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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 11, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta SATUIUUY, JANUAHY 11, Till'': LETilnnlDCK HKKAUJ PAGE ELEVEN ANNUAL REPORT, LETHBRlSGE BOARD OF TRADE, 1918 KitOM PAOK TEN) able division of tin1 head waters between Stairs and I'iinndu, so dial tin's uncertainty may lie removed. CAN.UI.V IIIIIIOATIQX ASSOCIATION' This Af.-oi-iiilii.ni met this year at Nelson, and the meet- f.n- 1'JI'J will take place at Medicine lint. Several highly uddrt.-srs were made and discussed. 'J'erhaps tin- iniut informing won1 uf the President fur 191S, Hon. Mr. Jlolhcnvell of and A. (Irinin of Breokf. In the i i.ur.-o of !iis address 51 r. Molticnvell reviled his now well-known ivii commandments. Your President suggested tin' addition uf clovi-nth commandment: shnlt take to the bosom of tliy farm the waters stored in the mountains, :.ml brought io thcc by the rivers and stream tlio main iliti-hcs ami the laterals; that thcni maycst pastur. and feed and water thy Hocks and thy herds, aVl that the barn- Mird manure limy replenish the earth; that thy Jays may I iy in Hit laud, lliou ami thy wife ami thy chiljren and thy iliiidronV children, mitu the third ami fourth generation: and tlint thy farm may remain with thec instead of drifting upwards lei (he. ?ky." Mr. tlrillin. who is a recent acquisition to the irrigation en- gineering flnf't of (lie Canadian Pacific Hallway, recounted in a most inicrf.-liiij; milliner some of his experiences in irrigation districts in the United PART V.-LIVE STOCK. LIVE KTOCK PRODUCT-IDS During the pnsl four ycr.rs nil of the farmers in ibis wide dis .trict have been building up and continuously adding lo iheii holdings of va.-t change front the earlier condition when this branch of r.giiciillure was quite neglected. The ago of hay this season has brought about some diminution of the numbers of cattle and sheep, some farmers having sold off par of their holdings: hut actual sales of immature animals havinj have been fnudl, must of the farmers having preferred l.j brill! in hay and green feed from the north. This was facilitated b; (he fyrsighled action of the railway compnJ'ies; they, in co-opcr Triili the Dominion Government department of agriculture arranged to provide free transportation for hay an( for livestock outwards to Ihe feed that was available. On farmers have thoroughly appreciated (lie Jiuancial and agn cultural advantages of their livestock holdings that a temporary difficulty for one year does not divert them from their plans tc increase (heir CATTLE AND SHEEP oy THE RANUE The dry conditions during the summer for livestock on th range were liclpcd by late summer showers which brought on supplies of grass; and this lias been helped out by the ver mild weather conditions which have prevailed up to the en iif (he year. Numbers of the cattle and sheep men have move their herds up north to places where green feed and hay wei available at low prices, while others have brought iu supplic of hay. Some cattle were moved over into British Columbia' whei vast quantities of feed is available on the mountain slopes and o cut-over timber hinds., In (he interest of general economy thi movement should be encouraged; it will be quite a while ye before these lands in Columbia are developed, as the fhould be, to the poinl where all their bench lauds are irrigalc for hay production for winter-feed, to supplement Ihc summo range on the mountain slopes. The special rates for the mov'orenio.'t, 7i5 feel; r.lzikom United No. 3 well, COO feet; Heaver well. Milk lliver, G5 feet; Thompson l-'arm, 7 miles north of O'iO fiCT; n of Ktzikom, 720 feet. PART LABOR, MARKETING AND FINANCE. raised ovpr the price of wheat year ami involved must le met and must be by Nothing th', peace conference can do can lut-c.-sitv ard this reaponsil'ilily. Specialists c; nii-ii slhjuld lie called at once lo a sou .1 of good business for Canadian agriculture ar.d iY Ivinld back that program to the full." NATIONAL Auvict: ox Voou iiux situation in regard (o wheat prices ami ijrudur- iii< rdists the question as to whether we have teen fitivj; attention to the. general ntudy of food production unc- -ijbjret of such paramount to au uch a-i Canada connections between those who were looking for farm work, and farmer who needed their services. The of (he Soil movement. to provide uelji tcndmd by High School bf.ys, supplied many farmers who were glad lo ail themselves of help provided by thy boys. One ploughed :ind "Jisivd over fifty acres himseif in tlie Spring, .Many of knowledge ivhatever of farm ivork when ihey in; but there is nol one of them noir who ha? nut a wholesome Mock of eiperience which will serve him in good stca'l in after life, iii wnakvei: lines !oi is rdft. .SCHOOLS or Auiiici'i.'iTeK of practical schools is about to be buili at uati.jii such Canada n. At a meeting in Scp-j ilaymond, a tiirhiii" invvn miles south of U-llibridgc. where of flic 1-V.nl Coinmiltce lor Alljeriu. 'if which i both grain fanning and irrigation firming will carried on, -siddit was cliairman, a suggestion was made in thejaiid tlie comieaion.- of forms of agriculture with the tuvir livestock will be demonstrated. "ft I-UC'HH. t-ven in preliminary of en licavoiir by ciiiwns to assist the Kooil i'onlroller, that v.hiu.'YiT may bf accompli shed in tin; present crisis by tin- I'fforts of J-'oorl Cwitrollc-r and his stall of ns_-istanU anr! iherc should liavo iicets. and there should 1 a vontinuoiis c-arefnl study of fwd prodmtion. distribution Al.DF.llTA AllKll.lIl.lTS.lL Tliu work of the Agricultural School; is carriwl farther by iheir conne.ciion-i with, the Agrinuliural Faculty, under Dean Howes, at the University at the Capital ot the Province at Ed- monton. Our continued pica has been thai, in this agricultural far xreau-r attention should he devoted to agriculture I'niCEsOF I'ARM LANDS It is perhaps providential that the nature of the season inili- jin. a vuniiiiuoiis ramm MIIUV ui iwm prouui-non, iii.-iriouuon -vrovjuce, far "reaier attention shmilc j ami marketing, to that the forces for production fhould 111U11 kindred work than has liilheno been in evidence at our directive: advice, and that the food of our people jlmuW rmvcrsity. Particularly is (hi; desirable in instruction in rural reach them at the lowest price consistent with that road making irrigation and drainage. In atc-tl against an inrush of buyers for farm because the of i.'i lindency at the beginning of the year was towards such pric.es! is would have caused apprehension as to ihe success of m-ivi -otuer, this district. It is easy after a run of prolific years 'or ns to think that ail succeeding years will be- equally fruitful. Considerable purcha-vs of land were made during the year by 'ncoming farmers who made careful inspection ami enquiry be- 't-rc making their purchases: and such people as these arc an icquisition to any district. One of the troubles of our earlier settled irrigation farmers was that ihcir holdings of land were oa lorge. Jt is satisfactory to note that a considerable acreage .of developed irrigated land has changed hands during he year. This has two good for il enables our experi- enced men belter io finance' tlieir own operations, and i( brings uicourageir.cnl of production and distribution which the growth! northern part of the province there is need iu many places na'liaii people will require.' _ ,Jrain the water off the land, while here in the south our MOIITGAGK CiiLuiT8 j need is (o be able io make further use of tlie water that con- IVilUvinj; upon the very considerable extensions of the to be allowed to rim past our doors. :'.jie.< jiut under culiivation (here has been mi aciive demand iorj AGrucr.i.'n.'Kii; FAIR iSIS farm mortgage which has been readily supplied The nvishboring towns and distriets of Cardsion, Raymond by rompanios and private individuals at the prevailing rate of Uapath combined with Lellibriiige in a joint Fair and iiboul cighi per cent. It lias bcou noticeable, however, thai the at LelMiridgp in Julv. Tlieie was only enough fine amounts loaned have been conservative and guarded; and the! weather (he week of the Fair to demonstrate lhe faot reason assigned for this, attitude on the part of the lenders ir- wealher had been more propitious ihe event, would opened up. STOCK ox IRRIGATED FAT The further development of the use these Reserves will entourage our irrigation farmers to go further into profitable sheep production. They have large quantities of hay ani other roughages available for winler-feeding, and they can make up combined herds of llieir sheep and send them up to the hills for the sitnuncr, Our irrigation farmers continue a siendy course in working towards shipping oft" the produce of their farms "on the hoof." It is simply lack of capital that has hindered development (his direction. Much of the considerable profits of this year's operations will go into further purchases of livestock. John ilclJ. Davidson has added to his fine herd ot pura brcrl Here- fords; Hen I'awson has a splendid Shorlhorn bull at the head ol his. herd; ami Ham Sidles continues to improve his Shorthorns, and Ihis breed is also favoured by Stead of Stirling and Uelany i'i Lalhrop at C'oaldale. H. 11. Coalualo lias come pure bred Aberdeen Angus cattle. SHEEP AND Woor, PRODUCTION The fhcep breeders throughout this district have, got togcfher within the, latt two or three years as the. Southern Alberta Growers' Association, of which Hnrker is President, am T. Mnclcod secretary, with ollicca and headquarters in Lctli- bridgc. The association has a membership of over 150, reprc- .'i more farmers to improve ilie district. There arc several eiainples of large holdings that might well jc described as industrialised farms in Ibis district, all o{ them very successfully operated and managed; but the general ex- perience on these is that the smaller farms (hat are worked with anything like the same intelligence give even better results per dollat expended. This becomes more noticeable than ever now, when ellirient motor equipment of smaller sizes is available for farmers on fanr.s or ordinary size. BLOOD INDIAN" HtsEiivE There is a very extensive liescrve. containing about acre-, oivued by the Blood immediately to the west ot Leihbridge. Early in W1S the Indians voted to sell some acres at (lie norlh end, and acres at the south. The sale has not yet taken place, and in the meantime some portions of the land that is to be sold have been leased as cattle, ranges on short term leases. Suggestions have been made thai returned soldiers sliould be given opportunities to buy portion; of these lands. Very little, of Ihis large reserve has ever been cultivated, and it is highly, desirable that it should no longer he kept out of beneficial use. As we ]rerceivcd''lliat, if the ordinary course were adopted of putting (his land up to sale at auction to the highest bidder it might be acquired by persons who might not develop it, but hold it for speculation, this Board made rcpra- sontations to the Dominion Government lo the effect iliat tin sale conditions, should require residence and cultivation by til! purchasers within reasonable time. A mere change of owner ship from an Indian to any other person will not benefit tin country if the land is not put under cultivation. SCHOOX IJ.IXDS Like conditions should, we think, be attached to contracts for the sale of School Lands. If this is not arranged for, the Gov- ernment may actually become parlies to the very reprehensible condiiioti ot maintaining sucli lands out of cultivation, and yet outside of governmental control. A striking instance of the evil resulting from such a condi- tion is that disclosed by the fact that considerable areas of hind at Chin, near Leihbridge, had to be excluded from a desirable project for extending the added benefits that irrigation water brings towards mixed farming in the areas of light rainfall in the southern parts of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Auction sales of these school lands near Chin were made in 1009. In 1915 it was found that, on the areas that would have fallen under the Taber Irrigation District as then, proposed, Ihc anioun that had been paid on principal was only some whik the accrued interest alone had mounted up lo some The title of the Lands remained, of course, wilh the Schoa Lands authorities, but neither they nor the ostensible owners proper authority to deal with the lands; and, in conse qucnec, not only were these lands precluded from sharing in lhe proposed extension of irrigation facilities, but the. whole plan for Ihc District was held in abeyance. In-April, 1918, we suggested that the Dominion Go' j ihe nature of recent legislation which, while- apparently [for (be protection ot the borrower, has so curtailed (be security jy'th whiili a tirst mortgage should be attended (hat the have taken precautions (o protect their fecurUy: aim cutting down of ill': amount lent helps, in this direction, borrowers have learnt that such legislation as iulovfc-rc; rith ihe nature of the security that they otfer, which in itself is should immediately trjke sleps lo ensure Uiat (lie sale condition of School Lands and Indian liescrve Irfinds should require, a essential that certain acreages of such Land: irst class, i? not really in their interest. Tho Alberta Government lias refrained from tlieir jjljin for granting farm mortgage credits in face! il the present high rates for money; if this plan ii gone on' viih it should be seen to that the money is lent on suclt a basis liul the. full cost is borne by the lenders and nol partly by their LOANS ON" InniG.viED FARMS Ji may be that the small volume of business offering i? the mderlying reason for the fact that Morlgnge companies have iol become interested in this business. As a matter of fact. irsl mortgages on well developed irrigated farms oiler excellent importunities for safe investment. LIVE STOCK CREDITS Under ihc legislation that was passed by the Dominion 1'a.r- 'iamcnt two years ago the Chartered Banks were enabled to nakc advances or (he purchase, of livestock and to take security in the livestock so purchased by farmers. While a considerable nifincfs lias been done under this plan, it has been found iu itaciice that (he business is hindered because of (he expense, litachcd to (lie preparation of the necessary forms. The Iron Springs Local of the United Farmers of Alberto, lias a resolution before the forilicoming Convention suggesting thai the Govern ivient be asked to provide (hat a simple form of Hen nolc be devised for the conduct of this business. It, is lo be that this may be arranged for. because it is desirable {hat a farmer who wants to start lo build up a little herd should be encour- aged: and a payment of five to eight dollars for a chattel mort- gage on maybe only a single cow is quite a heavy charge. Under Hie "'Cow the Alberta Government has been lend- ing money at 6% interest lo groups of five farmers, who give joint security with each other, for the purchase ot cattle, and plan has largely been taken advantage of in olitei parts of the province, very few farmers in this district have milled themselves of this means of credit. IXTEIIIOP. SIOIUGE Eun-.vr.OB In connection with reconstruction proposals. Ihis important matter was ngain brought io Ihe atiention of the Government by Ihe following resolnlioiij which was later on endorsed by Lcthbridge Committee on lieconstruction: "The Lcthbridge Board of Trade desires again to bring to the no.ticc of the Dominion Government the urgent necessity for the establishment oE an interior storage elevator at Lethbridge. Tim claim for this faciHty for the handling of the quanti- ties of grain that are grown in this district has been already fully slated by- the farmers and business men in this part of have been a splendid financial success. The Stampede features were carried through very successfully under the direction of that veteran of the Western plains, Kay Knight, assisted by a niuubcT of liis friends including Ad. Day: and for a day or two lived amtftig old associations of ranching days on the prairie. If a similar event is staged this year it will form ,in attractive framework for "te ,-iorfi serious business of bring- ing (lie lies! agric-Hlliira' pi .f and livestock ot Southern Alberta, other plac-t, isplay aud friendly competition. CONEOL iu SCHOOLS The movement towards Hi i consolidation of school district Uirotighoul the country continues and grows as the many ad- vantages of this system become better known. The tendency is. f j get away from Ihc small and rather poorly-equipped country; CL'hooUiousc, and to have a larger district undertake the erec- tion find equipment of a fair sized school to which a considerable; number of scholars can be brought by vehicles provided by the district'. By (his means belter teachers oan be secured an-i belter tuition provided. PART 1X.-GENERAL. A S'i'rroxAij BOARD OF TKADE Such interconimiinicalion as thexe is between the various Boards of Trade in Canada is spasmodic and irregular. We have no common council, and no means of concentrating ouv ctforls; no common means for Ihe assembly ol! information. H, for instance, the Government desired to get the views of Hi3 business men throughout Canada'on of national import, every Board of Trade must be approached separately. The suggestion is marie that a Jxational 1'oard of Trade should be established, somewhat on the lines the Chamber of Commerce of the United Stales, with central .ieadquarlcrs and staff. JOINT CominiEE OF COMMKKCK ACJUCOLTUF.K This Committee of ?5 leading farmers business and bankers of: Canada, which has al'ready done EO much useful work in establishing littler relationship! between Ihese iiitcrcsis, held a meeting at Regina in Hatch 1918. Sev- eral aspects of the recent development of farmers' co-operative, li'adiug in Ihc were under discussion, aid further altcn- tion to this matter was left lo a conference al retailers, whole- salers ami manufacturers the farmers. The Committee agreed upon a recommendation to the legis- latures of the various provinces that sleprj should be taken among them towards elfecting uniformity of legislation, and that commissioners should be appointed, for Ihc promotion of that uniformity, which all classes of ihe co'.iiniunity now recog- nize, to be so desirable. A recommendation passed on to the Dominion Govern- ment llial (lie Lands Act should be amenjeu to enable entrants for pre-emptions and purchased homesteads to borrow money tuny siatcu ny me larmers ami business men in tins part ot Alberta to the board of grain commissioners that it is not, ticces- lllelr aflcr lhe been performed and before sarv here to repeat (be incontrovertible arguments that wcrelltSiLC paient. placed before lhe board and accepted as valid by the commit the 'f51011- DT- J- ,C" the chairman, .-ioncr-" 15r'it' "'a' "IC Conference generally had been this most liarmon- ions vet held. This in itself was a most encouraging feature, It will be remembered thai requests for the establishment of shall be put under cultivation within certain specified times: and requiring otherwise that such sales may be cancelled; ami that conditions requiring actual residence on the lands migh! nlso be included. These suggestions were endorsed by the Executive, of ilie. United Farmers'of AlUrla; and they appear fo have been fav. ourably received by the Minisler of the Interior, THE 1'itiCK OF WHEAT arc- somewhat inclined to forget that when the juice the 1917 crop of wheat was fixed, it was on the basis of thi req this Iterator, so nccessftry for faeilitnling the enonnous grain business of (his territory, were endorsed by over ten thousand fanners in the districts surrounding Leihbridge. Kenliinj holdings.of sheep. Over a million and n half price thnt had been arbitrarily li.vcd when Hie market price 01 pounds of wool was sold by the association through the Canadian [the left-overs of Ihc Ifllti crop had begun 'lo soar lo VCTV liigl C'o-ojioralivc Wool Growers, a company owned and operated by sheep of which T. li. Arkell, who was chief ot lite Sheep and Goat Branch of the Dominion department of agri- manager. Tlie average price of the wool is likely to run lo well over sixly cents n pound. The. successful breeding ot IJomncy-lInnibouitlcts has brer, continued and developed by H. 0. Harvey. PART SUPPLIES. WATER ror. F.tnJis Very satisfactory progress baa been made (luring tho year in developing Ilie underground sources of walcr supply that were discovered hy Ihc officers of the Uooiogical Survey in 1915. These discoveries wcro followed up Hy the drilling of three Icsl holes, nil of which gave practical evidence of the presence of Ilio water; these wells were put, down Govern- ment upon Ilio pressing requests ot Ihis and we have every reason lo congratulate ourselves on Ihc outcome of out t-ITItorl? in helping our farmers lo secure those walcr supplies. While, the first wells put down by the government cost about each, a cheaper process which is quite effective has sinco been developed; and- (he wells that ore now being made produce of waller Ihat arc ample for farm use, and indeed for GOOD ROADS indicating the advance that had been made in mutual under- standing, confidence and esteem. Such abstract results were more imporianl, perhaps, (hnn any concrete conclusions arrived at, (hough some of theso were very important. Certainly there i coming about a belter mutual understanding between biisi- It is umlcr.-lood thai Hie Dominion Government has now nil- ness interests and the. most important agrarian movement the' Jcr consideration lhe building ot a Trsnscoiilincntanioad. __ ___-i 11 ___, 11 figures. The price (or No. I Northern for crop was set nt at Fort William; and Ihc 1918 price was set at the difference of three cenls being lo allow for the increase in freight rate. There is no saying what prices might have gone to if the markets had been open, While the .United States gov- ernment has set price.? for (heir 1018 nml 1919 crops Iherc is no fixed price for Canada's crops beyond that applying (o tlw crop. In the meantime wheat field in pails of the world more remote -from Knrope is now ntndc more available; and the advantage, in dislancc and availability of Iransport front Canada lends to disappear. Tho question is now ntidcr discussion by Canada with the British government, and emissaries from Can- f.dil have gone over lo discuss the mailer. The whole situation in regard to Ihc price of wheat has been covered recently in n series of illuminating ai'licles contributed to (he press by W. Stanford Kvans, but these articles have per- haps not received all Ihc, attention that they deserve. This Hoard of Trade had the advantage of hearing Mr. Evans des- criht some of the. primary fad? in regard to' the world's whrM situation when he visited I-cthbridgc in 1010; nnd he went over Ihe same ground al the convention ot (lit Unilcd Farmers of Alberta al Kdmonlon in-HUT; mill the is covered in his interim report of the Georgian Bay Canal Commission, issued in Ifllfi. At the conclusion of an article in Ihc Otin'.va Journal of December 10th, 11 r. Evan? says: pihnc necessity in roadmaking in this country is that there should be enough roads, and good enough roads, lo fake produce io the. markets. A Transcontinental Ifoatl as an ideal proposal if nil right, and it should not be lost sight of in our roadinakiug program. The part of the Transcontinental Hoad running through T.ctlibridjjc noir does mako such prscliml connections with the markets in Ihis district; but the present lime is not opportune for the uniiding of a Transcontincnlal road in places where, population is sparse and where fvcli a road would not nuy useful comnicrcial purpose. PART WELFARE. Aor.iGm.Tijr.AT, This district has become so aeciislomcd to ilie presence of II. t'airficld. Superintendent of the Dominion Government pj-riinenial Farm at and to being able lo draw from his stores ot knowledge and experience ot dry farming and irri- gation fanning, thai we arc apt to overlook the, immense value his work in this community. It is highly encouraging to noic that this work is being supplemented by similar efforts of Ihe. Alberta Department of Agriculture. The lion. Duncan Marshall made a wise choice in lhe selection ot A. K. Qitally as Agricultural llcprcsentativo for this District. During the Spring and Summer he fulfilled the duties undertaken hy the county agents iu the United States, and his services were greatly in request among Ihc farm- ers. Working linnd in baud with him was .lames in chargi of Ihe Farm Labour Bureau, and both of these officers titadi their headquarters iii the Hoard of Trade building. Through- out the season (here was a continuous stream of callers making .Uic ol their and MCpJlont work was donn il: world had ever seen.'1 There have been tentative approaches during the last year or two towards (he establishment of a belter feeling and a better understanding belwccn the East and the West in Canada. There is a geographical division between us that can very easily con- duce fo estrangement, ai.J iC is essential for our notional well- being (hat (his feeling should bc.reduccd rather than magnified. The feeling in the West is tlmt we are mainly an agricultural nation, selling our produce on Ihc open markets of the and that (here must be recognition of (hat fact in our political economy. Keceignilion, too, i; required of {he fact (hat we are geograph- ically a part, of n continent thai contains in ifself all of material for human needs, with till; exception of a very fcir ironical products! During this year your President had llic opportunity of g quite a large number of tltf manufacturing plants in Kast- crn Canada, more especially those engaged in Ihc mantifaeturc of war material, aeroplanes, elc. The feeling (hat is left, in Western man's mind afler such a visit is fnst the courage and initiative, brains and enterprise, Uiat are evident on every hand will be maintained and increased in the interests of our Country; ami that. fame courage will not bii wanting in recognising Ihoso need? ot the (hat must absolvtely he met it we are Maintain our place in Ihc World. The that attended the Victory Loan work in bridge tmd the surrounding lerrilory was exceedingly gratifying, and gaA'c very practical evidence, of the thrift and prosperity of our people. The subscriptions from totalled nearly :i million and a quarter dollars, and this amount came from orer (CONTLVUM ON" I'AOg T.WEI.TE) ;