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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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The Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 8, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 24-THE LETHiRIDQE HERALD January I, Wounded Knee occupation incident Indian leaders trial under way Extensive changes urged in Alberta prison operations make you mine Vicki Randolph-and Gary, her husband, talk by the light of the lamps on their helmets while at work in the Rajah 30 Mine, Colo. Vicki began working in the mine with her husband four months after they were married. ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) Ed McGaa is an Oglala Sioux from South Dakota's Pine Ridge reserve who made good and who wants his fellow In- dians do better. He has been directing much of his energy lately to ensur- ing that leaders of the 71-day occupation of Wounded Knee, S.D., get a fair trial, un- interrupted by disturbances by either St. Paul residents or .Indian visitors. "I believe we've done everything possible to avert said McGaa, 37. "The Indian people are com- ing here as visitors; they have nothing against the city of St. Paul." McGaa, a former marine fighter-pilot in Vietnam, is deputy director of the city's department of human rights. He was chosen by Mayor Lawrence Cohen more than a year ago, before the siege of Wounded Knee leaders of the American Indian Movement HUNDREDS WILL VISIT The trials, which begin Tuesday, were moved from South Dakota .to St. Paul after lawyers for the Indian defen- dants claimed they could not receive fair hearings in that state. McGaa estimates from 500 to Indians will be in St. Paul for the trials. "There's a much better at- mosphere here... than either Sioux Falls or Rapid said McGaa. "The people have responded well to our In- dian sensitivity programs." McGaa is a lawyer who doesn't practise law, an author whose writings reflect the frustrations of an Indian in a white man's world, and a religious man who worships as a traditional Indian. McGaa has known many of Prize awaits new energy source idea PERIGUEUX, France (Reuter) One million francs about are waiting in a hotel near this town in southwest France for the first person to discover a workable substitute for oil and coal. The money has been put up by the hotel owner, 53-year- old Marcel Percaud, who set strict conditions for winning the prize. The new energy source will have to cost about the same as oil and coal, produce the same amount of energy and be capable of swift practical application. the defendants in the Wounded Knee trials for several years. He has danced the Sioux Sun Dance with Russell Means and Dennis Banks. He speaks frequently with A.I.M. Presi- dent Clyde Bellecourt. who goes to trial in about two months with three other Wounded Knee defendants, Carter Camp, Stan Holder and Leonard Crow Dog. McGaa has been holding seminars for police, U.S. marshals and St. Paul businessmen, explaining In- dian culture and religion and defining what he believes are the causes of Indian dis- content. MANY OPEN HOMES He also has arranged lodging, food and recreation facilities for the expected In- dian visitors. Indians and sympathetic white families are opening their homes. The St. Paul A.I.M. chapter, largest in the United States, is providing men to work alongside St. Paul police during the trials, which could last from four to six months. McGaa is author of a book, Red Cloud, which gives the background of the famous Sioux chief and of the 1868 treaty which gave most of the land In Dakota Territory west of the Missouri River to the Sioux Nation. That treaty is expected to be a key document for the defence in the Wounded Knee trials. A.I.M. says the treaty still is in effect and that the white man is trespassing in the western half of both North and South Dakota and in eastern Wyoming and eastern Montana. DUNLOP FORD'S SELL-OUT Exhibition Pavilion January 23rd to 26th CALGARY (CP) An ex- tensive overhaul of the province's correctional system including greater emphasis on community- based programs, establish- ment if prison industries to pay prisoners a minimum wage and separate jails for different types of prisoners is urged by the Calgary Council of the John Howard Society. The recommendations, made public today, are among 16 "general goals" the council says must be pursued if the system is to be able to dis- charge prisoners who are responsible members of society. A resort to greater security and harsher discipline in the jails is no answer, the council said. a series of measures designed to make the offender's time in jail more profitable through work and training programs and to reduce the social and psy- chological isolation of prisoners through programs that bring them closer to the community was recommended. The result should be a rehabilitative system that protects society by making it easier for the discharged prisoner to adjust to normal life. High on the council's list of recommended changes was a call for increased use of "alternatives to custody such as half-way houses, probation, parole and fines." Council spokesman Bob Shebib said the suggestion reflects the council's belief that "corrections should be attempted in the community as far as possible." "There should be an over-all system of half-way houses some private, some run .by government, some subsidized and some run by prisoners in self-help groups." The report called for greater community involve- ment in jail programs to further aid the offender in overcoming his isolation. Programs which foster friendships between prisoners and members of the sur- rounding community should be encouraged.' A relaxation of visiting rules to allow more private meetings between prisoners and their families in an effort to maintain strained family ties also was suggested. Another major recommen-- datioh called on authorities to create a vaYiety of specialized institutions to deal with the problems of particular groups of offenders. "In addition to the provin- cial jails, special centres need to be available for the alcoholic offender, the young adult, the offender with psy- chiatric problems and day- parole inmates. general we recommend a greater number of smaller institutions having fewer peo- ple than in the present system with its warehouse approach." Other recommendations the council made were: activity, vocational or educational program or work should be available for all prisoners including those serving short sentences. who involve themselves to the best of their ability in treatment and train- ing programs should be paid the provincial minimum wage as an incentive to work and an opportunity to support their families on the outside who may be on welfare. job training could be provided through the development of prison in- dustries with the co-operation of industry and labor. Crea- tion of specific programs to meet the needs of native offenders with the aid of native people on a volunteer and correctional staff basis. The status and effectiveness of provincial corrections of- ficers should be improved through pay parity with colleagues in the federal system, an increase in the number of officers to solve a problem of understaffing and in-service training programs with pay increases for staff who complete courses. institutional staff in- cluding the director should have an increased voice in the granting of parole, day-parole and other release measures. They were in a particularly good position to judge when a prisoner had received max- imum benefit from his sentence. provincial govern- ment should encourage in- creased communication between all corrections ser- vices from the courts to after- care agencies giving a se- quence to rehabilitation. should be varied according to a prisoner's per- formance. of prisoners for work or educational programs should be con- tinuous with each program constantly under review. groups such as alcoholics anonymous, seven steps, the Indian brotherhood and prisoner committees should be encouraged within the institution. Lion's Club early sweep draw made CALGARY (CP) Mrs. Cecile Gelineau of Abbot- sford, B.C. has won the early Lions Club Sweepstakes draw. She was one of 12 winners in the draw for a total of P. J. Toulgatt of Calgary won Hans P. Reichel of Vernon, B.C., won F. W. Wilfert of Nanaimo, B.C., won H. T. Simpson of Edmonton won and Peter C. Mendes of Edmonton won Winners of the draws were: Doug H. Maxwell of Penticton, B.C., Gordon Moreaux of Marcelin, Sask., W. J. Roth of Edmonton, R. C. Bolitha of Powell River, B.C., Aqueda Barona of Calgary and Mrs. D. Coupland of Calgary. x The final draw for a total of in prizes including a first prize is to be made March 16. Proceeds from the ticket sales is to be used to support the Lions Clubs' charitable community projects. VALUE OF AID The value of direct Cana- dian aid to African nations during was more than million. For you, the Renter. It's your turn to benefit under the Alberta Property Tax Reduction Plan, ARE THERE ANY EXCEPTIONS? Yes. Under this section of the Alberta Property Tax Reduction Plan those in the following cate- gories are ineligible. Citizens (65 or Senior Citizens who rent their principal residence apply directly to the Alberta Department of Municipal Affairs for a Renter Assistance Grant. who rent from a university or college, i.e. reside in university or college residences. These residences have already received their benefit since they are not subject to the Education Foundation Levy. of nursing homes or senior citizens' homes, public or private. These residences are in the same category as above. of the Armed Forces who do not live in residences subject to the Education Foun- dation Levy, i.e., if they live on a base or in a house provided by the Armed Services. who has already received a benefit from the Home- owners' Education Tax Refund or a benefit from the' Renter Assistance Grant under the Alberta Property Tax Reduction Plan. This holds if your spouse has received either the Renter Assistance Credit or Grant or the Homeowners' Education Tax Refund in that tax year. AM I ELIGIBLE? Yes, if you: Are under 65 years of age, have rented your principal in Alberta for a minimum of 120 days in 1973, were a resident of the province on December 31, 1973. Watch your mail for this brochure. WHAT IS THE MAXIMUM BENEFIT I CAN RECEIVE? You may receive a maximum of under the Plan if you are eligible. The amount will either be in the form of a. refund included in your Federal Income Tax Refund from the Department of National Revenue or a credit towards your Tax Payable for 1973. The form and amount of the benefit is determined by your taxable income for 1973. SUPPOSE MY RENT IS PAID FOR BY MY EMPLOYER? Except in the case of Armed Forces personnel described above, you are still eligible for the benefit providing that the amount of rent that your is included as part of your income. Free rent received in return for services, such as caretaking, must be declared as part of your income but still entitles you to the Benefit. HOW DO I CLAIM? You will receive a brochure in the mail. DO NOT LOSE IT. STUDY IT CAREFULLY. It will describe in detail all the points of which you should be aware when you apply. Your application form will arrive with your Income Tax Return. If you should lose your brochure you may pick another one up at any Treasury Branch. Remember, in order to receive benefit under this program, you must file a return for 1973 whether or not you have a taxable income. TREASURY ;