieve it rapidly ... This means that all those other nations which still hunger today have only to make the effort and they too will become powerful. Does anyone imagine that, once powerful, they will remain hungry and resided? This planet of ours is tike a nightmare ocean liner. In the first class, a few well-fed passengers live luxuriously in spacious quarters, while on tiK decks and in tbe holds all the rest of thé passengers, are herded together In hunger and misery. Who can fail to see the dynamite of this situation?” Father Bruckberger added : “It is only too obvious that the people on the decks and in the holds could mutiny, and by weight of numbers could easily overwhelm and enslave the first-class passengers.” The Shah’s remark implies that the boosts In oil prices and the Arabs’ oil boycott are the first stirrings of mutiny on the part of the non* industrialized countries. There are some factors, however which make It difficult to picture those soaring oil prices as just part of a noble effort by oil-rich lands to spread economic justice around the world, or to temper the economic arrogance of the industrial nations. The poor and developing nations of the world are being hit just as hard by rising petroleum prices as are the U.S., Japan and the nations of Western Europe. Tourism, so vital to Kenya’s economy, is in peril. India’s foreign exchange reserves could be wiped out, wrecking the new JTl-blllion five-year development plan that is to start this year. Oil shortages or exorbitant prices could wreck South Korea’s booming textiles industry. If the economies of Japan, Western Europe and the U.S. are weakened to the point of a serious worldwide recession, or depression, poorer nations will ose vital markets for their copper, cocoa, coffee. What is sold will go at lower prices, not higher ones, so the net effect of the oil squeeze will be just the opposite of winning better prices for the raw materials of poor countries. - Nations lik^ Kusiâit and Saudi Arabia wioald lay stronger claim to a purity of motive if they set better examples of spreading their wealth among the have-not nations. Some of the most wretched hunger and starvation ever suffered by man is rampant in the Sahel region of Africa. I’ve heard nothing from the oil-rich countries atiout how they intend to use part of their windfall profits to ease the plight of malnourished Sahelians, or even to fight poverty and ignorance within their own countries. To teach the industrialized nations a lesson that they long have had coming i^ only one side of the morality coin. The other side is for the oil-rich countries to set better examples of economic fairness, compassion and charity than Europe, the United States and Japan set during all those years when they wallowed in riches and goodies. But if the oil exporters are merely grabbing money because the grabbing is good, they will drag a lot of innocent people into the jaws of economic calamity. When, later, something Mrs Sinclair said came out a bit garbled her granddaughter Judy irreverently commented, ' She's had too much hot water to dnnk. ' Drastic measures required By Norman Cousins, editor of Saturday Review/World ■‘lirait that — tlicy're Miy fw Mr rcfc^lar cntomersi The hijacking of commercial airplanes and the random slaughter of innocent people by terrorists will not cease until their sanctuaries are shut down. The best airport security procedures now in existence cannot stop armed men from seizing planes and jeopardizing the lives of all those in the vicinity. So long as the terrorists know they have a place where they can put down their hijacked planes, with safety to themselves, hijackings will be continued. Only when the criminals know there are no sanctuaries, no place that will grant them immunity. will there be an end to the sickening crimes. The United States should announce immediately that it will regard the hijacking of any American plane, or the seizure of U.S. citizens as hostages, or violence against U.S. citizens in connection with these crimes, as an act of war agatmt the United States. Further, we should announce that we will regard the action of any country in granting refuge to these criminals as part of that same act of war against the United States. This does not mean that we would start throwing nuclear bombs around, or that we would launch an all-out offensive against any nation that is in cahoots with the terrorists. We have a wide range of appropriate actions open to us in coping with an act of war against the United States. We need not say in advance exactly what countermeasures we’re prepared to take in any given case. The very fact that we would regard hijacking and murder on the airlines as acts of war and that we intend to make emphatic and appropriate response would give the offending nations something to think about. Once they become convinced that the policy of sanctuaries can be maintained only at a prohibitive risk, we are likely to see the end ot this particular madness. Obviously, such a declaration by the United States would gain in strength in direct proportion to the number of nations that would be willing to join with us in nuking it. Most particutarly, Walker decoded Recently Doug Walker has made a number of criticisms of both VeUkovsky and his ideas. Part of this criticism seems to be based on his belief that Hawkins (Stonehenu Decoded) has proved that the axis and orbits of planets as we know them have not changed in the last 5,000 years. Since Hawkins published his papers and book Atkinson and others have criticized his logic, mathematics and results. The plans used by Hawkins were imprecise, some of the markers used in the alignments were fallen stones, tree stump holes, or empty holes, the probability of 23 alignments occurring by chance (given the number of possibilities) is between 0.46 and 0.97, in other words chance, and not 0.00006 as claimed. In addition it is not possible to determine the position of many of the fallen stones and if some of the fallen stones were in place they would block proposed sight lines. As to Hawkln’s claim that the mid-summer sun rose over the heel-stone in 1500 B.C., Atkinson calculated that it would have missed by a considerable margin. In fact the heel-stone could be moved by 12 feet and still be within Hawkin's limits of error. Hawkins also claims that the 56 Aubrey holes reveal a 56 year old eclipse cycle previously unknown. According to Colton and Martin in a 1967 Nature paper, this cycle just doesn’t exist in nature. Apart from these considerations Hawkins suggests that Stonehenge was built to predict spring for crop-planting. to predict sunrise in mid-summer, to warn of impending eclipses of the moon or simply for exercising the pleasures of the intellect. Logic dictates, however, that these reasons may be somewhat insubstantial. There are easier ways of predicting spring and two selected points on the landscape could be used for predicting mid-summer sunrise. There are also easier ways of predicting eclipses of the moon if there is any reason to believe that anyone would be terrified of them. Of the entire fabric intellectual pleasure may appear the most substantial reason advanced ' by Hawkins. Here it must be noted that the structure is a tremendous feat of construction. The enormous stones were hauled over 200 miles and to all appearances Stonehenge was built and continuously rearranged, sometimes in apparent haste, over hundreds of years. Among questions still to be answered are, who built it? when was it built? and why was it abandoned? Given these considerations it seems to me that the builders had more weighty matters on their minds than predicting sunrise (unless of course they had some reason to suspect it would not occur). And, what is particularly intriguing in all of this is that Stonehenge was built by people who occupied the land after a great wave annihilated the previous residents, that is, according to myth. Whatever the reason for the construction of Stonehenge there has yet to be a revelation about Stonehenge which would allow anyone to deduce with certainty that ttw axis and orbits of tbe planet« as we now know them have not changed In the last 5,000 years. As a footnote it might be added that VeUkovsky and Hawkins are familiar with each other’s ideas. Aftei reading Velikovsky’s book, Hawkins sent the book to Velikovsky for autt^raphing and Velikovsky in commenting on Hawkins addresses him as a talented young astronomer. VeUkovsky agrees with Hawkins that tbe Stonehenge was an observatory but that since it aligns with no planets or stars and only approximately aligns the sun and moon it may well be an observatory which no longer works. I. WHISHAW, Dept, of Psychology, University of Lethbridge Editor’s note: Herald policy is to keep replies to letters at a minimum and to keep them brief. An exception Is being made In this Instance to permit Mr. Walker to bring readers more fully into the picture regarding his criticism of Dr. Velikovaky’s theory. The criticism I make of Velikovsky’s Worlds in Collision is centred mainly on his use of the Bible in support of his theory. This was the burden of the paper I presented before Dr. Eirl Milton’s class early in December. In ttiat paper, in the concluding paragraph, I made a reference to Gerald Hawkins’ latest book. Beyond Stonehenge, in which he said, “The solar system, with its nine planets, has been com^ puted in reverse time for a period of thousands of years. With slight cyclic variations the orbits are stable. Venus and Mars came nowhere near the earth in 688 or 1500 B.C.” But that was only something tacked to the end of the paper. Hawkins’ views on Stonehenge really have nothing to do with my quarrel with Velikovsky. At a Public Affairs luncheon in mid-December I raised a question not dealt with when I visited the university. 1 asked what happens to Velilmvsky’s correlation of E^ptian (^ other) history with Israelite history if the Exodus occurred in the 13th century, as biblical scholars now believe, instead of in the 15th century. Dr. Milton told the luncheon group that bliblical scholars do not agree on a 13Ui century date and that people can take their choice I have sui^lied Dr, Milton with a list of 21 books by internationally known biblical scholars, all but one of whom accept a 13th century date for the Exodus (the exception reviewed the evidence but didn’t take a position). 1 am awaiting his list of biblical scholars who support a 15th century date. And I would still like to have an answer to my question. Dr. Whishaw’s argument about Hawkins' theory may be valid but it Is largely irrelevant to the case I have been making. DOUG WALKER Critique criticized the participation by the Soviet Union would be of incalculable value. I am not willing to accept the view that there is no chance that the Soviet Union would associate itself with the United States in a stern warning, not alone to terrorists but to any country that involves itself in their crimes. Acceptance by the Russians would no doubt assure the success of the policy. But even if the Russians decide they do not wish to go along, there is no reason why the United States should not make every effort to persuade as many nations as possible to join us in the declaration. We should go before the United Nations and announce that, in accordance with the charter, we intend to invoke the right of selfdefence for such a purpose. There may be some outcries, but I believe that people everywhere who have been sickened and outraged by the wanton acts of the terrorists would feel that the United States, at long last, had brought some sanity, courage and hope to an otherwise impossible situation. Pat Orchard’s critique of the opening performance of this year’s Overture Concert Series made me very sad. We are a small group here in Southern Alberta, about 300 as was correctly pointed out, who have been trying to bring to this community a type of culture that unfortunately does not appeal to the younger generation; consequently most of us are old, some of us very old indeed,, and time takes its toll of us. In order for us to continue it is essential that the series should attract younger people, and the critique of Miss Matsumato is not going to help us attain that goal. Very few of us, if any, possess Mrs. Orchard’s musical erudition Nevertheless we enjoy the concerts our association has been able io bring here, being well aware that due to our small membership it is im possible to bring in artists when they are at the peak of their careers. But it is still a stimulating and enjoyable experience to hear them whether they are on their way up or have passed their peak. The critique of Miss Matsumato, while undoubtedly correct, will neither help nor hurt her, since she is not likely to appear in Lethbridge again, and I doubt that she will even have the opportunity to read It, but it is likely to have an adverse effect on our attempt to attract new members fo»* next year. I am writing this in the hope that Mrs. Orc^rd may find it possible to assist the Overture Concert Association by emphasizing the positive rather than the negative aspects of a performance, without sacrificing her professional standards. T BIRCK, Lethbridge The UtKbridge Herald S04 Ttri Si S Lethbridge, Alberta LETHSRlDQe HEBALD CO LTD Prof>rl«(cir« and Publltners Second Oatt Mail Ragliilrailon No 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publlaner OON H PILLINÛ Managing Editor nOY F MILES Advertising Mana^r D0lK3)-AS K WALKER Éditorial Page Editor DONALD R DORAM Qenerat Manager ROBERTM FENTON CircuMtiM Manager KENNETH E BARNETT BuWneM Manager "THÊ HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;