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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 9, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta ONE REPORT "STATES THAT EBERT GOVT. HAS BEEN OVERTHROWN Break Blockade of Allies To Bring Relief to Starving People of Europe. PAR3S, Jan. representa- tives of the allied nations here in- tend to give immediate considera- tion of the question ol mitigating Ihe severity of the of the central powers, according to in- dications today. Such mitigat- ion, it is pointed out, would bs granted in order to admit of the passing in of food supplies Creche-Slovakia, Poland and sec- tions of Russia and other territory which it is desired to reach and which can not .be reached except through territory which the cen- tral powers are holding. PAItlS, Jan. ami Italy- have noL as yet appointed their mem- bers on ttio international food com- nnd consequently plans mi der -the direction 'of Ikrberi C Hoover havn not Jieen effected. Tim delay, lias rendered it Impossible for Mm to make arrangements for ihe purchase ot faU und other foodstuffs urgently needed by the populations of territories evacuated by.ihe'Ger ijiaps, White complete surveys of tne too question in the eracuated territorie and the. central empires arft not ye .psTtial irnresttgaUou show lamentable- conditions requiring im relief. This Id especially li case in the Ualfcans ami .Inland.. Eberl Government is Reported Overthrown in One Dispalcli Another States Victory is Not Says He Has No Doubt oS Fighting Occurs. Ferries and Tug Staten Island is Isolated BIG EXPLOSION JOHNSTOWN, Pa., Jan. Fire, followed by explosions, de- stroyed the plant of the G. R. fitcAbce Oil and Powder Company at Tunnotton, Pa., last night, ac- cording to word received here this morning. More than 1000 pounds of dynamite blew up, the report eays. No details us to whether there was loss of life avail- able, OTTAWA, Jan. special dispatch to ll-jj Montreal Gazette from London last night discussing .the purchase of Canadian wheat by the British government said it is quite possible that whcp.l prices will be fixed for this year's crop, but at a considerable reduction In the prices paid for the last two years. PARIE, J.-in. government in Germany has been overturned, the extremists having gained the upper hand In Berlin, after sanguinary fighting, according lo the advices received here. A new revolutionary government has been proclaimed, composed of Independent-Socialists. A part of the government troops are reported to have sere- over to the rebels, and the Sparlacans now hold the prin- cipal points in Berlin. Civil It lo other parts of Germany, the advices mdl- eale and parti of the Rhcnlsch provinces and Bavaria arc now reported to be Involved. Guitave Nc-ske, the commander-in.chief of the government forces, will send rev; troops against the capital in an attempt to regain control, It ie reported. A desperate reaction by the more conservative elements is expected. The casualties In the fighting arc reported to be heavy. The Inde- pendent-Socialists, said to b: at the head of the new government, are Georges Ledebour and Herr Tick. Dr. Karl Liebknecht, the leader of ihe Spartacans, is continuing his activities (presumably in an effort to instal a government of his own choosing.) SEVERE STREET FIGHTING AMSTERDAM, Jan. fighting In Berlin attained the great- est intensity between Tuesday night and 5 o'clock Wednesday morning, according to a telegram received here. Heavy artillery firing continued un- interruptedly. The dispatch the government Is still master of the situation. Large bodies of particularly artillery, it is added, con- tinue to be sent to Berlin. Premier Ebert is reported to hnvf told a friend that he had no doubt about the issue of the GOVERNMENT TROOPS REACH BERLIN BASEL, Jon. loyal to the Ebert government have arrived In Berlin from Potsdam and driven the Spartacans as far as the Tiergarten 'and1 re-occupied the printing works, according to the Frankfort Zcltung, IN SYMPATHY BASEL, Jan. demonstrations in sympathy with the Litbknecht movement have taken place in Brunswick and Munich. A mob pillaged the streets in Brunswick. In Munich, the Bavarian capital, several persons were killed and wounded In street riots. i ARTILLERY EMPLOYED AMSTERDAM, Jan. fighting in which artillery was em- ployed took place- in Berlin yesterday near the central telegraph offices. TlteV-Bpariac'ans renewed their attempts to seize the chancellor's palace, it Is declared in Berlin dispatches to the Handilsbladt, but were driven back with the loss of 30 killed and 40 wounded. THE NEW GOVERNMENT BERNE, Jan. reports from Berlin state that the rebels there have formed "a new government under the title of "the revolutionary This committee comprises three members, Herr Liebemann, George Ledebour and Herr Tlsk, the last named, the president of the Spartacan league: SERIOUS CLASH BERLIN, Jan- forces and government troops clashed this afternoon at thr. Brandenburg gates, where Unter den Lindsn termin- ates and the Tiergarten meet. Machine guns were used in the fighting. The correspondent saw three victims of the firing carried across the Pariser v Platr, in front of the sate. One was apparently dead. DESTROY REIGN TERROR LONDON, Jan. government messages picked up by wireless here say that parts of Beriin are scenes of bloodshed. The government, it is ndded, is taking all necessary measures to destroy "the reign of The messages say that some parts of Beriin already are without light and water. Provision depots have been stormed by. the Sparlacans and the feeding of soldiers and civilians has been Interrupted. NEW YORK, Jan. ap- proximately affected, the strike of thj rrarine workers' af- filiation into effect here at six o'clock this morning. At that hour ferry boats, steam lighters, tow boats, coal barges, grain boats and other harbor craft were ot n standstill, according to the strike leaders. Join Strikers YOHK. Jan. c.f ay tugs joineil tlie liarbor striko lay, pnforcinfj suspension ot ail iriise operatiuus of tlitf railroad ad- nisirauoc. Superintendent Hoi- ck, o'.'ihis branch ol the service, ill that.wiih rerrk-.s anil 00 railroad craft were Mlo, a tier; UP 10 Ml f I'ederulion of Labor Asks (iovl To Look After Child Case tLord Robert Cecil Discusses i League of Nations in Full on His Arrival in Paris. MEDICINE HAT, Jan I farther discussion oi the child labor Keddiffe Glass factory, tile Federatioi I I'.UilS. Jan. Kcbei-t I'wil. who has arrired here wiih tho first i si'ttkiu of Hi" lii-ilish licace deleca- r i tion, expressed the opinion to the AB- :ialed Press loilay the definite ;3nizalEon of :i league of nations indispensable ns u t stey to- ward 1hc eoiiclnstoll that enduring liobert replied in Ihe affirmative. lions ilo not hutit navies for offen- sive he said. "They buiM them fc-r defensive fot lice duties. Here again is a. grea! scope for cooperation between thti powers represented at the ings New York (o a crisis as re-] squarely Iiefore the provincial million- fooil and coal, and they pre- ties for ihe enforcement ui c'.ed .that -within ii hours the milk the Factory Act. R. K. Itoiir-r. con- luaiion will he much more serious, venor of ihe special committee, roport- he city's milk supply, already ed Ihe action taken by Hie committee decreased through a -strike of the I and this was endorsed by the conven- airymen's League, now will he fur-i tion. hut ino prosecution proceefciss ler" depleted, -the strikers sav.! Instituted hy the committee Tuesday [rough Inability to Ret the milk! night were dropped after a report sent here from New jersey Ktateu island, comprising Ilieh- lond horuugii of itin city, '.vis com- letely isolated by the strike. .Navy Make Act WASHINGTON, Jan. Secretaries from Delegate Russell of Edmonton which revealed a situation that amaz- ed the convention. According to Iho statements, ot Mr. Russell, the justice of the peace be- fore whom the inforiiiimur, laid, Daniels and Haker of the navy ami was not only unsympathetic, hut was var departments, respectively, called himself an employer of child labor, nlo conference today representatives parents of the children were nc- nf the railroad administration and quiescent in the situation and tho hipping board to consider the New Other laborers wore so loath to CLVC situation. -Iteports were evjuence (hat tlie committee anlicinat- jorir naroor suuaiiuu. -iwpuim evidence trial tne coumiui'-u current before the-conference, called'. grcat difficulty in obtaining justice or cither the navy or the Uj0 event of bringing the case to the of international problems which hare .risen out of the war. Personal Views Robert made it clear thai Ills statements were personal views anil not 341 attempt to give the views of the British government. "In my opinion, a league of nations is necessary as ilie inilial slep in the icace negotiations." said Lord liobert. 'It is not only necessary to insure neac-e. lint also for the proper .trcat- nent of many international questions which must lie considered by tlw peace congress. "Joint action in an organized and recognized form is-necessary iiyonler war department would take over op- craliou of ail harbor facilities. Dominion Express and Others Present Case to the Rail- rend Board OTTAWA, Jan. hearing ot the application of the Express Traffic Association of Canada for permission lo introduce increased tariff was ad- journed yesterday by the board way commissioners lo resume in .Tor- onto on Jan. 13. The chief witness lo relieve millions ot arc j Durrougi, trairjc manager ot the-Dom- OTTAWA, Jan. tions for the talc of the 1919 wheat crop are under way in Lon- don between Canadian represcn' tativea and the British authori- ties. Official nilvlccs so far do not convey word of a definite agreement having been reached. J. A. Maharg, M.P., of Moose Dr. Magill, of Winnlpcj, lare now overseas approved by the Dominion government as special representatives of agricultural 'Interests. They are co-operating with Sir Robert Borden and his colleagues with a view If a ,factory arrangement with the British government. N OLYMPIC COMING AGAIN OTTAWA, Jan. steamer Olympic, carrying about 5000 pas- itngers, most of whom arc Cana- dian soldiers, will sail from Eng- 'land tomorrow, according to ad- vices received by the militia de- partment. She will arrive at Hali- fax in about five days. Although her port of departure le not given, it Is likely that the sails from Southampton. The militia partmeni has not yet received ad- vices of tho number on board by military districts. WANTS TO BE CONSIDERED ONLY AS A PRIME MINISTER PARIS, Jan. Temps says It is able to slate that President Wllion hss officially Informed Premier. Ciamtnceau that ho (loci not desire to be considered at the peace conference as the head nf a slate, but only as the prime minister of hla slate. LONDON. Jan. Wrelcss lioth Chancel- lor Ebcrl and rhillippc Scliicrte- mariii, Ihe Tvlajorily Socialist leader, arc endeavoring to per- suade the people of Uerlhi to stand by the present government. Ad- dressing large crowds before the chancellor's nalnce, they bitterly denounced the "insane policy anil behavior of the Sparta- ean3 and promised to meet (he danger with firm determination. Herr Eberl said the. government was determined to maintain se- curity, freedom and right and v.-onld slam! or fall by Ihe national assembly, which was If.c way to freedom and a. lianpy future for Germany. Schledemnnn said: "You know what the Make IF. If these machinations are con- tinued our women and children will be abandoned JU> worse fam- ine than during Uie four terribli! yeirs of Uie war. It yon men who have had military training will join us yon will get urms. Wu want you for defense, hut we will not bo defealeil liy these people. He true nml hold out. Promise tbal and we shall do onr duty." Concentrate Troops AMSTBHDAM. Jan. ROV- crainenl lins been concenl troops in llerlln, and on Weiinesday the KpartHCans were driven from the PARIS, Jan, German government has opened negotia- tions with the Poles who have in- vaded the province of Posen, ac- cording to the Frankfort Gazette, which says that there are hopes that an understanding will end the fighting. Copenhagen correspondent of the Kx- change Telegraph Company say lhat negotiations between the govermmfiu composed of Majority Socialists) anil ndcricndcnl-Socialists failed. The In-1 lependent-Soeiiilists and Spartacans appealed to tho working classes to meet Wednesday in order to complete 'the victory of the proletariat.'1 The government has aslied tlie groups in nearly all the garrisons in Germany to move against Berlin, and tliey are arriving there- on motor cars. A state of siege, it is added. will lio declared by Herlin. Tile Spar- lacans control the railroads near Her- Iln. Severe fighting occurred at S o'clock Wednesday morning, but the result wan not known when the dispatches verc filed. The superintendent of the factory assured the convention that the chil- dren-were not employed in the factory on Wednesday. "We found that the mayor of tho city of Itertcliffe, the gentleman who j acfviaed the convention to be moderate and full-orbed ciiitens of the new age. Is the manager of Ihe gas said Delegate RuEfell to Ihe conven- tion. "We deemed' it useless lo at- tempt lo enlist, his sympathy actively in the case as he was fully occupied with tin responsibility to the share- holders of the gas company who live in Calgary. "The. magistrate not In the least helpful or sympathetic when wo went to lay onr information. He would not give us any assistance in formulating it properly and his liemv- ior led us to wonder what would hap pen when the cas-3 came hcfore him "further, Ihe justice of peace owns a printing plant in Kctlclifie anil when we submitted the name of one of the at this moment destitute of food and oihcr necessaries of lite owing to the unsettled condition ot tbo world; to regulate permanently many vital common interests, such as internation- al railways, ports, waterways, graph ami wireless, the of. tho ulr, public health and the protection of vomcn ami juveniles in industry, and o discharge adequately and justly Ihe re-ponsibiiilies of the great-civilized .aliens in such a great matter as lie protection and guidance of back- ward peoples. It is ttie sum of all these recognized joint activities, in- and responsibilities that wo call hy the name of 'league na- "It is our business lo give this league definite form anil here anil Lord Robert made it clear in his inion Express company. Witness .stat- ed that ho .lad been largely ible for the detailed statement upon which the claim for authorization, .of Ihe increased ratea was -His figures -would show. that, additional and increased revenue was absplately- c' I necessary it the company were to jmy expenses. Under the new rates, each of express traffic, preferred or otherwise, would havtj to bear its. proporliorials share. Witness affirmed lhat the minimum rale for 300 pounds was so low as to be ridiculous, when one considered the con'lilions governing short-haul traffic the corresponding rate ill the United States. talii that he has little sympathy with the view that the congress may gradually drift into a prolouge1- ses- sion which will nltimately become n i league of nations, without being dcti- j nilcly and noslltvely organized. lhal this congress must FUG mm. "I agree reganl itself as Ihe first regular mcel- ing of tlic nations forming the leaeue" he I think it would The foregoing adviccr. appear to in' (Mcale that wlial has happened in j iteriin is lhat the Majority-socialists government (that of lliu Kliert fac tion) has been forced out by the Indepfjiiilcat-Sockilists. who recc-ntiv were reported lo he assisting the Sjiartacans in their revolt flpainsl Hie I Kbcrt regime. Apparently Iho Spar I tncaus wild sympathize with Lho Kus !.sian Ikilsheviki. headed by Dr. Kar "ovc not achieved Ihci COUCenlrlUlnK--- fl, PARIS, Jan. Earl of Reading will not return to Wash- ington as British nigh commis- sioner and sotcial ambassador to the United Stales, according to a London dispatch to the Echo Paris. It is sain that Lord Robert Cecjl, former assistant secretary of state for foreign affairs, will succeed him. j hcvs to iie summoned as a witness, he said: lhat boy does not work in the glass factory; he has been work- ing for me.' be a dangerous policy to let the peace congress drift along aimlessly vrilli- out reaching a positive organization of a league of nations. Leaving things open is hazardous and gels one nowhere. This impresses "We concli'dctl that the onurt ns ueing a time for the crealior be biased In the case after that." OTTAWA, Jan. morning trains brought in a fresh batch of sol- from Toronto complaining about their (re.ilrnent on the N'orlhland, ani the inlllal setting of the inquiry to- day relapsed into a further recital of conditions on Ilie now famous voy- age. Little new light was shed, but to tho volume ot testimony already ail- Allied Hearts Will He Unable to Together Unlil Next Week (l( a body which will he effectively 'organized ami not allowed tu drop into inaction. are, moreover. anxious not to commit the democratic peoples to republics li'ey are not pre- paretl deliberately ami consciously lo accept. It Is, therefore. Important to avoid vagueness and to define our j policy clearly ami openly.'' Asked how far armaments fan ue I limited by a league of I.onl Itobert replied: Armaments 'That, in my opinion, is probably the most difficult problem (he peace conference will lace. lieforc the na TORONTO, Jan. the liril- sh flag shall iie put on public schools of Toronto, ann no language but Bog- ifli shall be used, according to" re- commendations sent to the board nt education today- by Ihe management commitlee. This vras the outcome ot the recent "strike" by Jewish school children because of the ab- sence of Ihe Jewish flag among lhr> flags of the allies displayed in somu of the schools and because Jewish has been considerably used in school at night meetings. Jan. fOrnlK- jlional governments had effective lion of department of labor, as ask- I lice organizations it be Im- Olj for B0mo of the labor nee organizations u woinu uu Oli f0r hy some of te aor IMHIS liii t'roaidcnl Wilson's; jiMsililc to prevent individuals from at the convention In contcrnnccs the premiers of r -.-j. iluced was added further corroboratton j is detained by work Incident of short, rations, bad r-BBS. improperly reconstruction of the cabinet. food by Orlando of -Italy, who is clue i-----nerS OlitJrrjiHB innirt iw Jiatwlll 1IUL uu llritaln France and lialy, which against outlawry, l-aws against governnient this 3 were lo lortiy, have been de- cr.Trylng of firearms could not lie cn-j premjor siewart, who ex------------- laverl and probably will not begin be- forced nnlil the necessity for carry- however, as of tho opinion tiial, year, says., pressed him-'. entire ohjcct. as thn Hparlacan fat lion, ncconling lo the news from cooked vcRelables. selling etcwanU, anil so forlfi. the Inasue. Individual nalions will hardly lie willing lo disarm until Ihey the Uranilenburg gate am( Iho cenlr.il 10 "evl novcrnmen railwav office i One. of the men named as heading Tho'l'ruislaii war minister told tho this government is (ieorpe Ledebour, correspondent that power of the who Is Ihe only one regarding whose ernmont was InereasinE because vol- record information H nvallable. lie untoors were offering their, terrlces. lias lone been prominent as an Indc- It -n-oultl not bo easy lo re- iicndent-Sorlalist leader. store order because the Spartacans _ had occnpicd buildings all over Her- rf ft, f. fj ff fj lin. o- Tlie correspondent repoi-ts that tlie Spjrtacuns got marks in paper money when they captured the tf. government printing office. r Move Agalntt Berlin LONDON, Jan. dated year in Berlin' at 8.30 o'clock Wcilneanay morning ami transmitted by the b. CHIEF BRUCE RESIGNS MKDICINIi HAT, Jan. C'hiel liruce, who has been chief of pollco here for some lias resigned. GENERAL STRIKE PARIS, Jan. general clrike has been declared by German workers In the work- shops of Brunswick, according to advlets received here. The strik- ers arc reported to have plun- dered the public buildings Ihsre. FLOODED OUT PAR13, Jan. trol- ley lines were compelled to cease operations here today because the rising waters of the Seine had invaded their THE WEATHER High ..'........................i Low 3 and mild. lero probably will return [lonie. where his presence for 15 ,iour3 is necessary because of mat- ters under consideration by tho Ital- ian parliament. There will, however, be 3 meeting today at the office of Stephen Pichon. fwelp.n minister. It will by Mr. Wilson. Pre- mier Orlando ami Japanese rc-prc ceawtl (o .exist. So it is wllh' romlng when such a mln aro sure oi the operation of the over, how any ilmitalion of ar- mamunts be eaunlly fovceii? What assurance can he had. for instance, that Germany will not create an army more or less secretly? "The world did not know how ex- tensively Germany was preparing for islry will ho necessary. and justice through fKIKI) TO ASSASSINATE nf flip If-iEiin. More-__________, She might develop another aenlallves. but It wiil ho Informal be- [force imder the guiee of'mllitta. These canse of the absence of -Mr, Lloyd i are the difficulties we have lo face, tint wo musl endeavor earneslly lo secure cooperation Ijetween the Oeorge. Cerblan Delegates PA1US. Jan. premier Serbia has officially notified V of powers represented at the congress serma nas mimieu ruleign In 1. broad policy ot demobilization Minister Piclion (Hat ihc Juso-SlavIwhlclt will correspond with tne.yea-.n- representatives at Versailles will he Ings of all peoples to be .relieved as Nikolai I'acbilch. former premier of soon as possible from tne burdens Serbia; Dr.'M. li. Vcsnitch, former they have borne, for these list four Serbian uiirMer of finance, and M. and n half years." Triimbllch, president of the Dalma- When ashed if Ihe conditions were lial, iu'c naval 'orccs' THE CZECH 1'KEMIEH BASEL, Jan, attempt has been to assassinate Dr. Karl Lamarr, the Czicho-Slovak premier. Eight revolver shots were fired at him, none of which, however, took ef- fect. IS REPLACED J1ETZ, Jan. statue of fop nier Emperor William of Germany iiere has been replaceO by one of tbo French "poilou." HAS RESIGNED PARIS, Jan. Louis Dumeaniel, under secretary of aviation, nas'reslgned, It li announced, here. L ;