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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta Press freedom Wednesday, January 8, 1975 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 gains in 1974 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The fall of authoritarian re- gimes in Greece and Portugal in 1974 left Spain alone in Western Europe with an of- ficially censored news media. But in Europe and elsewhere inflation, the newsprint and energy crises and reduced income from advertising forced some independent newspapers to merge into communications empires or accept govern- ment handouts, jeopardizing their editorial autonomy. Some smaller journals died. Correspondents of The Associated Press, making their annual survey of world news media freedoms, record- ed several significant gains on the censorship front. However, bleak reports came from South America and Africa, where predominantly military governments continued to view the media as a personal threat. The Communist world remained a staunch bastion against any freedom of ex- pression. Europe The Portuguese media were freed from decades of control when the right-wing dictator- ship was overthrown April 25. Circulation doubled but news- papers soon became entangl- ed in a power struggle between the ruling Armed Forces Movement and the Communist party. The military rulers banned "ideological aggression" against their movement and the vague rule has seen increasing use. Even more restricting has been the for- mation of Communist-led workers' committees at most newspapers that refuse to set type for stories they deem un- democratic. In Greece, the exit of the colonels last July brought an abrupt end to years of cen- sorship and the free flow of news quickly resumed. Even in Spain, readers re- ceived more news than in any year since the civil war. But Information Minister Pio Cabanillas, who instituted the liberal policy of "aper- turismo" was dis- missed in October after 10 months in office. His successor vowed to con- tinue the liberal policy, but al- most immediately media criticism of the government dropped sharply. Sweden's 160-year-old history of news media freedoms was tarnished by the conviction of two jour- nalists as spies after a raid on their magazine by police. They had written a series of articles disclosing a secret Swedish bureau that spied on foreign countries and domestic leftists. Newspapers in Italy plung- ed into the red, partially from soaring costs and decreasing readership. Italy has no censorship, but most papers tailor their news to the demands of their political or industrial spon- sors. Communist countries The media in Communist countries remained totally in the hands of the party and state. Africa The African media remained, for the most part, either under government control or largely ineffectual. The overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie by military reformers in Ethiopia allowed the media there to flourish only briefly. Newspapers soon began toeing the official line just as they had imperial policy. Even in countries with significant independent new- spapers, like Nigeria, Kenya or Zambia, the flow of infor- mation was subject to control and restrictions. Middle East The best news in the Mideast was from Egypt, where foreign reporters were permitted to acquire Telex transmission facilities. Many other wartime controls were relaxed, but attacks on Presi- dent Anwar Sadat remained taboo. Israeli military censorship continued in force as it had from the country's founding. In Lebanon, home of the most vigorous media in the Mideast, the daily Al Nahar had to buck strong pressure against its independence, including a sharp cut in adver- tising when the paper went against the government. In Kuwait and in Iran the royal families are sacrosanct but most other subjects are open to lively discussion. Iraq continued to censor all inter- nal and outgoing news. Syria, Saudi Arabia and Jordan fully censored internal media and imposed some control on foreign correspondents through threats of expulsion, travel controls or limiting access to sources. The election of Bulent Ecevit, a former journalist, as Turkey's premier gave the Turkish news media greater access to government infor- mation. But the invasion of Cyprus in July and August brought a spell of strict controls, and most newspapers complied willingly out of patriotic sup- pqrt for the military operation. Asia The Thai media, free since the overthrow of the military dictatorship in 1973, were the liveliest in Asia. Twenty-nine dailies are competing in Bang- kok. In Cambodia, formal cen- sorship of foreign dispatchers was abandoned and seven newspapers were allowed to resume publication. Three of the papers were subsequently closed again and the others avoided criticism of President Lon Nol, but Western observers agreed the media were freer than ever before. The new Laotian coalition with the Communist-led Pathet Lao failed to change a liberal government attitude toward the media there. But editors watched warily as the Pathet Lao proposed to im- pose the total control on the Vientiane media that they already practise in the 80 per cent of Laos under exclusively Communist rule. Latin America The media that existed from far left to far right in Chile un- der Salvador Allende lias been effectively stilled since the armed forces overthrew his Marxist regime in September, 1973. The five newspapers all work under a system of self- censorship or direct orders from the military. Foreign news agencies were carefully monitored but rare- ly censored. Reporters in Bolivia, already severely restricted, suffered further setbacks dur- ing 1974 as President Hugo Banker's military government staved off three insurrections. The harshest measures came after a bloody rebellion was quashed in November. Banzer imposed a "new order" banning all political, labor, student and professional organizations and ordered the country's media not to report anything about the outlawed groups. In Peru, leftist President Juan Velasco expropriated 10 national newspapers July 10 and effectively suppressed virtually all independent news reporting. Readers in Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay con- tinued to get little news. The Argentine government closed Cronica, the largest Spanish-language daily in the world, allegedly for having urged invasion of the British Crown's Falkland Islands. Also closed were three left- wing dailies, three left-wing magazines and a right-wing magazine. Begin your year at our year End! Here's where your SAVINGS START WHEN WE CLOSE OUR BOOKS. Begin to count the dollars you end up saving by checking out all the values in furniture and appliances that must be cleared to make room for new inventory. Begin now you end up the winner! BEDROOM SUITES MAIN FLOOR VALUES CHESTERFIELD SUITES 275 00 3-Piece Suite Double dresser chest, 4'6" panel bed. Reg. 299.00. Year End Sale, 3 pieces 4-PIECE WALNUT SUITE Modern design, double dresser, chest, headboard and night table. yfyinoo Reg. 489.00. Year End Sale Same Suite As Above With triple dresser. _ A Reg. 550.00. Year End Sale ..........O I 9 00 4-Piece Spanish Oak Triple dresser, door chest, headboard and night table. Reg. 750.00. oiftoo Year End Sale ......................649 4-Piece Suite Smartly designed. Double dresser, 5 drawer chest, headboard and night table. ylCQOO Reg. 519.00. Year End Sale The New 1975 Look Is here. See this modern light oak. Triple dresser, 5 drawer chest, headboard, 3 pieces. Reg. 729.00. Year End Sale ..........OO9 Modern Style Herculon cover, a real lounge type of suite. 2 Piece. Reg. 549.00. Year End Sale 2-Piece Regency Design Sofa and chair. 1 00% nylon in rich brocade. Reg. 2 Piece 850.00. Year End Sale, 2-Piece OOO 2-Piece Colonial Style Sofa and swivel rocker suite. Choice of 100% nylon cover. Reg. 2-Piece 695.00. Year End Sale, 2-Piece 595 Tynan 4 Cushion Sofa and Chair 100% Herculon cover features famous Kant-Sag construction with 10 year warranty. _ Reg. 2-Piece 71 9.00. Year End Sale 549 2-Piece Contemporary Style Sofa and Chair Acetate fibre floral pattern. Reg. 2-Piece 529.00. Year End Sale, 2-Piece Many more fine quality sofas and chairs at Year End Prices SPRINGS See the finest Sleep Set. The only sleep set made of the specifications of the American Chiropactic Society. 4'6" Double Bed Size. Reg. 259.90 2-piece Year End Sale QUEEN SET. Reg. 329.95. Year End Sale. Set 239 299 00 00 Ideal for Young Ladies This Single Bed Ensemble Features off white spindle bed, quality box spring and mattress. Reg. 189.50 complete. _ Year End Sale, Complete 159 4'6" Mattress Sets Ideal for the spare room. Reg. 139.00 set. Year End Sale, Set 119 00 NIGHTTABLE. Reg. 109.00. Year End Sale See This Beautiful Suite Going at V4 Regular Price. A few dents and marks on it but still a terrific value. ,m m 5 Piece. Reg. 1495.00. Year End Sale IIf Many More year End Values BED CHESTERFIELDS 289oo Sealy Redi-Beds Choice of colors in long wearing fabrics. Reg. 319.00. Year End Sale The "Glad Pad" An ideal unit that converts into a comfortable bed. Our Complete Stock of Admiral Ranges, Refrigerators, Freezers Have been specially priced for our Year End Sale. 3-Piece Admiral Stereo Given as a Bonus Value on any Admiral 26" color console. The retail value of the Admiral stereo is 199.50. 1 year free factory service. See this Group of Colonial Styled OCCASIONAL TABLES, COCKTAIL TABLES, SQUARE LAMP TABLES, STEP TABLES Available in Maple or Dark Pine Finish. Year End Sale Each 00 Or Set Of 3 Tables Still a Good Selection of RECLINERS SWIVEL ROCKERS ALL SPECIALLY PRICED for our Year End Sale 20" Admiral Color Portable A good Year End Value. Reg. 550.00. One year free factory service. Year End Sale SUPER VALUES Scratch and dent appliances. Fully factory warranties. Admiral Electric Range Harvest Gold, automatic. Reg. 329.00. Scratch and Dent 259 ,00 BASEMENT VALUES A group of Occasional Tables, Limited Quantity Going At OFF REGULAR PRICES Shop Early for These Year End Clearance On Mattresses Sets Single Size Mis-matched All At Reduced Prices A GRAND SELECTION OF 5 AND 7 PIECE METAL DINETTES to REDUCTION DURING OUR YEAR END SALE NOTE: Our Year End Prices apply only to merchandise in our stock. Sorry, no special orders can be taken at Sale Prices! 2-Piece Chesterfield Suites at Rock Bottom Prices. Year End Savings On These 25% to 50% OFF Gibson Automatic Electric Ranges White. Reg. 329.00. Scratch and Dent. Each White Enterprise Fully automatic. Reg. 368.00. Scratch and Dent.................. 2-Piece Davenport Sets Olefin fibre upholstery in smart check pattern. Choice of colors. Reg. 359.00. nnnoo Year End Sale, 2-Pieces 1 Admiral 30" Gas Range Harvest Gold. Automatic. Reg. 349.95. Scratch and Dent.................... 1 Admiral Automatic Washer 2 speed white. Reg. 459.95. Scratch and dent........... Odd Swivel Rockers Reg. 89.50. Year End Sale......... 69 50 1 Admiral 14 Cubic Foot Frost Clear refrigerator. Reg. 518.95. Scratch and dent. Year End Sale Open Daily 9 a.m. to p.m. Thursday and Friday 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. 542 13th Street North Phone 328-1151 Towfie Turniturg1 Free Storage Matter Charge Dtpoiit Will Hold Lease Plan Free Delivery Free Parking ;