Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 11, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBKmCI HEU1D Tuwfef, January II, Joseph Kraft Bhutto a man of peace? As the people of Bangla Desli cele- brate the return of their beloved leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, it must not be forgotten that his return has been made possible by the new president of West Pakistan, All Bhut- to. Mr. Bhutto still hopes that here can be some kind of political union between East and West Pakistan, a hope that is probably unrealistic. But his release of the Sheikh, at least, goes some of the distance in eventu- ally mending the deep division be- tween the two countries, which would have been impossible other- wise. It will also assist India's refugee problem. A great number of East Pakistanis who formerly showed re- luctance to go back, are eager to re- turn to their homeland now that Sheikh Mujibur's presence gives as- surance of political stability. The In- dian army should not have to remain in Bangla Desh as a peace keeping police force very much longer a welcome development for Mrs. Gandhi. Mr. Bhutto's relations with India in the past have been poor to the point of hostility, but his most recent ges- ture of good will in returning the Sheikh, should help to repair the rift. He has also indicated his inten- tion of going to New Delhi for talks if he is invited to do so. This is not to say that mutual con- fidence is going to be established ov- ernight. The deep wounds and hat- reds engendered by the horrors of the occupation and war in East Pakistan will prevent such a possibility for a very long time. But the West Pakistani president is talking like a man who genuinely seeks peace with his neighbors and that's a refreshing contrast in a world grown weary of obduracy in international disputes. A black eye The failure of the United Appeal in Lethbridge to meet its objective for the third year in a row gives a black eye to the community. Niggardly giv- ing shows a lack of the c a r i n g spirit that makes a city a good place in which to live. While the city suffers a blow to its reputation, the directors of the Unit- ed Appeal must try to cope with the headache of trying to decide how to allocate the insufficient funds. Each of the member agencies feels that its budget is minimal and had so persuaded the directors before the setting of the objective of the appeal. What happens when the objective is not reached is that the agencies have to cut corners and reduce ser- vices. A point is eventually reached when those responsible for admini- stering agency affairs realize that a crisis situation exists. Some kind of drastic action is required. One conceivable move would be for the agencies to withdraw from the United Appeal and make their own canvasses for financial support. It is a dreadful prospect to think about both for the householder and the agency members. Who wants canvassers at the door every other week? And how many people are there In any community who can muster enough enthusiasiam to de- vote large amounts of time to organ- izing and carrying out finance cam- paigns? Unless the citizens can be per- suaded of the value of the agencies and the wisdom of supporting them through the economical in terms both of expense and, manpower means of the united approach, it is possible that taxation is just around the corner. Already many things that once fell under volunteer agen- cies are taken care of by govern- ments. More could follow that trend. The load might then be distributed more evenly but something valuable could be lost in the process. Report to readers-1971 By Dong Wilkcr T OOKEW over the tabulation of ma- terial used on the editorial pages during 1971 it was apparent that three voices grew stronger: the voice of women; the local voice; the voice of Canadians. This was not something that was planned; It just happened. Whether it was a good or bad thing will depend on the perspec- tive of readers. The most dramatic evidence of the shift to the voice of women was in the unsigned editorials. In 1970 Cleo Mowers and I out- wrote Jane Huckvale and Margaret Luck- hurst 516 to ISA but in 1971 it was 430 to 332 in favor of the ladies. My two lady cohorts also contributed 58 articles or fea- tures which was an increase over the pre- vious year. Local writers make their appearance chiefly in letters to the editor. While letter production fcH off slightly from 1970's high of 566 to 544 in 1971, there were more by- line pieces by local writers than previous- ly. The biggest boost to this total came from Andy Russell who now writes a week- ly column. Jim Fishbourne, who regret- tably has announced his withdrawal from column writing, kept pace with his pre- vious year's output. The names of Joyce Basse, Fraser Hodgson and Eva Brewster were among the most frequent of the in- frequent contributors. Nine teachers wrote for the weekly educational slot with the names of Peter Hunt, Ed Ryan, Louis Burke and Terence Morris appearing irost often. All told, including the feature work of Margaret Luckhurst and Jane Huckvale, there were 179 byline pieces written lo- cally. Our photographs carried on page five, with the exception of nine reproductions from art and history books, were the work of local photographers. Staff members accounted for 39 photographs while nine others were chosen from submissions to i photo-of-lhe-month competition run for sev- eral months. Walter Kerber, Elwood Fer- guson and Bryan Wilson were tte chief contributors of photographs. By contrast, our cartoons were mainly the work of outsiders. D'Are Rickard with 19, Ridt Mahon with 2, and a reproduction of one of Everett Soupe's cartoons in Kainai News were the exceptions. Used most frequently were cartoons by Yardley Jones, Ed Ulu- schak and Jim Berry. Another area in which local writers pre- vail is book reviewing. In 1971 the num- ber of books reviewed increased to 282 from 169 in 1970. All the reviews were done locally -with the great majority of the 25 reviewers being members of The Herald staff. The women took a beating in book reviewing. Their score was only 86 com- pared to 196 for the men. I led the way with reviews of 121 books, followed by Margaret Luckhurst with 33 and Jane Huckvale with 25. An increase in Canadian content came In the columns of commentary which were used. This came mainly at the expense of the British writers of the London Observer foreign service. Only 84 Observer pieces were printed compared to 156 in 1970. The 205 pieces by columnists of the FP chain wasn't much changed from the 216 of 1970. There was a slight increase from 112 to 124 in the use of columns by the two syn- dicated American writers Joseph Kraft and Carl Rowan. Peter Desbarats took over some of the work of Anthony Westell for the Toronto Star Syndicate and our use of this source was almost identical to that of the previous year. Where the increase in Canadian content came was in the use of articles reproduced from other papers, mainly of the FP chain. During 1971 we began to use the columns of Eric NSeol of Vancouver in a rough balance with those of Art Buchwald of Washington, which also increased the Canadian content. Rounding out the page materials are Hie weekly columns by Dr. Frank Morley of White Rock, B.C.; the daily Looking Back- ward feature done by The Herald library staff; the editorials reproduced from other newspapers and periodicals; and the filler features among which were 147 of my reve- lations about the doings and sayings of local people. An editor can only guess at what is likeli- est to be of greatest interest to readers out of mass of material that comes to his desk. I hope I have guessed reasonably wall. Complete candor By Doug Walker VOU can say this for our kids: not one of the four holds any Illusions about their athletic ability. Judl made that fnirly obvious In a little piece she wrote a while ago. All our kids talk disdainfully of physi- cal education as physical torture. It U lit- tle short of tragic, Uien, that Keith was saddled w i I h flo minutes a day of it through the foil semester. Wiat seemed to sustain him was the knowledge that if he survived the term he was through witii It for the rest of his high school career. When the PE program called for hockey practice, Keith was a bit appre- hensive. "I don't know how to he said, 'Til knock myself out on the boards." Helpfully, I told him to try drag- ging one foot when he wanted to stop. "It won't be lamented, "Hint's how I Glimpsing Nixon's hole card on Vietnam WASHINGTON in his in- terview with Dan Rather of CBS, President Nixon gave the world a prek at his -hole card on Vietnam. Though slightly devalued by a subse- quent House clarifica- tion, it turns out to be a far better card than most of us an- ticipated. But will it be good enough for the other side? "While no- body regularly has been right in predicting Hanoi's reactions, there are strong reasons to doubt the North Vietnamese are going to take the offer that is apparently being served up to them for 1972. The makings of an offer are implicit in a question which the president asked himself. It grew out of two themes which Mr. Rather in a strik- ing display of why one-on-one coverage is the best form of public interviewing pressed over and over again. First, there was the matter of the American pilots and oth- er fighting men taken by the Communists and now held as prisoners of war. Next there was the matter of the residual force the American troops left behind after the phased withdrawal now underway is finally completed. At length, Mr. Nixon himself brought the two together in a question. He said: "I know sometimes you and some of your colleagues have pointed out, and with very good rea- son, that if when we had 000 men in Vietnam we had no effect in getting the enemy to negotiate on POWs, why would having or 35.000 as a residual fores have any af- fect? The answer is: Docs the enemy want the United States to withdraw from Vietnam .or doesn't To me that can only mean one thing. It can only mean that President Nixon is pre- pared to pull out all American troops in return for release the POWs by the other side. Moreover, there are strong s i'g n s that the president cou- ples withdrawal of all Ameri- can troops and cessation of all American offensive actions in Vietnam including bombing from air and sea. Mr. Nixon was asked at one point whether withdrawal meant "no Americans, land, sea or air, no residual force fighting in support of Laotians, Cambodians, or South Viet- He replied: "That depend' on the situation with re- gard to our POWs." In other words, the president made no separation between American troop withdrawal and cessa- tion of. all American military action. Finally, there are signs that Mr. Nixon is prepared to make the deal quickly. He referred to discussion of the POWs which he himself has already set in motion with Soviet. For- eign Minister Andrei Gromyko, and which his chief foreign pol- icy adviser, Henry Kissinger, had initiated with Premier Chou En-lai of China. He indi- cated he would follow on with the negotiations during his summit visits to Peking in Feb- ruary and to Moscow in May, Despite his disavowal of po- litical intent, it is hard to be- lieve he doesn't want to wrap up a deal by election day. If this analysis is correct, the terms now being served up to Hanoi represent by far the most skillfully conceived dip- lomatic package put together by Washington in '.he Vietnam war. It Invokes the good offices of Russia and China. It is made when public passivity on the war in this country gives high credibility to the President's threats that, unless there is a negotiated settlement, there will be a residual American force in South Vietnam and continued American bombing of North Vietnam. 'Unlike all previous offers, moreover, there is now no stuff about elections and ceasefires and mutual withdrawals. To be sure, the White House issued a clarifying statement which re- BEfl'S KID "Sb says Ae loots last like Wlnstan 6 Wl IT NEA, IK. "Mom, grow no. con I be a male asserted the old condition about the "South Vietnamese right to determine their own fu- ture." But that can be dropped my time in the coming year mere- ly by a finding that tne South Vietnamese are in position to assert that right that Viet- namization has, in fact, work- ed. And at that point the presi- dent can come into the open with a straightforward offer to quit the war in return for the prisoners. But will the other side ic- cept? Hanoi's first reacUon, surely, is going to be a posing of hard questions. The Com- munists are going to want to establish whether the preadent actually proposes to take out all American forces and cease all American military action- including bombing in return for prisoner release. If there is any doubt on that score, there is no deal possible. Next, the other side will probably calculate chances. Immense self-confidence will probably lead Hanoi to the con- clusion that, with American military actions halted, Saigon will fall easily. That view will be reinforced by their notion that Mr. Nixon is a man cyni- cal enough to sell an ally down the river, provided the debacle does not come until after his re-election. But in the end, the Com- munists are going to consider what they lose by waiting until after the American election. They will probably calculate that after the election they will get at least the same offer, and maybe a better one one that includes the undoing of tire Saigon regime which is their supreme objective. So the chances for accept- ance of Mr. Nixon's coming gambit, shrewd as It may seem, do not look good. An enemy that has fought for 20 years finds no great difficulty in waiting a few months more. And my best guess is that, de- spite a considerable effort by the administration, Americans will still be fighting in Vietnam on election day this year. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Dennis Bloodworth Hanoi is facing another troubled year in 1972 SINGAPORE President Nixon said recently that when the North Vietnamese "look at the alternatives" they will see that it is preferable accept his offer of a total mili- tary pullout by November in exchange for the release of American prisoners. But what- ever their immediate reaction to his proposal, much will de- pend upon the state of mind and morale in which the Com- munists enter 1972. For North Vietnam, 1971 end- ed appropriately with the ex- clamation mark of the recent short sharp American bombing offensive, for it was altogether a dramatic touch-and-go year marked by costly successes and failures, vexing news of Nixon's projected visit to Peking and the most catastrophic floods on record. Hanoi allowed the outside world few details of the floods but they were far worse than thfee of 1945. And in 1945 one million people died killed off by drowning, famine and chol- era, while the Communist-lead Vietminh guerrillas aggravated already acute shortages and sent food prices soaring out of reach by pillaging rice stocks and coercing the peasantry into withholding their grain. But the Communists were in the un- comfortable seat of government themselves when typhoons o f unprecendented power struck Tongking last summer. The North Vietnamese lead- ers had always secretly feared the Americans might bomb the dykes that contain Hie waters of the great Red River delta, for most of the country's 18 million people live in this rice bowl, much of it well below sea- level, and all depend upon it for their basic rations. But Hie rain proved a bigger villain than Richard Nixon. In the worst regions nearly 40 inches of It fell in little more than 40 days, the Red River topped its 1945 record by a clear 10 feet and stretches of the parallel Black River rose 25 feet in as many hours. Billions of tons of swift-moving water swept away homes, crops, cattle, roads and bridges. Entire irrigation sys- tems were washed out and dykes smashed or submerged for mile after mile engineers only saved Hnnol itself by breaching those above the city. The floods closely followed a report from Premier Pbnm vim Donn describing Jiow for Hie North Vietnamese hnd gone to- wards pulling their economy to- gether after the three years of disrupting American bombing that ended in 1968. The prime minister claimed that the arable acre was yielding two tons of paddy in many areas but, al- though the figure may be ac- curate, Hanoi had still been ob- liged tn import more than a quarter of a million tons of wheat floor from Russia in 1969 against tons in 1965. In- dustrial production and the gross national product were no higher than they had been six years before. Only the trade de- ficit had risen spectacularly. Flor even before the rains came to wash the shine off hopeful planning estimates, the economy was lame for lack of manpower and campaigns were launched to recruit women for the factories and youngsters for Hie front before their normal call-up age of 18. General Vo Ngueyn Giap, the diminutive, indefatigable North Vietnamese defence minister, told an Ital- ian journalist nearly three years ago that Hanoi had lost half a million war dead. A later as- sessment has put the number at Nolhing reveals cracks as promptly as a little water and the floods provoked illuminating comment of cur- rent human weaknesses in the overstretched system. One of- ficial editorial in Hanoi warned that those who "take advantage of natural calamities to sow dis- order or buy goods cheap and sell them dear" would be se- verely punished. Elsewhere, bitter accusations of inefficiency and ineptitude in the face of the disaster were voiced. Officials "were passive and could not keep a firm hold on the situation" and many "thought only of evacuating 'Crazy Capers' I'm sure it wasn't their own families." By the au- tumn a new "classification" of cadres was under way. During the year Communist chiefs openly condemned waste, corruption, the black market end blatant profiteering and at- tacked scrimstianking and slip- shod workmanship on public projects. Hanoi has its share of young spivs, pickups, delin- quents and draft-dodgers and the government has now pass- ed a law forbidding anyone un- der 18 to see corrupting films or to read corrupting print, to smoke cigarettes, drink spirits, beer or even coffee, to trade for profit or stay out after nine in the evening. The morale and discipline of OB army are also causing an- xiety. The less eager soldiers have been afflicted with "erro- neous and passive laziness and inefficiency, a c- cording to the Hanoi Press. Some have been using weapons for hunting or fishing, lending them out or just losing them somewhere. Other defaulters have been wearing long hair and curious clothes, insulting civilians, ignoring orders, swinging the lead or deserting. Too often, relations between the men and their superiors are bad. In December, bombing added to the worries of the Vietna- mese high command and Polit- buro. But July was the most joyless month of the year, for the typhoons coincided with what seemed to observers to be a questionable shift in policy on the part of Hanoi's staunch- cst backers. The Chinese, who had hither-to encouraged the Vietnamese to wage their "peo- ple's war" against the Ameri- cans until inevitably they won it, came out in support of a seven-point proposal put for- ward by the Vietcong delega- tion in Paris offering negotia- tions if Washington would first set a deadline for the with- drawal of all American troops. Eleven days later President Nixon announced somewhat disconcertingly that ho wmild visit Peking. It looked to some as if Mao might be selling out the "just war of liberation" In Indochina for n pledge from Nixon that he would take all his troops out of the region and so leave Taiwan (Formosa) nlso without a protecting super-Power. Ner- vous Vietnamese were not like- ly tn forget (lint because it suited their own ends the Chi- nese and (he Russians had ob- liged the late President Ho Chi Minh to accept the miserly Ge- neva Agreement of 1954 which left him with only half a Viet- nam after eight years of guer- rilla fighting capped by a re- sounding Communist victory against the French at Dien Bien Phu. When Pham Van Bang was given a hero's wel- come in Peking in November, therefore, it was assumed that Premier Ohou En-lai had found it political to reassure Hanoi that Chinese ways were not as dark as some had painted them. But that could be quite wrong. As the Chinese see it, they do not have to bargain with Washington and betray Mao's favorite Uieory about the infallibility of "people's war" in order to isolate Taiwan from the United States and clinch Its "return to the mainland." They believe that if they bide their time they will get the island for nothing------and the North Viet- namese believe they believe it. Again, the past year may have brought the Vietnamese flood, famine, pestilence, fire from above and ping-pong dip- lomacy from the north, but the Communists have been strug- gling against setbacks like these for a quarter of a cen- tury and, meanwhile, 1971 did at least take them 12 months nearer to the end of their agony. Problems of morale, sloth, corruption, stupidity and apathy must be added to the tally of their woes but they are almost certainly the sins of the few to be set against the stub- borness and courage displayed by the many. Black sheep are particularly conspicuous when most of the others are white. On the other hand, 1971 saw significant Communist ad- vances in Laos and Cambodia and a new North Vietnamese challenge to American air supre- macy. The Americans bombed North Vietnam, moreover, in order to stunt a possible dry- season offensive just because they were still steadily disengag- ing on the ground and were down to their last combat divi- sion in South Vietnam. The "imperialist" adversary below the 17th parallel is already re- assuringly Vietnamescent therefore and while the North Vietnamese may have entered 1972 feeling slightly bloody it would be a mistake to assume that they were bowed. (Written for The licraM and The Observer, London' Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1922 At the afternoon ses- sion of the Alberta Federation of Labor, it was advocated that a chain of co-operative stores be established in the four cities in Alberta. The ooperative association started with 17 members last March when it opened a store on main street ki North Lethbridge. is made that L. W. Brockington, Cal- gary city solicitor, will be the special speaker at the annual jiinttiig of the Lethbridga Board of Trade. Minister Macdon- aid said that since the begin- ning of the war some ships have sailed in convoy from Canadian snores, carry- ing more than tons of food and war supplies. 1052 Today it seems al- most certain that Lethbridge Is the most important distribut- ing centre in the world for commercial mustard seed. celebrity commit- tee of the LethbricJge Kins- men's ninth annual Sports- man's dinner announced UM addition of Hec Gervais to (Ms year's head table. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Letbbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN i. ClMi Rulilrnllon No. 0015 J S c.wdlim Dully Newspaper Publishers' Auocimion and I ho Audit Buronu ol Clrculgllonl CLEO W. MOWERS, Edllor and THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mmuoor DON PILLING will 1AM 1IAV Editor Ste" l-'ilior ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WAI KFB Admitting Mliuwr StorM "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"