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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 11, 1913, Lethbridge, Alberta Page 8 m NOTICE! The MASON & RISCH, Are now located in (heir new modern store at 404 Fifth Street South, Bryan Block, with a A $300 and up fuu and complete stock of new Pianos, Player Pianos, Victrolas and Gramophones and a lull stock $50U and up of Victor Records, together with 800 Rolls of the latest Player Music for all Players, Our Gramophone Department is on the main floor and is without a doubt one of the most modern in Alberta, with its sound proof Demonstration Parlors. We wish to thank our many customers and friends for their past patronage and hereby respectfully solicit your future business, as we are now in a position to give you Al service in all our lines. Give us an early call 17 Western Branches Factory Store 404 5th Street S., Bryan Block Phone 791 F. E. McCAW WAS AN ABLE MAN -Sir Edward St. John, N.F., Jan. 10 Shea, said to have been the oldest active legislator iu the British Empire, died heTe today, aged 93 years. He was a former president of the legislative council of this colony, and con tinued a member to his death. "The LAW OF THE WEST" AT STARLAND ON MONDAY HE Excursion TO Los Angeles, California, Special Train From Spokane, Wash. Toes., Jan. 14,1913 Tickets on sale by Cantadian Pacific ticket agents In Alberta and Eastern B.C., ua January 11, 12. and 13th 1313. Final return, April 30, 1913. " FARE FROM LETHBRJDGE TO LOS ANGELES AND RETURN $11S.55 (icing and returning via Spokane. $12S.50 ' Going via Spokane, returning via Seattle. Special train  triu from Spokane to Los Angeles covers seven days, stops being made at Portland, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz. Monterey, Del Moute, Paso Robles, Santa Barbara, Riverside, jnd Red-lands. . Fare on going trip from Spokane includes berth and meals on train or at hotel, and a number of sightseeing trips. Return i3 by regular service, meals and berths not included. For descriptive pamphlet apply, R. G. McNEILLIE, District Passenger Agent. ( CALGARY, ALTA. Essentials of Soil Fertility Some of the Principles Which go to Make Soils Productive CA N ADB AN ^ PACiFIC Around the World Tour" New Luxurious Canadian Pacific Steamships EMPRESS OF RUSSIA from' Southampton, Eng., April 1, 1913 AND EMPRESS OF ASIA �from Southampton, /May 27, 1913 CALLING AT Gibraltar, --VMIsfranchc or Marseilles, .Suez, ."Colombo, Penang, Singapore, | . '.Hbflfl Kong, Yokohama. Singapore,; % \- and other points | |;,F^RJE FOR THIS TOUR FROM LETH-' :'--�-'. ' -v BRIDGE \Vh3t are the essential principles of soil fertility? and how can it be conserved rather than wasted? In the strict sense, the potential fertility of our soils, that is, the possible crop-production power, is finally measured by the contents in them of oertaln constituent elements that exist ' in soils In very small amounts relative to the others, namely, nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash. That is, the power of the soil to produce plants would end were any of these three constituents absolutely removed, even though all the other required elements were present in abundance. This is, of course, only theoretically true, as the chances are that even when soils aTe regarded as exhausted, they still contain a very considerable quantity of one or more of these constituents. Furthermore, active fertility, or that which is possible for the plants to obtain, is influenced by other conditions, as, for example, �climate, season, location, presence of vegetable matter and a number of other factors, which enter in to make it possible for us to grow plants; but were all of these factors present and the others absent, plant production would be impossible. No matter how rich in these fertility elements the soil originally may be, if the farmers go on year after year practicing the system of planting their seed, cultivating their crops and selling their grain �without returning anything to the soil, it will, and must, result not only in the removal of the essential fertility elements, but will change the character and composition of the soil in such a way as to make it impossible for the plant to readily obtain, the plant-food still present. It has been proven that a virgin soil, which, for instance, contained 47.64 per cent, of insoluble matter at the beginning'of a ten years"'period of exclusive wheat farming, contained 55.12 per cent, of insoluble matter at the end of the period, an increase of 7.48 per cent. At the beginning it furthermore contained 15.55 per cent, of volatile, or organic matter, but only 5.58 per cent, at the end, a loss of P.97 per cent. It contained 5.34 per cent, of humus at the beginning, and 3.12 per cent, at the end, a loss of nearly one-half. Because of this loss its capacity to absorb water, which at the beginning was 75 per cent., was at the end reduced to 58 per cent. And this was the result after but ten years of such practice! .In reference to the constituent elements, it was shewn that at the beginning it contained .38 per cent, of nitrogen, and at the end .24 per cent.; it contained .38 per cent, of phosphoric acid at the beginning and .31 per cent, at the end; of potash respectively .54 and .50 per cent. This is a very considerable decrease. Now let us see how these factors appear when, we compare the result of continuous wheat growing and of crop rotation. The' soil contained at the beginning .221 per cent, of nitrogen, and at the close of the experiment, with continuous cropping .0193 per cent., an annual loss of nitrogen of 24.5 lbs., due to crop removed, and of 146.5 lbs. in addition to that removed in the crop. In a rotation of wheat clover, wheat, corn and the manure used, the nitrogen at the beginning was .221 per cent, and at the close of the experiment .231 per cent., or with the removal of 44 pounds of nitrogen in crop, there was an annual gain of nitrogen of 61 lbs. This matter of nitrogen, is of the greatest importance because it is �iot only required by plants in relatively large amounts, but because the system of farming determines whether it shall be gained '%r lost. -; ' An important phase of this question is the influence:of stock'growing, including dairying, upon the fertility question. Taking a quarter section as a unit, and raising flax, bats, wheat and barley, it can be shown that in the average crop grown there are sold from the farm in one year, under the present, robbery system,- 6D50 pounds of nitrogen, 3080 pounds of phosphoric acid and 149 pounds of potash. This means that the sale of grain results in increasing the sale of fertility by nearly ten times over the system of mixed farming, including dairying! This question of nitrogen is also important fron another standpoint, be. cause it is the one element which under certain conditions is not so readily available as the other constituents. For example, it has been found in older settled countries, that the nitrogen, contained in these soils, is less available than in the virgin soils, owing to the wasteful methods employed in fanning, although their systems have not by a long way been so wasteful as those at present in vogue iu this country. My object in bringing out this point is to show that if we are to avoid this condition in this country,, we must Inve a definite knowledge of all those factors entering into t^is question. We must more clearly realize the fact that a judicious rotation, coupled with a rational live stock industry, is the only method by which we may prevent losses in our soils, ATTEMPT TO FOSTER BI-LINGUAL SCHOOLS .1 j'^or particulars, apply to S. B. Mitch-I'l all/Hicket agent, Lethbridge, or write �i*5'K' ' *^jR- �' McNEILLIE, Calgary; Albe ent. Alberta. La3t week the advocates of the French-English were greatly disappointed. Sir James Whitney cave them no satisfaction whatever. | and thus ultimately require purchased fertility. No better evidence as to the inevitable and miserable results of such "farming" cau be furnished than by referring to our neighbors to the south. Years ago, when the soils of New England and the middle states began to show the effect of the continuous sale of grain, lots of fanners migrated to Ohio and Illinois, where it was claimed-just as seme people seem to think here-that the fertility was so great that no attention need be given to the question of soil exhaustion, but a continuation of the original method-or lack of method-of practice has revealed the fact that now the soil is showing the results of such mistakes. The sale of wheat, oats, corn and hay has so reduced the quantity of available fertility elements, and has so changed the physical character of the soils aB to make it necessary now to apply commercial fertilizers, or to increase the production of manure, if they are to realize from it a profitable return in crops. And -it does not take many yeaTS either to show the effect, as may be seen from .the 'aliove mentioned figures, in fact the reduction of the fertility begins with the very first crop, and as a high degree of fertility is an invaluable-asset,--it ought to be self evident, if you w,ant. to avoid in the future the great expenses connected with restoration, of lest fertility, that you must from the very beginning endeavor to preserve it. As has been the case in the northwestern states, so are we now here in Western Canada very largely engaged in the growing and selling of, wheat, barley and flax, without direct return to the soil of the constituents removed thereby. Wheat goes either as a whole graiu to foreign countries, or is manufactured into flour and the refuse products-bran and middlings -are shipped in large parts away, while only a little is being dribbled out here and there in our own country. The oil in the flax seed, which contains only the carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, derived from the air, is extracted and retained in part, but the linseed meal, that most excellent feed and rich in fertility, is shipped mainly to Europe, where the farmers know its value, aud shipped in such great quantities that the European markets fix the prices that the farmers here have to pay for it! And when the time comes when the "beer that made Lethbridge famous" is derived from the barley grown in Alberta, let us hope that the farmer by that time is wise enough to retain the refuse products, brewers' grains and malt sprouts, to improve his live stock rations, and to save his soil from exhaustion! The kind of farming now iu vogue can be continued possibly for some time to come without very serious ; detriment to yourself, but the next ; generation already will suffer the ' consequences of such improvident methods and will find that the ques-! tion of importing fertility is brought home to them in a very practical manner.  i There is no real objection to the selling of the grain, although it pays better to feed it; the objection comes in not utilizing the refuse upon the farm, and thus limiting the rapidity with which the soil is exhausted, particularly of its most important constituents, nitrogen. First Application Darkens the Hair A SIMPLE REMEDY GIVES COLOR STRENGTH AND BEAUTY TO THE.HAIR You don't have to have gray hair or faded hair if you don't want to. Why look old or unattractive? If your hair is gray or faded, you can change it easily, tiuicidy and effectively by using Wyeth's Sasn and Sulphur Hair Remedy. Apply a little tonight and in the morning you will be agreeably surprised at the results from a singlo" application. . The gray hairs will be less conspicuous and after a few more applicationa will bo restored to natural color. Wyeth's Sage and Sulphur also quickly removes dandruff, leaves scalp clean and healthy, md promotes the- growth of the hair. It is a clean wholesome dressing which may be used at any time with pejfect safety. , Get a fifty cent bottle from your druggist today, and see how quickly it will restore the youthful color and beauty of your and forever end the nasty dandruff, hot, Itchy scalp and falling hair. All druggists sell it under guarantee that the money will be refunded If you are not satisfied after a fall' trial. Agents: J. D. Hlglnbothaui & Co., druggists. GERMANY IS IMPORTING MUCH BRAIN AND LABOR Census Shows Population Has Increased 15.8 Per Cent, in Ten Years ; Berlin, Jan. 10.-The population statistics based on the Imperial census of December 1, 1910, show' that the total population of Germany has increased by 15.8 per cent, in the space of 10 years. One of the most remarkable facts shown by the new statistical tables is the importance of the foreign element in the'German Empire and the extent to which the foreign and foreign-boru population has recently increased. With a population of 63,925,993 subjects of the Imperial throne, Germany also counts 1,259,873 foreigners wit'hin her frontiers. It is patent that Germany is importing brains and labor, for the increase in the foreign population has .been four times as rapid as that of the native population-the decrease, indeed, was nearly 20 per cent, in only five years, the total addition of the foreign population within this period" being 231,313. There is little fear uhat the character of the nation will be changed in consequence, as more than half the foreign element comes from Gorman-speaking Austria, and the next largest element comes from Holland, a country which has more in common with Germany than most of the.otiher nations. THIS ACTOR WAS A RATHER BAD ACTOR Edmonton, Alta., Jan. 30.-Harry Rattenbury, an actor, known through-cut the United States and, Canada because of his former connection with prominent players, was ordered by Magistrate Worsley, of the Royal North West Mounted Police, to leave the Dominion within forty-eight hours, following pleas of guilty to'a score of charges of theft. He started southward today. Rattenbury, who was a member of a local stock company, - came to Ed- 'RESURRECTED" STATUE OE PAUL KRUGER This statue to the late President Kruger has just arrived at Pretoria, from Lorenzo Marquez, where it was hidden thirteen years ago -durifig ihe Boer war. The story was at that time that it was worth its weight In gold, as there were thousands of pounds of South African government gold contained in it's hollow interior. There was nothing In this story, but it was only recently that the statue was taken to Pretoria, where it will be erected under British auspices in Princess Park, and later unveiled with appropriate ceremonies by the British Governor-General of South Africa. * monton last July, and, according to his own admissions, began a series of thef;s in stores and shops all over the Aty. When his rooms were ,ca.'ched, following his arrest on Christmas Eve, the police found sufficient goods to stock a store. The plunder, valued at 82,000, included several hundred fountain peus, brooches, framed pictures, wash boards, garments, dress patterns, hats, shoes and other articles of men's wear, and a large assortment of household utensils. Rattenbury was caught by a woman detective at the Hudson's Bay stores. McLEAN CLAN OUT STRONG Winnipeg, Jan. 110.-Ex-Alderman Dan MclLeau aud A. L. MaoLean, were nominated today to contest the compfcrollersnip, rendered vacant by the death of Controller McArthur, shortly after his election. Fred J. Welwood, Alexander 'McLennan and James A. Eames were nominated for alderman in Ward 7, which is vacant owing to the resignation of Charles Midwinter, who . is now a member of the Board of Control, The elections will be held on January 20. The Imperial Oil refinery at Sarnia has again increased the price of crude oil, this time by three cents. The Brahtford police comlSBion call I upon citizens to lay before them any ' complaints they may have against the police department, as a public enquiry is to be held. SEN. ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL'S -Condition continues to puzzle the physicians, and an X-ray examination will be made today in an effort to diagnose the trouble. TO FUNERAL DIRECTOR ... AttU . . . LICENSED EMBALMER Lady Attendant when desired Phone 1802 Night or Day t 401 Second Avenue South Donnan Block 7m ;