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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 9, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, January 9, 1975 Gaining empathy vicariously Nobody ever really appreciates what is involved in a job until it is actually tackled. For this reason a lot of quite un- justified criticisms float around concern- ing the soft time some people have in making their living. An insight into how it is for those serv- ing in one of the professions is to be found in the November December issue of the Alberta Teachers' Association magazine. Two articles one by a long- time teacher still at it, the other by a short-term teacher who has quit deserve to be considered by the general public. The points made by the two writers should elicit some sympathy for teachers if nothing else. Cy Groves, who has taught high school English for more than 20 years, provides the picture of the demands made on the time of the teacher. Anne Macklin, who could only take two years of teaching language arts in a junior high school, covers the emotional drain of the job. The great emphasis on innovative practices in the classroom is blamed by Mr. Groves for increasing the pressure on teachers. To adopt the practice of audiovisual teaching, for instance, increases the time needed for prepara- tion by approximately 20 per cent. "Films and tapes are to be chosen from dozens of catalogues, ordered and previewed; slides are not only to be created and printed but are to be painstakingly assembled and dovetailed into a learning situation; audiovisual equipment must be reserved and set up in advance." Team teaching requires more prepara- tion time because of the need for meetings to plan and evaluate. An emphasis on individualized learning ob- viously means a greater investment in time. So does the discovery method, heterogeneous grouping, field-trip ex- perience, and almost every new thing introduced into the classroom. Mr. Groves is not against change; he thinks it is necessary, actually. All he asks is that somehow consideration be given to the extra demands on time and energy the changes impose. He does not want time off work but time to cope with the job: time to make information based, value based, and criteria based decisions about curriculum and methods; time to at least read the multi- text materials with which the contem- porary student is involved; time to listen to tapes and view films; time to prepare and duplicate materials and tests; time to mark individual pieces of student writing; time to talk with the guidance personnel about students who need help; time for visits with parents; time for lesson preparation; time for being a teacher and not a machine. Along with the changes that have taken place in teaching there are changes in today's children that tax a teacher's' patience and ingenuity. Ms. Macklin writes about the lack of motivation on the part of students. They don't want to compete and achieve. There is also the problem of bad manners and incon- siderateness toward teacher and fellow student alike. The students Ms. Macklin writes about are not the exceptional ones but the usual ones. The change in students does not necessarily make them harder to like, according to Ms. Macklin, simply harder to work with. Discipline has become an elusive force without much effect if it cannot be administered in the classroom. So great is the concern over public relations, she charges, .that teachers can't expect help or support from administration. And parents generally are either apathetic or un- comprehending. These are not the sort of things people usually think about when regarding the teaching profession or there would be less talk about high pay for little effort, and more concern about the difficult task teaching has become. Save the whales Greenpeace Foundation is a non profit organization incorporated under the B.C. Societies Act. In recent years it has financed a unique kind of opposition to nuclear testing the sailing of a vessel into the testing area in defiance of the authorities. Two voyages were made to seek the cessation of American nuclear testing at Amchitka Island in the Aleutian chain. Then two more voyages were made to Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific to try to bring to an end the French nuclear weapons testing in the atmosphere. The foundation, in a recent press release, claims the campaigns to end the nuclear tests were a complete success: the Americans cancelled further tests on Amchitka as did the French at Mururoa. Although the Greenpeace voyages are not likely to have been the sole factor in bringing about the cancellations, they undoubtedly contributed a good deal because they focussed public opposition throughout the world. Now another voyage is going to be made to challenge Japanese and Russian whalers bent on the apparent extermina- tion of whales. There is already in ex- istence a substantial body of belief that whaling should be banned to allow the species to recover, but the Japanese and Russians have defied world .opinion. So a few months from now a Greenpeace vessel will sail from Vancouver in an attempt to blocade both the Japanese and Russian whaling fleets as they sweep past the west coast of Canada. The short sightedness of hunting whales to their extinction is so obviously absurd that it is hard to understand the unwillingness of the Japanese and Russians to agree to a moratorium. When the whales are finally exter- minated the expensive whaling equip- ment will be idled forever and the yearn- ing for whale steaks will never again be satisfied. Surely it would be better to curb the instinct for short term gain in exchange for the prospect of long term controlled whaling. Those who believe that actions under- taken by small groups of individuals have power to influence events in the world and who also agree with the objec- tive of trying to conserve the whales can send donations to: Greenpeace V Trust Fund, P.O. No. 33784, Station Van- couver, B.C., V6J 2E2. Letters Poor snow removal "Doin' the beef inquiry hop" Oil war still insanity By Carl T. Rowan, syndicated commentator The city of Lethbridge should be commended for the way it handles snow removal, which is non-existent. Icy streets and big ruts are everywhere making it prac- tically impossible for people to get around, not to mention the damage to wheel alignments, etc. on the cars. The number of accidents are numerous. It's no wonder in- surance rates keep going up every year. There are enough accidents on Mayor Magrath Drive without the aid of snow and ice. Why isn't the bylaw enforc- ed making people shovel their sidewalks? Even merchants are very lax in this respect, parking lots included. City council keeps bragging about the surplus they have in snow removal funds. What are they doing with the taxpayers money and why isn't it used for the purpose that the monies were allotted for? City crews in other cities are sanding the streets as soon as a snowfall occurs, dur- ing the night and early mor- ning, not after rush hours as they do in Lethbridge. Mayor Magrath is just like a skating rink at a.m. If a little bit of salt were used with the sand, it would melt the ice faster. The salt won't corrode the cars if they are taken to a car wash. Lots of people have driven in a city that uses salt and their cars aren't corroded if they keep them washed. We were glad to see that at least one merchant has gone on television protesting the state of the city streets and we hope that everyone who is complaining will take the time to call or write city hall, and some action will be taken. SEVEN CITIZENS Lethbridge Legislation needed WASHINGTON The headlines about going to war against the oil producing countries must have struck gladness in the hearts of every nut in America who believes that a great country must take whatever it needs. The headlines said that Henry Kissinger regarded the use of military force as an op- tion to which the U.S. might have to resort in a worsening energy crisis. And that interview is bound to pump hope into those idiotic people who have been arguing that if the oil producing countries won't voluntarily reduce prices to a level we think is fair, then we ought to sic the U.S. Marines on them. Let me say at the outset that Kissinger's interview with Business Week on the possible resort to arms was not nearly as irresponsible as some newspaper headlines suggested. He declined to rule out force, implying that it might be used "where there's some actual strangulation of the industrial world." And that is what made headlines. But what you had better look at are some of the other things Kissinger said: Is military action to reduce oil prices wise? "A very dangerous said Kissinger. "We should have learned from Vietnam that it is easier to get into a war than to get out of it." I might add that it is easier to start a war than to win one. Kissinger surely knows that oil fields in flames around the world, sabotaged in a dozen countries that this is no cure for the energy crisis that afflicts the United States and Western Europe. Note also that Kissinger was asked: "Do you worry about what the Soviets would do in the Middle East if there were any military action against the (oil) Kissinger "Any president who would resort to military action in the Middle East without worrying about what the Soviets would do would have to be reckless the use of force would be con- sidered only in the gravest emergency." When Americans are still buying Cadillacs, Continentals and Imperials in record numbers, when we buy all the gasoline we want at 50-odd cents a gallon while people in other countries pay and more, it can hardly be con- sidered "the gravest emergency" that leads us to initiate war. Kissinger made a comment that won't command headlines, but it ought to be pondered by war hawks and peace doves alike. "The political he said, "is that the whole Western world, with the exception perhaps of the United States, is suffering from political malaise, from inner uncer- tainty and lack of direction." That "exception perhaps of the United States" was a polite and respectful sop to his commander in chief. The grim truth is this country has suffered from corrupt, and now weak, leadership. Fifteen months have passed since we first heard that anguished, then brave, talk about a massive campaign to achieve "self-sufficiency" in energy. We were going to get our thing together so we could thumb our noses at the Arabs, the Shah of Iran, at Venezuela and even Canada. Where are the atomic energy, plants that we have begun to build toward that end? Why is it that we've not even begun really to take coal out of the ground, let alone turn it into substitutes for OPEC petroleum? Why is it that we have no real programs for the conservation of energy which demand genuine sacrifices from the American people? Kissinger said: "The in- dustrialized nations suffer in general from the illusion that talk is a substitute for sub- stance." So true. And it describes us as much as the weakest country in Europe. And when talk becomes the substitute, no talk goes down better than bluster and bravado about how if other countries don't let us have what we want, or need, at a price of pur determination, .then we'll just go over and whup hell out of 'em. I agree wholeheartedly with The Herald editorial (Jan. stating that the Canadian government should enact legislation that no company operating in Canada be in any way subject to laws of another country. Nor should any man in Canada be able to claim any other country's laws ex- empting him from Canadian laws. While we may at times be concerned with some par- ticular country, there should be no distinction between countries of origin for either cash or manpower in this regard. When we either invite or accept foreign investment, our concern should be to get the most out of the deal possible. To do that, we must make conditions sufficiently attractive to insure reasonable profit and a desire to remain with us. We should also be careful to see that we are not running into future troubles or being controlled by these investments. The same goes for im- migrants. If they tell the truth, they are accepting our ways and there never has been any agreement we accept theirs or intend to be kicked out in their favor. And in either case we do not owe anything to any country the investment or person comes from. If we have not had enough common sense to state this in the laws up to this time, it is time we took a much belated step in mat direction. The rest should follow by agreement. J. A. SPENCER Magrath People care With over people dy- ing every week from hunger and over half a billion people (like us, with hopes and dreams) suffering from some form of starvation, we can build new arenas to play more games. We must be careful we may be playing games against an angry God and we will be sorry losers. How can we see pictures of starving children, helpless with big pleading eyes, and do nothing but walk away and play more games and seek more pleasures. We just don't care. Is this what Christianity and so called civilization has done for us? Do we receive an education, and pay taxes for these results? We will reap what we sow. Soon. Magrath CHUCK SEPHTORE Disclaims remarks We've got plenty of nothing By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator ERIC NICOL Please, no hysteria An obscene phone call, from a reader, in- forms me that he heard on the radio news that the world is slowing down at the rate of one second per year. He wants to know what I'm going to do about it. My response to this is that nobody should put too much reliance in what he hears on the radio news. Radio news is news pilfered from old newspapers, by persons who are often in no condition to hold the newspaper right side up. Not that I blame them. If I had to work in a small, soundproof room, entirely surrounded by Three Dog Night and other strange noises, I too would scan the news through the bottom of a glass. But because of the dubious source, I am un- able to confirm the news that the world is slowing down at the rate of one second per year. I believe it is true. But I believe it on the basis of a gut feeling that something about me is slowing down, and it may well be the world. A deceleration rate of one second per year doesn't sound like much, when you're having fun. But some of us have a special sensitivity to phenomena that take longer than they.used to. It has nothing to do with the male menopause. It is just a gift. Assuming that the planet is, in fact, slow- ing down in its daily whirl, what are the scientific implications? The first thing to note is that, once you start slowing down, you slow down faster and faster. This is what will happen to the earth. One day we shall wake up to find that the globe has stopped spinning altogether. There will be no diurnal transition from daylight to darkness, and this will frighten a lot of people such as nightclub operators. Like the moon, one half of the world will have perpetual daytime, the other half night. This could affect our pattern of living. For instance, the inhabitants of 50 per cent of the planet will become completely noctur- nal. This means that they will look like your Uncle Fred very small, beady eyes (if any) but enormous ears, as well as feelers and a furry tongue. Some residents of the dark side of the globe will resent the change in their environment and will try to move to the sunny side. For this reason it is wise to plan now to be on the bright side of the earth when it stops turning. Anyone can do the simple calculations in- volved, with a little help from Sir Bernard Lovell and Jake the Croupier. More difficult to answer is the question: Why is the world slowing down? One possibility is that too many people have been saying: "Stop the world. I want to get off." They may be getting their wish. If so, it is an object lesson in making irresponsible demands on the solar system. Finally, is there anything we can do to arrest the trend towards an increasingly desultory revolution of the planet? In the primitive past, when people were alarmed by cosmic events, they sacrificed a steer to propitiate the gods. We can't do that today. The cost of beef is even more terrifying than the world's slowing down. Instead, we must maintain a sternly rational attitude towards the world's loss of momentum. There is no excuse for un- controlled panic. Controlled panic, yes. But, please, no hysteria in front of the children. PARIS The fragility of modern industrial society has been exposed to an astonishing degree by the energy crisis, which is almost certainly the harbinger of other crises involving dis- tribution and prices of raw materials. Complex systems were hard hit by the initial Arab petroleum embargo and the subsequent series of abrupt price rises which more than quadrupled the cost of oil. Most ocean liners were already sold as uneconomic before the fuel shortage hit, and put nearly the entire burden of long-range travel on aircraft. But now the airlines are in desperate straits; un- able to afford high-priced jet fuel, they struggle to survive. If any important number of them fails, the world may reverse previous tendencies to draw together physically and could withdraw again into more isolated sectors. There has never been as much cultural or psy- chological unity or as much global community as surface indications hinted increas- ing similarity in external dress and entertainment habits, enhanced by more and more tourism, one has but to look at best seller lists of different countries to see how reading habits contrast, despite convenient translations. National differences with respect to taste, culture, habits and traditions remain every bit as strong as political differences. Now, with, the pressures of competition for short supplies of vital resources abroad, these differences could easily be stressed. The underdeveloped countries have so far demonstrated remarkable ability to band together in their mutual interest when demanding greater profits from hitherto wealthy lands seeking their resources. New- ly independent nations see themselves morally as well as legally justified in applying squeezes. As Algeria's thoughtful president, Houari Boumedienne, once told me: "The underdeveloped countries have been forced to stagnate as a consequence of what colonialism did." What happened when the oil squeeze hit the industrial world is now happening all over again with the sugar squeeze. In 1973, before the crisis began, world sugar con- sumption already exceeded total cane and beet production by about metric tons. This gap will certainly widen' for the current year. Mean- time prices are leaping up- ward. The sugar-producing lands like Mauritius, Jamaica, but above all Cuba with more than 11 per cent of the world crop politically may gain importance from this fact. Will industrial nations, whose human energy depends on a minimum sugar intake just as their industrial energy depends on oil, start rushing to Havana as they do to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia's capital? Undoubtedly, the sugar problem is far easier to solve than that of energy and, as a matter of fact, by a rather similar approach. In each case, there must be increased production in consumer countries (easier done with sugar, beets than with alter- native energy more sensible distribution of supplies, and some attempt to avoid wasteful usage. It is amply evident that modern, developed societies depended to an unhealthy degree on cheap access to overseas resources. This access remained cheap and assured only under one or another form of colonialism, as the third world is quite right in proclaiming. What has already happened with petroleum and sugar may soon happen with grain (Russia had a rotten crop this year) and copper' plus numerous other commodities considered essential to modern life. Huge powers like the United States, the Soviet Union and China, because -they are nearly autarkic in many respects, can survive strains posed by these lacks more easily than smaller lands. Some of these smaller lands could ease their problem by moving far more rapidly than they have hitherto done in the direction of confederation as with the European com- munity. Others, like Japan must rely to an almost dangerous degree on national discipline and clever diplomacy. But even if the United States seems largely self- sufficient in terms of its re- quired resources, its future is tightly bound up with that of allied, especially western European, lands. The only raw material in large supply still left in this region today is brains. If that commodity con- tinues to be misused politically and economically we are all doomed in the end. In a story on page 18 of The Herald (December entitl- ed "Doors open to new certain remarks were attributed to me by the writer, Mr. Andy Ogle, which, to my recollection, I did not say. The story may have been a composite of other people's opinion which was in line with what Mr. Ogle was trying to get, but it was not my opinion or my statement. My former landlord did not say what I was quoted as attributing to him. We had excellent relations with him during the years we lived in his premises, and grew to respect him highly. I regret and re- sent the innuendo that there was trouble between us. HILDA BENINGFIELD Lethbridge Berry's World "Either the economy is getting worse of there are a lot of doggies out there with weird the lethbridcje Herald 504 SI. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS, Edilor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;