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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 9, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 8 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, January 9, 1975 College girl studying blacksmithing course GREELY, Ont. (CP) Community college student Daphne Lane has shattered a slerotype in another male-oriented trade. Miss Lane, 24, is studying (o be a blacksmith. "It took a lot of work to get accepted into the she said. The federal man- power department was at first reluctant to let a woman enrol in the physically de- manding course. "I've always loved Miss Lane said. "In my high school years I really did a lot of riding." She herself had doubts about the course at first. But a girl friend who lives in British Columbia encouraged her to go ahead. Her friend is a practising blacksmith who took a similar training course at Dawson Creek, B.C., a few years ago. Miss Lane said that despite the intense physical exertion, she finds the work satisfying. "It can be she said of horses that refuse to co-operate while she is trying to shoe them. "But I enjoy the work and I'm learning a lot." Miss Lane is not the only new aspect of blacksmith training. While horseshoeing is centuries old, the idea of having a college course in blacksmithing is a new one. It is the first college horseshoeing class in eastern Ontario. In a barn at Equidae stables in this com- munity 12 miles south of Ottawa, Miss Lane and nine other Algonquin College the others soot- spotted in long leather aprons and gloves. Much of the time they are assailed by the clanging of cold metal on hot metal in classes that run eight hours a day five days a week. The Canada Manpower Service asked the equestrian management branch of Ottawa's Algonquin College to devise the 20-week course when it noticed a rising demand for blacksmiths in the area. It is patterned after the original program at Dawson Creek. Students are selected and sponsored for the course by the manpower service. Practical matters are stressed. Before they progress to shoeing live horses, they practise on hooves severed at the fetlock, which serve blacksmith students as cadavers do medical students. Dan Dunwoodie, a blacksmith for a dozen years, teaches the anatomy and physiology of horses, drawing particular attention to hoof defects. Mr. Dunwoodie also teaches how to deal with balky horses. His pupils learn to "roll a shoe from bar a technique practised by black- smiths a century ago. They make their own tools with hammer and welding torch. With a recent survey showing horses in the Ottawa Valley and around a million across Canada, employment opportunities for graduates are promising. Blacksmiths are needed because horses must be shod regularly to prevent injury to their hooves and serious financial loss to their owners. Mr. Dunwoodie says students should have no trouble finding work once they are trained. "At the moment, about 15 blacksmiths are working in the area and they're always over- booked." Like pizzerias, blacksmiths make house calls. "Probably, these students will have mobile uniU once they set up said Mr. Dunwoodie. "It's often easier to go to the customer than have the customer come to you." Coaldale grad compares life in Canada, U.S. DAPHNE LANE AT WORK IN STABLES A Canadian student attending university in the United States may wonder if his homeland even exists, says a former Coaldale resi- dent studying economics at the University of Chicago. Ken Slemko, 22, a graduate of Kate Andrews High School, says one of the biggest ad- justments he had to make dur- ing the past four years was learning to live with the dearth of news about Canada. Mr. Slemko says "benign neglect" best describes Americans' attitudes to Cana- dian current events. "You might see an article or two in the newpaper once a he said, when interviewed while visiting his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Steve Slemko of Coaldale, during the holidays. 1 have to admit, he added, "that there was a lot of talk during the energy crisis most Americans were aware of Canada then. And most people have been following our recent federal provincial resources dispute quite closely, as well as Canada's new policies on oil exports." "I've missed Canada's political he says. "They just don't talk much about Canada in the U.S. We know a lot more about American's politics than they .do about ours -The Herald- Youth TIRE AND AUTOMOTIVE CENTRE AIL SIZES. ONE PRICE OUR FINEST 4 PLY NYLON CORD TIRES DELUXE YOUR CHOICE: ANY SIZE LISTED In 1970, Mr. Slemko won a scholarship to the University of Chicago, through that in- stitution's "small school talent search." Under the scholarship, a portion of his expenses were to be covered for the five years he attended the university. This spring, he will receive his master's degree in inter- national finance, after which he hopes to return to Canada to work and live. "One of my reasons for attending the University of Chicago was its reputation as a liberal arts school where students take many general courses, getting a broad education, before entering a specialty. The university had a large number of foreign students from a variety of countries." One of the highlights of Mr. Slemko's education was winn- ing a chance to attend Dag Hammarskjold College (a multi national private college, near Columbia, in 1971. He was one of 60 students studying international law in an eight month course which included one month in New York, observing at the United Nations, and one month in Europe. While at the college, Mr. Slemko met students from abroad, several of whom have visited his parents' farm with him. This Christmas, friends from Japan spent part of the holiday with his family. Going from a rural setting to a high density urban centre was another adjust- ment for Mr. Slemko. "I was determined to do well at Chicago and succeed in my studies, so I had a positive at- titude towards the he recalls, "but even so, going from a farm to the middle of the city where you're sur- rounded by a ghetto on three sides, in the middle of a high crime area that was quite an adjustment. Still, I think I was able to cope with the change fairly well better than many others." Although he's enjoyed studying abroad, Mr. Slemko will be happy to return to Canada. Basically, there's a real difference between Canadians and he says. "We're generally quieter and less outspoken." RUGGED NYLON CORD DURABLE QUALITY STRONG DEPENDABLE RIDE MILEAGE GUARANTEED MILES OR 20 MONTHS Every HALLMARK tire carries a lifetime guar- antee against rood hazards workmanship OUT LIMIT TO MONTHS OR MILES AT EXTRA CHARGE. YOUR CHOICE WHITEWALLS OR BLACKWALLS AIR ADJUSTABLE SHOCK ABSORBERS 2 FOR 4888 EXPERT INSTALLATION AVAILABLE For most popular cars, station wagons and light pickup trucks. Includes manual till hose kit. Most North American Cars. For quick starts on cold mornings. FRONT-END ALIGNMENT 777 CHAMPION, AC, OR AUTOLITE PLUGS f LimitS RESISTOR PLUGS .97 MOST NORTH AMERICAN CARS I For better steering and longer tire wear! Let I our expert mechanics adjust caster, camber, I toe and repack outer front wheel bearings. RISLONE ENGINE TREATMENT q, Restores lost compression and power. ORLON PILE SEATCOVERS SAVE ON A SET OF 4 825.15 WHITEHALL REG.PRICEJ113.76 1 SALE PRICE 8 TRACK STEREO, 3688 For most cars Front or rear, choice of 6 colours mods in Canada RR47T _ Ranger compact fits almost anywhere. Dual controls, excellent tone reproduction. Expert installation available. STEREO SPEAKERS BS53C 11.88 pair SUPER SPECIAL! PREMIUM BATTERIES n One Low Price For Most R Compact, Medium Standard North American Cars. Dry charged for over 4 years of de- pendable high performance power. Series 22F. 24 and 24F Sixes For Most North American Lux- ury Cars. Series 27 and 27F. CHILTON'S AUTO REPAIR MANUAL .1194 Covers most Nqrth American Cars, 1967 to 1975. ICE SCRAPER- BRUSH SQUEEGE 179 With Exchange mode in Canada 19" handle, nylon scraper 7 brush and squeegee. BATTERY BLANK Keeps battery from freezing, 80 watts. Glasgow youth gangs appear on the retreat GLASGOW, Scotland (AP) Glasgow's youth gangs cling to a pattern of relentless violence but they appear on the retreat for the first time in half a century. The credit, by most accounts, belongs to a police force with a blend of firmness and patience laced with uncommon im- agination. "It's no good telling kids not to commit a crime because it's .against the said Chief Inspector Archie MacKenzie "You have to probe a lot deeper than that. "The old idea of crime prevention was to advise people to lock their doors and windows. But that didn't stop the wish to com- mit crimes. Our method is to get policemen individually involv- ed with the whole community, particularly in the rougher "We think it may take four or five years to show real results but the prospects are encouraging." The latest official figures, covering 1973, show a drop of more than 10 per cent in overall crime from the previous year The police say the total number of reported crimes was in this port city of more than a million inhabitants on the busy Clyde River. Crimes of personal violence numbered 2 312 a decrease of 192 on the 1972 figure. Glasgow long has offered some of the best and much of the worst housing in the United Kingdom and gang warfare used to be a way of life for the boys of the Gorbals, Maryhill Townhead, Govan and other slum districts, now mostly pulled down. But in some of the vast new housing projects on the city's perimeters such as Easterhouse and Castlemilk the gangs remain, although seemingly less ferocious than their forerunners of the 1920s and 1930s. Sgt. Andrew Love, who has spent nearly two years detached from the police force to work among the Easterhouse youngsters, said: "We still have a considerable problem with such groups as the Drummie and Aggro gangs. The lads enjoy their daily or weekly skirmish. Going to court afterward is just a day out for them." The Glasgow police force's community involvment branch was set up at the end of 1971 and soon became a thriving opera- tion with a special staff of more than 50. The biggest problem is what to do about the hard core of delinquents who lounge on street corners hoping for a crack at rivals who may have strayed out of their own strictly defined reserve. The gangs nearly always draw their names and mem-. bers from specific streets or small localities. Their weapons are razors, hammers, knives and steel combs sharpened to a deadly point. Some boys ring their fingers with beer-can pulltops, which can inflict severe-injury. The game is to "chih" the other boy, meaning to stab or slash "Ripping" is different, because the blade of the razor is turned in the wound. The sub-culture was penetrated a few years ago by James Patrick, a young school teacher who finally broke away when asked to wield an axe in a street foray. In his book A Glasgow Gang Observed, Patrick named more than 50 lawless youth groups in the city. One of the most sinsister gangs listed by Patrick was The Mummies, whose members swathed their faces and hands in bandages. They drove around in a panel truck into which they enticed other youngsters who were promptly for no particular reason. 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