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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-10,Lethbridge, Alberta Book reviews Working world designed for males “Male ChMvtolm. Hvw It Woitt” by MIckael Korte (IU«4mb llowe of Cuada LM. 191 pifc*. Here it is gals. A book by a busineBS executive that aays what many workinj; women have been sayiog for years... the work world has been designed by men, for men and to ke^ women at the bottom of the organizational ladder. Only this time the words are not being spouted by a womai’s liberationlst or an angry temale worker. A male, namely Kfichael Koida Is also tired of seeing men put wunen down in the worii force and he reveals the many little games men play to prevent women from obtaining decisim-making positions in the work force. Some of the office situations presented in this book could likely be found In any business office in the country. Many offices employ women who are paid less than the younger executives even though they are more knowledgeable about the business operation. These women are often considered knowledgeable enough to show the young executives the ropes, but guess who gets the promotion. Korda describes how men accept working with an intelligent girl as long as sbe wishes to remain an object. When she demands to be treated as an equal, the unwelcome mat is quickly thrown out According to Korda, women in the work force are thought of as being replaceable. They are seldom given the training that would make them more valuable and difficult to replace. Some do advance into administration positions, but usually only after they have proven they’re willing to let men take the credit for their accomplishments. Michael Korda should be applauded for his honesty and frankness in revealing how male chauvinists unite to control the sexual struggle in business life. If a woman had written this book, many own would likely label it tbe work of a radical Uberatioolst and Ignore tbe message. But when a male executive reveals the ty”in”Sie*worS force, the message is likely to hit hwne. . . and with impact. Korda does not just claim that wonten are being discriminated against in the work force. He shows how the ancient institution of male chauvinism has erected a power system that ensures that authority remain under the control of males. The female worker, he says, is an intruder into a world of men who have been taught since youngsters that they car be more successful by sticking together as a group. “IlKir education, their participation in anything from sports to stealing hubcaps reinforces their sense of belonging to a group that demands a special kind of group loyalty feeling, which they will find it difficult to extend to womai,” Korda suggests women are more complete as human beings than most men and as a result approach life as individuals to be judged on individual capabilities. It doesn’t always lead to success or employment advancement when confronted by a group. Until men are able to shun the need for a sense of monbership in tbe groiq> and recognize tbe completeness and humanity port^ed by many women, women will find it difficult to obtain equal opportunity. How do men become equal to women? “It is only necessary to stop pretending, nothing more,” t}ie author says. This book is excellent reading material for both men and women In the work force. Women mi^t discover w^y men in their offices are discriminating against them and men might just come to grip with themselves before they come to a Coronary point in pursuit of an illusionary power. JIM GRANT The mad mad world of football '‘Mad Ducks and Bears” by Gevi^e Plimpton (Random House. $9.25, 421 pages). Only football fans who can bear to have the game and its heroes portrayed as belonging to a slightly mad world should read this book. Both those who are uninterested in football and tho¿e who are oteessed by it would likely be unappreciative of the contents but others in between should enjoy it immensely. The first half of the book is a collection of pieces more or less held together by reference to George Plimpton’s friendship with John Gordy and Alex Karras, former stars of the Detroit Lions. There are a couple of accounts of madcap golf tournaments promoted by Karras; a report of a visit with Bobby Layne who had played with Karras and Gordy; a piece about a Pony League game in which Karras coached his team to a tie; reminiscences and fantasying by Plimpton's two friends. Then follows a long report on Plimpton’s training with the Baltimore Colts culminating in a sequence of plays as quarterback in an exhibition game with the Detroit Lions for a television special. *nte humor in this part of the book is more restrained and perhaps more pleasing as a result. At the end there is a serious probing of the aftermath of being involved in football, not only for Karras and Gordy but for Plimptm, too. This even extends to a fan who attempted the hare-brained stunt of running off with the football from the field during a league game and paid for it by the loss of health, job and wife. Plimpton’s following as a writer will enlarge some more with this book. DOUG WALKER Local RCMP booklet "Nordi West Mounted Police: Early History of the RCMP” by Margaret Luckhurst (Published by the Lethbridge Division RCMP Veterans Association, printed by Southern Printing Company Ltd., ?1.50 paper. 55 pages). Having watched Margaret Luckhurst gearing up to write this centennial souvenir bodclet it is satisfying to be able to read the finished product. I know from comments sbe made when working with me at The Herald that she sometimes questioned her sanity in having undertaken the project because there was so much material to try to resolve into the kind of booklet conceived by her and the members of the local RCMP Veterans Association. Got a Problem? Can't Stand Waiting lor that NEW CAR? WELL CHEER-UP there’s no waiting list TOYOTA TRAVEL CENTRE The new 74’s are here, and they’re on display now. Including the sleek 74' Corona SR Hardtop featuring E-S-P—Electro-Sensor-Panel, designed to keep tabs on 11 things about Corona’s condition. It will alert you if you need oil, brake fluid, a new light bulb, or windshield washer fluid. If your ESP tells you there's a lot more that’s new, you're reading our minds. Slop in. CiMck wt tin MW Comi. Sm Imw nuck car yoir nomy can buy at ........... TOYOTA TRAVEL CENTRE Coutto Highway PhOM 327-3165 Thwday, Janufy 10.1OT4-TM1 UTH»mPOt MIBALO-I Hidden meanings ( oiit/miiiunitltiii lì, till inoivtMil ihnt    iml llii‘ ihill Photo and ttfxl b\ Darid Bly Herald reporlfr The main outlines of the story will be familiar to most readers. There is, however, material in the story that is fresh, having been sun>Ued by descendants of the force for exclusive use in this booklet. The incident of Colonel Macleod going to Helena with Gerry Potts and Cecil Denny to pick up the back-pay of his men, for instance, was new to me. Readers of Margaret’s excellent series of profiles on people of the south in the Herald will recognize and appreciate her easy style of writing in this booklet. The 1974 celebrations of tbe coming of the police force to Western Canada will be greatly enhanced by this fine souvenir publicatioR. DOUG WALKER Vlanagement by objectives — question By Terry Morris, Fleetwood Elementary School The Lethbridge Herald recently published a series of four articles entitled, ‘Management by Objectives’, written by a member of the Lethbridge Public School Board. It was claimed that this new educational innovation would mean a better deal for students and taxpayers. Since MBO will be adopted by our trustees it’s important teachers, parents, and students examine some of the pros and cons of this managerial plan. Management by Objectives is a dreamchild of business consultants. It’s a means of improving business efficiency, cutting costs, and increasing* profits. An excellent scheme for business men, but I query its value when applied to school systems. Schools are not factories; they cannot produce goods like a giant sausage machine. Children are like flowers in a garden. They are different; grow and mature at different times and in different ways; need an atmosphere of love, patience, and understaiuiing if they are to survive tbe mouse race of school. MBO is product-oriented. It offers a guarantee that at the end of each year or semester a student will know a definite number of facts or skills for each subject he Is learning in school. Hie pass mark for each subject will be a percentage mark fixed for all students in the district by central office. Anyone who has had experience with children knows that while some cope easily with school subjects, others find the academic obstacle race very difficult. These are the children most likely to become the victims of the MBO pressure cooker. It will be useless to say a student is doing his best, making the most of his abilities, for his best must be unacceptable unless he can reach the magic pass mark. And don’t blame the teacher when he cracks the whip, for we can be sure an imi^lng army of nonteaching theorists will be wandering around our schools waiting to interrogate those teachers whose students haven’t made the grade. Some will claim that this prophecy is wrong. After all, for years we’ve been touting the idea of individual instruction geared to tbe identified individual needs of students and we’re not likely to abandon such a worthy scheme. It may be said that MBO will assist teachers to individualize instruction. However, it’s difficult to see how such an ideal situation (if it has ever existed) could fail to be replaced by a pass/fail straitjacket. If the p^uct is going to be guaranteed, minunum standards for the productiffli line must be established and those standards will be in the form of percen* tage marks to be earned by students. Teachers and students will be under heavy pressure to ensure that the correct quota of passmarks is achieved and slower students may be allowed to fall by the wayside. Some months ago we were entertained by a ncni-teaching administrator imported from the U.S. who claimed students should get 100 per cent on all their courses. Fortunately, this particular piece of non sense has been rejected by our local hierarchy but the standards to be imposed on our students are likely to make school even more of an ordeal for many children than it is at the present time. No one is ■ quite sure what marks for each subject will be; but the latest MBO stated ment showed a possible range of 50 per cent to 95 per cent. Once the magic number ha^’ been decreed by oar omnipo^ tent educators then our students either make it or they must try, and try again for as long as it takes them to cross the hurdle. Some students are going to be quite old before they make the grade but a few senior citizens in the regular classroom might add a touch of reality to some of our schools. There are other aspects of MBO that need to be considered. Is it going to be a fad, a confused paper blizzard, a means of securing fringe benefits, or a worthwhile scheme tor giving our children improved educational opportunities? We’ll «msider this question in a second article. Energy commission regains control By Norman Cousins, editor Saturday Review/World In all tbe public commoti<m and concern over the energy crisis and Watergate, an important decision by the government may have gone unnoticed. President Nixon has transferred essential authority for setting radiation standards from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) back to the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). There was a good reason for putting this authority in EPA—taking it from the AEC~in the first place. The AEC is primarily concerned with the development of nuclear energy. It operates in-staliations for making fissionable materials for bombs and other weaponry. It sets policy in the atomic energy field Because of this, it was felt that the AEC should not also be put in a position of being able to use its authority to conceal or minimize radiation accidents for which it had primary responsibility. Over the years, the AEC had failed to distinguish itself as a protector of the public health and safety in the radiation field. Time after time, the AEC would assure the American peq>le that certain levels of radiation were completely safe, only to be confronted by independent scientific authorities with evidence that the AEC had disregarded or minimized genuine dangers. For example, during the debate over nuclear testing more than a decade ago, it was discovered that the AEC had failed to disclose evidence that detectable traces of radioactive strontium from fallout caused by nuclear tests had turned up in the nation’s milk. More recently, one of the AEC’s own scientists. Dr Arthur Pamplin, now with the Natural Resources Defence Council, discovered that radiation hazards were at least five times more dangerous than had been officially acknowledged by the AEC It was against the background of demonstrated partiality to its own primary interests in the development of nuclear energy that the AEC was relieved, three years ago, of the authority to fix leveU for radiation safety. The responsibility, logically enough, was shifted to the newly created Environmental Protection Agency. Since that time, EPA has had occasion to be severely critical of the AEC. For example, on Feb 16, 1973, EPA reject^ a statement issued by AEC on emergency safety procedures for nuclear power plants. EPA asserted that the AEC should have explored more fully the possibility of serious accidents from techniques used in nuclear power stations. Charles L. Elkins, an official of EPA whose job it is, or was, to monitor hazardous materials, only recently flatly declared that “AEC standards are not adequate today. "Also, earlier this year, Dr, Henry J. Kendall, a nuclear physicist and spokesman for the Union of Concerned Scientists, accused the AEC of being willing to take risks that he and many of his fellow scientists considered to be unacceptable. Why, then, has the president returned to the AEC a respon-sibihty it had discharged so poorly during its previous handling of the job? Are we to believe that the president feels the AEC has reformed and that it is now prepared to be sufficiently diligent in setting radiation standards, even though this may hobble its own nuclear production and promotion activities? Or is the president so eager to embark on a crash program for developing nuclear energy at a time of critical oil shortages that he doesn’t want tbe nuclear program to be slowed up by feuds inside the government itself over safety procedures and radiation emission standards? There should be no conflict between environmental protection and the need both to conserve fuel and to develop alternative energy sources. An intelligent and far-reaching conservation program is one of the best approaches to the energy shortage. But the broad retreat signaled by the president from environmental safety standards—of which the new authority given to tbe AEC is an example—is consistent neither with public safety nor sensible planning in the energy field. ON THE USE OF WORDS By Theodore M. Bernstein Stubborn misuse. If restive meant the same thing as restless, who would need it'' Despite widespread misuse, it doesn't mean the same thing Restless describes a condition ot impatient activity, of inability to relax, of fidgetiness Restive, which comes from the Old French, means unruly, resistive, stubborn. balky Thus ‘The crowd became mtiei* when the show was delayed because a restive horse shied away from the hurdles " Bach ptstage. In slang usage a back is a United Slates dollar, as everyone knows But what no one seems 10 know IS the origin of the word It has been in use for more than a century and one published guess is that it was originally connected with the eariv settlers' trade with the Indians Animal skins were classified as back* and <•«*, according to this theory, and the hacks were larger and more valuable What could be more valuable than a dollar? Except maybe a million of them But that explana;ion of the word’s origin, remember. IS onlv a surmise Seator sta«. If you heard someone say, ’Roll dem’ Mae«,” you would know, of course, that he was uttering slang, but you probably wouldn't think of baacf as very old slang It is. though. As far back as the 1300's Chaucer used baats to mean dice and it has been used that way ever since The dice in th<m early days were made of bone or sometimes ivory. In addition to rolling 'em you could also rattle 'em and shake 'em \ ;