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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 11, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta lOLlJMEjU. , LEtHBRlDOfe. ALBERHA.^ FRIDAY, JANUARY It, 1918 NUMBER 26 |:ain; -J^eaiher The Wintry Seasrf-mrincH of the so-called cruiser type ro now ^ doing most of the sfnk.'ngs 'hllo the smaller ones,apparently are ohlhilng their work largely to mine lying. . The reason for this shitting of Oer-lan technlflue Is that, small submar-les are-not good surfapo. craft in tormy sons, while the cruiser - type as proved wonderfully seaworthy, d'ng actually more manaReablo than he modern torpedo boat destroyer in "eavy weather. Those cruisers-^carry two 5.9 inch uns and sixteen torpedoes and can emain nt sea tor six weeks. The lerraans have built u considerable luni'bor of these supop-suhmarlnos Coneert Halifax Fund T^iJ .entertainment Of the Sir Alexander, Gtlt, eliift^r,' 'I.O.D.E., In support of theftfnclfij'rthe home for orphaned and :Unclaln|Cd ehll-dren of Halifax, vyill be; hisid this evening )n the Mifjaistlc theatre and also SaturdayeVeningf Much Interest la being taken lii the splep-dlci program prepared, y/hieh was published last evening, and a vfry large attendance Is ^forecasted. �PimilEFI)SE Winnipeg^ Bible/ Student Not ExempfFrom Service, Says Judge in Long Decision May Take Over Three Rys. Winnipeg, Ji|pi. II.-^The Free Press Ottawa correspondent, in a clespatch last night, said that the Canadian railway, probleiti, wHich has been brought to a head by the recent increasein freight'rales, will be solved by the taking over by the gdyernment of all three lines, is the opinion expressed by western men who were present at the hearing bf the application for an appeal lodged by the Manitoba government before ffie railway commission yesterday. Upper House Passes Franchise Reform and Women Win Long Fi| London, Jan. 11.-The morning newsiiapers welcome heartily the decision ot the house of lords on woman suffrage, which gives the vote to about six million women and ends the wrangle which has troubled the conn-try tor years. It is true that the third lnce,the first one visited American . i.eadlng of ,tlie bill (s yet to be taken vaters.lbu^ ao many ot them have' leen lost that there are now not more han seven or eight operating. These, lowevei', .are manned by the pick of Ottawa, Jan. 11.-The central appeal Jnrigo today handed down his first ruling in the case ot a conscientious objector under the Military Service Act. The applicant was David Cooke, of Winnipeg, who claimed exemption from military service as a member of the Inlernallonal lllblc Student's asso-clttllon on the ground ot conscientious objection recognized by the mllitqjry service act. In dismissing the applicant's appeal, lion. Justice Huff reviews the memorandum of association ot the "unlimited company" known as i the "international Bible Students' Association" and proceeds: '"Tho company as appears from the evldence^lasues^H^iblicatlons, in which certain views are advocated touching the Interpretation of Ihc Bible, and certain religious beliefs advanced anrt.j supported; and of the subscribers to these publications,, who accept tho doctrine so expounded, there are in various countries, including Canada, groups who meet for the study ot the Bible and the discussion of questions of theology and .ethics, "These groups arc not associated by any boml other than thel/ adherence he whole German navy, , and their lower for harm may be judged from he fact that these seven or eight ves-ols are able to keep up such a heavy (jll of sinkings among allied shipping. By Gunfire ,A considerable proportion ot the re-|;ont-sinkings havo been accomplished and a motion to submit tlic question to a referenduta is to^be, disposed of ^, ,f j^^y^ ToCJu o7!,rerevlu'''if'p"resre?. '-"'^''"^ -""^ to a vijitc. Leaders of tho sitff rage Cause, many ot whom were" la the, lobby of the house ot lords, during the debate yesterday, did not conceal their Joy. Mrs. MilUcent C. Fawcett, a veteran champion ot the woman suffrage movement and ^ho has worlced' tice- yii^gunfiro. 'The cruiser guns no Ion-; ]j,gg,y its success for fifty years, |50r are of tho'old type which folded '^j,]. I don't say tl�at everybody will bo satisfied but I think we will giet, the rest when occasion arises. We cer- nto the body of the craft when it sub ner[?SPiiiij|^h\irBt adde^'ttiat the wom-Ott ofOrlit Britain :ttw.vh8d�only. one Idea, namely, to assure "victory for tho allies. . : x- � lectively known by the same deslgna tion as that given to the company. "These writings, so far as I have examined them, leave some doubt Whether according to the beliefs advocated *y the writers of them, a member of the association might consaie'n-'* llously under tho compulsion of' legal necessity, engage In combatant nilir tary service. I do not, I must adroit, find them entirely self consistent. "}t is -not necessary, however," to form any oplnion~iipoji the exact nature ot the doctrine, as touching the subject of non-re^stance and kindred subjects advocated in these writings. "The evidence before me does nqt justify the conclusion that theso Total Registration of First Drait in Canada 404,000 AND Mk S Germany Withdraws Her Peace Terms and Conference at Brest-Litovsk Has, Broken Up-Lenine is Preparing Russian Army For War-Gen. Kaledines Has Large Force of Cossacks-Gen. Alexieff Also Has Force. iatlons-take precedence of other business. The figures by provinces tol- Ottaiya, Jan. 10.-A statement show- Ing expeditiously and under the rogu Ing results ot tho operation of the mill- - -------'---- -* ' -' tary service act to the first week in January was^glven out tonight by the j low: dlrectol" ot public-Information. The figures shoiy in tfi* nine provinces and the Yukon that there was a total reg-, ^ istratlon of 404,398. Total claims for I � S Sumption numbered 380,510; claims for exemption allbWed by local trlbun-, alSi 278,779; claims (or exemption disallowed by local V tribunals, 47,868; claims for exemption not dealt with by Ontario Ijcal tribunals 63,788; appeals lodged Quebec against decisions of local tribunals. Nova Scotia. 67,122, claims for exemption,allowed Brunswick by local tribunals Include all temper- P'"- Edward, ary, exemptions.' 'Some' of these havo Manitoba .. already expired .and other.s will ox- Saskatchewan pire from week io week. Concerning the appeals lodged against decisions of local tribunals, tho explanation Is made that these'tappeals are proceed- Alberta .. . Br. Columbia Yukon . .\ .. ^2 125,760 117,104 26,3,54 17,065 4,42f; 22,870 46,733 28,105 15,821'^ 159 So. B E 118,128 115,707 23,831 16,629 4,176 20,858 ' 44,203 25,089 12,824 85 H 94,197 89,575 16,158 10,181 .�?,B4S 14,241 25,138 18,093 7,548 (No cases yet herad by local tribunals) PllfllGIALGOVIS.TO" GETMDFROMHA ^TOMEETOBLIGAINS H.illfax, N.S., Jan.. 11.-action for $?,000,000 damages was fll-�j|.in the admiralty court here today by the attorneys for the owners of ni�;steamer .Mont Blanc �gainst the Norwegian Belgian . relief. steamer Imo. These two steamers collided in Hallfak harbor on December 6. The explosion, ,which wrecked part of the city, fo|-.lowed. The writ states the amount of damages claimed, but givds ! no particulars. It Is expected the action will be tried within , six-weeks. , HIGH PRICES SPUR TO Sir Thos. White ^akes Arratige-ment'FocLoan of Money To Provinces denomination existing, and well; recog' nized in Ctfjiiida' within the contemplation of th? Military SeS-Vice Act. ; V "First-There is iiiuch' room tor doubt whetlier these associations,jbo-dalled, have for, th(fT)rImary objo'dt a common woTBhij) which is, 1 think,'an essential characteristic of a 'rellgtoUs denomination'- within the meaning, of section 11 (Alilitary Service Act). "Second-Tlie statute plainly Implies as a characteristic of religious denomination, falling within its scope,, tha| there should be conditions ot member-'I ship, compliance or non-compliance with which can be ascertained by, reference to some practical crlteriou'iifad qj^such ct^pditlons there is, although I pressed for it on hearing, no evldeApe, and .there are no indicia to serve us reliable guides for the tribunals." ,-Appeal dismissed. Ottawa, Jan. lO.-^n order to relievo congestion inlho Canadian investment market by rea8on""of .large offerings'of provinces and municipalities' which, may coino upon it during, the ri^m'ain-ing period otythe .war, Sir Thomas White will arrange advances to provincial governments to assist i|i meeting maturing obligations in the Unltc.^' Stutes, which may not be renewablt there, and for which .indiiey must be found in Canada, aud.toward meeting! In part, their other necessary cov,i-nilttments. > This, arrangement will ,to |-the extent It Is availed of by the provincial government, diminish the amount ot. their Issues oh ,the.,Qnn&dian 'markets. By reducing the volume of these Issues a better market will be provided for*> such provincial Issues as will ^e offered,, arid algo.tbr tho large volume of municipal aecurltles which must be sold duMiig the Aomjng year. When, later on, market conditions iro-pi'ovQ and securities are more do-ipaud, provincial lasries may be made and the ac^vancos made by tUo bomln-Ion repaid.  COAST EXCURSIONS ' ' ARE CANCELLED This iS'^hown By Heport of )^oIu^ of Domestic' Products V � in Canada . , Ottawa, Jan. 11.-Tile annual report �t; tlie dop�rtnvout of labor just is* sued allows thut during \thu laat f ihuuI yoar tho quantity of butter exportefl �was 1,'-{28,75U pounds va|ued at $3(nl,-i046i During the previous. year tho I ciuantily exported w�i8 7,990,463 I pounds valued at $2,4'B1,922. Cheese was exported to the amount of 180,-1733,426 jiounds valued ut $36,721,136. : ^he Hggt'eg&to .value ot butter, cheese, I cdndonsud-(Tn'ilk, fresh crqum, export-' led from Capada during the year,'am-wiinta;" says the report "to the fine ftbtal of �41,167,705, a sum which la l-i^n^iBllllun-doUara in'\uxc.'oss ^ ot any \ ^irevjpus year; ,lit' to this, wo atld the I value of in'Ik, bulter and choose. con New York, Jan~ 10. - Whllei New York la facing a fuel famine, which threatens to cl^ie nqt only theatres, cabarets and ref^rants but', "nmhl-tlona factorlea as well, sliipnienis of anthracite coal to Canada are being made In amounts equivalent to last yoar'a tonnage wUU no prospect for Increased production, according ton telegram sent last night to Fuel Ad-mlnlatratoV Garfield by A. H. Wiggin, administrator for Now Yorlc state; The paralyRis ot shipping as the rc-sult^ot the coal crisis remains serious. Only six ocean g�Ing vessels wore supplied with bunker cool Wodneaday as compared with Ci4 Tuoaday amf'thHty Monday. Tho figures for today, were not obtainable. / ' Big Enderton ttock With Much of CoB^^Sof stores Winnipeg, Jan.7in.-Damage to the extent of.S750,Q||Hg|was incurred and three' �lrejartit?*^Brft injured-by a fire which gutted the'^^Aei'tdn'BlOcky.por- 1�el'i6('"P�>rta'g^''A.venie and'iftrgi'ave 8ti:eet"today.i The firemen injured are C, Porter, sprained leg; A. M. Podd, acklp'n'ound, and W, B. Scaron) sprained'leg:;' Neither of the men are aer-loualy iiurt. The tiro wrs first noticed by a paaserby about 4.30 a.m., and the en-tire,:baEomettt was burned out by the tlmfe tlie fire flghtiar^ reached the bu IdlngI The caretaker, James Riley and his wife lived on the top floor and �wei'.e rescued from the roof by flromen. As far as Is lcn6wn no one else In the building at the time. The Intense cold and a strong north wind-.hatnpered the work of the fire-m'eQ'.and,,all four floors of thd building I-were ,gutted one byi one. The firo lias^'been confined, however, to the^ � lintld'ng Itself. The big store of the T. Eaton Com-pans': Is on the adjoining corner. Street:traffic In all directions la completely held up and street car traffic in tho entire city is dlaorganised. The-central store ot the Liggett Gordon Mitchell Drug Company, which sstlmatQa its Iosk a� $150,000, is de-8trt);^.ed, Including a large quantity ot valuable.drugs held there In atofage. 'rhe Hannard Shoo Store losa will amount', to': $100,000. Parker and' Son, mo,a'p clothing, lost $30,000p the King George billiard parlors, lost $15,000. Tho tjuilding, owned by C. H. Endev-tonand Company, and which is a total loss,-. Is valued at $300,000.- Among tUe'twenty-.sevon lonnants of'the bull-ding la Dr. U. M. Blake. IvrP. elect for North Ayiiinipes and the office ot the Manitoba As.sociatlon ot Architects. Ih accordance with the economy of. passenger service throughout Canada, excuraions to the Pacific coast havo been cancelled In Alberta. Instructions to this effect have been to Victoria and Vancouver from  alt stations in Alberta are can- Amsterdam, Jan. 11.-^Thfe central powers have withdrawn their peace terms t^iade public at the Brest Litovsk conference on December 25, it was announced by Dr. Von Kuehlmann, the foreign secrelaiy in his speech at the Brest-LitQVslT conference with the Russians yesterday. Owing to the non-acceptance by all the enemy powers of these terms, Dr. Von Kuehlmann stated that docflinen^ had become null and void." BOLD PASHA, WILL BE COURT MARTIALED who is charged with having con- > >> ducted German propaganda In 4> ? France, xvill bo tried by .^ourt- : martial, beginning Feb^uBTy 4. fvo at ft total'productlon of ?181,3�7;. debate. ^ .upon, auer .tw,. Tho fprQsoing tigurqa pAysoat The count uaBertB(l'"'thnt'iJth6 trnna- n uujplstaltBablo form, of convlnnllig tor of the negottfiUpna to netitral tat- lljuntration^ of Che argument that the ritory .would, gjyg.tljo outento'.un ou- tinned: / , "Wo refused to give the western New Republic /ijetrograd, Jan. "10.-Reports Tro'm Rostov today ^aay that the republic of the Don'hat been de-elaredv existent with Qenara) ' Kaledines las president and prime minister. Growing Desire for Peace Threatens to Lead to Tra^c Events Soon - Amsterdam, iJan. 11.-Germany was never In such danger of collapse from internal and external difficuitiea aa at presonC aays tlie correspondent^n Germany ot the Tid} in an analyais of the existing ^tuation. The political struggle centering around Foreign Secretary ,Yjui KuehlmanVj had been reflected in violent scepe8 4n the main committee . of the reiohstag. ;Fubl;c action of the Socialist minority cannot longer be resisted and even should military clonienls be � successful, the cbrreapondent thinks reaction will follow quickly. � Russia's example is said to already have infected popular and military circles.. ,/ The food question, national mourning, the dislocation of industry, tho KrQwlng de.siro for peace ami tear of a now offensive on the west threatona to load to a tragic phase It the negotiations �t Brest-Litovak fail and in that case a domestic upheaval la inevitable. - UiMMWTiE iioL wmm : iW*�Bhlngton, Jan. ll.r-r-xhe railroad powers this-opportunity but we"aro.'�t'"'�"�n has improved under govern-ready to conduct the final negoUatlohs ^ nipnt -operation sufficiently to guar- and sign a peace treaty at a place'to be fixed, . , "Regarding the questions of which antee-ihat there will be no further coal (aniliifl ih^aiiy part,pt the country \thU | # wlnt'�jr, Director General McAdoo was 4 an underBtandlijg has" notboon reaphi! lnfor��di� yesterday by -A. H, Smith,  ed, wo came to a binding agreomiiBt aasJatfuliJn charge pi tranaiwrtatlon  at the last plenary aeaslon to submit]on,I'n"' . �'-�"^ .  them to.a commlaalon to begin work |'.Wh�th?�h�ll.be assumeil by th^ g.over�j-  quadrupla alliance are entirely agreed n^ontWtl discussed wUb the railroad  to qonductlns the negotjatlons on,theiMl�pl ii;atton is animated by the same In- reoQU|ipend that government control bo i 4 London, Jan. 11.-British airplanes on the Italian front attacked a squadron of seven has-, tile machines yesterday, and brought down .four of them, the war office announced today. Two of the ehamyiairplanea.crashed to earth and two ethers were driven down out pf control. The Britiah ean^S' out of the fight with all their machinas intact. Wlil Have To Fight London,Xlan. 11.-Nikolai Leninc. the-Bolshevlky premier, although he has possibly gone on a holiday to Finland, also possibly may go to Stockholm to confer with Gorman and Aus- -trian Socialists, the Potrograd correspondent of the Dally News says. In a speech before his departure from Potrograd, Premier LenlnoVsald: ' I fear we shall havo to stop tho demobilization and prei>are for war. if Germany and her allies do not accept our conditions of peace we will declare a revol]>tionary war on them." The correspondent emphaslzea tho. importance of an agreement between the Uolsheviki and Ukrainian ,negotIa-. tors as tho position ot the Radn has' lessoned Trotzlcy's cHancea ot obtaining a satisfactory peace. He fiay.sv that if the Germans could buy off the' Ukraine, the significance within. Ger-man.y ot Trotzky's stand w,ould be cut In half. The correspondent adds that nothing la more foolish than, tO' suppose that because the Ukraine op-' ' poses the Bolshevlki, it theiefore la-vors'the allies and prosecution of the war. ' , Question of Separate Peace; ; Amsterdam,-Jan. 11.-Count rOzer-nltti, the- Austro-Hungarian fo.relgn, minister, ^t,a full sitting of the peacei . conference at Brest-Litoysk on Thursday, said thatvas Russia's allies had not replied'to-the Invitation to participate in, the negotiations, it. wa8;-.now;-^'.. a questlo,,d l�ad to a sal- tlvlty In the regloipof the Alonts ,n mary result. His .hope was ba8e4/�u the Champaguo and, !)efoi;e Hozonvaux kHowionge gained during the courao and tho'Caurloros Wood ^(Vc.;d"n). , of the negotiations and 0,1 tho .exprefe- ' There was no Infantry activity. ,  ^(-^j , , R,s9i,in delegation ot the ^ "Array'of the. En3t^January.fl; The uusslau people'* wish tpr secure and artillery on both aides was active west iasti,g poaceK He continued; of Lake Dolraiv lOpomy patrols were , ..j pong,jer that tho difficulties met fepulsed near blaravlna on-the. right with up to the time the negotiations bonU^ot^lUo Cerna.;Thore,la,nothing ^^^^.^ interrupted, were not great eh-' to report from the rqpt,of tlje, front,' j ,ugn to |,a,se the failure of the po*co' , -V British Froiit; .  ' work and, \prc8umahly resumptrohivof. London, Jan. U.-'With the excep- ^.,1,. inHhe'oast, with Itsvudorescen' tlon of hostile artillery activity east of (;onseqU0DC"s " ^\'-:--r-'-Ji^-~:^ ^ .London, Jau.'.lO.-rlVia Reuter'a Ottawa Agency )'-JLecturltig to the Royal Colonial lustltu'te oii the payniont-of tho war debt by the development: of tho empire's resources,' Wilson" -^.Fos/. M. p., argued that state' financial pdr-, ticipation iirTT-Mmited' number, of branches of industry' jvlll riot Imperil individual enterprlae. He referred to Uie electrical lndustrx_in which- "almost indefinito expansion, was poas-' ible. - 1: 'Wilson Fox also, emphasized the practically unlimited 'supplloa'.'pf the moati nutritious food obtainable from Canada and Newfoundland and; which would be marketable,cheaper th^n,he fore the war if imi>i'oyed -tr^nsiiorta' tion and cold storage is .dtfOcted.-The dtate might profit by fifty million pounds sterling annually from.them. The home government mighty alao cooperate with tho Cahadlah ..governments of Alberta, Saskatchowon and Britiah Columb-'a'and insure'ours and the\ United States' food supply by, the j sale of Imm-oved fa^ms, whlph wOuld in a quarter ot a century pay jojf the empire's debt. > �  Ready to Fight  _ :, ^ London, .Ian. ll.-^Confirmlng previ-, ous reports that.the''BolBhevlKlv/aro; 'ontionbVe shall attain a result ^at-ette lafactorv to all, It not, tlion matKera ^lisai wllftako a nficesaaryAcourso, hut rea- ' ^ -lenslbllity for war will, fall exoluJ- O.l''' ---- ^ � Ilpw ... .C .../.,.�,. -11 iMWld'in high j^cea," ,^ 'j . Uo prevent aeparhtii ^ejicuf* Hj). con- v (Continued on Page-in - 1; :�SfiJ�et;>rnir an^ anMHitlfil. - ... ..... '..,�\".,nvmy,,but; v^o create a now.^nd much smaller''one; Concerning tms! iiow '�army 'Fprolgn'/ Minister Trotzky is reported to,Have said: . V;, "It will," wage not 'war, but revolution. Its front '------ -..... , trenches wUrUVbarrK ' The Bolshevik^ doubt if the OermaiL , 1* soldiers,,will. adyariisei-vbiiltyf-"a^eXi^fttf^^i Toronto, Jan. 11-A'-narmitw-k. 1. 1'"* territory/they will be -4'^ ued  yestenla^ to th^^"3&?a&,^ ' Z.!:^^i:^''^;?^:�mrm^ Yards Company for. the TOnatriTcuSn K.l^^i^J 'i^, greateat JflK /.i-s of concrete hog pehi\TtK^?W*st of thoBpIs leviki ln;tl^ii^?prg^ 4 Toronto yard at a cqa] o*|7Q,pq5.^ * oaratlon. are transnort ^n.Vs^ZnlyT M ' .' APPnovE.wiL80N�ri::|$lDtiWl#' . .^fJ"'!'""' J''�;.;."tT^^''t�����'��<�n ed 'S�' be organiiing a vpiuHte^' w.!.^!.."*"' 'M^'-'*^*' haa order^ alloffioerf " rat^i neaday and'pJedglBgf*T^-^"i�-'i^^^^^^^ port of the terma,' day by Senatpr]iie� whip. ^ ^ parationa are transport and'aupply^ pf< which ,tho former Js the, . bopefiiC ^i. questlPUf EitBlgn KrylenHp.rtHr'BqllTy'i Bh^vlkl^ommapder in chief, ^f^Vfflip^fX^^^ 17709503 68113?83 27 ;