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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, January 8, 1975 Two ways to fight economic warfare The Indian Ocean The power structure in the Indian Ocean is undergoing a change. The British have finally given the Americans the go ahead to enlarge the U.S. base on Diego Garcia, the tiny British owned island in the Indian Ocean where the U.S. has maintained a small establishment. The implied threat of U.S. military ac- tion against Arab oil producers, which was bared in the now famous Kissinger interview, will increase interest in any American buildup in that part of the world and in the anticipated Soviet countermeasures. India, which has called for a "peaceful" ocean, has fought plans for Diego Garcia step by step, to no prac- tical avail thus far. To be sure, the UN has passed resolutions and appointed survey committees, but this has not deterred the Americans nor persuaded the British. The' latest General Assembly called for the Great Powers to "exercise restraint" in expanding their military forces in the area, which is almost like saying nothing, and suggested a conference of the littoral states. Since those littoral states are at war among themselves they are not apt to produce any effective pressure on the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. The sad thing about all this is that In- dia, because of its own actions, has lost its image as a champion of peace and non-violence as norms of national policy. During the .1960s its defence budget increased 500 per cent. Today, it has the fourth largest standing army in the world, the fifth largest air force and the eighth largest navy. It is on its way, theoretically at least, to possessing nuclear arms. At the same time, it has an illiteracy rate of around 70 per cent and 80 per cent of its children are malnourished. No matter how these statistics are interpreted, it is obvious that the Indian defence establishment exists at some cost to the general population. And they give a distressing picture of national priorities in a nation which once inspired the world with the vigor of its moral con- victions. Whether these priorities are truly national or just those of the Gandhi government remain to be seen. Opposi- tion leaders within the country have criticized Mrs. Gandhi for her attacks on the American presence in the Indian Ocean while ignoring the increased Soviet presence. And Mrs. Gandhi con- tinues to attempt to diffuse criticism of her regime by attacking the wealthy countries for their wasteful use of resources and asserting that they have an obligation to help the poor nations of the world, such as India. It is widely assumed that the Indian prime minister will call a snap election in the spring, before her popularity diminishes further with a worsening economic situation. Although such an election will be fought on internal matters, its outcome may have an effect on the future of the Indian Ocean. Meanwhile, whenever India calls for peace, it has to be regarded as a matter of national strategy and not a deep rooted belief in intrinsic values. Limited welcome The Jeux Canada Games welcome signs at the entrances to the city are not in keeping with the spirit of this national event. They are unilingual when they- ought to be bilingual. One of the aims of the federal govern- ment in investing a lot of money in the Games is the promotion of its bilingualism program. There could thus be some strong expressions of dis- approval of the failure to be bilingual in the welcome signs. THE CASSEROLE A news story out of Toronto reports on the theft of worth of controlled drugs (that's the kind used by addicts and traf- fickers) from Ayerst Laboratories. Someone pretending to be a customer ordered the drugs by telephone, said they'd pick them up, and shortly thereafter a youth arrived, signed for -the drugs and walked away with them. It took five weeks for the manager of the firm to get around to informing the police of the theft, which wasn't discovered until auditors checked with the supposed customer because of the unusually large size of the order. That's control? The auto-insurance industry says it wants to hear from the public on matters of concern to motorists. Some matters, that is. It wants to know what the public thinks should be done badly designed roads, rising repair costs, drinking drivers, car thefts, mechanically unsafe cars. Reasonably enough; all those things cost insurance com- panies and their clients money. But there are some other concerns shared by motorists, too, like delays of five years or more in settling major claim's, or charging premiums on the purchase price of the car while restricting pay-off to the always lower market value, to mention just a couple. A priceless piece of ancient artwork was mutilated during customs clearance at Kennedy Internatinal Airport, when a delivery truck operator mistook it for wrapp- ing paper. The error would be easier to un- derstand had the art been modern. Some folks out west seem to find it awfully easy to get worked up over bilingualism, es- pecially when they hear such tid-bits as this year's price for operating The Official Languages. Act, a little matter of million. But they're not the only ones. In California, another place where B B gets a lot of attention, this year's efforts to promote Anglo-Spanish relations and preserve the Spanish language will cost nearly as much, just over million. ERIC NICOL A great affair is ending The greatest love affair of all time that of man and his automobile is drawing to a close. When a lovely flame dies, smoke and carbon monoxide get in your eyes. My car knows. Old Effie, as I affectionately call my nine- year-old F-85, has known for some time that ours was, in the words of Cole Porter, a love too hot not to cool down. She has seen the handwriting on the wail of the garage. I was startled to learn this a couple of mornings ago, when she spoke to me as I was using her bumper to pry the cap off a bottle of ginger beer. "It's over, isn't said Effie. I said guiltily wiping her bumper with my handkerchief, "is "Us. You and me. The great romance of motoring. It's kiss-off time, isn't I lied. "It may be years before the petroleum shortage becomes acute. Meanwhile you continue to give me those very precious 16 miles to the gallon Effie made a rude noise, one which I would ordinarily have blamed on her muffler, and she said: "Don't give me that bees'-wax. I've seen you going out with that jazzy ten-speed. French, isn't I hadn't thought she'd notice. I keep the ten- speed in her own apartment, downstairs, and she's registered with the police in my daughter's name. "Ho, I scoffed. "She doesn't mean a thing to me. A few turns around the park, that's all we do. You're still Number One with me, baby, as transport." "To the 'sniffed Effie. "That's all you really want me for, any more my trunk space." I blustered. (I have always been a derriere man, but there is no point in confirming your car's suspicion that you have regarded her only as a sex object.) "I love your grill and always will." "Stop with the cheap verse." Effie, with the instinct of the female, knew that I was studiously avoiding looking at the rusting dent in her fender. I patted her side mirror affectionately. It fell off. I said: "There will never be another car in my life, Eff. When they finally tie a knot in the gas- pump hose, you'll still be my darling, my Dulcinea." "No. You'll find someone else. But who? There was an awkward silence. The same question had passed through my mind. When her passionate little V-6 engine no longer responds to the sensuous play of my right foot, whence come the jollies? A horse? Rollerskates? Or (desperation knowing no bounds) a woman? "I know what you're said Effie. Very calm. Very cold. "You're thinking of picking up one of those little Japanese rotary jobs that give you what you want if you keep them tanked on soya sauce." "No, Eff, I'm not." Which was true. For me, as for any of us, there can be no new love, on automotive wheels. Our grand amour with the auto is dying. And somewhere an Edsel smiles. By William Satire, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON "Transfer of wealth" is the euphemism for the successful economic warfare that has been waged on the non- Communist world for the last 15 months. Mournfully, officials here fiddle with the statistics of economic doom; at today's rate, by IBM the oil cartel will have a nestegg of a trillion dollars, enough to buy the assets of the top 500 United States corporations plUs all the farmland in America, and still get change back on that trillion dollar bill. To cope with the fact of economic warfare, two different strategies are being devised. At some points, they overlap both require a limitation on oil imports, legal coercion to conserve fuel at home, stimulation of offshore drilling and strip mining, and a crash program to develop new sources of energy but each strategy reflects a wholly different view of the uses of diplomacy and economic power. The oil doves seek to enlist the co-operation of the con- suming nations in the money being ripped out of their treasuries. This would make it possible for them to borrow back the extorted funds from the oil producers to pay the next installment of blackmail. That is a pallid response to what Sen. Bill Brock, R-Tenn., has properly called "an economic Pearl Harbor." But it is Henry Kissinger's response. To undermine con- sideration of any more potent proposals be has induced his media pilot fish to nibble at proponents of tougher measures by labeling them as Newsweek does "pro- Israeli legislators and isolationists." That is flim-flam. Three of the oil cartel's big four are Iran, Venezuela and Nigeria, who are concerned not with Mideast war but with internal development and domination of their own regions. The economic warfare raging to- day has little to do with the facade of. Arab-Israel conflict: the purpose of the oil-producing nations is to gain "their turn" at running the entire Western world. America's oil hawks reject the backpedalling reaction of the recyclists, and condemn the empty threats that Secretary Kissinger and his presidential spokesman make about military responses to economic aggression. Instead, they will soon be floating out a set of more realistic responses to monopoly pricing, such as: interest. This would be a tax on short-term cartel deposits in U.S. banks, coupled with a minimum time for deposit, such as six months. The oil cartel's billions must rest somewhere safe; we should charge for Many of the visitors coming to Lethbridge and Southern Alberta next month will be French speaking. They should be welcomed in their own language. This is just elemental eti- quette. This oversight is disappointing in view of the commitment to bilingualism seemingly made at the time of the bid for the Games and in subsequent developments. It might not be too late to make new signs, a step that ought to be taken if at all possible. "That's bilingualism, isn't Central issues important once more By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON A funny thing happened to America on the way to the 21st century. For a long time the most powerful country in the world squandered its emotions and attention on what were essen- tially secondary matters diversions even. But now, as the third quarter of the 20th century gives way to the fourth, the Age of Aquarius is on the wane. :The nation concentrates on central issues, and there is a growing perception of the need to rebuild traditional institutions of power, justice and culture. Just to list the concerns of the last 15 years is to reveal how secondary they were. Take Vietnam. How ludicrous to think now of those who call- ed it a struggle to safeguard the free world. How over- stated the case of those, who asserted the commitment im- plied a total indictment of American civilization. Consider, next, the space program, and that moment of ecstasy when man first stood upon the moon. Hardly a poet alive did not then proclaim that the exploration of the LETTER heavens offered goal for mankind. But how little that all seems to matter now. Then there were the protest movements by students and minorities. Claims were stak- ed for a new morality; and counterclaims asserted of a threat to the very principle of authority. How idle those claims now seem. Lastly there was Watergate. The president and his men charged that the innermost national in- stitutions would be wrecked. Many on the other side ex- pected a purification of the system. All were wrong. As much as anybody, I sup- pose, I entered into the trans- ports of the times. So.I do.not want to demean those who felt the need to become com- mitted. Still it does seem clear in retrospect that the last part of the third quarter of the century was notably long on sound and fury. The more so when measured against present concerns with energy and the economy. Watergate and space and Vietnam and protests were largely media events something that happened on television. But inflation and slump engage Americans directly, and touch millions, not just a fraction of the population. Not only are more people more directly involved, but the present difficulties re- quire a manysided effort. A special prosecutor forced Mr. Nixon out. A crash program brought the astronauts to the moon. Slight adjustments calmed the protests. In Viet- nam, what the United States basically did was to walk away. Such devices are of no avail when trying to cope with the energy cum'- economy crisis. Whatever measures are taken, or not taken, have to engage basic relations of American society relations among government and business and labor; relations with the oil producing countries of Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and Africa; relations with the con- suming countries of the in- dustrialized world. Whatever approach is followed enters deep into the Bloodstream of daily life. The economic problem is Winter games tickets too cheap People say tickets for the Jeux Canada Games are too dear (letter, The Herald, Jan. I feel they are too cheap. The winter games will be the bonanza of the century for Lethbridge businessmen, es- pecially motel, hotel and restaurant owners. Part of their excess profits will be due to the thousands of hours donated by local volunteers. Time keeping and recording need- only a few volunteer hours and we should expect local sporting enthusiasts to donate their services. However, other jobs such as security guards, waitresses, secretaries and maintenance crews require the skills, and carry the risks, of full time employment. The way to hire these people is through the department of manpower rather than relying on volunteers. We are also asked to provide free board and lodg- ing to visitors. I wonder how many of our local hotels, motels and drive-ins will be offering free accommodation and food to the hungry and the homeless? Finally, volunteers who have to drive long dis- tances outside city limits should be paid mileage a courtesy already granted to the privileged few. I suggest the winter games committee give unemployed people, pensioners, senior high and university students the chance to earn extra money by working full time where needed. The extra ex- penditure incurred will raise the price of tickets and may deter visitors from coming to Lethbridge but at least the games will be on a fairer financial footing than at present. The work and money donated by Lethbridge citizens should not be used to line the pockets of local businessmen. MINOR VOLUNTEER Lethbridge a problem of the centre. It is impossible to solve the whole puzzle without getting every piece into place. No useful first steps are even possible without co ordina- tion of many efforts a brain in the dinosaur. It is fit in these conditions that no one seems to be com- ing forward with one shot solutions. There is on the contrary a striking absence of calls for a special this or a crash that which is supposed to solve everything. For the first time in years, in fact, there come calls for a rebuilding of 'ordinary in- stitutions. Thus the Watergate special prosecutor, Henry Ruth, disparages talk of mak- ing his office permanent, and pushes instead for improving the department of justice. Two Chicago sociologists Morris Janowitz and Charles Moskos look at this country's volunteer army and, instead of more tinkering and innovation, issue an appeal "for a reconstruction of military legitimacy." The avant garde critic Hilton Kramer defines his present purpose as "an archeological one keeping alive a sense of masterworks, of tradition." I do not believe that Presi- dent Ford and.his advisers are apt to come up soon, if at all, with the right ticket for the current economic problems. Still, as the last quarter of a century begins, it can at least be said that Americans are at last beginning to get serious again. safekeeping rather than make it possible for them to play havoc with our banking system. auctions. After setting a ceiling on oil im- ports, this would dole out access to the U.S. market by auctioning import tickets. With secrecy pledged by the United States treasury, and some impenetrable middlemen set up in transit, fear of retaliation by other members of the cartel would be removed, and the natural greed of most of the members can be exploited, forcing down prices. restrictions. Oil cartel nations have been nationalizing our investments there; it is not only fair but sensible to regulate invest- ment and loans of their sur- plus billions here. Would such regulation drive oil money to other Western nations? Not for long, when the most secure investment oppor- tunities are in the U.S.A. Again money seeks a safe haven. triggers. If an oil embargo automatically were to cause assets to be frozen, or food supplies to be diverted, there would be less likelihood of the use of the em- bargo bludgeon. with strings attached. U.S. arms systems are unique; the Shah of Iran cannot readily switch to another supplier, unless he is prepared to make national security hostage to Soviet policy. We want a strong shah, but we do not want any nation's military security to add to our economic insecurity. The oil hawks' approach uses economic muscle rather than moral persuasion to crack cartel pricing. Just as it overlaps the dovish approach in calling for enforced conser- vation and stimulated development of new energy sources at home, it conflicts with the dovish acquiescence to "indexing." Kissinger, in what may turn out to be the economic blunder of the year, has publicly stated he might go along with cartel "indexing" tying today's inflated price of oil to the future rate of inflation in return for the fig leaf of a slight drop in today's artificially high price. If this is our policy, we have surrendered before we have begun to fight. The oil hawks include senators who understand the uses of economic power, labor leaders who see employment increases following the removal of the cartel's depressant billion demand for tribute from the United States and officials anxious to create a response between economic surrender and military intervention. They will be heard. Books in Brief "Grow Your Own Dwarf Fruit Trees" by Ken and Pat Kraft (Walker and Company, 218 pages, distributed by Fitzhenry and This is an exciting book for the green thumb enthusiast with little space for planting. For instance, it'tells how to grow 100 pounds of delicious, crisp apples on a little tree not much taller than a person and in less space than the area of an ordinary 9 by 12 living room rug. Dwarf fruit trees have become such excellent producers (due to new genetic breakthroughs and grafting techniques) that even some commercial growers are allotting more acreage for dwarf apples than for the traditional big trees. This is an excellent book for backyard or apartment gar- deners, anxious to grow their own fresh fruit in a limited space. The tubs and planters recommended for planting would be ideal for a balcony or patio. CHRIS STEWART The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO, LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Managoi DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial RODERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERA'LD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;