Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
WtdntKJoy, Jtmvcry 10, 1973 _ THE LfTHMIDCI HRALD 35 PROFLIGATE SOUTH AND Whiskey spurred birth of NWMP By D U'E BLAIKIE OTTAWA 'CPi More than anything else, whisky spurred the birth 100 years ago of the X o r t h West Mounted Police. the comma of Isw and order to the Canadian West. and [he development of the RCm The growth of the illegal whisky trade brought with it a stream of greedy end ruthless free traders and a and de'iruc'.he change in Lhe lives of Indian.-. The resulting blowished and violence led to Lhe formaLon of the red-coated force in 1573 and its Great March west from the Red River in the gi-nrrp- of Wher. they struck out from the s-Xl southern Maniujbs serJLne-: of Fc-n Dufferin, the troopers were un- dertaking one of the most am- bitious treks in the country's history. Their destination. about TOO linle-charred miles away. WES the fork et the Bow and BeEy river? -ear the site of Lethbridge. Plagued There they expected to find Fort Whcop-Vp. headquarters of the booinLig whissy busi- ness. ET.d miie Lhe first real sure c'eir.r.: up rhe West. Diaries by several men le'J bow the cavalcade of al- most 500 troopers. 114 ox- dram cars, ?3 slaughter cat- tle ard 7? wampus was confronted daily by the hard- ships o: fror.iier travel. They were dogged by prai- rie dust ar.d the throat-parch- int- beat cf sv.T.-npr. fierce winds and thunderstorms that drenched bedding and food Mosauitoes and locusts de- Fcenceo b swarms. Wagons broke dr--, csrts gave out, cat'le became ice; and horses sr.n oxen in the harnesses and died on the trail. Tne ir.ej thcniselves came down with ?jd diar- rhea. flagged and tem- pers flared. But, with It all. there was en loderiy-jig endurance and a drivf kep: them going. Fonnccl baud all wss mpleasart. The vrestem 1 a r. d s c a e was and there was t'-e -Js nightly A: one point, sev- eral trcwers ed a ake- band, using a large tin r'.ifh ?.nd ter.t pegs for a drum and L-. afier leaving :r.e cavalraw. surrlies ail b'jt gone. rhAi she :'rr-: o: the Bow Belly rivers. L-. -h- plsns were r-..ine to establish an MV.T? P.: Swan River rear :hf Hudson's Bay pwt of For: IP the north- o- v-; fr.ini Fort v -oro h? cmmti- v, OV.-.-AS by S'.-.n R.vcr, '.I'l1 mon to M ,1 p.ra; on 01. M.-v'ears. tl'ie Br.tish had tL-eii re-d as the outstanding feature on their military uniforms. Gradually, as white explorers spread through the New World, the red coat came mean souare-dcili.-.; to the But the faith e: the Western na'-ivos hinged, above all. or. the faith of Chief head of the o: f were held lesser chiefs wer.t away convir-.reo the tr. eunled rnon their friends. ia chief i Finally, on Pec. 1. 1574. hjmseh1 at the fort. An atmosphere of pup- pressed exciter.ient pipped the fort as '.he Mil. lithe chief. c.irryinj: an eagle's "ir.g to s'grjfy hif hich office c.-.mr f.ice to face with the assistant conmissiiiner Tliere w.is a pause, ihor. !hf t-.vo shook hands .ind each other cordj.illy. It W.TS a crucial mon-.ont for both Canada and the force p( civits at For; M.idood Wirh :he (nis! Iho Novth West Mour.tivi hce Iiad Ilieir credib'.l- ily and pained the chance to win HEADING WEST the RCM? crcSivw sKow, top, me fibers o? rhe North Mounted Police dunng their March in the jumper 137-, and bo'tom, Fd-t Matle-od, a fvstorir; narr.e in the anna's of the iO-rce. B'oid- shed end violence in the Canadian Wgjt broucht abcujt by the iHecal whiskey trade led to the formation of the cc-oted fo-ce. MAYFAIR VOGUE LADIES' WEAR! Groups of Winter Wear, Sports, and Dress items at unbelievably low prices Coats Wool Skirts Blouses Terry Smock Tops Body Sweaters Mohair Cardigans Jump Dorm Per .ven. ,2 e j -ps. Trimmed and PRICED Save over S-20and 14'- to Clearance of Playtex Clearance of G.Vi'.G. Clearance of Clearance Bras and Girdles Blouses Stretch VOGUE Closed Wednesday Afternoon Open Thurs. and Fri. till 9 p.m.