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The Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 8, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD TuMday, January I, 1974 Investment Review Act lacks power By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator Not a hockey rink The use of the term "environmental kook" is what is known in hockey as a cheap shot. In the present energy situa- tion it is an emotional ploy and does nothing to help bring about a responsible resolution of the conflict of interests between developing sources of energy and maintaining certain standards of en- vironmental quality. The term was used last week in Ed- monton by an oil company official who also vouchsafed the opinion that if the Alberta Energy Company, a crown cor- poration, shared ownership of a process he was trying to sell, borderline en- vironmentalists would tone down their criticisms. This is not flattering to those who care about the quality of their environment, but oil men are not in the business of flattering those whom they see as op- ponents and he was probably right. He was also following a marked trend in current tactics. Whether the current oil shortage is il- lusory, whether it was manufactured by the oil multinationals as some responsi- ble people armed with statistics seem to feel, industry executives have lost no time in taking advantage of the golden opportunity to "board" environmen- talists and mount a power play against environmental controls which were the products of years of educational and political endeavors. Environmentalists are also guilty of emotional procedure, in their assump- tion that industry should care for the en- vironment, and a lot of energy is wasted in bemoaning the fact that it does not. It is not the business of extractive in- dustries to care for the environment. It is their business to make a profit, within the laws and regulations formulated by government. It is the business of government, representing the people, to care for the environment, to act as steward for future generations, to see that the necessary laws and regulations are passed and en- forced. It is to government at all levels that questions of environmental concern should be directed. To think otherwise is an emotional mistake. Whatever one's biases, and they are apt to be based on personal economics, this is a serious problem and should not be reduced on the one hand to the level of scoring points off one's opponents or on the other hand be pursued with less than rational thinking. Yhis planet is not a hockey rink and the matter of utilizing resources is not a game. If any of the more gloomily im- aginative predictions of what the planet will be like in another century comes true, hindsight may show that the en- vironmental "kooks" were the sanest of all. .OTTAWA Whatever its long term implications, the Foreign Investment Review Act was bound, in the short to make life miserable for the responsible minister. In some respects, as Alastair Gillespie is discovering, the expected can be quite as em- barrassing as the unexpected. It is clear from ministerial statements, including those of Mr. Gillespie, that the minori- ty government regards the Review Act, which received royal assent on December 12, as one of its major achievements. Not un- naturally, therefore, the pub- lic expects immediate results and people react critically when they read of new takeovers of Canadian firms; first Macdonald Tobacco and now Emco Corporation, a London firm engaged in the production and distribution of plumbing and heating supplies. In other circumstances, the government would presumab- ly view these business developments rather philosophically. Does the ownership of a tobacco firm matter very much when the government, in the shape of Marc Lalonde, seeks to dis- suade us from purchasing to- bacco products in any case? Perhaps we should pursue "significant benefit" through exports although there may be ethical problems in pressing on foreign friends products deemed by our government (or parts of it) injurious to our national health. As for Emco, it is a firm of distinctly modest 'size, although other adjectives are commonly applied to the prices of plumbing products. Nevertheless, Mr. Gillespie is plainly worried and, from his point of view, with con- siderable reason. For while he has the legislation, he has yet to be invested with the powers outlined in it. The Act is to be proclaimed in two stages but it cannot be proclaimed until the regulations are ready and in this unfortunate situation it lacks the force of law. In these distressing circum- stances, what does a minister do? Mr. Gillespie has done several things. On December 20, he issued a series of guidelines to business and at the same time extended an in- vitation to parties interested in takeovers to discuss matters with his officials. Governments in recent years have become strong on guidance (although it often takes rather vague forms) but guidance at best falls short of law. There is the further prob- lem, at the moment, that the officials, being obviously new to this game, very probably need guidance themselves. Since that time the minister has had discussions with the businessmen concerned al- though there is nothing as yet to indicate that minds have changed in the course of these consultations. At these meetings Mr. Gil- lespie, according to his own account, requested the ex- ecutives to show that the take- overs would be of "significant benefit" to Canadians. There must have been a problem for all involved because "significant benefit" is to be determined in the light of criteria which are remarkably vague (and of regulations Nursing shortage Another shortage has surfaced: the world is desperately short of nurses. More nurses are leaving than are enter- ing the profession. In many countries the shortage is holding back health services. As in most other 'things, the poorer countries suffer most from the nurse shortage. In North America there are 50 nurses for every people; 41 in the Soviet Union; 28.5 in Europe. But in Asia there are only 5.5 per 4.5 in Africa; 2.3 in Latin America and the Caribbean. Recently experts were brought together in Geneva by United Nations agencies to examine the problem, and propose a solution. Their findings boil down to a recognition that nurses are still thought of in terms of another world. They are assumed to belong to the com- pany of those who take vows of poverty and obedience and thus serve for the joy that is in it alone. The main reason why the profession is not attracting more practitioners and is tailing to hold those who take the train- ing is that the remuneration is so poor. The pay of a qualified nurse is often below that of a junior secretary in her first job despite the fact that the training period is usually about four times as long. There are very few people now who are willing to work for practically nothing as an expression of their devotion. This may be lamentable in the eyes of some but most people have come to terms with the idea that all work is equally capable of being a vehicle of devotion and service so that if adequate remuneration is right for some jobs it is right for all. The notion that nursing is a vocation to which people give their lives sacrificially is archaic. By way of a solution an international charter is being prepared jdintly by the World Health Organization and the Inter- national Labor Organization dealing with pay, working conditions, social and economic status and such elementary rights as collective bargaining with the ultimate right to strike. It will become a convention to which nations will be urged to subscribe. Thus a moral force will be created which should improve the appeal of nursing and in time rectify the serious shortage situation. ERIC NICOL Joe Alexandra Emmanuel.. Alexandre Emmanuel, eh? Look, Mr. .Trudeau, as one dad to another: do you really expect to make that one stick? You say that vour new son's nickname will be Sacha. Don't kid yourself, P.E. Believe that David Lewis loves you for yourself alone. Believe that the Sheik of Kuwait plans to make you an 'honorary Arab. But do not believe that Alexandre Emmanuel will be called Sacha by his peer group. He will be called Joe. I vouch for this on the strength of a similar history of scrupulously choosing names for my three children, avoiding calling any of them Penny, scanning the syllables for har- monics, screening the initials for obscenities, and finally registering the kids with names that have not been heard since. They are all Joe. When the phone rings in our house, and one of the children answers it, the subsequent yell is: "Hey, Joe! It's for you." The first time I heard this I froze into a point, alerted that somewhere in the domestic underbrush lurked a person not in- cluded in the official list of dependents. The only known fact about the mysterious Joe was that he received a hell of a lot of phone calls. If I could locate him, I would get down to the nitty-gritty of which of us should spring for the phone bill. In due course I learned that Joe was the all- purpose handle hung on any member of the family by another. In our house, brother and sisters have the kind of relationship that tolerates communication so long as it does not require speaking his or her name. It makes all the difference between throw- ing up and not throwing up. This is why Alexandre Emmanuel Trudeau has the makings of a great Joe. The prime minister tells us that his new son was named after the saint, the czar or the pope "take the one you want." Teh, tch. The man ob- viously has no experience with what kids do with names identified with saints, czars and popes. They recycle them. Into Joe. As they did, damn them, with our Catherine, named after the empress of Russia. I hoped, as no doubt Alexandre's father does, that some of the majesty would rub off. Instead the whole name rubbed off. Down to a peasant yclept Joe. Lest Mr. Trudeau influence other new parents into believing that their choice of names for their children has some bearing on what the kids will be called, I take this oppor- tunity to stress that, in excavating the generation gap, the first explosive charge laid by the youngsters is directed at whatever names their parents have chosen for them. On the rubble they scrawl JOE. The only exception is the rare child who, for some odd reason, has been christened Joe. His friends would sooner call him Alexandre Emmanuel than refer to him by the name selected by his begetters. Mr. Trudeau probably thinks he is pretty clever, heading off Joe at the pass with the prepared nickname Sacha. It bespeaks the in- tellectual, the thoughtful academic, to an- ticipate the inevitable by providing an alter- native. He has no way of knowing, I guess, that half the youngsters who have run away from home to hippieville were nicknamed Sacha by their parents. The other half were called Mimsy. The best-laid plans going oft agley, the names chosen by the parents have lasting value only to the registrar of births. The recipient himself rejects them along with the rest of the decisions made on his behalf while he was too small to land a blow. Otherwise, sir, Alexandre Emmanuel shows a lot of class. Could start a new trend in appelation. For a guy named Joe. Back-up talker By Doug Walker Two of our kids had already gone to bed when Elspeth and I arrived home with the Blakeleys to have coffee after the CGIT vesper service. Only Paul was still am- bulatory so he had to report to Keith the next day on the affair. Sinclair came with, Mr. Mrs. Israelis choose only partial peace By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator A religious Jew had two sons one a furrier, the other an iceman. As the father grew old, he felt the urge to pray for his boys. But asking a blessing was a problem. If the old man sought cool weather, it would help hiS'Son the furrier but not his son the iceman. Vice ver- sa, if he asked for hot weather. So after long thought, he went to the syn- agogue and prayed for a warm frost. That story was going the rounds in Israel when I visited just before the recent elec- tions. It turned out to be prophetic. For the Israeli voters have given a mandate to the practical equivalent of a warm frost a partial peace. The government parties, grouped in the labor cabinet led by Prime Minister Golda Meir, entered the election on the defensive. For years the regime had been unable to cope effectively with in- flation, and all its attendant social ills. On top of that it was clear that the government had mis- managed the October war. Leaks from the inquiry set up to look into the conflict show that the active military had repeatedly pressed the government to mobilize in the days before the Egyptian Syrian attack of Oct. 6. The cabinet following the lead of the defence minister, Gen. Moshe Dayan had refused. To soften the blame for mis- management of the war, the ruling coalition transformed itself into a quasi-peace party. It adopted a new 14-point program which repudiated the old policy of creeping annexa- tion of Arab lands seized in the six-day war of 1967. In keeping with that program, the government opened negotiations with .Egypt for a territorial dis- engagement meaning Israeli withdrawal from the Suez Canal and parts, at least, of the Sinai desert. The government also entered the Geneva peace talks and put military disengagement with Egypt as the first item on the agenda. The opposition parties, grouped in the so-called Likud or alliance under Menahem Begin, hit the government very hard on its conduct of the war. "The real Mr. Begin put it to me in an inter- view just before the election, "is why the reserves were not called. Information about the attack was flowing in for 10 days before it came." He hits out against any peace terms that might mean concessions to Syria or Jor- dan. He exacted from the government promises there would be no negotiations with Syria until all Israeli prisoners had been returned. He referred to the lands taken from Jordan during the six- day war by their biblical names (Samaria and thus implying they were part of Israel's homeland, not sub- ject to return. But Mr. Begin was far more tempered in dealing with the issue of what had been Egyptian territory. He did not oppose the disengage- ment talks with Egypt, nor the Geneva peace conference. In his interview with me, he said that "in Sinai the issue is security" which means that the issue is not territory. The elections saw a very big swing against Mrs. Meir's rul- ing coalition. The parties par- Henderson Lake zoo suggested Blakeley and Judy." said Paul. "She came to help with the talking." he explained with heavy sarcasm. Having acquaintance with the long, long telephone conversations Elspeth has with Isabel and Judy, the point wasn't lost on Keith. City council recently ex- pressed concern about im- proving the quality of life in Lethbridge and appeared to be searching for ways. May I submit some suggestions in this direction? In my opinion it is most un- fortunate that nowhere in this city can people of all ages go to appreciate animals. We do have a sort of zoo in the dis- trict but it is both too expen- sive and too distant for regular use. How much longer can we be so unconventional city-wise and backward culturally? I say the time has come for adding animal life to Henderson Park, perhaps financed by the city. Furthermore I suggest that when the central library vacates the downtown buildings an aquarium and a museum of natural history be installed. It should be noted at this point that on matters such as these the genuine apprecia- tion and value of such amenities to any city are com- monly known to elicit con- tributions from the public, often generously. Along with these suggestions I would add that Gait Gardens, situated beside this proposed cultural centre be supervised full-time during the warm months, thus ending the contemptible behavior by people who have been permitted to ruin the once good reputation of Gait Gardens. LLOYD R. WEIGHTMAN Lethbridge Comet signals ruin ticipating in the government were down more than six per cent from the vote they achieved in the 1969 elections. Still they have enough seats in the Knesset to govern, and it is significant that two days after the election the negotiators were back at the table talking disengagement in Geneva. Most of what Mrs. Meir lost went to Mr. Begin. The par- ties allied in Likud picked up six or seven seats in the 120- member Knesset a very large gain, given Israel's proportional representation system of elections. It is not thinkable that any govern- ment could make peace on terms flatly opposed by the Likud. What this means is that Israel is now prepared only for a partial peace. It is ready for a pullback from Suez and across parts of Sinai provided there can be some means of protection against Egyptian attack. It is not now prepared to go further. That objective, to be sure, is distinctly limited. The future of Jerusalem would be left un- settled. The problem of the Palestine refugees would re- main unsolved. King Faisal of Saudi Arabia would not be satisfied. Still, it is not as though all the problems can be solved in a single, gigantic package. There has to be a first step and territorial settlement between Israel and Egypt is the logical candidate. Before other steps can be taken, there has to be some time for confidence to be built and the practice of coexistence between Israel and the Arabs. So for the present, as an initial stage in a long process, it probably makes sense to go for a partial peace. which are still It exists, like beauty, in the eye of the beholder. Further, the beholder's receptions may change with his mood and the circumstances; rather like those of the citizen as he con- templates the winter's snow. Thus, in talking to Masco (the Michigan firm taking over Mr. Gillespie mentioned the matter of ex- ports, which governments have traditionally en- couraged. Nowadays, how- ever, one cannot even be cer- tain in this regard. In times of surplus we fought hard for oil exports but the government, at the moment, would certain- ly look askance at any new ar- rangements for export from eastern Canada. Mr. Gillespie, presumably, has no difficulty today in discerning significant benefit in the ship- ment of flush toilets to needy Americans. But in this age of uncertainty, who can be sure that his officials will be of the same view if our economic outlook is altered by the shocks of tomorrow? It is evident from his reported comments that the minister is none too happy about these exchanges. It is equally plain that he is in no position to forbid what he does not approve. There is a temptation in these circumstances to sub- stitute pressure for authority. This apparently, is what Mr. Gillespie is doing or seeking to do. His justification is that Parliament has made clear its intentions by passage of the act (although the only point emerging with much clarity is that great discretionary power will his of- Mr. Gillespie then goes on to say, according to the report in The Globe and Mail: "These people have told me they wish to do business for a long, long time in Canada and to do that they will have to get along with the government." Every business must "get along with the government" in the sense that it must observe the laws. But the ac- quisitions which disturb the minister are perfectly legal. It can scarcely be within the knowledge of the department that the firms concerned in- tend at some future date to break the laws. Should that happen, they should be dealt, with in the usual way. Mr. Gillespie must, therefore, have had something else in mind. What? Is the government asserting that it will discriminate in future (and into the very long future) against firms which are now acting against the wishes of ministers, but within the law as it stands? If so, what forms of discrimination are con- sidered legitimate? And if not, what is the significance of Mr. Gillespie's remarks? What is meant by getting along with the government and what right has the government to demand conduct of this un- defined character? It does seem to be a very un- satisfactory situation and it is most certainly not the product of unforseen circumstances. The government has secured the passage of legislation for which it is not ready and will not be ready for some months. It was known in advance that there would be this hiatus while life went on as usual in the business world. This situation is obviously not the fault of the executives who are being summoned to explain themselves, lectured on corporate citizenship and advised in what detail we do not know that they must "get along with Government." Or else! crazy Wipe your feet! This is in regard to the arti- cle Downtown information only, (Eric Nicol, Jan. Nicol said he didn't read the whole pamphlet and yet he commented on it mockingly. The comet Kohoutek is a sign from God on the destruc- tion of America for its wickedness in forsaking God's way "What ye sow, ye shall also reap." It is a prophecy from the Lord and shnnM place around Jan. 31. Those who believe God, will walk by faith, but others will have to wait and see. America is not about to repent and as Jesus said, "Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish." It will not be the end of the world as the writer of the arti- cle would have known, had he read it and Matthew, chapter 24 of the Bible. So just a correction on Nicol's interpretation of the pamphlet. God loves us and cives us warning to heed but we must have faith in His word. CHILD OF GOD Coleman The 504 7th St. S Lembridge, Alberta LETMBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEOW MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROYF MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Marwgtr KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;