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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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The Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 8, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 6 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD TuMday, January I, 1974 Dug in Israeli troops are dug ini for a long winter in the! snows on a mountain post overlooking the Golan heights From their van- tage point m the armour- ed personnel carrier, the troops can look over much of Syria. Print 6t Litho QUALITY PRODUCTS Instant Printing U'Mt ifiiii tfr Police speculate bombs aiming for publicity Business Forms DESIGNED AND MANUFACTURED IN LETHBRIDGE By PETER C. STUART Christian Science Monitor LONDON, England A musical called appropriate- ly enough Carry On London was lilting along when a bomb explosion outside rang through the theatre. "Blimey, what's co- star Barbara Windsor muttered from the stage, then resumed her song. The Boxing Day blast was the 22nd in the 10-day terrorist bombing campaign attributed to Irish extremists. But, like DUNLOP FORD'S SELL-OUT Exhibition Pavilion January 23rd to 26th the musical, Londoners are "carrying on." The city which survived a nine-month blitz by the Nazi Luftwaffe and a 15-month bomb wave by the old Irish Republican Army is once again growing eerily ac- customed to night-time ex- plosions. The present assault, after all, is the third this year. The nightly blasts no longer com- mand banner headlines. The 1973 bombing cam- paigns, mercifully, blaze a- declining level of severity. Most of the year's toll of two killed and 333 estimated hurt resulted from the open- ing assault two massive car bombs March 8 in central London which killed one bystander and hurt 243. The second wave, from late August to late October, killed a bomb disposal officer and seriously damaged public buildings in London and the in- dustrial midlands. The current campaign so far suggests a further de- escalation. Bomb squad detec- tives speculate that the latest blasts may be designed for harrassment and publicity rather than heavy damage or injury. They cite two reasons: 1. The bombs are smaller. With notable exceptions, such as the two car bombs, many have been just a few ounces of explosives no than a pocket radio. 2. The targets are less sen- sitive. Last time the bombers attacked rail, subway, and air terminals, army installations, and crowded west end London stores. This time they are focusing on taverns, movie theatres, and scattered of- fices. About 70 Londoners have been injured in the present wave, nearly 70 of them by the car bombs Dec. 18. The bombs began re- erupting just one month after the jailing of eight young Northern Ireland sym- pathizers of the nationalistic Provisional wing of the Irish Republican Army for causing the first car bomb explosions last March. Trans-Canada Telephone System Before you can solve a business communications problem it has to be identified, right? We've got a man who can help you do both. And his in-depth study costs you nothing. WHO IS HE? An AGT Communications Consultant. He helps small businesses spot problems they thought existed only in large companies. Helps large companies improve their profit picture at branches coast to coast. Helps knit world-wide organizations closer together. What can he do for you? As a trained business researcher, he works with you and your people. Pinpoints communications gaps. Gets to grips with delays in moving, processing and dealing with information vital to your everyday business decisions. His in-depth study costs nothing. And it can mean greater efficiertcy and profit for you. Edmonton: 425-2110 Calgary: 261-3111 Other: Dial '0' (Zero) and ask lor Zenith 33000 Toll Free Talk with a Communications Consultant Keeps you in touch with tomorrow Saudi Arabians adjust to vast change in life By JUAN DE ONIS New York Times Service RIYADH, Saudi Arabia After 13 centuries of vir- tual seclusion from all but the Moselm world, the peo- ple of Saudi Arabia are being drawn into a relationship with the world of modern technology, high finance and the power struggles of the 20th century. In the space of two generations, vast changes have been introduced in the ways of life and the outlook of a nation of six million people whose religious beliefs, social customs and political authority are still strongly rooted in traditions based on tribal desert life. Some foreign visitors are more struck by the per- manence of the past than by the evidence of the new, but the process of change is so advanced that there can be little doubt that Saudi Arabia is in the modern world to stay. What has thrust Saudi Arabia into the modern world has been American companies' discovery and develop- ment of the world's largest oil fields and the political will of one of the great Arab leaders of this century, the late king Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud, who created the rul- ing dynasty with an eye to Islamic leadership and an opening to the world The scimitar and lance with which desert tribesmen fought for King Ibn Saud are being replaced by hawk missile systems, F-5 jet fighters, British radar and French tanks to protect the oil fields. In a country visited until 40 years ago only by a few Arabic-speaking diplomatic agents and oil explorers, there are thousands of Saudis back from universities in the United Nations and Europe with advanced degrees in economics, political science, engineering and basic sciences. Controlled change The process of controlled change going forward here is a reflection of the thinking of King Faisal, who is viewed by some Arabs as an arch-conservative because of his traditional religious views and his resistance to any hint of radical social ideology. Faisal, now 69 years old, was groomed from his youth by outside world and was sent on missions in Europe, the United States, and even the Soviet Union, where he saw Stalin in 1932. Since the Second World War strong bonds of friendship and interest have existed between Saudi Arabia and the United States. Largely based on the development of oil here by the American companies and United States support against the challenges of revolutionary Arab regimes. From the beginning of the American-Saudi relationship the seeds were planted for a major dis- agreement which has now brought about cutbacks in oil production and an embargo on sales to the U.S. since the Middle East war in October. In 1945, when King Ibn Saud conferred with Presi- dent Franklin D. Roosevelt, he expressed the strong opposition of the Arabs to the creation of a Jewish state in a partitioned Palestine, then under British mandate. The diplomatic record shows that Roosevelt promised that nothing would be done without con- sulting the Arabs. When President Harry S. Truman gave United States support to the emigration of European Jewish refugees to Palestine and then sponsored the establish- ment of Israel in 1947, the Saudis felt betrayed. Added outrage The loss of the old city of Jerusalem in the 1967 Mid- dle East war, with Israel occupying the sector of the city where the Aksa mosque and the Dome of The Rock are among the Moslem holy places, was an added out- rage for Faisal, who is the protector of the holy places of Islam. Until recently, Saudi Arabia could do little more than join Arab protests against Israel occupation while providing money from oil income to help support the economies of Egypt, Jordan and Syria, as well as Palestinian guerrilla groups. Without a large population, and with no industrial development other than oil, the Saudi's military poten- tial has been small, and their armed contribution to the October war was an infantry force of that went to the Syrian front. But it is Saudi Arabia, as the world's largest oil ex- porter, that has led the Arab producers in the use of the "oil weapon" to bring pressure on Israel for a Mid- dle East settlement. This policy is recognized by the closely knit Saudi Arabian ruling circles to represent some risks, par- ticularly in Saudi Arabian planning. But a far greater political risk is seen in standing aside from the Arab conflict with Israel and being branded a traitor to the Arab cause. Habit change may save shopper's cash EDMONTON (CP) Despite complaints about high food costs, shoppers are con- tinuing to pay handsomely for convenience foods, say food store officials. They said sales have remained steady on deluxe TV dinners and packaged casserole mixes foods which cost more because of their convenience "People won't make macaroni and cheese if some one can hand it to them ready made and Bert Boren, a Woodward's ex- ecutive, said in an interview. "Most people may be thrifty on one hand but they will be extravagant on the Mr. Boren said. "They (shoppers) will still believe anything they said Mike Bowers, a Safeway store manager. "They don't bother to stop and calculate price differences for themselves. People don't really care to change their habits. They don't want to give up the extra time that conveniences can give them." A spokesman for an IGA store in a low-income area said sales of fresh meat have remained high and more ex- pensive laundry soaps still sell faster than the cheaper un- advertised brands. Shoppers will take advan- tage of specials but lose the savings by buying con- venience foods, Brian Cureel, another Safeway manager said. NATIVES RIDE BULLS On the Indonesian island of Madura the most popular spectator sport is annual races of trained bulls, ridden by native iockevs. "MIKE" ON SUEZ. The last of three parts from the second volume of Lester B. Pearson's memoirs appears this Saturday in Weekend Magazine. Pearson explains Canada's role in the Suez Crisis of 1956, and his peace-making efforts which won him the Nobel Prize. in Your LCTHBAIDQE HERALD WEEKEND MAGAZINE It filler tciinlniill Little support for wind power By DAVID R. FRANCIS Christian Science Monitor BONN, West Germany It's puzzling to Walter Schoen- ball, a West German civil ser- vant. Despite the energy crisis, no European firm appears in- terested in the astonishingly efficient, power generating windmill he and an inter- national group of scientists have developed. Enterprises in the United States, and, of all places, the Mongolian Socialist Republic, are considering producing the apparatus. But nobody is in Europe, where the shortage of energy will likely be the worst. Last July Mr Schoenball's team completed the erection of their novel prototype wind- mill on the north German island of Sylt Tests since then show that the double-rotor mechanism converts more than 60 per cent of the force of the wind into electrical energy. That compares with a 30 per cent conversion rate for a good, conventional windmill. To scientists, such a huge jump in the efficiency of a power source is astonishing indeed. It shows that relatively lit- tle modern research has been done on utilizing wind to create electricity. BLUEPRINT The Sylt windmill has a generating capacity of 70 kilowatts, enough to supply five families with electrical power, including heating. However, Mr. Schoenball's group has in the blueprint stage a windmill that could turn out 230 kw. They also have plans for a 30 kw. wind-powered generator that could easily supply one house. A question naturally arising from the use of wind as a source of power is: What happens when the wind stops9 Mr. Schoenball has a double reply First, he notes, in many parts of the world the air is rarely still. The new windmill can obtain power from winds as slow as 4.5 miles per hour. Through their research with the prototype on Sylt Island, the group expects to improve their windmill efficiency to as high as 90 per cent. In this way the windmill could produce power with only whispers of a breeze Secondly, energy can be stored when the wind is blowing. For example, the power could be fed into batteries. ALTERNATIVE Because batteries are ex- pensive, Mr. Schoenball figures a better alternative might be using the power to heat water in special tanks or for heating a special stone heat-storage device. Warmth would be drawn from these during days without wind. Mr. Schoenball is a lawyer who usually works for the traffic ministry in Bonn. At the moment he is on leave to serve in Geneva with the Intergovernmental Com- mittee for European Migration. Three years ago he became convinced that the world fac- ed a long-term energy shor- tage not just a temporary one prompted by the Arab nations' use of oil as a weapon in their struggle with Israel That prolonged shortage, he forecast, would arrive next year. The Arabs merely ad- vanced it by some months. "Civilization is in he said during a telephone conversation from Geneva. Thus he helped organize a group of experts to figure a better way for exploiting wind power. The group includes Marcel Jufer, a professor of electromechanics at the University of Lausanne; Ja- ques Dufournaud, a Parisian electronics expert; Hans- Dietrich Goslich, an expert in aerodynamics from Solingen, West Germany; and Claude Schindler, a Geneva engineer. OWN FUNDS The group has spent about of their own funds developing and building the Sylt Island windmill. Mr. Schoenball estimates it could be reproduced for about or in mass production, for 20 to 30 per cent less than that. For the approximately 20- year life of the apparatus, the cost per kilowatt hour would be a cheap 2.7 cents. That price would not change no matter what happened to the price of oil, he notes. Since the windmill uses current technology, he reckons mass production could begin as soon as February, 1975. "All the systems are notes Mr. Schoenball. Obviously the group hopes to recover the costs of their "hobby" and make a profit. But Mr. Schoenball insists that their main goal has been to help rescue the world from a catastrophic energy shor- tage that could destroy current living standards and styles in the industrialized nations. AT LAST FOR A Wicks cartoon I collection. THE BEST OF WICKS has just been published and is available to the readers of this news- paper. 190 cartoons by one of the most widely read political cartoonists in the world. Im not tH> likr ttvtt t THE BEST OF WICKS. Now a selection of the great mini cartoonists work has been put together in book form 190 of the best car loons are now available to the readers of this paper lust Si.SO The ideal gift for those who appreciate wit and humor SO to THE BEST OF WICKS ThfUihbrul.KtiYr.ild BOX STATION A TORONTO, OUT., MSV 1J4 ;