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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 11, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta OLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 11, 1918 NUMBER 26 - -  -f lan Weather The Wintry Seas iof Six Weeks at a Stretch � Valuy Shown By Report of of Domestic Products in Canada Ottawa. Jan. 11.-The annual report of the department of labor just issued shows that during the last fiscal year the quantity of butter exported was 1.228,753 pounds valued at $3lnT,-040. During the previous year the quantity exported w*.s 7,1)90,453 pounds valued at $2,491,91:2. Cheese was exported to the amount of 18u,-733,426 pounds valued at $3G,721,i:itJ. The aggregate value of butler, cheese, condensed milk, fresh cream, exported from Canada during the year, amounts, " savs the report "to t he fine total of $41,167,705, a sum which is ten million dollars in ,exeer-s of any previous year. .If to this we add the value of m IV, butter and cheese- consumed at home, a reasonable esMmate "of which would bo AU'UXP*'"mo -rive at n total production of $181,3117,-705. The foregoing i igures p* e.v.mt on un:nist:ikeablo form of convincing Illustration of (he ju^imiRJit that the best spin' jo- increased product on is found in high prices." 1 Ottawa, Jan. 10.-In order to relieve congestion in the Canadian Investment market by reason'of large offerings'of provinces and municipalities which may come upon it during the remaining period of the .war. Sir Thomas White will arrange advances to provincial governments to assist, ifi meeting maturing obligations in the Unite^1' States, which may not be renewable there, and for which money must be found in Canada, and toward meeting, in part, their other necessary cori-mittments. This arrangement will ,to the extent it is availed of "by the provincial government, diminish the amount of their issues on the Canadian markets. IIy reducing the volume of these issuer a better market will be provided for such provincial issues as will Ae offered,, and also^for the large volume of municipal securities which must be sold during the doming year. When, later on, market conditions improve and securities are more in demand, provincial issues may be made and the advances made by the dominion repaid.' Ottawa, .Ian. 11.--The central appeal judge today handed down his first ruling in the case of a conscientious objector under the Military Service Act, The applicant was David Cooke, of Winnipeg, who claimed exemption from military service as a member of the International Bible Student's association on the ground of conscientious objection recognizee! by the military service act. In dismissing the applicant's appeal, Hon. Justice Duff reviews the memorandum of association of (lie "unlimited company" known as the "International Bible Students' Association" and proceeds: ' "The company as appears from the evidence," Issues publications, in which certain views are advocated touching the interpretation of the Bible, and certain religious beliefs advanced and-supported; and of the subscribers to these publications, who accept the doctrine ho expounded, there are in various countries, including Canada, groups who meet for the study of the Bible and the discussion of questions of theology and ethics. "These groups are not associated by any bowl other than thei^r adherence to, aiyl advocacy of, these views and beliefs, but are among themselves collectively known by the same designation as that given to the company. "These writings, so far as 1 have examined them, leave some doubt Whether according to the beliefs advocated by the writers of them, a member of the association might consdleh-" tiously under the compulsion of legal necessity, engage in combatant military service. I do not, I must admit, find them entirely self consistent. "It is -not necessary, however,* to form any opinion-upon the exact nature of the doctrine, as touching the subject of non-resistance and kindred subjects advocated in these writings. "The evidence before me does not t justify the conclusion that theso groups or associations so-called, either individually;, or collectively come within the description 'organized religious denomination existing and well recognized in Canada' within the contemplation of tiie Military Service Act. ' "First-There is much room for doubt whether these associations, so-culled. have for the~"primary object a common worship which is, I think, an essential characteristic of a 'religions denomination' within the meaning of section 11 (Military Service Act). "Second-The sjature plainly implies as a characteristic of religious denomination, falling within its scope, that there should be condiiions of membership, compliance or non-compliance with which can be ascertained by reference to some practical criterion'Rnd of, such conditions there is, although I pressed for it on hearing, no evidence, and there are no indicia to serve as reliable guides for the tribunals." Appeal dismissed. May Take Over Three Rys. Winnipeg, J The Free Press Ottawa cones- pondent, in a despatch last night, said that the Canadian railway problem, which has been brought to a head by the recent increase in freight rates, will be solved by the taking over by the government of all three lines, is the opinion expressed by western men who were present at the hearing Germany Withdraws Her Peace Terms and Conference at bf the application for an appeal lodged by the Manitoba] Brest-Litovsk Has Broken Up-Lenine is Preparing Russian Army For War-Gen. Kaledines Has Large Force of Cossacks-Gen. Alexieff Also Has Force. Total Registration of Firs Draft in Canada 404,000 Ottawa, Jan. 10.-A statement showing results of the operation of the military service act to the first week in January was,given out tonight by the director of public-Information. The figures show in the nine provinces and the Yukon that there was a total registration of 404,395. Total claims for exemption numbered 380,510; claims for exemption allowed by local tribunals, 278,779; claims for exemption disallowed by local tribunals, 47,868; claims for exemption not dealt with by local tribunals 53,788; appeals lodged against decisions of local tribunals, 67,3 22, claims for exemption allowed by local tribunals include all temporary exemptions. Some' of these have already expired and others will expire from week to wreek. Concerning the appeals lodged against decisions of local tribunals, the explanation is made that these appeals are proceed- ing expeditiously and under the regulations take precedence of other business. The figures by provinces follow: o U o 4  1 � 1 * Onta rio Quebec Nova Scotia . K,. Brunswick Pr. Edward. Manitoba .. Saskatchewan Alberta .. . Br. Columbia 1 Yukon (No cases yet  4 Li **9 3 3 118.12R 115,707 23,831 l�,fi29 4.170 20,sr,S 44.203 25,0X9 12,824 S.I *4 94,197 89,575 10,158 10,181 2.04S 14,241 2n,138 18.093 7.54S Amsterdam, Jan. II.-The central powers have withdrawn their peace terms rpade public at the Brest Litovsk conference on December 25, it was announced by Dr. Von Kuehlmann, the foreign secretary in his speech at the Brest-' Litovsk conference with the Russians yesterday. Owing to the non-acceptance by all the enemy powers of these terms, Dr. Von Kuehlmann stated that doctimenj: had "become null and void/' herad by local tribunals) ? v V ? BOLO PASHA, WILL BE COURT MARTIALED ^aris, Jan. 11.-Bolo Pasha, who is charged with having conducted German propaganda in France, will be tried by .^court-� martial, beginning February 4. ? ? ? V VERY COSILY FIRE Big Enderton Block With Much * : > ? > : COAST EXCURSIONS ARE CANCELLED ? of Coi of Stores Destroyed . S. FREEZES New York, Jan. 10. - While New-York is facing a fuel famine, which threatens to doge not only theatres, cabarets ami restaurants but munitions factories as well, shipments of anthracite coal to Canada are being made in amounts equivalent to taat year's tonnage with no prospect for increased production, according to p. telegram sent last night to Fuel Administrator Garfield by A. ft. Wiggin, Administrator for New York �f;\(e, The paralysis of shipping as the result of the coal crisis remains serious. Only six ocean going vessels were supplied with bunker coal Wednesday as compared with {i4 Tuesday ami thirty Monday. The figures for today were not obtainable. Winnipeg, Jan. 11.-Damage to the extent of $750,WH>;&was incurred and three firemen wer� injured by a tire which gutted the li^Merton Block, corner-of Portage Avenue and Hargrave stxeet today. The firemen injured are C. Porter, sprained leg; A. M. Podd, scalp wound, and W. B. Sdaron, sprained leg. Neither of the men are seriously hurt. The fire was first noticed by a passerby about 4.30 a.m., and the entire basement was burned out by the time the fire fighters reached the bu lding. The caretaker, James Riley and his wife lived on the top floor and were rescued from the roof by firemen. As far as is known no one else was in the building at the time. The intense cold and a strong north wind hampered the work of the firemen and all four floors of the building were .gutted one by> one. Tue fire has been confined, however, to the butld'ng itself. The big store of the T. Eaton Company is on the adjoining corner. Street traffic in all directions is completely held up and street car traffic in the entire city is disorganized. The central store of the Lr'ggett Gordon Mitchell Drug Company, which estimates its loss af $150,000, is destroyed, including a large quantity of valuable drugs held there in storage. The Hannard Shoe Store loss will amount to $100,000. Parker and' Son, men's clothing, lost, $30,000;" the King George billiard parlors lost $15,000. The building, owned by C. H. Enderton and Company, and which is a total losd, is valued at $300,000. Among the twenty-sevon i.ennants of the building in Pr. H. M. Hlake, M.P. elect for North "Winnipeg and the office of the Manitoba Association of Architects. ? ? Jh accordance with the economy of passenger service throughout Canada, excursions to the Pacific coast have been cancelled in Alberta. Instructions to this effect have been received by S. B.'Mitchell, local ticket agent. The excursions to Victoria and Vancouver from all stations in Alberta are cancelled. The excursion rate - from here to Vancouver was 39.30. 5� ? V V V WOULD PAY OFF Govt*, of Provinces Should Improve Farms and Sell Them DANGER COLLAPSE Growing Desire for Peace Threatens to Lead to Tragic Events Soon i New Republic Amsterdam, Jan. 11.-Germany was never in such danger of collapse from internal and external difficulties as at present, says the correspondent^iu Germany of the TMj in an analysis of the existing situation. The political struggle centering around Foreign Secretary Yon Kuehlmann had been reflected in violent scenes -in the main committee of the reiehstag. Public action of the Socialist minority cannot longer be resisted and even should military elements be successful, the ( correspondent thinks reaction will fol-  low quickly. Russia's example is said to already have infected popular and military circles. The food question, nalional mourning, the dislocation of industry, the growing desire for peace and tear of n now offensive on th^ west Ihroatens to lend to a tragic phase if the negotiations at Brest-Litovsk fail and in that rase a domestic upheaval is inevitable. .Loudon, Jan. 10.- (Via Reuter's Ottawa Agency)-Lecturing to the Royal Colonial Institute on the payment of the war debt by the development of the empire's resources, Wilson Fox, M. I1., argued that state financial participation in^n limited number of branches of industry will not imperil Individual enterprise. He referred to the electrical industry^in which almost indefinite expansion was possible. ' Wilson Fox also emphasized the practically unlimited supplies of the most nutritious food obta'nable' from Canada and Newfoundland and which would be marketable cheaper than before the war if improved transportation and cold storage is affected. The state might profit by fifty million pounds sterling annually from them. The home government might also cooperate with the Canadian governments of Alberta, Saskatchewan and British Columb'a'and insure ours and the.United States' food supply by the sale of improved farms, which would In a quarter of a century pay off the empire's debt. ON THE WAR FRONTS French Statement O Will Have To Fight London^^Jan. 11.-Nikolai Lenine thc-BolshevIky premier, although he has possibly gone on a holiday to Kin-land, also possibly may go to Stock-I holm to confer with German and Austrian Socialists, the Petrograd correspondent of the Daily News says. In a speech before his departure from Petrograd, Premier LeninoVsaid: ' '[ fear we .shall have to stop the demobilization and prepare for war. If Germany and her allies do not accept our conditions of peace we will declare a revolutionary war on them." The correspondent emphasizes the importance of an agreement between the Bolsheviki and Ukrainian negotiators as the position of the Itada has lessened Trotzky's cl|anceg of obtaining a satisfactory peace He says that if the Germans could buy off the Ukraine the significance within- Germany of Trotzky's stand w,ould be cut in half. The correspondent adds that nothing is more foolish than to suppose that because the Ukraine opposes the Bolsheviki, it therefore lli-vors the allies and prosecution of the war. Question of Separate Peace � Amsterdam,- Jan. 11.-Count Czer-nlu, the Austro-Hungarian foreign, minister, at a full sitting of the peace conference at Brest-Litovsk on Thursday, said that as Russia's allies had i*ot replied to-the invitation to participate in the negotiations, it was now* a question of a separate peace between Russia and the central .powers. He gave reasons fori not wishing to transfer the negotiations to neutral territory and said that if the Russians were animated by the same intentions as the central powers the result ofc- the negotiations would be satisfactory. If not, responsibility for war would fall exclusively on the Russians. Dr. Von Kuehlmann. the German foreign minister, said he considered that, the difficulties which had interrupted the previous negotiations were not sufficient, to justify the failure of the peace work and a. presumable resumption of hostilities. He said that it was the fixed and unchangeable determination of the central powers not to conduct elsewhere the peace negotiations begun at Brest-Lito>sk. I A Brest-Litovsk dispatch giving an account of the session yesterday, says { it was opened at eleven o'clock, all the delegations, including the Ukran-ians, participating. Talftat Pasha, the Turkish grand vizier, called the meeting to order and turned over the chair to Dr. Von Kuehlmann, who said: "Inasmuch as changes have occurred in the composition of some of the delegations, It will not be out of place ,^ . r , , rm , ,P 1 to give a short survey of history of Paris, Jan. 10.-allayed).-The of- the course Qf the neTOtlations.� i Cicial statement issued tonight by the I / Petrograd, Jan. 10.-Reports from Rostov today say that the republic of tiie Don*hat been declared existent with General Kaledines as president and prime minister. r Wants Peace Negotiations Resumed Where Halted Amsterdam, Jan. 11.-Dr. Von Kuehlmann said in announcing the withdrawal of German peace terms that the first taBk of the conference was to resume negotiations at the point where they were brokerf^pff at the Christmas adjournment. Referring to the fixed determination of the central powers not to accede to the Russian demands for transference^ of the negotiations to neutral territory, he said Germany ai^fl her allies .were not in a position to conduct elsewhere the negotiations begun at Breet-Llt-ovsk, although they .were willing to have final formal negotiations carried on and the Hignatures to the preliminary agreement affixod at some place to be agreed upon after the debate , The count asserted that the transfer of the negotiations to neutral territory would give tho entente an opportunity to interfere and endeavor | to prevent separate peace. He con- tinned: ' 'We refused to give the western powers this opportunity but we are. ready to conduct the final negotiations and sign a peace treaty at a place to be fixed. / "Regarding the questions of which an understanding has not been reached, wo came to a binding agreement at the last plenary session to submit (hem to,a commission to begin work at once All four members of the quadruplo allipnce are entirely agreed to conducting the negotiations on the basis explained by Dr. Von Kuehlmann r-nd myself and agreed upon "fth the Russians. If the Russian del-'^at'on is animated by the same In-entions we sh'ill attain a result satisfactory to all. If not, then matters will'lnkr* a necessary course, but res-'k-nsiMlity for war will fall exclusively on (he Russian delegation." GO'S air-at-hos-and the (Continued on Page 11) | Washington, Jan. 11.-The railroad situation has improved under government operation sufficiently to guarantee that there will be no further coal famine In any part of the country \thls winter, Director General McAdoo was informed yesterday by A. H. Smith, assistant in charge of transportation on eastern lines. Whether operation of express companies shall be assumed by the government was discussed with the railroad administration today by heads of the four principal express companies and it was said Director General McAdoo's advisory board in a few days would recommend that government control bo extended to them. WEATHER High................,......... Low.............. t.... ____ ForrtMt: Fair an si m�dtt4ting* London, Jan. 11.-British planes on the Itat an front tacked a squadron of seven tile machines yesterday brought down four of them, war office announced today. Two of the enemy airplanes crashed to earth and two others were driven down out of control. The British c�m* out of the fight with all their machines intact. f LORD BRYCE PRAISES WfLSON'6 SPEECH London, Jan. 11.-Viscount Bryce said yesterday In regard to President Wilson's war aims " speech: "Tho address is admirable in spirit and contents. Mr. Wilson rightly points out that an international combination to arrest the aggressions ot ambitious sovereigns and military castes and to secure the rights of peace loving peoples is essential to the future well being of mankind." ? ? French war office reads: "There was icciproftil artillery activity In the regioiroj the Monts in the Champagne and before Bezonvaux and the Caurieros Wood (Verdun). There waa no infantry activity. . "Army of the ISast; January 0: The artillery on. both sides was active west of Lake Doirnn. Wpomy patrols were repulsed near Staravina on the right bank of the Cerna. There is nothing to report from the rest of the front." British Front London, Jan. 11.-"With the exception of hostile artillery activity east of Vimy ridge, there is nothing to report,'* says today�'s official announcement. French Raids Paris, Jan. 11.-French troops carried out raids last night in the Ar-gonne and in tho Vosges region, bringing bad; prisoners from the German lines, the war office announced today. The statement says::- "In the Ar-gonne at Courte Chausiies, and in the Vosges, in the region of Blemerey, French detachments matte incursions into the enemy lines and brought back prisoners. The artillery fighting was rather severe at times in the region of Beaumont and Bezonvaux (Verdun), On the remainder of the front tho niglit was calm. TO ACCOMMODATE HO03 Toronto, Jan. 11.-A permit was issued yesterday to the Union Stock Yards Company for the construction of concrete hog pens at the West Toronto yard at a cost ot $70,000. APPROVE WILSON-S COURSE Washington, Jan. 11.-A resolution to have the senate approve President W'lson's^course In presenting peace conditions to congress last Wednesday and pledging the senate's support of the terms, waa"Introduced today by Senator^,ew1s, tUe Democratic whip. egotiation After a lengthy review of the^pro-! ceedings to date. Dr. Von Kuehlmann said he hoped this would lead to a salutary result. His,hope was pasec|/6n knowledge gained during the course of the negotiations and on the expression by the Russian delegation of the Russian ppople^f wish for secure and lasting peace*. lie continued: "I consider that the difficulties met with up to tho time the negotiations were interrupted were not great en-; ough to cause the. failure of the peace ! work and. presumably resumpt'on ot war in ~the oast, with its^uuforeacen , consequences." Ready to Fight London. Jan. 11.-Confirming previous reports that the Bolsheviki are preparing to re-establish the fighting, power of the army against a possible' final break in the negotiations with the central powers, the Petrograd correspondent of the Daily News says that they'Rre not attempting to re-animate tiie old, worn out army, but to create a ue\v-xand much smaller one Concerning this new 'army Foreign Minister Trotzky is reported to have said: '*It will, wage not war, but revolution. Its front trenches will be barricaded against oppressors." The Bolsheviki doubt if the German soldiers will advance, but if they do and take more territory they will be no nearer an end of the war. The correspondent says that the greatest difficulties of the Bolshevik; In these preparations are transport, and supply, of which the former is tho leas hopeful question, Erisigu Krylenko, "the* Bolsheviki commander in chief, is reported to be organizing a volunteer army and has ordered all officers to retina to the posts they held before the Bofl^ sheviki revolution. Jn relation to tho civil wars in different parts of Russia, the correspondent says they are 1 (Continued on Pag* 4J. \ ;