Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 10, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Monday, Januiry 10, THI UTHMIDOI HIIAIO YOUR HOROSCOPE By JEANE DIXON TUESDAY. JAN 11 Your birthday lodiy: Be- gin a search for perfection, precision, useful new skills, and avenues of self expres- sion. Many of today'n natives will switch into new careers around midyear. Today's na- tives as a group are general- ly a very definite, determin- ed lot, with nimble minds. ARIES (March Zl-AprU Seize an early opening, make a deal. Then farm out the chores LAWRENCE E. LAMB, M. D. Organic foods cause confusion Dear Or. Lamb What do you think of the increasingly popular "organic Can one be assured that they are grown without chemical ferti- lizers? Dear Reader Like many people from rural America, or almost anyone raised before the Second World War, 1 grew up on organic food. Every farm boy did. I've hauled manure, not in little pails but by the wagonlaod. it was customary for people to grow all their own food and can it. The cellar was the winter storehouse for what you raised in the summer. Like all small all-purpose farms even the livestock were fed on organic food crops raised the natrual way. We even picked potato bugs off the vine by hand. So I am amused by the new fad of organic foods. I wish I could have shared some of that organic experience when I was a boy with some of today's enthusiasts. I have also raised lots of food using chemical fertilizer. There is nothing wrong with it. Nitro- gen is good for the soil that needs it, whether it comes in a bag in powdered form, in the manure wagon or is put in the soil by legumes (bean plants that take nitrogen from the air. Nitrogen, after all, is nitrogen. The same can be said about a lot of other checmicals used to build up the soil. There is no doubt that good soil raises good plants. That is jurt common sense. Any good farmer can tell you that. That Is part of what makes the dif- ference in upland and bottom- land. On the whole I think the or- ganic food movement is a healthy one. I am not confused by some of the unscientific claims sometimes made though and know that, as stated, nitro gen is nitrogen. In fact, some chemicals that are not found in manure are needed for particu lar soil problems. Although many people in elude the question of using in securities in organic gardening as a purist on the use of the words, I object to that wording whether insecticides are gom or bad. I suspect that insecti cides do little harm If the food is properly washed and pre pared before use, although they can cause other problems in environment. The difference in the Uste in a lot of "organic foods" is re lated to the difference iu when the food is harvested. I sus pect that a lot of people don' know the difference between a watermelon ripened on the vine and one snipped half green to the store. Most of the food in supermarkets is picked before it is ripened by nature. And that has very little to do with whether you hauled manure or fertilized by chemicals. Incidentally, as far as health goes despite "organic garden ing" which was all that was available a few years back, a! those pople eating organic foods regularly got sick and had health problems not differ- ent from those that we content with today. Only antibiotics weren't available in earlier days and a lot of other chemi cats that have saved a lot o lives. I strongly support people raising their own food anc ttink it is good clean fun. It is a wonderful hobby. But as a scientist I'll have to stop there and realize that some en- thusiasts are overselling the idea with wild, unscientific claims. GOREN ON BRIDGE BY CHARLES H. GOREN irnt lr m Okm ratio] BRIDGE QUIZ ANSWERS Q. Ax South vulnerable you bold: The bidding baa proceeded: Sooth West North Em l pftde atop- per, ind to another beciuie of holdlnc four htirli. A heart con- tract mlfht Hilly be lost by fillurc lo double. Q. vulnerable, as South you hoW: 4All84 U1Z OBC43 The bidding hu proceeded; Nartk East Sooth Wert 1 0 PiU 14 Z Pisi Pan What do you bid now? mere it point would not do to your holdlrtf. You hive U polnta In iupport of partner'1 bid ind ahould inilil upon mi eontTHt of iomi kind. Thli In orvt o( two cither by ilvlnf doublt In or by minufielarlni ttrnporlilnf hid in new tult. nimtiy clubi. The inter eur preference, for It remit pirlnef to contrict for thrn no Inimp If he hold) i topper. Q. South you hold: AKQII3 OI14AI4 UK bktdini has proceeded: ftMth Narth 1 4 Pan 1 0 Pin n 4 Pin 4 4 Pom What do you bid now? The bidding has proceeded: Sooth Weil North East PBK Pan 1 4 3 4 Pan I 4 Pasi What do you bid now? A ippeiri (o be Jlih< Ini iround for ilim wllh full hnowledct thtt you were 10 open ihe bidding. Thli Jnrt about fine hind u one could expect from ptsslnf knd you should be plened lo coopenle by bidding five clubi. 7 Neither vuinerai.ic. Partner operu with ODC heart, and you hold: 484 OJ102 JbAJSa What is your response? direct nkie to heirti Is our outiUndlng cholre. While you miy choose to tem- porize wllh t bid of two elubi. we cinnol tee ihit mylhlnf li to be mined by tuch The Immcdlkte raise fully dcscrlbei your ind If partner embarki on any kind of Him effort, you may later ahow tht of tuch. Q. South vulnerable. you hold: 4A S 4 C Q 4 C The bidding has proceeded: Snth ERKI 1 O Pan 1 4 PHI What do you bid now? u your htrd )iai trick Uhlnf power of acvrn trlcki, A Jump li and the obvloui Jump lo thrte heirti 11 tlw .improved procedure. two (mull hunt tn partner'! will .fufflettnl you've let yourself in for, if you can. Group ond family ven- tures are due to thrive today. TAURUS (April 20-Miy Competitive urges come to re- ality. Be ready to give as good as you get or actually make the first move. GEMINI (Miy 21-June Outstanding problems find rela- tively simple, temporary solu- tions accept everything for what it is. CANCEB (June 21-July Unusual answers are at hand big and with hope as you search. Refinancing may be feasible and useful. LEO (July 23-Aug. You are not alone in your main con- cerns moreover, make room for colleagues, perhaps some who normally compete against you. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Orthodox ideas work better at tlie moment as there is nothing particularly new about the situ- ation, even though you may lack familiarity with some details. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Ocl. IE your trip relates to your work and gelling greater skills, it's favored. Idle fun, pleasure for it's own sake tends to pall don't blame this on people you care about. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. 21V. Chance meetings promise well; explore them for possible fu- ture cooperation. Getting out and staying on the move is ten- fold better than staying at home. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. Collect what is due you today. Apply for grants, schol- arships, increases. CAPRICORN (Dec, 22 Jan Seek recognition for what you've achieved lately. A. leis- urely, graceful approach works AQUARIUS (Jin. 20-Feb. Find a balance between what is wanted and what is reason- able to expect. You'll find some- thing to do about it, once you see practical reality. PISCES (Feb. 19-Mareh Your praise, your acceptance of mate, foibles, follies, anr faults Included, may ,brlng about a minor miracle now. (1972: By The Chicago Tribune) Finding diatoms Andy sends a complete 20- v o 1 u m e set of the World Book Encyclopedia to George Spak, age 13, of Vanier, Ot- tawa, Ontario, for his ques- tion: Where do we find diatoms? Most likely your nearest di atoms are in your kitchen, Di atomaceous earth is the gritty ingredient in the cleansin) powder used to scour the kitch en sink. However, this mate- rial is shells of diatoms that died ages ago. The nearest liv- ing diatoms are in the outdoor ponds, streams or molsl marshes. The largest numbers of diatoms teem in all the salty seas and worldwide oceans. There is no shortage of di- atoms in the world, though without a microscope they are invisible to most human eyes At least spedes have been classified and no doubt as many more will be added to the list. All of them live in water and at least a.few spe ties are to be found in every freshwater pond and stream in every sea and ocean. All o them are members of the plant world. This seems strange he- cause every diatom encases it- self in a pair of shells. Under the microscope, a drop of pond water reveals a fabulous zoo of miniature or- ganisms. Some are midget members of the animal king- dom. Some are single celled algae and other members of the plant world.' Chances are, at least one specimen will be a diatom. But if there are sev- Retardation study headed by Dr. Das EDMONTON (CP) The University of Alberta has an- nounced the appointment of Dr. J. P. Das as director of the centre for the study of menta! retardation. Dr. Das, 40, a native of In- dia and the author of more than 65 technical papers and arti- cles, takes over the position July 1. He succeeds Dr. Ernest E. McCoy who has been appointed chairman of the pediatrics de- partment of the medicine fac ulty. The university, in a news re- lease, said Dr. Das will be in- volved in expanding the centre this year. Previously dealing with basic research into men- tal retardation, the expansion will include diagnosis and rem- edial work with retarded chil- dren and cliildren with learn- ing problems. The centre has bio-medical, psychological and educational divisions. Accepts Cuba's invitation WINNIPEG (CP) Gen- eral manager Leonard Stone says the Winnipeg Symphony reluctantly has turned down an invitation to take part in tho Clwltenham arts festival in England In July. Mr. Slone Mid the orches- tra didn t have enough Urne to arrange financing of the trip. The lour, which would have Included performances at the feslival and a scries of concerts in nl least six other centres, would have cost about it is not likely that any two of them look alike. In the world of diatoms, the word is variety. A living diatom is a single- celled plant, equipped with chlorophyll for using solar en- ergy to manufacture its own food. Its raw materials are wa- ter, dissolved chemicals am carbon dioxide provided by va- rious fishes that swim near the sunny surface. As a rule, the green chlorophyll is masked by diatomis, a yellowish pigmenl that tints the living cell with golden amber. The living cell is remark able, but the shells it builds are even more so. Its buUdini material is dissolved silica, ex- tracted molecule by molecule from the water. The shells are built like a pair of trays, seam- ed together to form a minia- ture box. This is the basic de- sign. But each species outdoes Itself in decorating'its surface The boxy shells may be square or oblong, globular or triangular, oval or shaped like a dew drop, a stick, a new moon or cushion. The outside is decorated with an elaborate design of grooves and ridges tiny buttons and pockets. And all this beauty is splurged on a tiny plant that measures about one thousandth part of an inch. Nature supplies these minia- ture marvels in astronomical numbers. They start the food chain that supports all life In fresh and salt water. These tiniest of plants teem in the plankton that feeds the earth's largest animal, the great blue baleen whale. Diatoms have thronged the seas through millions of years and almost everywhere the seabed is carpeted with their discarded shells. They mix with oozy mud and form dl- atomareous earth. This fos- silized material has many in- dustrial uses and its frag- ments of hard silica add the scouring zest to our household cleansing powders. p Andy sends a World Book Atlas to Cathy Booth, age 10, of Calgary, Alberta, for her question: Do glaciers really look Hoe? Suppose we could make a perfectly clean glacier of plain, pure water. Its ice would be tinged very slightly with palest blue. On a clear day it would sparkle in the sunshine and borrow more blue from the sky. If it reached the shore, it would borrow even more blue from the sea. But real glaciers are made in the gyubby world outdoors. Nature does not make them of the purest wa- ter and perfectly spotless ice. Glaciers are made from crushed and crumpled layers of frozen snows. Even the whitest snowflakes gather dust as they drift down and blowing winds from afar add more dust to the snows on the ground. The fallen snow also mixes with muddy clay and dirty pebbles. As It freezes, all this dirty debris is frozen into the hard, solid ice. Melting streams' and oozing water dump more dirt hto the cracks and crevices. Most glaciers are dirty white or grubby grey, more or less the same color as the wintry skies and seas around them. Even on clear days, their rough surfaces cannot reflect much sparkling blue (ram the sky and sea. Questions askea by eMMim of Herald readers should be mulled to Ask Andy, P.O. Box IK, rlunUngton California (Copyright Publishing Co. 1172) i CAN'T wiD SCHOOL A PRESS... I CAN'T! UftV CO THE'C HAVE TO HAVE rUMUEWEIOS-ly TOM K. RYAN BLONDIE-By Chic Young IN JUST MAY I HAVE J A MIWUT6, A PIECE OF "VsJ., OEHR TOAST, PLEASE) THE CORD IS rU.HA.VE TO STRAIGHTEN rrour.PiRsrr tUW BAIlET-By Mort Walker MAPS VOU FLINCH, 6MGB III ABNH-By Al Copp THEIR KBUTDOTTWORRY- REACTICW A WE'LL SUPPL.V ARMORED CAR- -AND DAV AND NIGHT .BUT TO BE ON THE SAFE SIDE-WHEN NOT STAV HOME-AND LOCK YOUR DOORS.', ARCHIE-By Bob Montana OPwHE'U IF WE CAN HAVE JUST6ETOOTOF IN SCHOOL WITHOUT I PSTEN- THE'PMNCIBM. 'QUICK.' HIDE IT LOOKS J LIKE HIS SHADOW.'. HI AND LOIS-By Dik TAKE rr EASY LOIS.VBU KNOW THE OLD CIV OVER SPILLED MILK.' TROOEJ IWBHXXTD BE MORE CARffULOF YOUR MILK HOWEVER, IF YOU'D LIKE TO SCREAM A SHORT RIBS-By Frank O'Neal HUMPF-THENOtriHUBYCU am. BUNNY COWfiRAIIONy.SIRar MAV I WRAP TUB SBT Wft YOU MISS PETUNIA?