Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
24 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wtdniiday, January 8, 1975 Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb Chronically ill and aging patients often have one or both knees bent in a fixed position. What are the causes of this? How can it be prevented and what can be done to relieve the condition? Apparently straightening the knees out causes pain and dis- comfort. Dear -Reader In general, the body has opposing muscle groups. One set of muscles over the front of the thigh straightens the knee, another group over the back of the thigh causes it to bend. When a person is inactive, particularly at bed rest, the muscles that cause the bending shorten, and so do the tendons attached to these muscles. The same thing happens as you.get older if you don't watch it. I sometimes say we begin to lose the war against gravity and are gradually bent and beaten down from the upright position. You have seen many older persons, I'm sure, who have slightly bent knees, the ankle tendon to the heel shortens and the toe is displaced down, the hip joint also bends forward. The elbows also become bent. To stand up- right, these people must place the feet wide apart. The posture of the older person walking slightly on tiptoes, feet apart and in a half crouched position, is a result of generalized shortening of muscles and tendons. You can help to prevent this problem. The way is by mak- ing sure that joints of the body are moved through their full range of motion every day in sufficient amount to stretch to the fullest all the muscles. Stretching exercises are just as important as strength exer- cises. This is the way you keep your body limber, flexible and youthful. Many people leading apparently normal lives are actually having changes they could prevnt if they would use regular stretching exercises. Stretch that ankle tendon by raising the toes up toward the shin as far as possible, straighten the knees, move" the hip joints through the full range of motions. These measures are very important In bed patients to prevent 'disabling contrac- tures you are describing. Dai- ly exercises should be part of every patient's routine unless the patient is really so sick that is impossible. Even then passive exercises by a trained physical therapist often help a great deal. Contraction deformities can often'be corrected by progressive stretching exer- cises over a period of weeks and months. These must be done before changes in the cartilage and bony structure in the joint are affected, sometimes called a "frozen joint." Incidentally, stretch exer- cises are also important for the trunk muscles. The muscles over the front of the chest can become over- contracted too, contributing to rounded shoulders and decreased chest wall function which can compromise how well the lungs work. So, don't forget to stretch it will stretch your youthful appearance over more years as well as help your health. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this news- paper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on balanced diet, send 50 cents to the same address and ask for the "Balanced Diet" booklet. Flashback By The CANADIAN PRESS Jan. 8, 1975 The French explorer Robert, Sieur de LaSalle, then 36, reached Niagara Falls 296 years ago in 1679 in one of several unsuccessful searches for the mouth of the Mississippi. Five years later he was killed by mutinous colonists during an overland search for the river's mouth. 871 Alfred the Great defeated the Danes at the Bat- tle of Ashdown. 1869 The first suspension bridge over the Niagara gorge was opened to traffic. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H.GOREN AND OMAR SHARIF Both vulnerable. South deals. NORTH 4732 4107 WEST EAST 4Q105 4 J986 KIO tJ973 SOUTH AQ The bidding: South West North East 2 Pass 2 NT Pass 4 Pass Pass Pass Opening.Iead: Six of 4. Declarer made a worthy attempt to bring in his four heart contract on this hand, but was foiled by accurate defense. However, he did not make full use of his com- bined resources. There was a line available which almost guaranteed his contract. Though South was minimum for his demand opening bid in terms of high- card strength, his trick- taking ability was such that a couple of strategically placed jacks in his partner's hand could be enough for game. Since a rebid of three hearts could have been passed had North been com- pletely broke, South elected to jump to game at his second turn. The defenders started with two rounds of clubs, then shifted to a spade. De- clarer won the king, drew trumps in two rounds, and cashed his high spade. Then he exited with his remain- ing card in the suit. Had West been forced to win this trick, he would have been would have been forced either to lead a diamond into declarer's ace- queen tenace or give a ruff- and-sluff. Unfortunately for South, West saw the endplay looming and unblocked the queen of spades under the ace. East was able to win the third spade and lead a dia- mond through declarer, en- abling West to score the king for a one-trick set. Declarer overlooked the possibilities offered by dum- my's holding in the red suits. The hearts would provide three entries, and if dia- monds were no worse than would be the case some 85% of the time-dum- my's fifth diamond could he set up for a spade discard. The winning technique for declarer is to immediately play the ace and queen of dia- monds after winning the spade shift. No matter what West does, declarer is in charge. Assume West re- turns a spade. Declarer wins, enters dummy with the eight of trumps and ruffs a diamond high. Dummy is re- entered with the nine of hearts and another diamond is ruffed high, setting up the fifth diamond. Now declarer crosses back to dummy with the jack of hearts and dis- cards his losing spade on the long diamond. Your horoscope By Jem Dixon THURSDAY, JAN. 9 Your birthday today: Finds you on an adventurous search through uncharted routes for new resources and headed for surprises and diversions. Career advances come via dramatic incidents. Relationships require dedica- tion and provoke extreme feelings: You are deeply in- volved or not at all. Today's natives express themselves physically rather than ver- bally, are determined to win. ABIES (March 21-April The indirect approach works best. Your main responsibility is those you love, but beware of misplaced generosity. You pass unpleasant places in your travels. TAURUS (April 20-May Postpone expenditures where possible since all plans are interrupted. Don't get involv- ed with temperamental, tur- bulent people. GEMINI (May 21-June It may seem to you that your pal is a snob or that nobody does anything right, but if you start criticizing, your own shortcomings become visible. Accept people as they are. CANCER (June 21-July It's a drawn-out day with adverse comments likely. Be patient. Avoid speculation or investments in bargains. Find out the details before you order any services. LEO (July 23-Aug. The best intentions aren't enough. Give everyone plenty of time and space in which to move; someone does something un- expected. Money matters re- quire careful records and conservative handling. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Meet others on your own terms wherever possible. Be- ing quiet and reasonable will get you through a day of sen- sitive encounters. No one should take anyone for granted. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. The slightest wrong move provokes accumulated ten- sions to explode into bickering. Try a little harder to understand those close to you. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Career enterprises move up in clear-cut steps. Tact is essen- tial; you've got a lot to do and don't have time for squabbles. A favorite treat is imminent. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. People with influence are touchy. The more you try, the more likely you are to complicate matters. Give those using mechanical equipment plenty of leeway. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Pessimism surfaces in news and shoptalk. Stay on top of your regular work. Let fragile items remain untouch- ed and in safe positions. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Remember that people have reasons for their bad moods and it isn't necessarily your fault. You may as well mind your own business. PISCES (Feb. 19-March You're right in the center of public view, although it's the fault of people who make a lot of noise. Casual purchases tend to 'be a waste of money. Ask Andy OPERATION: SUN Andy sends a complete 20 volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Bill Strickland, age 13, of Carter- sville, Ga., for his question: How can the sun burn if it has no oxygen? Andy's faithful readers have certain favorite questions which get asked all the time. And this is one of them. Each has been answered several years ago, though usually for a reader of a different age group and always from a different point of view. In any case, it seems only fair to repeat the old favorites for those who missed them the last time.. We are told that we live in the Atomic Age, alias the Nuclear Age. We know about nuclear power plants that produce heat, plus other forms of energy, when the nuclei of tiny atoms are split asunder. This atom splitting is called nuclear fission and the operation is not at all like ordinary, fire. For one thing, ordinary fire cannot burn without plentiful supplies of oxygen and nuclear fission needs no ox- ygen at all. Its stupendous energy is released from the mighty forces that bind tiny particles together in the atomic nucleus. The seething furnace of the sun also operates on energy from the atomic nucleus. It is not the same as nuclear fission, but it, too, needs no oxygen. The sun's energy comes from nuclear fusion, which is the fusing or joining of small atomic nuclei to build larger atomic nuclei. Its fuel is hydrogen gas, which makes up more than half of the sun's total material. Fusion occurs when the nuclei of four hydrogen atoms combine to form the nucleus of one helium atom. Each atom, of course, is made from an assortment of smaller particles. In the sun, the newly made larger atom of helium uses almost, but not quite all, of the particles in the hydrogen atoms. The un- used portion is converted into solar radiation. This matter is converted into energy. In the sun, this small opera- tion involving just a few atoms is repeated zillions of times every second. The fu- sion of hydrogen to form helium occurs on a grand scale, and stupendous quan- tities of solar energy are released in the process. The operation is generated by fan- tastic heat in the core of the sun and no oxygen is needed to run this nuclear activity. Physicists estimate that the extravagant sun consumes 564 million tons of its hydrogen fuel every second. In every second, its nuclear fusion produces 560 million tons of helium gas, which is the ash of the solar furnace. And every second, 4 million tons of sur- plus matter are converted intc solar energy. asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Hunilngton Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Fun with figures By J.A.H. Hunter "What about the stamps I sent for you and asked Stan. "Any Doug smiled. "Sure, they were great. Ann got three more than half what she would have got if I'd kept three more than half what she did get." "Okay, Stan shook his head. "Bill what about "Well, I kept two more than I gave replied the boy. How many stamps in all? (Answer tomorrow) Yesterday's answer: FARM was 1256. SHORT RIBS TfJE FUTURE Of ROME K THREATENED BV INFLATION I ITS UP TO EVERV TO MIS TOGA. AND 10 SET AN EXAMPLE, CAESAf? HA? CUJ BACK ON HIS BANQUET TONISMT... HI AND LOIS PRIVATE OFFICE Chambers is the private of- fice or room of a judge. WE ear FED UP WITH DOlNe HOUSEWORK. I'M MRS. ABERCROMBIE AND THIS MRS. FITCH. BUGS BUNNY BLONDIE THAT NO-GOOD, TWO-SIT HUSBAND OF MINE? _ HE JUST LEFT FOR LUNCH WELL, WHEN HE GETS BACK I WANT VOU TO GIVE HIM A MESSAGE FOR ME ARCHIE i WAS eo RIGHT HELD UP IN IN .'THEY'R TRAFFIC.' WAITING FOR YOUR SPEECH.' THAT'S THE GOVERNOR.' AND I ONLY WISH THAT SCHOOL COULD HAVE HAD THIS MAN AS JANITOR... PSSST.' THEY'RE HONORING THE SPEAKER AT RETIRING A BANQUET JANITOR.' AT'UTTLETEW HIGH" om HAGAR THE HORRIBLE I THOUGHT ThlAT WAS PISI4 BEETLE BAILEY Lll ABNER TUMBLEWEEDS ?2-A STRAUSS PAIR o'soaps'- HI-HO! GOT ANY YOU SURE YOU'RE IN THPRieHT STRIP, MAC?